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on board might have induced them to attack the ship at anchor, and as some of these boats had twelve or fifteeen hands well armed, they might have found it difficult to defend the fhip: however, they had provided close ters and powder chests ; fo that they could not have taken it without a manner of fighting to which they were entire strangers.

On the 21st, Myrza Mabommed delivered to Mr. Hanway the greatest part of his baggage, of which he had been so careful, as to conceal it in a well, by which it received some damage, and also paid him as much of the money that was in his hands, as he said was in his

power; though it was evident that if the rebellion had succeeded, he would have de prived him of the whole ; but he haped that Mr. Hanway would intercede in his favour, The next morning that gentleman went to the two Khans who were together, and had juf condemned, and ordered for execation, 21 persons, and informed them that Myrza had delivered his baggage, and that he hoped he would receive the King's mercy. Mabommed Hussein Khan, asked if he defired he should be faved ?. to this he answered in the affirmative, and that he should consider mercy shewn to Myrza, as a particular mark of favour. To which the other replied, “ For your sake then “ he shall be saved: his Majesty has shown you

great honour, and it is my business to do “ the fame." Mr. Hanway having returned his thanks, and Myrza being sent for was in


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formed that for Mr. Hanway's fake he was pardoned, and immediately his collar and log were cut off.

Our Author had before received in single pieces and cuts of cloth, to the amount of 1600 crowns. A much greater value had been found in the city; but the General converted it to his own use. Some time after he received 3000 frowns more, and was defired to take a part of the payment in female Naves, which he absolutely refused. At the same time the General being informed that our Author was only thirty two years of age, expressed great altonishment at his hoary locks, till he was told that what he took for his hair was only a wig.

On the 5th of June, Mr. Hanway pressing Mahommed Hufein Khan, and the General for the payment of the rest of his


the former wanted him to take his obligation for it, payable in t n or fifteen days, and the General being obliged to march, cried, “ I can

from hence without the receipt ; the King will demand it of me, and if you do • not give it me, I will kill men till I get " the money;" but Mr. Hanway answered, “ I hope no man will die on my account; “ but I cannot answer it to the merchants my

principals, to give a receipt for the money “ in exchange for any obligation whatsoever."

Some days after Mr. Harway went to Kourdiemalla, guarded by five horse and ten foot soldiers, carrying with him seven bales of cloth, X 3


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and nine bags of money, with other things to the value of 11000 crowns, taking care to let no body know when he intended to leave the town, till he actually set out. But he had the mortification to be forfaken by his guard, and left in a thick wood, three English miles from the place of embarkation; he, however, got safely on board with the money and goods, and the next day returned to Arabad. On the 29th he went again on board with 5000 crowns more, leaving Matteuse his old Armenian clerk, and two servants to follicit for the remainder due on the Shah's decree.

While Mr. Hanway was at Aftrabad, he received a letter from the Shah's nephew, who was Governor of Mesched, in answer to one he had wrote to him in relation to the payment for the piftols inlaid with gold, and other curiofities, which Mr. Elton had provided for

im by express commission : but this great man had so little sense of honour, that he returned them on Mr. Elton's hands, though they were atterly unvendable, alledging that they were too good for him.

The Persian paper on which they write their letters, is made of cotton and filk rags, and afterwards a glofs is set upon it by rubbing it with a smooth stone or shell; but it is so Toft and liable to be torn, that they roll ic up. Their letters are wrote on small Nips of paper in few words, and with great exactness, for their characters are rather drawn than written : no interlineations-or blots being ever fuffered ;


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they are then made up in rolls about fix inches long, and a piece of paper being faftened round them with gum, it is sealed with an impression of ink, which resembles our printers ink; but is not so thick ; it is composed of a mixture of burnt rice, galls and gum, and answers the double purpose of ink and wax, as it ferves not only for writing, but for subscribing with their seal. Their pens are made of reeds brought from the fouthern parts of Perha; and in their rings they wear agates, which generally serve for a seal, there being frequently engraved on them the wearer's name, with some verse of the Khoran.

Mr. Hanway having lived fome time in a very friendly manner with Mr. Elton at Langarood, went to Lahijan for the recovery of his health, he, having been for a considerable time very ill, and from thence he removed to Refhd. Mr Elton who had used him with the extreameft kindness, was about this time much offend. ed at the conduct of Mr. Hanway's employers in Europe, for their fubmiffion to the Ruffian court, and being apprehensive of our Author's making a just representation of his engagements with the Shah, which were absolutely inconfiftant with the views of the Ruffia company, and of carrying on the trade into Persia, he suddenly became our Author's most bitter enemy.

Before Mr. Hanway takes leave of Persia he gives fome account of the religion of the Gebers, which is fill preserved by some of the poste

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rity of the ancient Indians and Persians. This religion was founded by Zoroaster, who lived about the year of the world 2860. This great philosopher being struck with the demonttrations he observed of the perfection of that felfexistent Being who is the Author of all good, and being at a loss how to account for the ina troduction of evil into the world, thought there were two principles or beings, one the cause of all good, whom he imagined resembled the light, the other the author of all evil, whom he represented by darkness. Thus confidering light as the most perfect symbol of true wisdom, and darkness as the representa-, tive of whatever is hurtful and deftructive, he inculcated an abhorrence of ill images, and taught his followers to worship God only under the form of fire; considering the brightness, activity, purity and incorruptibility of that ele ment, as bearing the most perfect resemblance to the nature of the good Deity. Thus the Persians shewed a particular veneration for the fun, as the brightest image of God; and offered up their facrifices in the open air, and generally on the top of a hill ; for they esteemed it injurious to the Majesty of the God of heaven, to shut him up in walls who fills immenfity with his presence.

About 600 years after the first Zaroaster, another philosopher of the same name arose, who. taught that under the supreme Being there are two angels, the one of light, who is the author of all good, and the other of darkness, who is


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