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THE

TRAVELS

OF THE

AMBASSADOR$ from the Duke of Holstein,

IN TO

MOSCOVY, TARTARY, and PERSIA.

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CH A P. VI. A Description of the Province of Schirwan,

and the Village of Niafabath. They set out for Scamachie ; arrive at the Village of Pyrmaraas, and visit the Tombs of two Persian Saints. They make their Public Entry into Scamachie, where they are entertained by the Governor. An Account of the Ceremonies used by the Armenians at the Baptism of the Cross, and at a Festival observed by the Persians in memory of the Prophet Hali; with a Description of the City of Scamachie, and the adjacent Country.

HE country where they were cast alhore

was at this time covered with an agreeable verdure, and thus continued till the midVOL. XIV,

B

dle

T!

dle of December. The foil being extremely fertile, and producing great quantities of rice, wheat, and barley. They indeed make but little hay, which is only used for the convenience of travellers, as the cattle are kept abroad all the year round. This province, which is named Schirwan, produces great numbers of vines, that are planted all along the hedges, and fastened to the trees. It has also valt quantities of wild fowl, especially pheasants ; there are hares in abundance, with two kinds of foxes, one like those of Europe, and the other have wool instead of hair, with white bellies, black ears, and tails that are not so large as those of our foxes; these laft ran in herds in the night time about the villages, and make a doleful noise. The inhabitants use buffaloes instead of horses, and make them draw in the fame manner; they feed them with fenugreek, which they low, end cut green, herb and feed together, and thus give it them to eat. Their cows milk produces a cream of two fingers thick, of which they make great plenty of excellent butter ; but they make all their cheese of sheep's milk.

The village of Niafabath confifts only of fifteen or "fixteen poor houses fcattered up and down. They are built of clay, and are exactly square with flat roofs covered with túrfe so that a man may conveniently walk upon them. But notwithstanding the mean appearance of these houses on the outside, some of them were handsome enough within, and the Hoors covered with tapeftry ; but the village

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