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For compensation to the messenger in said office, For the contingent expenses of the navy board four hundred and ten dollars.

including the sum of one thousand five hundrech For expense of fuel, stationary, printing, and dollars for the service of the preceding year, other contingent expenses of the office of paymas. || four thousand dollars. ter, two thousand dollars.

For compensation to the post-master general, Por compensation to the superintendant general | three thousand dollars. of military supplies, three thousand dollars.

For compensation to the assistant post-master For compensation to the clerks employed in the general, one thousand seven hundred dollars. office of the superintendant general of military sup- For compensation to the second assistant post plies, being the sum appropriated for the service | master general, one thousand six hundred dollars. of the year one thousand eight hundred and fifteen, For compensation to the clerks employed in seven thousand dollars.

the general post-office, being the amount approFor compensation to the messenger in said office, | priated for the service of the year one thousand four hundred and ten dollars.

eight hundred and fifteen, fifteen thousand one For expenses of fuel, stationary, printing, and hundred dollars. other contingent expenses, in the office of the su- For compensation to additional clerks, four perintendant general of military supplies six hun-thousand two hundred and five dollars. dred dollars.

For deficiency in appropriation for clerk hire For compensation to the commissary general of) for the year one thousand eight hundred and fif. purchases, three thousand dollars.

teen, nine hundred and thirty-five dollars. For compensation to the clerks employed in For compensation to the messenger and assist. the office of the said commissary, being the snm ant messenger, six hundred and sixty dollars. appropriated for the service of the year one thou. For contingent expenses of the general post.' sand eight hundred and fifteen, two thousand office, three thousand six hundred dollars. eight hundred dollars.

For compensation to the several commissioners For contingent expenses in the said office of|of loans, and for allowance to certain commission. commissary general of purchases, nine hundred ers of loans in lieu of clerk hire, fourteen thou. and thirty dollars.

sand five hundred and fifty dollars. For compensation to the clerks in the adju- For compensation to the clerks 'of sundry com. tant and inspector general's office, one thousand missioners of loans, and to defray the authorised eight hundred dollars.

expenses of the several loan offices, thirteen For compensation to the Secretary of the Na-thousand seven hundred dollars. vy, four thousand five hundred dollars.

For compensation to the surveyor general and For compensation to the clerks employed in his clerks, four thousand one hundred dollars. the office of the secretary of the navy, being the For compensation to the surveyor of lands south sum appropriated for the service of the year one of Tennessee, and his clerks, and for the contin. thousand eight hundred and fifteen, seven thougent expenses of his office, three thousand two sand two hundred and thirty-five dollars. hundred dollars.

For compensation to the messenger in said of. For compensation to the officers and clerks of fice, four hundred and ten dollars.

the mint, nine thousand six hundred dollars. For expense of fuel, stationary, printing, and For wages to persons in the different operations other contingent expenses in said office, two of the mint, including the sum of six hundred thousand five hundred dollars.

dollars allowed to an assistant engraver, five thou. For compensation to the accountant of the na- sand dollars. vy, two thousand dollars,

For repairs of furnaces, cost of iron and machiFor compensation to the clerks employed in || nery, rents and other contingent expenses of the the office of the accountant of the navy, being | mint, two thousand four hundred and eighty dol. the sum appropriated for the service of the year lars. one thousand 'eight hundred and fifteen, twelve For allowance for wastage in the gold and thousand two hundred dollars.

silver coinage, one thousand five hundred dol. For compensation to the messenger in said of lars. fice, four hundred and ten dollars.

For the purchase of copper to coin into cents, For compensation to additional clerks to be fifteen thousand dollars. employed in the office of said accountant, two For compensation to the governor, judges and thousand five hundred dollars.

secretary of the Indiana territory, six thousand For contingent expenses of the office of said six hundred dollars. accountant, one thousand two hundred and fifty For stationary, office rent, and other contindollars.

gent expenses of said territory, three hundred For compensation to the commissioners of the anil fifty dollars. navy board, ten thousand five hundred dollars. For compensation to the governor, judges, and

For compensation of the secretary of the navy secretary of the Mississippi territory, nine thous board, two thousand dollars.

sand dollars. For compensation of the clerks employed in For stationary, office rent, and other contingent the office of the navy board, including the sum expenses of said territory, three hundred and fifof two hundred and fifty dollars for the service of || ty dollars. the preceding year, two thousand five hundred For compensation to the governor, judges, and dollars.

secretary of the Missouri territory, seven thou. For compensation of the messenger, including sand eight hundred dollars. the sum of three hundred and seven dollars and For stationary, office rent, and other contingent fifty cents, for the service of the preceding year, expenses of said territory, three hundred and fifseven hundred and seventeen dollars and fitty Il ty dollars.

For compensation to the governor, judges, and


secretary of the Michigan territory, six thousand For defraying the expense of ascertaining and six hundred dollars.

adjusting land titles in Louisiana, five thousand For stationary, office rent, and other contingent || dollars. expenses of said territory, three hundred and fifty For defraying the expense of surveying the pubdollars.

lic lands within the several territories of the U. For compensation to the governor, judges and States, including the expense of surveys of private secretary of the Illinois territory, six thousand six claims in Louisiana ; for ascertaining the boundahundred dollars.

ries of the state of Ohio ; of surveying the townFor stationary, office rent and other contingent ship lines in the Creek purchase, and of the salaexpenses of said territory, three hundred and fifty | ries of two principal deputies in the state of Louisidollars.

ana, one hundred and sixty three thousand four For defraying the expenses incurred by print- hundred dollars. ing the laws of said territory, one thousand one For defraying the expense of printing certifihundred and seventy six dollars and twenty-five cates of registry and other documents for vessels, cents.

five thousand seven hundred and fifty dollars. For the discharge of such demands against the For the discharge of such miscellaneous claims United States on account of the civil department, I against the United States, not otherwise provided not otherwise provided for, as shall have been ad-for, as shall have been admitted in due course of mitted in due course of settlement, at the treasu- | settlement at the treasury, four thousand dollars. ry, two thousand dollars.

For the salaries, allowances and contingent exFor compensation granted by law to the chief | penses of ministers to foreign nations, and of sejustice, the associate judges and district judges | cretaries of legation, one hundred and fourteen of the United States, including the chief justice || thousand dollars. and associate judges of the district of Columbia, For the contingent expenses of intercourse besixty thousand dollars.

tween the United States and foreign nations, fifty For compensation to the attorney general of thousand dollars. the United States, three thousand dollars.

For the expenses necessary during the present For the compensation of sundry district attor- year, for carrying into effect the fourth, sixth and neys and marshals, as granted by law including seventh articles of the treaty of peace concluded those in the several territories, seven thousand with his Britannic majesty at Ghent, on the tweneight hundred and fifty dollars.

ty-fourth of December, one thousand eight hunFor defraying the expenses of the supreme, | dred and fourteen, including the compensation of circuit and district courts of the United States, the commissioners appointed under those articles, including the District of Columbia, and the jurors | twenty three thousand three hundred and thirtyand witnesses, in aid of the funds arising from two dollars. fines, penalties and forfeitures, and for defraying For the salaries of the agents of claims on acthe expenses of prosecutions for offences against count of captures, at London, Paris, and Copen. the United States, and for the safe keeping of hagen, at two thousand dollars each, six thousand prisoners, forty thousand dollars.

dollars. For the payment of sundry pensions granted by For replacing the sum of twenty-five thousand the late government, eight hundred and sixty | dollars, heretofore appropriated and carried to dollars.

the surplus fund in the year one thousand eight For the payment of the annual allowance to the hundred and fifteen, for objects in relation to the invalid pensioners of the United States, one hun- intercourse with the Barbary states, twenty five dred and twenty thousand dollars.

thousand dollars. For making the road from Cumberland, in the For making good a deficiency in the appropristate of Maryland, to the state of Ohio, three hun-ation of last year for the intercourse with foreign dred thousand dollars, to be repaid out of the nations, arising from the difference in the exfund reserved for laying out and making roads to change in transmitting the money to Europe, and the state of Ohio, by virtue of the seventh section in the drafts of ministers and agents there, upon of an act, passed on the thirtieth of April, one bankers, and to meet similar expenses the present thousand eight hundred and two, entitled “ An year, fifty thousand dollars. act to enable the people of the eastern division of To replace the sum of two thousand dollars, the territory north west of the river Ohio to form being part of an appropriation of five thousand a constitution and state government, and for the || dollars, appropriated by an act of the third of admission of such state into the Union on an equal March, one thousand eight hundred and eleven, footing with the original states, and for other to discharge claims on account of depredations purposes.”

committed by the Osage Indians, and since carriFor the maintenance and support of light hou. I ed to the surplus fund, two thousand dollars.. ses, beacons, buoys and public piers, stakeages of For the expenses of intercourse with the Bar. channels, bars and shoals, including the purchase bary powers, forty-seven thousand dollars. and transportation of oil, keepers' salaries, repairs For the relief of distressed American seamen and improvements, and contingent expenses, for the present year, and to make good a defici. ninety seven thousand four hundred and sixty four ency in the preceding year, fifiy thousand dollars. dollars.

Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That the seveTo replace the amount heretofore appropri- ral appropriations herein before made, shall be ated for defraying the expense of surveying the paid and discharged out of the fund of six coast of the United States, which was carried to hundred thousand dollars, reserved by the act the surplus fund on the thirty-first of December, | making provision for the debt of the United one thousand eight hundred and fourteen, twenty- States, and out of any monjes in the treasury not nine thousand seven hundred and twenty dollars otherwise appropriated. I[-Approved, Feb. 26, 1816, and fifty-seven cents.


BRITISH HOUSE OF COMMONS. tention : and for the Mauritius, a very consider

able squadron had been appointed. This, howe. Interesting debate upon the navy ESTIMATES, in the yer, was limited to the very lowest scale which course of which references are made to some events

the distinguished admiral on that station had

thought would be sufficient. Eleven ships of the in the late war with us. It is gratifying to our

line had been thought necessary for this service. national pride to perceive that nation which, but In the Mediterranean, it had been thought advia a short time since, viewed our marratime strength sable to substitute 74 gun ships for those of 50

guns, which had heretofore been employed. A with contempt, now evidently manifesting a jea- small squadron had been stationed off South A. Lousy for our growing power and importance on merica in compliance with the applications made the ocean, though she attempts to conceal it un- since the last peace, in order to protect our der the veil of a spirit of amity. The faith of be observed, was also quite a new station. The

growing trade in that quarter. This, it would a proud nation, wounded in that particular part | force stationed at Jamaica and the Leeward Islwhich she had proclaimed to the world to be in- | ands, had been somewhat diminished ; but, in vulnerable, is not to be implicitly relied on. It consequence of the situation in which they stood will at least be prudent to watch her actions, more

with respect to South America, the reduction

here was but small. One frigate had been added than to regard her professions.

to the force stationed off North America ; and

on the coast of Africa a squadron would be mainThe house having resolved itself into a com

tained equal to that kept up during the last peace, mittee of supply.

The squadrons on the home station would be the Sir G, Warrender, in rising to bring the sub- same as maintained in 1792. It was proper to ject of which he had given notice before the remark that had there been no new stations to house, would not trespass long on its attention, occupy, an increase of men for the peace esta. as he was satisfied, that however disposed the blishment would be necessary from other circumgentlemen opposite were to watch the conduct stances. This partly arose from larger frigates of government with a scrutinizing eye, it was not being now generally in use than were common against the navy that their jealousy would be di- formerly. These, from the arrangements made rected. He trusted he should be able to shew, || by other powers, had become necessary to us, that in the arrangements which had been made, and those now in commission required two hun. economy had not been neglected, though that di- dred and sixty men, instead of the former comluted economy had not been resorted to, which, plement of two hundred. He also thought it on former occasions, had led to much inconveni- very important, that a corps of Royal Marine ence, and danger, and ultimately to much expense. should now be maintained, which were not tho't To the objections urged to the apprehended re- to be necessary formerly. The inconveniences, duction of our naval establishment (which some however, which had been found to result from had feared would not be kept up on a sufficiently being compelled to have recourse to troops of the extended scale) he trusted a satisfactory answer line, where the service could best have been acwould be given when he stated it was not the in-complished by a body of marines, were so consi, tention of the naval administration of the countryderable, that he hoped they would be guarded. to put the navy in a state, other than that of per against for the time to come; and with this feelfect efficiency. By efficiency he meant, it woulding, he held it to be consistent with the most ribe kept in such a state, that it would be able to | gid economy, that a fourth corps of marines contend with the united navies of the world-He should be kept up. Doing this, to avoid again should now compare the naval establishment having recourse, under peculiar circumstances, which it was intended to keep up, with that which to troops of the line, where marines would be had been determined on at the close of the last | better employed, gave an increase on the navy war, though to refer in this way to what had been estimates, above those of the former peace estadone at other times, might not be the most con-blishment, of five thousand men. It must be savenient course, as he was prepared to contend tisfactory to the house and to the country to know, that the question now to be considered, ought to that this augmentation of our force was called be viewed with a reference to the circumstances for by the increase of our foreign trade, and the of the present day; to the state of our foreign valuable additions which have been made to our commerce, and the number and importance of colonial possessions. our colonies, rather than with a reference to The total number of men required for the navy what had been thought sufficient, when the situe in the present peace establishment, would be ation of the country was very different from what || 25,000. In the present year, from circumstances it was now known to be. It might he expected already explained, 33,000 would be moved for. that he should advert to the station of the several | This was fewer than had been called for at the squadrons now employed, and to those changes | close of the war of 1763, and in the year which which had caused a considerable increase on the followed the last peace. In 1803, it was thought last peace establishment. In the East Indies no necessary to keep up the navy to 110,000 men, addition had been made to the naval force, which || He claimed some merit for thé naval administrait had been thought wise to keep up at the timetion of the country, for the rapidity with which of the last peace. For the Cape, which was they had paid off so large a portion of the navy, perfectly a new station, and which, from its con- and also for the celerity with which they had fitnection with St. Helena, now of more import- l ted out a large portion of the naval force to be ance than ever, from its being the place wherein kept up during the peace-two 50 gun ships, 14 he who had so long disturbed the repose of Eu- || frigates, and 27 sloops, have already been got rope was confined, must demand particular at-|| ready and perfectly manned. Not more than

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4000 men were now, wanting to complete the They could not have the means of increasing force required. The celerity thus displayed, he their power at sea in any way in which we should believed it must be admitted, was perfectly unex- not be equal to their exertions. It was quite un. ampled in the annals of the proceedings at the necessary, therefore, to maintain a greater num. close of former wars. He thought it was unne. ber of men than after the American war. Would cessary for him to say more at present, but hold- any one pretend that a larger force should be eming himself ready to give any further information ployed at home? The mere circumstances of hav. that might be demanded, he trusted the house ing new stations was not sufficient, unless it could would feel, that however desirable economy might be shewn that no diminution of men on the old be, those measures would not deserve that char- stations was expedient. For these reasons he was acter which went to break up important establish- | at a loss to conceive the necessity of this great ments, which when again wanted, would occasion increase of service. With regard to other parts the country an immense expense to raise them up a- of this establishment, he rather wished an increase gain. This observation, which might be extended to than a diminution : he alluded to the situation of a great variety of objects was particularly applica- the lieutenants and inferior officers of the navy. ble to the navy. He concluded by moving a vote Those brave and meritorious men did not receive of 33,000 men to be employed in the navy for the a sufficient remuneration. Their services, howpresent year, including 9000 marines.

ever, should not be forgotten; and a much less sum Mr. Ponsonby felt considerable reluctance in than that required for the additional 5000 men making any observations on the statement of the would provide comfortably for them. If he was honorable Baronet, as he was at all times afraid | in error, he would listen with great deference to of saying any thing that might appear to reflect those who were better informed; but the time on the services of the navy. But, notwithstand- might come, when he would make some proposi. ing his predeliction and partiality for that impor- tion to the house to that effect. He objected, tant branch of our forces, he could not abstain, however, to this great increase of the number of under present circumstances, from entering his seamen; for, if the house should consent to vote. protest against the supply which had been propo-them, it would be idle to talk of economy. If sed. Whether it were a greater amount than ne. they were to vote them, they must pay them, cessary or not, he did not pretend to say. He did which would throw great and unnecessary burnot know the details of the present service, and thens on the country. laying down so extensive a marine establishment, Mr. Law, considering that from the disposition it might be unfit, nay, impossible, to reduce it and conflicting interests of various powers, from below what was stated. He must take it, on the the feelings known to exist in America, the hopes responsibility of the hon. Baronet and his col- of a durable peace were not so certain as had been leagues, to be a proper number for the present represented, thought that our navy ought not to year. But it would require much stronger rea- be diminished even to the extent it had been al. sons than he had yet heard, for voting that num- ready. If the honorable gentleman passed his ber as a permanent peace establishment, which, | eye over the map of Europe, and considered the on an average had only amounted to 18,000 men. || feelings of the different governments, he would It would be necessary, therefore, to establish in be satisfied there was a necessity for us keeping the opinion of the house the necessity of a greater up a great naval establishment. He was desirous, number. That necessity must be shown to exist, however, of knowing why the establishment now not from the state of our trade or commerce, but was smaller than that proposed after the treaty of from the maritime force of other powers, who Paris! He wished also to know why the honorable might attempt to interfere with our naval strength Baronet had paid off the Navy so rapidly, and inor safety. The American war closed after two considerately, which had caused the disturbances naval campaigns, in one of which the fleet of the in the northern ports, so muc to be regretted? enemy rode triumphant in the British channel: Sir G. Warrender, stated that the admiralty had and, in the other, our ships were compelled to relied on the opinion of eminent naval officers as to seek security in our harbors, against the combi- | the mode of paying off the navy, and that no one ned fleets of France and Spain. If, then, at the instance of insubordination has occurred during close of the war, the house thought 18,000 men, the time that the men were discharged, which was sufficient for our safety, what could now induce of itself a sufficient answer to all that liad been them to vote 33,000 ? Spain and France were now alledged respecting the disturbances. But one in alliance, and though he did not place much right hon. gentleman, (Mr. Ponsonby,) he wished security on their friendship, yet where was their to explain a point which he thought had been mis. power to injure us? The fleet of Spain was anni- understood: he wished to state that the increase bilated, and that of France was so reduced as not || in the number of seamen did not arise from the to deserve any serious consideration on our part. number of ships employed, but from the manner No nation in Europe had any formidable navy: in which they were manned. The size of the and the combined Aeets of the world could not French frigates had been increased, and it was necollect 25 sail of the line to meet us. It was true, cessary that the complement of ours should bear France had 20 ships at the termination of the war; some approximation The view that the right bon. but no one would contend that they were at all || gentleman bad taken of the navies of Europe was equal to a contest with us. But suppose that not quite fair. The last time the Toulon fleet put France should show a disposition to put her navy | out to meet lord Exmouth, it consisted ofonly se.. in a forinidable state: could she proceed faster || venteen sail of the line, and two frigates: the than ourselves? Or could it be a secret to those || hardest actions fought by the French, were in the at the head of naval affairs, that France and Spain || year 1813, during which period they sent to sea were making preparations? It must require a con. thirteen frigates, of which eleven were taken, but siderable time to augment their maratime strength, || after hard fighting: but now the French ships of and we could not fail to perceive their motions. | the line announted to sixty sail, and those of Europe

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united to nearly two hundred. Such being the Lord Milton thought the navy of America case, he would ask the house, he would ask the could never be fitted against this country, and country, if they would wish to see the establishment this ought first to have been made out, before the of this country reduced to 12 guard ships ? No, it inference could be drawn of a necessity to inwould be said, let us rather submit to all the bur- crease our naval force, with a view to the navy thens of taxation than diminish that navy to which of America. The navy of this country depended we owe all our glory-all our security! It had been not upon the establishment of 33,000 men, but it urged that reduction might be made in some of depends upon commerce, and the ships employ. the foreign stations; but the situation of South ed" in it to all parts of the globe. The noble America was different from what it had been ; our lord proceeded to notice the paying off the navy, merchants desired protection; and it was proper || and trusted it would still be paid off to a greater, they should have it. As to any reduction in the extent than at present it was perhaps intended.West Indies, could we forget or overlook the new He was an advocate for economy in the public power growing up in that quarter—the power of expenditures, and it was a duty which every one North America? As to the navy, half pay, large ad. lowed to their constituents to see that there was no ditions had already been made, and for his part he waste in the expenditure of the state. He con. wished it could be greater still; but there was a cluded by suggesting the propriety of a more liduty to the public, as well as a duty to the navy, I mited time for the proposed establishments than and if the half-pay were to be increased, it must be for the whole of the year 1816. at the expense of the country, and not accomplish- Lord Castlereagh thought, from what had ed by a further reduction of the navy; whatever I passed, that, as far as the vote for this night went, might be wished he could not hold out any hopes it would not be objected to, therefore he would of an increase in the half-pay of the navy.

only trouble the house with a very few words, as Mr. Law remarked, that the hon. Baronet had it would be much more satisfactory to reserve not ventured to allege that the disturbances in the the minuter view of the subject to the proper north had been caused by the sudden discharge of time, when it would come before the house. The the navy, nor had he stated why the naval establish- || best general principle in the formation of a peace ment of 1816 should be so much less than that of establishment must be to combine security with 1802, and the military establishment so much | economy. greater.

It was on this principle, that, owing to the unSir G. Warrender replied, that the number of settled state of the world at present, it had bę. ships employed was not less, and that they had come necessary, on many remote stations, to. been manned with unexampled rapidity.

keep up a very considerable naval force, for the Mr. Rose was surprised, for the first time, in purpose of inspiring that confidence which was hearing the admiralty blamed for paying off the so indispensable for the prosperity of commerce.. navy upon the approach of a peace. There was no The knowledge that there was a British flag in connection between the riot of seamen in the north, | remote seas, gave to the merchant the earnest of and their being paid off after the war. He witness- | security and protection for carrying on his traffic. ed at Portsmouth, a frigate at that time, which To prevent any danger, the sure way was to give was lying there for the purpose of taking out our no opportunity for attack, by keeping up a strong minister to America, and it could not sail for want | force wherever it was most probable it could in of men. With respect to a military force for our any case be meditated. On the particular station colonies, he contended, as he had done on a former | alluded to by the right honorable baronet, it was night, that it was impossible for our navy alone to necessary to have a strong force for securing: guard the West Indies. It was necessary to have safe custody of the individual confined there. As a number of men in the beginning of a war, other to the establishment at home, it had been found wise the country would be wounded by surprise. with a view to economy it was better, instead of Under all the circumstances, though no man was completely reducing the fleet and retaining only more anxious than himself to save the expenditure guardships to keep the guardships at a very of the country, he never yet saw a plan less ex-low rate, and to have at the same time other ships ceptionable on that account than the present. fit for service. It was a great advantage in every Mr. Ponsonby said a few words respecting the respect to have ships ready to be sent on foreign observations made upon America, and although services at the shortest warning. He could not he did not know, he believed no disposition of sit down without adverting to what had fallen hostility existed in the government of that coun- from several honorable gentlemen in the course try towards us : and he regretted that such ob of the debate, as to the jealousy to be entertain-, servations made in the house of commons undeed towards foreign powers increasing their navy. signedly, yet might have a tendency to inflame He would be sorry if in the house or out of doors, the minds of the people of America. He much any inference was to be drawn to inculcate a dreaded the existence of any hostile spirit in belief that government entertained any feeling America towards this country, or in this country of jealousy on this subject towards any foreign towards America, and he wished that country state. As to America, it had been said that the should not be adverted to in the manner it had people of that country were jealous of us; and to been adverted to this night.-As to the navy of a certain extent, perhaps this was said with this country, it was impossible that an increase truth; but at the same time it was to be recol. of that in any European kingdom could take lected, that in this country there existed great place without our having due notice, and the prejudices against America. ( Hear, hear,) It means of counteracting it.

was his most earnest wish to discountenance this Sir Charles Monk asserted that the distur-feeling on both sides, and to promote between bances of seamen in the North, originated in a the two nations feelings of reciprocal amity and quarrel with the Colliers, and not from their regard. Certainly there were not two countries being paid off.

whose interests were more naturally and closely

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