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of his age,

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The marriages of the Prince Ferdinand 7th and || doubt that the souree of this extraordinary river the infante Don Carlos, with the second and third will not much longer remain a secret. daughters of the prince of the Brazils, are now placed beyond doubt by an official communication laid before the council of Castile.

CAPTAIN JAMES LAWRENCE. March 9. The budget was opened on Saturday, | A monument is now erecting in Trinity Church, it proceeds upon the principle of not felling the woods; and the land tax will be diminished.

to the memory of the much lamented LAWThe French funds remain steady. Bank actions RENCE. It represents a broken column of white 1,070 fr. and 3 per cent, consuls 61 1-5th.

marble of the doric order, the cap of which is

broken off and rests on the base. On the plinth DAVID, whose genius in painting acquired him the patronage of BONAPARTE, and whose works in front is the following inscription : were the admiration of all who saw them, has been

In Memory of
noticed to quit France. He has, however, present-

Captain JAMES LAWRENCE,
ed a petition to Louis the XVIII. the object of
which is to permit him to remain in his native coun.

of the United States Navy,
try! This petition is signed by all his pupils, and

who fell by several individuals ditinguished both by their

on the first day of June, 1813, in the 32d year rank and by their taste for the fine arts.

The ports of Martinique are to be partially shut|| In the action between the frigates Chesapeake against foreign vessels, after the 16th of May next.

and Shannon. That island is held by the British for the French, till the latter can send out troops to occupy it. He distinguished himself on various occasions ;

But particularly when he commanded the
AUSTRIA AND BAVARIA.

Sloop of War
Princess de Swartzenburg, and Wrede, have

Hornet,
been disgraced by their respective courts, and Eu-
gene Beauhornosi, who is said to have a great in.

By capturing and sinking
Huence in the Austrian cabinet,” is appointed gen. His Britanic Majesty's sloop of war Peacock,
eralissimo of the Bavarian army. It was for an.

After a desperate action of 14 minutes. nouncing this appointment that the Journal de Paris was suppressed by the minister of police. A sup

His bravery in action,
posed concert between Austria and Bavaria caused Was only equalled by his modesty in triumph,
great uneasiness among the Bourbons; because it

And his magnanimity to the
was suspected to favour the party of Napoleon II.
in France.

Vanquished.

In private life,
VOYAGE OF DISCOVERY.

He was a gentleman of the most generous and
The Congo accompanied by the Dorothy trans-

endearing qualities.
port, are now at the Nore, ready to sail the first
fair wind, on a voyage of discovery, up the river

And so acknowledged was his public worth,
Zair into the heart of Southern Africa. The Congo,

That the whole nation mourned his loss ;
is about 90 tons, schooner rigged, and draws about And the enemy contended with his countryinen,
5 feet water; she is fitted up entirely for the ac-

Who most should honor his remains.
commodation of officers and men, and for the re-
ception of the objects of natural history, which

(ON THB, REVERSE. )
may be collected in her progress up the river. The

The Hero,
gentlemen engaged in this interesting expedition,

Whose remains are here deposited,
in the scientific department, are
Mr. professor Smith, of Christianna, botanist and

With bis expiring breath, geologist; Mr. Tudor, comparative anatomist; Mr. Expressed his devotion to his country CRANČA, collector of objects of natural history, and

Neither the fury of battle ;
a gardener to collect plants and seeds for his majes-
ty's gardens at Kew; besides, Mr. Galwar, a gen-

The anguish of a mortal wound ; tleman volunteer. There are also two fine blacks, Nor the horrors of approaching Death, natives of the kingdom of Congo, one of whom

Could subdue his gallant spirit.
was born about 800 miles up the Zair.

RIS DYING WORDS WERE,
The officers are capt. Tucher commanding the
expedition; lieut. HAWKEY; Mr. FITZMAURICE,

" DON'T GIVE UP THE SHIP.”
master and surveyor; Mr. M‘KERROW, assistant

N. Y. Gazette. surgeon; two master's mates, and a purser.

In addition to the Congo, the transport takes out two double whale boats, so fixed together, as to be able to carry 18 or 20 men each, and accom

Louisville, Ken:) March 27. date them under an awning with three months' pro- | steam-boat Pike, from Henderson (Ky.) on her

Arrived at this place a few days since, the visions; these boats are intended to be drawn up to the upper part of any rapids or cataracts, that Henderson, and

way to Pittsburg. The Pike was fitted out at may occur to obstruct the passage of the Congo. | in sixty seven hours, running a distance of 250

rformed the trip to this place With these means there is very little reason to | miles, against the current.

WESTERN COMMERCE.

MISSISSIPPI.

ARRIVALS.

DEPARTURES.

92 Brigs,

to

Louisville, April 8. ting with spring teeth, which act in the teeth of Arrived on the 5th inst. the steam-boat Dispatch the rack wheel on one side, and trail easy on the left N. Orleans on the 2d and Natchez on the other, 13th ult.

COMMERCIAL. OBSTRUCTION OF THE STEAM NAVIGATION OF THE

Arrived at New Orleans since the peace in the

space of one year. The circumstances of this flagrant interruption of the Steam Navigation, on the greatest high- 220 Ships,

178 Ships, way of the western country, are, from the most

120 Brigs, careful enquiries that we have made, briefly these:

64 Sch'rs,

50 Schr's, Capi. Brue, of the steam-boat Dispatch, from Pitts

16 Sloops,

11 Sloops, burgh, whose machinery is quite distinct from that of Messrs. Fulton & Livingston, has been prohibit

420_Tons 97,487.

331–71,192 ed taking any return cargo from N. Orleans, under penalty of prosecution by Mr. E. Livingston,

Remaining in port 9th Feb.

42 Ships, of that place, on a law of Louisiana. The sugar,

31 Brigs, we understand, was on the levee for his freight,

14 Schr's, and yet, a citizen of these United States, has been

5 Sloops, most vexatiously deterred from participating in the common trade of the country, to his private

equal to 23,304 Tons. loss of 14 or 1500 dollars. The pretended authority under which these bigh-handed measures Arrivals in February,

Departures, have been taken, is set forth in a writing signed 26 U. States,

12 by Mr. Livingston, and given to Capt. Bruce, cal.

8 Britain & Colonies, '

5 ling himself « the assignee of Fulton and Living

7 France & do.

5 ston's exclusive right to navigate the Mississippi,

10 Spanish & do.

7 and its waters, by steam so far as respects the na

Spain

1 vigation from New-Orleans, to and up the Red

51 Sweedish Colonies,

2 River. In this writing, Mr. Livingston gracious

Portuguese,

2 ly "permits” Capt. Bruce, at his request, proceed out of the limits of this state, (Louisiana)

34 without incurring any penalty for the breach of said exclusive privilege. We have neither time

TO THE EDITOR OF THE OHIO REPUBLICAN. nor room, to dilate on this otrageous. monopoly of the inestimable steam navigation of the most im

Piqua, March 30, 1816. portant parts of the western waters—the road to Sir-I will thank you to insert in a conspicu“ the principal market.

ous part of the Republican, the following docu. PUBLIC MEETING.

ments; and I request printers whose papers cir. A meeting of the citizens of Jefferson county, culate near the frontiers, and in the territories, to is urgently requested, at 3 o'clock this day, at the publish them for the satisfaction and information Union Hall, on the subject of the late prohibition of || of those concerned. the navigation of the Mississippi, by Steam-Boats,

JOHN JOHNSTON, Indian Agent. not belonging to Fulton and Livingston.

Department of War, March 2, 1816. Savannah, April 13.

SIR-I enclose you an extract from the instrucOn thursday last the Steam Boat ENTERPRIZE, tions which have been given to the officer comleft her moorings, bound to Augusta, with freight | manding military department No. 5, and you are and passengers. She got under way at half past directed to make application to him for any milithree o'clock, in a very handsome manner, and in tary force that may be necessary to remove such fifteen minutes was out of sight. The departure intruders on the lands of the Indians within your of this boat has excited a lively interest here, and Agency as have not complied with the proclamahas opened prospects of trade and prosperity to tion of the president of the 12th December last. the towns of Savannah and Augusta, and the state

I have the honor to be, with respect, of Georgia in general. Much praise is due to the

Your obedient servant, proprietors of the Enterprize for their great indus

WILLIAM H. CRAWFORD. try, activity and vigilance. May success crown their exertions.

Indian Agent, Piqua, Ohio. }

Extract of a letter from William H. Crawford, seSTEAM ENGINES.

cretary of Warto Major General M Comb, com. Mr. William Willis, of New Bedford, Mass. we manding military department No. 5, dated 27th are informed, has discovered a new mode of con- January, 1816. structing Steam Engines, by having the steam cy- “ Int sion upon lands of the friendly Indian linders and steam pipes enclosed in the boiler, and tribes, is not only a violation of the laws, but in the steam cocks worked by wires, which lead out direct opposition to the policy of the government of the boiler through small basins of oil. He has | towards its savage neighbors. Upon application also discovered a mode of placing the steam cy- ||of any Indian agent, stating that intrusions of this linders horizontally, and working rack wheels, ei. nature have been committed and are continued, ther with steam altogether, or by making use of the president requires, that they shall be removed, the pressure of the atmosphere, in the common and their houses and improvements destroyed by mode. He has also discovered a new mode of com- military force, and that every attempt to return, municating the totary motion direct by racks, fit- || shall be repressed in the same manner."

No. 10. VOL. 1.] WASHINGTON, SATURDAY, MAY 4, 1816. (WHOLE Vive 10.

PUBLISHED WEEKLY, BY JOEL K. MEAD, AT FIVE DOLLARS PER ANNUM,

DOMESTIC MANUFACTURES.

with interest and delight, as the surest means of We are indebted for the following communica

enriching the country and securing its indepen

dence, when the manufacture of these indispensition on the manufacture of cotton to a gentleman

ble articles of clothing shall have extended in a of the first respectability in Baltimore, whose situation has afforded him an opportunity of viewing degree cqual to the demand for home consump

tion. the subject of domestic manufactures, as connect.

It has been stated to one of the committees of ed with the best interest of the United States, in no small extent; to whom we return our thanks. congress, during the present session, that there 'We have also received from another gentleman

are five hundred thousand spindles in the United a succinct account of the several manufactures in States, employed in spinning cotton. I do not

recollect that the number employed in wool has the vicinage of Baltimore, which we intend to

been mentioned—but it must be considerable.publish shortly.—In the mean time we would thank any gentleman to communicate to us such || Cloths and kerseymires of domestic fabric, and facts, in his possession, as will enable us to give a su perior quality, are to be met with in almost eve. correct account of the rise, progress and present | ry store throughout the country, for sale at prices extent of the several manufactures in that neigh- at least as cheap as those of like quality imported

from abroad. The government appears disposed bourhood. We do not wish this information confined to cotton, but to extend to all other manu

to afford protection to these establishments, and factures. We also respectfully invite communica-Hit may be hoped that a full supply of woolen and tions on like subjects from gentlemen in every

cotton goods may, at no remote period, be derived

from our own looms. The best informed on this part of our widely extended country, to which we

subject are of opinion, that under complete proshall pay prompt attention.

tection from foreign competition, four or five

years would be sufficient to enable our manufacFor the National Register.

turers to meet fully the home demand; and that The rapid progress of domestic manufactures, this might be done without any sensible subducwithin a few years, in woolen and cotton goods is. tion from the labour of the field, as the work is astonishing.* The American patriot will view it || performed in a great measure by machinery, and * For an account of the increase of our cotton

the labour of women and children. manufactures see the report of the committee of commerce and manufactures, published in our 4th manufactories 71,026 yards, making an aggregate number, page 50, by which it appears that in the of nine million, five himdred and ninety-nine thoutshort space of fifteen years they have increased sand, two hundred and ninety-two yards. from 500 to 90,000 bales per annum.

The relative

From the official returns made in that year

there were 431 full blooded merino, 6,133 mixed proportion between the two extremes is as one to 180. In the first five years, from 1800 to 1995, sheep-in all 1,584,652. But the returns of sheep

blood, 759 broad tuled, and 726,330 common when commerce was unrestricted, the increase was as one to two ; in the next five years, from

are only from five states and one territory, and 1805 to 1810, when commerce was interrupted by very imperfect from those, for instance: no re.

turn of sheep whatever was from the state ed in families in

state no less than 1810 to 1815, including a period of war of two fturs and eight months, it was as one to nine. It yards of woollen cloth in one year,nor was there is there stated that a capital of forty millions of from the flock of general Humphrey's alone many

any return of merinos from Connecticut, although dollars are now vested, which give en:ployment to

thousands had been derived. “It is believed from sixty-six thousand women and female children; | the facts stated, and considerations suggested on and twenty-four thousand boys, under seventeen the subject of wool,” says Mr. Cox that "the supyears of age. These 90,000 persons are put into employment , and become useful members of the ply of 1812. does not fall short of twenty to twenty:

two millions of pounds. Not only have sheep For some account of our woollen manufactures | creased in weight and much beiter preserved. A

been multiplied, but their Aceces have been insee Coxe's statistical tables of the manufactures of the United States, published under arithority sery few years must increase our wool to forty, stated that in fourteen states and three territories tation of woollens must take place—for

it is not

doubted that our house-wives, other manufactures in 1810, the only ones from which returns were made, there were manufactured in families 9,528, many years) to make up all the wool our sheep

od machinery will continue (as they have for 266 yards of woollen cloth, and in twenty-four I will yield

(Ed. VOL. I.

Embargo, dle increase wat is one to ten=from

K

Our country abounds with the raw materials for || have furnished our own supplies of woollen and these manufactures; machinery to a considerable cotton goods, principally by the aid of machinery, extent is already employed on them; and consi- and the labor of women and children. Tliis would derable knowledge of the subject has been acquir- have amounted to about thirty millions of dollars ; cd by many of our citizens.

and would have been a nett saving to the country It is probable that about thirty millions of dol.

to that amount ; no other branch of our industry lars is annually imported into the United States,

would have suffered by it-nothing would have in woollen and cotton fabrics; now if these articles | been given in exchange for it-it would have awere made in this Country it would produce the

risen from the use of maclrinery, and brought in. most beneficial results. A saving of at least thir.

to action a species of labor, bitherto in a great

measure without object, and without employ.ty millions of dollars annually, from the use of machinery, and the labor of women and children, By this course we should have avoided the exand agriculture or commerce would not be inte pense of $30,000,000 in the cost of goods purchase

ed from foreign nations, and consequently have left rupted or diminished by it. It is said that in the

the exports of the year to that amount less incum. Steam Works in Baltimore, belonging to Messrs. | bered. In this event, having thirty millions less to Robert & Alexander McKim, where 100 persons | pay abroad, instead of a balance of seventeen due are employed in carding and spinning cotton, || abroad, beyond the entire product of our surplus there is but one nian employed, about fifteen || produce, we should have had a balance due us froin' women, and eighty or ninety female children, | abroad, probably of twenty six millions of dollars, from 8 to 12 or 13 years of age. These I am for the excess of our exports over our imports ;~informed manufacture about 275 bales of raw and instead of a drain of specie, we would have cotton in the year, avaraging three hundred || had an influx of the precious metals; and our pounds per bale, making an aggregate of 82,500 || paper medium thereby supported in credit and pounds, or 825 pounds, each. Great benefit || usefulness. would result from having the capital thus em- In the course we pursued, we lost by the last ployed at home-our citizens would receive the year's industry, seventeen millions of dollars.price of these supplies; and, after they are paid By manufacturing our own supplies of woollen and for, the money would still be in the country, pass- cotton goods we would have gained twenty sis ing from hand to hand, diffusing life and activity | millions. The difference then between loosing through every branch of our industry; and seventeen millions, and gaining twenty six mil. what is still more important, it would stop that lions, is forty three millions of dollars, gained by drain of specie from the country, that has destroy- manufacturing these supplies, without taking ined our circulating medium.

to account the benefit that would result to the A trcasury report to Congress, at the present country, from distributing thirty millions of dol. session, shews an excess of imports beyond the lars among our own citizens for these supplies, amount of our entire exports for the last year, of instead of sending it to foreign nations. upwards of seventeen millions of Dollars ; our

The sums here taken, excepting the unfavora. specie; as far as it could be procured, has been sentral, and the difference, in favor of menufacturing

ble balance on the last years trade, are conjectuout of the country to discharge the balance

our supplies, may be overrated: but if it should due abroad, this has destroyed vur inedium of traceleranged every

Dusiness and

would make a most important change in the cir.. leaves the industry of the present year, mortgaged cumstances of the country. for the debts of the past to the amount of seven

It may be objected to this scheme of manufacteen millions of dollars. It is a futal error, to | turing our supplies, that it cannot be carried into purchase from foreign nations, more than we have effect without measures nearly equal to an excluto sell to them, it is sure to involve the country || sion of foreign goods of the kinds to be manufacin poverty and distress ; and a country that has tured at home; and in that event the manufactupo guards against this evil, leaves its destiny at || rer would extort unreasonable prices. This is an the disposal of its worst enemies. Such has been objection in some measure well founded, but it our case, but Congress has now taken up the sub- ought not to go for more than it is worth ; and ject, and a remedy may be hoped for.

allowing to it its greatest weight, it is not an inIf manufacturing had been encouraged at home, superable objection; we must either manufacture by wholesome restraints on the importation of fo- our clothing, or procure it from other countries; reign fabrics, our situation for the last year, would and in either case this objection will meet us, probably have been nearly as follows: We should I but with more than double force, if we rely on

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foreign countries for necessary supplies. When- || and power which has accrued to the nation from it. ever commerce is disturbed by war, the price of We have been much inclined to follow the foot. goods imported from abroad will be enhanced : steps of that nation, in many branches of her inwe have scen them at three or fuir times their ternal policy; and why we should differ from her usual price, for years logether, from this cause ; in this particular, is not easy to be accounted for, and as often as our commerce on the ocean sballor reconciled with the public interest of the coun. be disturbed by war, this evil will recur, if we try. A nation does not prosper so much by continue to rely on foreign supplies: but if we buying cheap bargains, as by selling much and manufacture for ourselves, it can happen but once. buying little; and a nation that continues to buy When manufactories are established in extent more than it sells, although it gets great bargains equal to the supply of our wants, the evil will in all it buys, will soon be involved in misery and cease, and cannot recur; a competition for the distress. This is mentioned to rebut an argument market will keep the prices moderate, so that in favor of unrestrained importations founded on whatever force there may be in this objection, it the idea of the country procuring cheap supbears much more powerfully against relying on plies--supplies are now cheap, if wę regard only foreign countries for supplies, than against mak. the money paid for them; but when all circuming them at home.

stances are considered, it is believed we are payIt will also be objected that the measures ne-ing very dearly for this nominal cheapness. cessary to the introduction of home manufactures, would lead to smuggling, and destroy the morals

TARIFF OF THE UNITED STATES. of our people. This two has some weight, it lies, also against ali duties and restrictions on im- || AN ACT to regulate the duties on Imports and ports for the support of the treasury: but shall

Tonnage. this objection be allowed to deprive the nation Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Repre. of an annual benefit of forty three millions of dol-sentatives of the United States of America, in conLars? The individual that would allow it such day of June, one thousand eight hundred & sixteen,

gress assembled, That from and after the thirtieth weight, in the management of his private con- the duties heretofore laid by law, on goods, wares, cerns, would be thought a fit tenant for a mad- and merchandise, imported into the United States, house. Many other objections of some weight and collected, and paid, 'the several duties herein

shall cease and determine, and there shall be levied, might be offered against manufacturing our sup- after mentioned, that is to say: plies of clothing at home. But when put in com- First. A duty of seven and a half per centum ad petition with the benefit to be derived from it, by I valorem, on all dying drugs and materials for comthe nation, and by individuals, they will deserve posing dyes, not subject to other rates of duty;

gum arabic, gum senegal, salt petre, jewelry, gold, but little consideration.

silver, and other watches, and parts of watches, It would be a most desirable object, if some gold and silver lace, embroidery, and epaulettes ; cligible mode could be adopted, of keeping our precious stones and pearis of all

kinds, set or not

set; bristol stones or paste work, and all articles imports within the amount of our exports, or of composed wholly or chiefly of gold, silver, pearl, extending our exports, so as fairly to contravail and precious stones; and laces, lace. veils, lace our imports. Without this we will always be shawls, or shades of thread or silk. subject to occasional drawing of specie, that will

Second. A duty of fifteen per centum ad valorem, vendap aur circulating medium fluctuating and subject to any other rate of duty.

on gold leaf, and on all articles not free, and not insecure; and no mode appears more likely to Third. A duty of twenty-five per centum ad vasecure this object, than such measures as will lorem on lempen cloth or sail cloth, (except Rusinsure the manufacture of a considerablc portion stockings of woo!, or cotton, printing types, alí

sian and German linens, Russia and Holland duck) of our supplies at home. · On this subject we pro- articles manufactured from brass, copper, iron, bably might borrow principles of action from steel, pewter, lead or tin, or of which these me England with advantage—the leading maxim of tals, or either of them, is the naterial of chief value, her internal policy is, to permit the consumption moulds, and buckles of all kinds, gilt, plated and

brass wire, cutlery, pins, needles, buttons, button of nothing in the country, that she can make at | japanncd wares of all kinds, camion, muskets, firehome, or do without. So strictly has she adhered urms and side arms; Prussian blue, china ware, to this principle, that she will not permit the use, ufactures, other than window glass and black glass

earthen ware, stone ware, porcelain and glass maneven of foreign bread stuffs, until the price has 1 quart bottles. risen to a point that threatens starvation. But Fourth. A duty of twenty-five per centum ad vashe encourages exportation and manufacturers to lorem, on woolen manufaciures of all descriptions, the utmost extent in her power, by bounties, draw cepʻing blankets, woolen rugs and worsted or stuff

or of which wool is the maierial of clief value; exbacks and debentures; and the wisdom of this goods, shall be levied, collected and paid, from and course is evinced by the increase of that realth after the thirtieth day of June next, until the thir

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