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of his age,
The marriages of the Prince Ferdinand 7th and || doubt that the souree of this extraordinary river the infante Don Carlos, with the second and third will not much longer remain a secret. daughters of the prince of the Brazils, are now placed beyond doubt by an official communication laid before the council of Castile.
CAPTAIN JAMES LAWRENCE. March 9. The budget was opened on Saturday, | A monument is now erecting in Trinity Church, it proceeds upon the principle of not felling the woods; and the land tax will be diminished.
to the memory of the much lamented LAWThe French funds remain steady. Bank actions RENCE. It represents a broken column of white 1,070 fr. and 3 per cent, consuls 61 1-5th.
marble of the doric order, the cap of which is
broken off and rests on the base. On the plinth DAVID, whose genius in painting acquired him the patronage of BONAPARTE, and whose works in front is the following inscription : were the admiration of all who saw them, has been
In Memory of
Captain JAMES LAWRENCE,
of the United States Navy,
who fell by several individuals ditinguished both by their
on the first day of June, 1813, in the 32d year rank and by their taste for the fine arts.
The ports of Martinique are to be partially shut|| In the action between the frigates Chesapeake against foreign vessels, after the 16th of May next.
and Shannon. That island is held by the British for the French, till the latter can send out troops to occupy it. He distinguished himself on various occasions ;
But particularly when he commanded the
Sloop of War
By capturing and sinking
After a desperate action of 14 minutes. nouncing this appointment that the Journal de Paris was suppressed by the minister of police. A sup
His bravery in action,
And his magnanimity to the
In private life,
He was a gentleman of the most generous and
And so acknowledged was his public worth,
That the whole nation mourned his loss ;
Who most should honor his remains.
(ON THB, REVERSE. )
Whose remains are here deposited,
With bis expiring breath, geologist; Mr. Tudor, comparative anatomist; Mr. Expressed his devotion to his country CRANČA, collector of objects of natural history, and
Neither the fury of battle ;
The anguish of a mortal wound ; tleman volunteer. There are also two fine blacks, Nor the horrors of approaching Death, natives of the kingdom of Congo, one of whom
Could subdue his gallant spirit.
RIS DYING WORDS WERE,
" DON'T GIVE UP THE SHIP.”
N. Y. Gazette. surgeon; two master's mates, and a purser.
In addition to the Congo, the transport takes out two double whale boats, so fixed together, as to be able to carry 18 or 20 men each, and accom
Louisville, Ken:) March 27. date them under an awning with three months' pro- | steam-boat Pike, from Henderson (Ky.) on her
Arrived at this place a few days since, the visions; these boats are intended to be drawn up to the upper part of any rapids or cataracts, that Henderson, and
way to Pittsburg. The Pike was fitted out at may occur to obstruct the passage of the Congo. | in sixty seven hours, running a distance of 250
rformed the trip to this place With these means there is very little reason to | miles, against the current.
Louisville, April 8. ting with spring teeth, which act in the teeth of Arrived on the 5th inst. the steam-boat Dispatch the rack wheel on one side, and trail easy on the left N. Orleans on the 2d and Natchez on the other, 13th ult.
COMMERCIAL. OBSTRUCTION OF THE STEAM NAVIGATION OF THE
Arrived at New Orleans since the peace in the
space of one year. The circumstances of this flagrant interruption of the Steam Navigation, on the greatest high- 220 Ships,
178 Ships, way of the western country, are, from the most
120 Brigs, careful enquiries that we have made, briefly these:
50 Schr's, Capi. Brue, of the steam-boat Dispatch, from Pitts
11 Sloops, burgh, whose machinery is quite distinct from that of Messrs. Fulton & Livingston, has been prohibit
331–71,192 ed taking any return cargo from N. Orleans, under penalty of prosecution by Mr. E. Livingston,
Remaining in port 9th Feb.
42 Ships, of that place, on a law of Louisiana. The sugar,
31 Brigs, we understand, was on the levee for his freight,
14 Schr's, and yet, a citizen of these United States, has been
5 Sloops, most vexatiously deterred from participating in the common trade of the country, to his private
equal to 23,304 Tons. loss of 14 or 1500 dollars. The pretended authority under which these bigh-handed measures Arrivals in February,
Departures, have been taken, is set forth in a writing signed 26 U. States,
12 by Mr. Livingston, and given to Capt. Bruce, cal.
8 Britain & Colonies, '
5 ling himself « the assignee of Fulton and Living
7 France & do.
5 ston's exclusive right to navigate the Mississippi,
10 Spanish & do.
7 and its waters, by steam so far as respects the na
1 vigation from New-Orleans, to and up the Red
51 Sweedish Colonies,
2 River. In this writing, Mr. Livingston gracious
2 ly "permits” Capt. Bruce, at his request, proceed out of the limits of this state, (Louisiana)
34 without incurring any penalty for the breach of said exclusive privilege. We have neither time
TO THE EDITOR OF THE OHIO REPUBLICAN. nor room, to dilate on this otrageous. monopoly of the inestimable steam navigation of the most im
Piqua, March 30, 1816. portant parts of the western waters—the road to Sir-I will thank you to insert in a conspicu“ the principal market.
ous part of the Republican, the following docu. PUBLIC MEETING.
ments; and I request printers whose papers cir. A meeting of the citizens of Jefferson county, culate near the frontiers, and in the territories, to is urgently requested, at 3 o'clock this day, at the publish them for the satisfaction and information Union Hall, on the subject of the late prohibition of || of those concerned. the navigation of the Mississippi, by Steam-Boats,
JOHN JOHNSTON, Indian Agent. not belonging to Fulton and Livingston.
Department of War, March 2, 1816. Savannah, April 13.
SIR-I enclose you an extract from the instrucOn thursday last the Steam Boat ENTERPRIZE, tions which have been given to the officer comleft her moorings, bound to Augusta, with freight | manding military department No. 5, and you are and passengers. She got under way at half past directed to make application to him for any milithree o'clock, in a very handsome manner, and in tary force that may be necessary to remove such fifteen minutes was out of sight. The departure intruders on the lands of the Indians within your of this boat has excited a lively interest here, and Agency as have not complied with the proclamahas opened prospects of trade and prosperity to tion of the president of the 12th December last. the towns of Savannah and Augusta, and the state
I have the honor to be, with respect, of Georgia in general. Much praise is due to the
Your obedient servant, proprietors of the Enterprize for their great indus
WILLIAM H. CRAWFORD. try, activity and vigilance. May success crown their exertions.
Indian Agent, Piqua, Ohio. }
Extract of a letter from William H. Crawford, seSTEAM ENGINES.
cretary of Warto Major General M Comb, com. Mr. William Willis, of New Bedford, Mass. we manding military department No. 5, dated 27th are informed, has discovered a new mode of con- January, 1816. structing Steam Engines, by having the steam cy- “ Int sion upon lands of the friendly Indian linders and steam pipes enclosed in the boiler, and tribes, is not only a violation of the laws, but in the steam cocks worked by wires, which lead out direct opposition to the policy of the government of the boiler through small basins of oil. He has | towards its savage neighbors. Upon application also discovered a mode of placing the steam cy- ||of any Indian agent, stating that intrusions of this linders horizontally, and working rack wheels, ei. nature have been committed and are continued, ther with steam altogether, or by making use of the president requires, that they shall be removed, the pressure of the atmosphere, in the common and their houses and improvements destroyed by mode. He has also discovered a new mode of com- military force, and that every attempt to return, municating the totary motion direct by racks, fit- || shall be repressed in the same manner."
No. 10. VOL. 1.] WASHINGTON, SATURDAY, MAY 4, 1816. (WHOLE Vive 10.
PUBLISHED WEEKLY, BY JOEL K. MEAD, AT FIVE DOLLARS PER ANNUM,
with interest and delight, as the surest means of We are indebted for the following communica
enriching the country and securing its indepen
dence, when the manufacture of these indispensition on the manufacture of cotton to a gentleman
ble articles of clothing shall have extended in a of the first respectability in Baltimore, whose situation has afforded him an opportunity of viewing degree cqual to the demand for home consump
tion. the subject of domestic manufactures, as connect.
It has been stated to one of the committees of ed with the best interest of the United States, in no small extent; to whom we return our thanks. congress, during the present session, that there 'We have also received from another gentleman
are five hundred thousand spindles in the United a succinct account of the several manufactures in States, employed in spinning cotton. I do not
recollect that the number employed in wool has the vicinage of Baltimore, which we intend to
been mentioned—but it must be considerable.publish shortly.—In the mean time we would thank any gentleman to communicate to us such || Cloths and kerseymires of domestic fabric, and facts, in his possession, as will enable us to give a su perior quality, are to be met with in almost eve. correct account of the rise, progress and present | ry store throughout the country, for sale at prices extent of the several manufactures in that neigh- at least as cheap as those of like quality imported
from abroad. The government appears disposed bourhood. We do not wish this information confined to cotton, but to extend to all other manu
to afford protection to these establishments, and factures. We also respectfully invite communica-Hit may be hoped that a full supply of woolen and tions on like subjects from gentlemen in every
cotton goods may, at no remote period, be derived
from our own looms. The best informed on this part of our widely extended country, to which we
subject are of opinion, that under complete proshall pay prompt attention.
tection from foreign competition, four or five
years would be sufficient to enable our manufacFor the National Register.
turers to meet fully the home demand; and that The rapid progress of domestic manufactures, this might be done without any sensible subducwithin a few years, in woolen and cotton goods is. tion from the labour of the field, as the work is astonishing.* The American patriot will view it || performed in a great measure by machinery, and * For an account of the increase of our cotton
the labour of women and children. manufactures see the report of the committee of commerce and manufactures, published in our 4th manufactories 71,026 yards, making an aggregate number, page 50, by which it appears that in the of nine million, five himdred and ninety-nine thoutshort space of fifteen years they have increased sand, two hundred and ninety-two yards. from 500 to 90,000 bales per annum.
From the official returns made in that year
there were 431 full blooded merino, 6,133 mixed proportion between the two extremes is as one to 180. In the first five years, from 1800 to 1995, sheep-in all 1,584,652. But the returns of sheep
blood, 759 broad tuled, and 726,330 common when commerce was unrestricted, the increase was as one to two ; in the next five years, from
are only from five states and one territory, and 1805 to 1810, when commerce was interrupted by very imperfect from those, for instance: no re.
turn of sheep whatever was from the state ed in families in
state no less than 1810 to 1815, including a period of war of two fturs and eight months, it was as one to nine. It yards of woollen cloth in one year,nor was there is there stated that a capital of forty millions of from the flock of general Humphrey's alone many
any return of merinos from Connecticut, although dollars are now vested, which give en:ployment to
thousands had been derived. “It is believed from sixty-six thousand women and female children; | the facts stated, and considerations suggested on and twenty-four thousand boys, under seventeen the subject of wool,” says Mr. Cox that "the supyears of age. These 90,000 persons are put into employment , and become useful members of the ply of 1812. does not fall short of twenty to twenty:
two millions of pounds. Not only have sheep For some account of our woollen manufactures | creased in weight and much beiter preserved. A
been multiplied, but their Aceces have been insee Coxe's statistical tables of the manufactures of the United States, published under arithority sery few years must increase our wool to forty, stated that in fourteen states and three territories tation of woollens must take place—for
it is not
doubted that our house-wives, other manufactures in 1810, the only ones from which returns were made, there were manufactured in families 9,528, many years) to make up all the wool our sheep
od machinery will continue (as they have for 266 yards of woollen cloth, and in twenty-four I will yield
(Ed. VOL. I.
Embargo, dle increase wat is one to ten=from
Our country abounds with the raw materials for || have furnished our own supplies of woollen and these manufactures; machinery to a considerable cotton goods, principally by the aid of machinery, extent is already employed on them; and consi- and the labor of women and children. Tliis would derable knowledge of the subject has been acquir- have amounted to about thirty millions of dollars ; cd by many of our citizens.
and would have been a nett saving to the country It is probable that about thirty millions of dol.
to that amount ; no other branch of our industry lars is annually imported into the United States,
would have suffered by it-nothing would have in woollen and cotton fabrics; now if these articles | been given in exchange for it-it would have awere made in this Country it would produce the
risen from the use of maclrinery, and brought in. most beneficial results. A saving of at least thir.
to action a species of labor, bitherto in a great
measure without object, and without employ.ty millions of dollars annually, from the use of machinery, and the labor of women and children, By this course we should have avoided the exand agriculture or commerce would not be inte pense of $30,000,000 in the cost of goods purchase
ed from foreign nations, and consequently have left rupted or diminished by it. It is said that in the
the exports of the year to that amount less incum. Steam Works in Baltimore, belonging to Messrs. | bered. In this event, having thirty millions less to Robert & Alexander McKim, where 100 persons | pay abroad, instead of a balance of seventeen due are employed in carding and spinning cotton, || abroad, beyond the entire product of our surplus there is but one nian employed, about fifteen || produce, we should have had a balance due us froin' women, and eighty or ninety female children, | abroad, probably of twenty six millions of dollars, from 8 to 12 or 13 years of age. These I am for the excess of our exports over our imports ;~informed manufacture about 275 bales of raw and instead of a drain of specie, we would have cotton in the year, avaraging three hundred || had an influx of the precious metals; and our pounds per bale, making an aggregate of 82,500 || paper medium thereby supported in credit and pounds, or 825 pounds, each. Great benefit || usefulness. would result from having the capital thus em- In the course we pursued, we lost by the last ployed at home-our citizens would receive the year's industry, seventeen millions of dollars.price of these supplies; and, after they are paid By manufacturing our own supplies of woollen and for, the money would still be in the country, pass- cotton goods we would have gained twenty sis ing from hand to hand, diffusing life and activity | millions. The difference then between loosing through every branch of our industry; and seventeen millions, and gaining twenty six mil. what is still more important, it would stop that lions, is forty three millions of dollars, gained by drain of specie from the country, that has destroy- manufacturing these supplies, without taking ined our circulating medium.
to account the benefit that would result to the A trcasury report to Congress, at the present country, from distributing thirty millions of dol. session, shews an excess of imports beyond the lars among our own citizens for these supplies, amount of our entire exports for the last year, of instead of sending it to foreign nations. upwards of seventeen millions of Dollars ; our
The sums here taken, excepting the unfavora. specie; as far as it could be procured, has been sentral, and the difference, in favor of menufacturing
ble balance on the last years trade, are conjectuout of the country to discharge the balance
our supplies, may be overrated: but if it should due abroad, this has destroyed vur inedium of traceleranged every
would make a most important change in the cir.. leaves the industry of the present year, mortgaged cumstances of the country. for the debts of the past to the amount of seven
It may be objected to this scheme of manufacteen millions of dollars. It is a futal error, to | turing our supplies, that it cannot be carried into purchase from foreign nations, more than we have effect without measures nearly equal to an excluto sell to them, it is sure to involve the country || sion of foreign goods of the kinds to be manufacin poverty and distress ; and a country that has tured at home; and in that event the manufactupo guards against this evil, leaves its destiny at || rer would extort unreasonable prices. This is an the disposal of its worst enemies. Such has been objection in some measure well founded, but it our case, but Congress has now taken up the sub- ought not to go for more than it is worth ; and ject, and a remedy may be hoped for.
allowing to it its greatest weight, it is not an inIf manufacturing had been encouraged at home, superable objection; we must either manufacture by wholesome restraints on the importation of fo- our clothing, or procure it from other countries; reign fabrics, our situation for the last year, would and in either case this objection will meet us, probably have been nearly as follows: We should I but with more than double force, if we rely on
foreign countries for necessary supplies. When- || and power which has accrued to the nation from it. ever commerce is disturbed by war, the price of We have been much inclined to follow the foot. goods imported from abroad will be enhanced : steps of that nation, in many branches of her inwe have scen them at three or fuir times their ternal policy; and why we should differ from her usual price, for years logether, from this cause ; in this particular, is not easy to be accounted for, and as often as our commerce on the ocean sballor reconciled with the public interest of the coun. be disturbed by war, this evil will recur, if we try. A nation does not prosper so much by continue to rely on foreign supplies: but if we buying cheap bargains, as by selling much and manufacture for ourselves, it can happen but once. buying little; and a nation that continues to buy When manufactories are established in extent more than it sells, although it gets great bargains equal to the supply of our wants, the evil will in all it buys, will soon be involved in misery and cease, and cannot recur; a competition for the distress. This is mentioned to rebut an argument market will keep the prices moderate, so that in favor of unrestrained importations founded on whatever force there may be in this objection, it the idea of the country procuring cheap supbears much more powerfully against relying on plies--supplies are now cheap, if wę regard only foreign countries for supplies, than against mak. the money paid for them; but when all circuming them at home.
stances are considered, it is believed we are payIt will also be objected that the measures ne-ing very dearly for this nominal cheapness. cessary to the introduction of home manufactures, would lead to smuggling, and destroy the morals
TARIFF OF THE UNITED STATES. of our people. This two has some weight, it lies, also against ali duties and restrictions on im- || AN ACT to regulate the duties on Imports and ports for the support of the treasury: but shall
Tonnage. this objection be allowed to deprive the nation Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre. of an annual benefit of forty three millions of dol-sentatives of the United States of America, in conLars? The individual that would allow it such day of June, one thousand eight hundred & sixteen,
gress assembled, That from and after the thirtieth weight, in the management of his private con- the duties heretofore laid by law, on goods, wares, cerns, would be thought a fit tenant for a mad- and merchandise, imported into the United States, house. Many other objections of some weight and collected, and paid, 'the several duties herein
shall cease and determine, and there shall be levied, might be offered against manufacturing our sup- after mentioned, that is to say: plies of clothing at home. But when put in com- First. A duty of seven and a half per centum ad petition with the benefit to be derived from it, by I valorem, on all dying drugs and materials for comthe nation, and by individuals, they will deserve posing dyes, not subject to other rates of duty;
gum arabic, gum senegal, salt petre, jewelry, gold, but little consideration.
silver, and other watches, and parts of watches, It would be a most desirable object, if some gold and silver lace, embroidery, and epaulettes ; cligible mode could be adopted, of keeping our precious stones and pearis of all
kinds, set or not
set; bristol stones or paste work, and all articles imports within the amount of our exports, or of composed wholly or chiefly of gold, silver, pearl, extending our exports, so as fairly to contravail and precious stones; and laces, lace. veils, lace our imports. Without this we will always be shawls, or shades of thread or silk. subject to occasional drawing of specie, that will
Second. A duty of fifteen per centum ad valorem, vendap aur circulating medium fluctuating and subject to any other rate of duty.
on gold leaf, and on all articles not free, and not insecure; and no mode appears more likely to Third. A duty of twenty-five per centum ad vasecure this object, than such measures as will lorem on lempen cloth or sail cloth, (except Rusinsure the manufacture of a considerablc portion stockings of woo!, or cotton, printing types, alí
sian and German linens, Russia and Holland duck) of our supplies at home. · On this subject we pro- articles manufactured from brass, copper, iron, bably might borrow principles of action from steel, pewter, lead or tin, or of which these me England with advantage—the leading maxim of tals, or either of them, is the naterial of chief value, her internal policy is, to permit the consumption moulds, and buckles of all kinds, gilt, plated and
brass wire, cutlery, pins, needles, buttons, button of nothing in the country, that she can make at | japanncd wares of all kinds, camion, muskets, firehome, or do without. So strictly has she adhered urms and side arms; Prussian blue, china ware, to this principle, that she will not permit the use, ufactures, other than window glass and black glass
earthen ware, stone ware, porcelain and glass maneven of foreign bread stuffs, until the price has 1 quart bottles. risen to a point that threatens starvation. But Fourth. A duty of twenty-five per centum ad vashe encourages exportation and manufacturers to lorem, on woolen manufaciures of all descriptions, the utmost extent in her power, by bounties, draw cepʻing blankets, woolen rugs and worsted or stuff
or of which wool is the maierial of clief value; exbacks and debentures; and the wisdom of this goods, shall be levied, collected and paid, from and course is evinced by the increase of that realth after the thirtieth day of June next, until the thir