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DEPARTMENT OF STATE PUBLICATION 5545
For sale by the
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office Washington 25, D.C. - Price $4 (Buckram)
(NOTE: For previously published correspondence on relations between
UNDECLARED WAR BETWEEN JAPAN AND CHINA (continued from Volume
American representation at committee meetings of the League of Nations
in Geneva and at the Brussels Conference, convened in virtue of
article 7 of the Washington Nine-Power Treaty of February 6, 1922,
Chapter II: Preparations for the Brussels Conference
Chapter III: The Conference at Brussels, November 3-24.
Measures taken by the United States for the protection of American
Naval measures taken by China and Japan along the coasts and in the
rivers of China; effect on American and other shipping
The bombing of the American Dollar Line steamship President Hoover by
Sinking by Japanese attack of the U. S. S. Panay, December 12, 1937,
Attitude of the American Government on export of military material
to China and service of American citizens with Chinese Air Force. .
United States and other governments respecting financial assistance
Relief activities on behalf of victims of war conditions in China.
Consideration of resumption of negotiations for relinquishment by the
United States and other powers of extraterritorial rights in China .
Concern of the United States respecting imposition in China of customs
levies and other taxes hampering to American trade. .
Representations by the United States against the establishment of
Use by Communist propaganda agencies in China of American owner-
Trade relations between the United States and Japan
Unwarranted action by the Japanese Consul General at Honolulu with
respect to photographer taking picture of Japanese group on U. S.
Refusal of Japanese Government to authorize visit by United States
Navy vessel to ports on islands under mandate to Japan
Assistance by Japanese Government in search for missing airplane of
Failure of Japan to give satisfactory assurances that American consular
officers in Japan have the right to visit American citizens under
Refusal by the United States Government to authorize operation of a
Japanese air line from Taihoku (Formosa) to Manila
Exchange of notes between the United States and Japan on March 25,
Treaty of friendship, commerce and navigation between the United
Informal representations to Siamese Government against possible legis-
lation restricting the trade in oil; denial by Siamese Government of
UNDECLARED WAR BETWEEN JAPAN AND CHINA
(Continued from Volume III)
AMERICAN REPRESENTATION AT COMMITTEE MEETINGS OF THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS IN GENEVA AND AT THE BRUSSELS CONFERENCE, CONVENED IN VIRTUE OF ARTICLE 7 OF THE WASHINGTON NINE-POWER TREATY OF FEBRUARY 6, 1922, CONCERNING CHINA1
Chapter I: The League Phase at Geneva
The Consul at Geneva (Gilbert) to the Secretary of State
GENEVA, July 24, 1937-11 a. m. [Received July 24-9: 50 a. m.]
247. Learning that the Herald Tribune Geneva correspondent had sent a despatch implying that the Chinese delegation here is considering bringing the dispute with Japan before the League, I sought an occasion to discuss the matter with Hoo.2 He assured me that the press despatch is absolutely without foundation.
The Minister then confidentially exposed China's position vis-à-vis the League as follows. What action China might [take?] with Geneva would depend entirely on developments in Asia and any action whatsoever at present was regarded as entirely inopportune. Nanking perceived the League as of no value in preventing a conflict, the rousing of world opinion being considered fruitless without material action and if taken on Chinese initiative susceptible of producing the dangerous adverse effect of stiffening Japanese opposition in a manner to hinder a settlement. He said that China would not consider doing anything at Geneva except in case of the development of a major conflict. In such an event with everything to gain and nothing to lose China would undoubtedly endeavor to obtain the maximum of League support. In such an eventuality, referring to the Manchukuo affair, he said, however, that China would approach the League from a different angle, that she would not ask the League to effect a settlement but would request the League to impose sanctions against the
1 For other correspondence, see vol. III, pp. 596-797, and Foreign Relations, Japan, 1931-1941, vol. 1, pp. 373-422, passim; also, Department of State Conference Series No. 37: The Conference of Brussels, November 3-24, 1937, Convened in Virtue of Article 7 of the Nine-Power Treaty of Washington of 1922 (Washington, Government Printing Office, 1938).
2 Victor Chitsai Hoo, Chinese Minister in Switzerland.