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to prevent the Slave Trade and the importation of gunpowder and arms in the territories subject to their authority.

7. The Government of Her Britannic Majesty engages to treat with consideration (" bienveillance ") those persons, whether Chiefs or members of the tribes placed under their Protectorate, who had previously adopted the French Protectorate. The Government of the Republic, on their part, take the same engagement with regard to the persons and tribes henceforth placed under their. Protectorate.

I have the honour to state that the Arrangement recited in your Excellency's note, of which the above is a textual translation, is accepted by Her Majesty's Government, and will be considered hy them as binding upon the two countries from the present date.

In doing so I will add, for the sake of record, that I understand the third clause of the Agreement to preclude the granting by either party of protection to natives within the Protectorate of the other party; and that I gathered in conversation that your Excellency concurred with me in that opinion.

I have, &c., M. Waddington.


No. 3.- The Marquess of Salisbury to M. Waddington.


Foreign Office, February 9, 1888. With reference to the note which I have this day addressed to your Excellency, accepting, on behalf of Her Majesty's Government, the Arrangement agreed upon between us respecting the British and French Protectorates in the Gulf of Tajourra oud on the Somali Coast, I think it right to remind your Excellency that I received some months ago a request from the Turkish Ambassador at this Court that in any understanding which might be arrived at on this subject the rights of His Imperial Majesty the Sultan might be respected.

I assured bis Excellency, in reply, that the British Government would carefully abstain in the future, as in the past, from any interference with the just rights of the Sultan, and that I was convinced that the Government of the French Republic would act in a similar spirit.

I have, &c., M. Waddington.


PROTOCOL between Great Britain, Belgium, France, Spain,

Sweden and Norway, Switzerland, Tunis, and the United
States of America, respecting the Expenses of the Inter-
national Office (Industrial Property).—Signed at Madrid,
April 15, 1891.

[Ratifications exchanged at Madrid, June 15, 1892.*]

LES soussignés Plénipotentiaires des Gouvernements ci-dessus énumérés,

Vu la Déclaration adoptée le 12 Mars, 1883, par la Conférence Internationale pour la Protection de la Propriété Industrielle réunie à Paris,

Ont, d'un commun accord, et sous réserve de ratification, arrêté le Protocole suivant :

ART. I. Le premier alinéa du chiffre 6 du Protocole de Clôture annexé à la Convention Internationale du 20 Mars, 1883,t pour la Protection de la Propriété Industrielle, est abrogé et remplacé par la disposition suivante :

“Les dépenses du Bureau International institué par l'Article XIII seront supportées en commun par les États Contractants. Elles ne pourront, en aucun cas, épasser la somme de 60,000 fr.


année. II. Le présent Protocole sera ratifié, et les ratifications en seront échangées à Madrid dans le délai de six mois au plus tard.

Il entrera en vigueur un mois à partir de l'échange des ratifications, et aura la même force et durée que la Convention du 20 Mars, 1883, dont il sera considéré comme faisant partie intégrante.

En foi de quoi les Plénipotentiaires des États ci-dessus énumérés ont signé le présent Protocole à Madrid, le 15 Avril, 1891. Pour la Belgique


BROECK. Pour le Brésil

Pour l'Espagne


The ratification of the United States of America was accompanied by a reserve of the Senate expressed in the instrument of ratification; and that of Sweden and Norway by a proviso that the Protocol should be approved by all the other States of the Union.

+ Vol. LXXIV, page 44. | Has not ratified.

Pour les États-Unis d'Amé.

rique Pour la France et la Tunisie Pour la Grande-Bretagne *Pour le Guatemala .. * Pour l'Italie ..

Pour la Norvège * Pour le Pays-Bas * Pour le Portugal Pour la Suède Pour la Suisse


CORRESPONDENCE respecting the Affairs of Crete (Out

rages; Proceedings of Cretan Outlaws ; Proposed Reforms ; &c.).-1890, 1891.1

[Continued from Vol. LXXXII, pages 1170–1288.]

No. 1.-Sir E. Monson to the Marquess of Salisbury.--(Received

January 7, 1891.) MY LORD,

Athens, December 29, 1890. For a week or ten days past it has been known to well-informed persons in Athens that a few of the refugees were contemplating an arined expedition to Crete; and as your Lordship will bave learned by Mr. Biliotti's telegram a few adventurers have succeeded in landing in the island with the object of creating a disturbance, or of carrying out marauding and murderous projects on their own account.

On the evening of the 27th the small Greek squadron, which has the sobriquet of "black," and which is composed of four gunboats and three torpedo-boats, and is generally cruising in Greek waters in summer time, received orders to put to sea, and Athens was next day alert with rumours as to its destination—the most accepted story being that a massacre of Christians had taken place, or was imminent, at Smyrna, and that the Greek Government had sent their ships to that port for the protection of the Hellenic community.

Have not ratified. + This Correspondence is extracted from Parliamentary Paper, “Turkey No. 5 (1891)."

I went to M. Delyauni's this morning and asked him to tell me what was the real state of the case.

His Excellency said that having learned that some armed refugees had crossed over with a supply of ammunition into Crete, he had requested the Minister of Marine to send cruisers at once in order to stop any further filibustering expeditions, projects for which he had been informed had been set on foot here. The Government are determined to put down every attempt of the kind as injurious to the real welfare of the island.

M. Delyanni added that he had vpon several occasions advised the Cretan chiefs to return to their island peaceably, as there is really no longer any reason against their doing so; but whilst encouraging them to return peaceably, he had no intention of sug. gesting that they should do so with arms in their hands, and he was greatly disquieted at the threatened expedition.

He begged me very earnestly to do all in my power to dispel the apprehensions which seemed still to exist as to his policy towards Turkey, assuring me that I should be only doing him strict justice if I laid stress upon his pacific disposition, and his anxiety to ameliorate the relations between the two countries.

I have, &c., The Marquess of Salisbury.


No. 2.--Consul Biliotti to the Marquess of Salisbury.-(Received

January 12, 1891.) My LORD,

Canea, Crete, December 29, 1890. I have the bonour to confirm a telegram which I have just forwarded to your Lordship, announcing that I was informed last evening of the landing in the district of Rethymo cf Liapis and his band, which, according to one report, cousists of ten men, and, according to another, of only five, whose names are, Yoannis Liapis, I. Koundouraki, Efstalthis Mamalios, Emmanuel Peidakis, and Giorgius Pastrityis. It is said that the ten individuals are each in possession of 500 cartridges, but my informant, who puts the number of the band at five, reckons the amount of ammunition in their possession at 10 cases of 900 cartridges each, which other rumours increase to the number of 40. In any case, adınitting even 5,000 as being the lowest number of cartridges in Liapis' possession, it is certain that be cannot have procured this ammunition by his own

All the Cretan leaders with whom I have had occasion to speak are of this opinion, and also think that Liapis has been sent here to promote trouble for political purposes. Most of them believe that his arrival here is to be attributed to the Oppositiou in Greece, while a few think he was dispatched by the Cretan Committee lately re-formed by M. Delyanni. Should there be any truth in the latter supposition, the action of the Greek Government may possibly have some connection with the ecclesiastical question, about which I understand instructious have been sent by the Patriarch, in consequence of which all the Bishops in the island are congregating at Candia, the residence of the Archbishop. In both cases, Cretan leaders speak according as they happen to be partisans of the Greek Premier or of M. Tricoupi; but the fact is admitted by all, that Liapis could not bave undertaken the venture with the means of which he could personally dispose. Whatever may be the source from which Liapis derives the sinews of his expedition, a very bad service is thereby rendered to Crete. As such scality means are obviously insufficient to promote a serious movement in the island, Liapis' exploit will be limited to murders of Mussulinans and also of Christians, against whom he has private motives for revenge.


It is not in the power of the foreign gendarmerie to apprehend him, and Christian geudarmes will never do so. If the foreign gendarmerie do anything, they will probably act as in previous expeditions of outlaws, and simply imprison all Christians who may be suspected of giving food or shelter to Liapis or bis friends. The number of Christians who, from fear, will not refuse him food or shelter, nor denounce bim to the police, may be great, and it is to be expected that, in consequence of the rigorous measures adopted against Mussulmans in the recent murder of the German traveller, Christians will be treated with more rigour than ever in order to prevent recriminations on the part of the Turkish population; but the hardships which they may bave to suffer will lead to no political result whatever, if such be the intention of the promoters of Liapis? venture.

Under these circumstances only one course is open to Christians, and it is likely it will again be resorted to, as it was adopted the last time he was here, that is, to induce bim and his companions to embark and return to Greece. It would be an act of humanity on the part of the persons in that country who may have some influence on him to use it for the attainment of this result.

I have, &c., The Marguess of Salisbury.


P.S.--I should have stated before who Liapis is; his name, although it appears more than once in previous official

correspondence, may bave escaped special notice. This individual, having murdered a few years ago one of his co-religionists in retaliation for the assassination of his brother, took refuge in Greece, whence

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