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Consideration by the Department of State of advisability of approach-
ing the British Government with respect to granting full dominion
Negotiations regarding a treaty of commerce and navigation between
Representations by the United States regarding import restrictions
by India and Burma affecting American missionary organiza-
tions; request for free entry privileges for American missionaries.
Representations to the British Government regarding general ban on
Discussions with the Irish Government relating to purchases in the
Informal discussions regarding possibility of more comprehensive
treaty arrangement between the United States and Afghanistan .
Impact of the European War on Egypt; problems arising regarding
efficient use of United States equipment sent to British forces in
Efforts to facilitate trade between the United States and Egypt; ex-
tension of Lend-Lease aid to Egypt . . .
Egyptian protests concerning certain articles in American publica-
Representations to the Egyptian Government regarding proposed
restrictions on American educational institutions in Egypt; list
of American institutions in Egypt. .
Informal representations by the United States regarding Egyptian
proclamation requiring a declaration of holdings of dollar currency
Liberation of Ethiopia and conquest of Italian East Africa by the
British; exchange of messages between President Roosevelt and
Representations by the United States regarding non-payment of old
accounts owed to American exporters; final settlement in principle
Iranian requests for aid in facilitating shipment of war supplies to
Iran; British opposition to the export of airplanes to Iran from the
Encouragement by the Department of State of the resumption of
American mission schools in Iran; Iranian request for an American
THE NEAR EAST AND AFRICA-Continued
Attitude of the United States toward the British-Soviet military
American aid in improving Iranian facilities for transporting war
material to the Soviet Union; establishment of an American
Representations to the British Government regarding unwarranted
interference with American interests in neutral Liberia. . . . .
Interest of the United States in the acquisition of air bases in Liberia;
relations between the Diplomatic Agency and Spanish authorities
regarding Tangier and the Spanish Zone of Morocco
Protest by the United States regarding Spanish seizure of Cape Spartel
Attitude of the United States toward Zionist and Arab agitation re-
garding British policy in the Middle East and the future status
Requests by Saudi Arabia for a loan of road engineers and for a mission
of agricultural and irrigation experts from the United States
Representations by the United States regarding German request that
France cancel the Oriental Institute archaeological concession in
Interest of the United States regarding the impact of the European
I. Representations by the United States regarding British eco-
II. Efforts by the United States to prevent French authorities from
succumbing to German pressures in Syria and Lebanon; use
of Syrian airfields by German planes . .
III. British and Free French invasion and occupation of Syria and
Lebanon; good offices of the United States in arranging armi-
Interest of the United States regarding the impact of the European
War upon Syria and Lebanon-Continued
IV. Refusal of the United States to recognize new regimes estab-
lished by the Free French in Syria and Lebanon; reserva-
Interest of the United States in continuance of Anglo-Turkish cooper-
ation and concern regarding Turkish relations with Germany; ex-
tension of Lend-Lease aid to Turkey . .
Efforts by the American and British Governments to acquire Turkish
THE BRITISH COMMONWEALTH OF NATIONS
CONFERENCES AT WASHINGTON BETWEEN PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT AND PRIME MINISTER CHURCHILL, WITH THEIR ADVISERS, DECEMBER 1941-JANUARY 1942
[Prime Minister Churchill came to Washington for conferences with President Roosevelt, December 22, 1941-January 14, 1942, interrupted by trips to Ottawa and Palm Beach.
The Declaration by the United Nations, signed January 1, 1942, was negotiated and issued while this Conference was in progress. Correspondence on this Declaration is scheduled for publication in Foreign Relations, 1942, Volume I.
The Free French on December 24 seized the islands of St. Pierre and Miquelon. For correspondence on this subject, see Volume II, pages 540 ff. Later correspondence is scheduled for publication in Foreign Relations, 1942, Volume II.
This Washington Conference dealt primarily with plans for the military and naval conduct of the war. The records of the Conference are scheduled for publication in a subsequent volume of Foreign Relations.]
NEGOTIATIONS FOR A LEND-LEASE AGREEMENT BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND THE UNITED KINGDOM
The British Prime Minister (Churchill) to President Roosevelt1
I agree with your proposal to stave off our difficulties by sending a warship to Cape Town to collect the gold at our disposal there amounting, I believe, to about 30 million sterling. I ought to let you know that this transaction will almost certainly become known to the world with varying reactions.
Meanwhile I learned with pleasure from Mr. Purvis of his talk with you and Mr. Morgenthau on Monday. Instructions have been given to furnish you with any further figures about our requirements which you may seek.
Transmitted to the President by Mr. Nevile Butler, Counselor of the British Embassy, on January 2, 1941.
2 Arthur Purvis, Chairman of the British Supply Council in North America. *Henry Morgenthau, Jr., Secretary of the Treasury. 'December 30, 1940.
We are deeply grateful for all your understanding of the problems which will be thrown up in the interval before Congress approves your proposals.5 It is not only a question of total amounts but of how we are to live through a period which may perhaps extend to February 15th. What would be the effect upon the world situation if we had to default on payments to your contractors who have their workmen to pay? The idea that in the interval we shall either have to default or be stripped bare of our last resources is full of danger and causes us profound anxiety. I feel sure this will be ever in your thoughts.
Furthermore apart from the general totals and interim period there arises a group of problems about the scope of your plan after being approved by Congress. What is to be done about the immensely heavy payments still due to be made under existing orders before delivery is completed? Substantial advance payments on these same orders have already denuded our resources. We have unceasing need for various American commodities not definitely weapons: for instance raw materials and oil. Canada and other Dominions, Greece and also Poland and Czechoslovakia, have clamant dollar needs to keep their war effort alive. I do not seek to know immediately how you will solve these later questions. We shall be entirely ready for our part to lay bare to you all our resources and liabilities around the world, and we shall seek no more help than the common cause demands. We naturally wish to feel sure that the powers with which you propose to arm yourself will be sufficiently wide to deal with these larger matters, subject to all proper consideration. Without prompt and effective solution of these problems Hitlerism cannot be extirpated from Europe, Africa and Asia.
Memorandum by President Roosevelt to the Secretary of State
HYDE PARK, N. Y., January 11, 1941.
I think you have seen a copy of this message from Churchill which I got on January second. I really ought to send some answer.
1. The situation in regard to British payments for materials already ordered in this country is not clear.
5 The proposals referred to related to President Roosevelt's decision to lease goods to the British rather than demand dollar payment for them. See address by the President, December 29, 1940, Department of State Bulletin, January 4, 1941, p. 3.
No record of an answer is found in Department files. See, however, telegram dated January 16, 1941, from President Roosevelt to Prime Minister Churchill, printed in F. D. R., His Personal Letters, 1928–1945, vol. II, p. 1107.