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2. La présente Loi ne sera obligatoire que jusqu'au 15 Février, 1894, à moins qu'elle ne soit renouvelée.
3. Les Arrêtés d'expulsion pris en vertu des Lois antérieures sont maintenus.
4. La présente Loi sera obligatoire le lendemain de son insertion au “Moniteur.”
Promulguons la présente Loi, ordonnons qu'elle soit revêtue du sceau de l'État et publiée par la voie du “Moniteur.” Donné à Laeken, le 6 Mars, 1891.
(L.S.) LEOPOLD. Par le Roi : JULES LE JEUNE, Ministre de la Justice
CORRESPONDENCE between Great Britain and Egypt,
respecting the Re-occupation of Tokar by the Egyptian Government.-1890, 1891.
No. 1.—Sir E. Baring to the Marquess of Salisbury.—(Receiveil
November 17.) MY LORD,
Cairo, November 7, 1890. I am most unwilling to trouble your Lordship on a subject which was fully considered at the beginning of this year, but I find that such a strong opinion exists amongst both the English military and the Egyptian authorities as to the advisability of occupying Tokar, that I am constrained to send home the inclosed Memorandum which has been communicated to me by Sir Francis Grenfell.
Personally, as your Lordship is aware, I concur in Sir Francis Grenfell's views. The occupation of Tokar could, I am assured, be easily carried out without any increase to the present strength of the army,
and at a very small cost. It would go far to quiet the Eastern Soudan, and would solve the Trade question which has for so long presented many difficulties. Neither do I think it need lead to any ulterior operations, unless it be thought advisable, on general grounds, that such operations should be undertaken. I would venture to ask your Lordship to reconsider the matter.
I have, &c., The Marquess of Salisbury.
(Inclosure.)— Memorandum by Major-General Sir F. Grenfell.
A few days ago Mustafa Pasha Fehmy, Minister of War, spoke to me confidentially on the present state of the Eastern Soudan.
He pointed out the misery existing there, and asked me if, in my opinion, the time had not arrived when the Egyptian Goverument might resume its sway over that part of the country in the immediate vicinity of Suakin.
This his Government was most anxious to do, directly it was financially possible. Since my arrival in Cairo I have been carefully considering the question, and I was able to give him a good deal of information received from Suakin, all of which tended to show that in the nexi two months a favourable opportunity might arise for a reoccupation of the country as far as Tokar.
The restriction of the grain trade caused by the quarantine cordon has resulted in an entire break-up of Osman Digna's force, a number of his men having returned to Kassala and Berber, and by the last accounts there are not more than 400 men left in Tokar.
Handoub is occupied by about 100 men, who are solely there to prey on the Friendlies entering and leaving Suakin, and if the new restricted trade is to succeed, the brigand should (as a police measure) be suppressed.
The Dervish force has never been so weak or so discredited as at the present time, and the tribes are now most anxious to be permitted to expel the few remaining Dervishes. I am convinced that the time has come when, without any
strain on the finances of the country, and without any assistance from English troops, the country as far as Tokar could be pacified.
It must be remembered that once Tokar is occupied, it could not again be assailed by a Dervish force.
The long road, over 200 miles, from Kassala is destitute of food, and now it is strewed with the bodies of Osman Digna’s men, who died of starvation on the road. Even with Tokar to supply his force, his losses were very great; therefore, once Tokar is occupied, no fear need be entertained of any serious hostile irruption into the Eastern Soudan.
The occupation of Tokar stands by itself, and does not in any way lead to a further advance.
The reinforcement to the present garrison of Suakiu need not exceed two battalions of infantry and a camel corps, with a slight increase to the cavalry and artillery, all of which are available, and the total extra expense will not be considerable, as Government transport is available.
I earnestly recommend that the garrison of Suakin be quietly reinforced, that the tribes be informed that the Government means, at no distant date, to resume its obligations that a strong hand be taken against robbery and brigandage in the vicinity of Suakin, that a restricted grain trade be established, and that caravans of loyal
natives be protected, and when an opportunity occurs Tokar be occupied.
The future Government of the country would at first be a military one, with civilian employés, such as now exists on the frontier,
Irrigation, which has for years been neglected, would be resumed under competent engineers, trade encouraged, and soon the country would pay for its administration.
This measure need not lead to any further responsibilities; we could then afford to wait quietly for some years till Egypt was in a position, financially, to resume her former government.
If nothing be done, I foresee a dark future for the Eastern Soudan; the tribes, seeing that the Government will do nothing, must, for very existence, throw themselves more into the hands of the Dervishes.
F. GRENFELL, Major-General, To Sir E. Baring.
No. 6.—The Marquess of Salisbury to Sir E. Baring.
Foreign Office, February 7, 1891. HER Majesty's Government have no objection to offer, in view of the opinions of yourself, the Egyptian Goverument, and the military authorities, to the occupation by the Egyptian troops of Tokar.
It should, however, be understood that Her Majesty's Goveruwent object as strongly as ever to any further advance into the interior; and expect that the Egyptian Government will maintain an effective control over the military authorities in that respect.
No. 7.—Sir E. Baring to the Marquess of Salisbury. -(Received
February 8.) (Telegrapbic.)
Cairo, February 8, 1891. The Governor of Suakin has been given authority to reoccupy Tokar. Strict instructions have been sent him not to advance beyond that place.
No. 17.-Sir E. Baring to the Marquess of Salisbury.—(Received
February 21.) (Telegraphic.)
Cairo, February 21, 1891. CONSUL at Suakin telegraphs as follows:
“Colonel Smith reports Tokar was occupied on the 19th after a severe engagement.
“ Osman Digna's force was of 2,000 men, with 2,000 in reserve; he has been utterly defeated, all the principal Emirs have been killed, and 700 Dervishes. Our losses are one English officer (Captain Barrow), 4 native officers, and 12 men killed, and 42 Founded. Osmau Digua has fled with 30 horsemen. Afafit has been occupied by Colonel Holled Smith."
No. 23.-Sir E. Baring to the Marquess of Salisbury.--(Received
March 7.) (Telegraphic.)
Cairo, March 7, 1891. GRENFELL's Proclamation states Egyptiau Government reassumed authority over Eastern Soudan, and calls on all tribes to expel Dervishes from their country. General amnesty granted except to notorious slave-traders. Just government will be established. No intention of retiring from Tokar Province.
Some tribes subsidized, but no definite arrangements for future will be made till after Grenfell has returned here. 231 prisoners released ; 300, including families, considered dangerous and detained for the present. Grenfell bas visited Sinkat (and found all quiet, and population rejoiced at re-establishment of Government, while country is now quite clear of Dervishes.
CONVENTION between Italy and Germany, respecting Con
sular Marriages.-Signed at Rome, May 1, 1891.
[Ratifications exchanged at Berlin, May 20, 1891.]
His Majesty the King of Italy, on the one side, and His Majesty ibe Emperor of Germany, King of Prussia, on the other, desiring to regulate the competence of their respective Consuls in proceeding to the celebration of marriages, have decided with this object to supplement the Consular Convention of the 21st December, 1868* (7th February, 1872+), by an Additional Convention, and have appointed as their Plenipotentiaries:
His Majesty the King of Italy, the Marquis Antonio Starabba di Rudini, his President of the Council, Secretary of State for Foreigu Affairs; and
His Majesty the Emperor of Germany, King of Prussia, Count
• Vol. LVIII, page 853.
+ Vol. LXIII, page 640,
Eberhardt vou Solms-Sonnewalde, his Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary to His Majesty the King of Italy;
Who have agreed as follows:
Art. I. The respective Consuls - General, Consuls, and ViceConsuls have the right, in so far as they are authorized by the laws of the State which has appointed them, to proceed to celebrate marriages between the subjects of this state, and to issue the documents proving the celebration of the marriage.
II. The present Convention shall come into force the 1st July, 1891.
III. The present Convention shail be ratified, and the ratifications shall be exchanged at Berlin not later than the 31st May.
In coufirmation of which the respective Plenipotentiaries have sigued the present Convention and have affixed thereto their seals. Done at Rome, the 4th May, 1891.
(L.S.) RUDINI. (L.S.) SOLMS.
PROTOCOLE entre la France, le Portugal, et l'État Indé
pendant du Congo, relatif aux Droits d'Entrée dans le Bassin Occidental du Congo.—Signé à Paris, le 9 Février, 1891.
LE Gouvernement de la République Française, le Gouvernement de l'État Indépendant du Congo, et le Gouvernement de Sa Majesté le Roi de Portugal et des Algarves, ayant ouvert entre eux la négociation prévue par la Déclaration du 2 Juillet (1890],* à l'effet d'établir un Tarif de droits d'entrée dans le bassin occidental du Congo, se sont entendus sur les points suivants :
1. Tous les produits importés dans le bassin occidental du Congo seront taxés à 6 pour cent de la valeur, sauf les armes, les munitions, la poudre, et le sel, qui acquitterout le taux de 10 pour cent. Les alcools sont réservés.
2. Les navires et bateaux, les machines à vapeur, les appareils mécaniques servant à l'industrie ou à l'agriculture, et les vutils d'un usage industriel et agricole seront exempts à l'entrée pendant une période de quatre ans prenant cours le jour de l'application des droits et pourront ensuite être imposés à 3 pour cent.
3. Les locomotives, voitures et matériel de chemin de fer seront exempts pendant la période de construction des lignes et jusqu'au
* Vol. LXXXII, page 80.