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tieth day of June one thousand eight hundred and fically: .on ale, beer, and porter, in bottles, fifteen nineteen, and after that day twenty per centum on cents per gallon; on ale, beer and porter, imported the said articles; and on cotton manufactures of all otherwise than in bottles, ten cents per gallon; on descriptions, or of which cotton is the material of alum, one dollar per lundred weiglit; on almonds, chief value, and on cotton twist, yam or thread, as three cents per pound; on black glass quart boules, follows, viz: for three years next ensuing the thir- one hundred and forty four cents per groce; on tieth day of June next, a duty of twenty-five per boots, one dollar and fifty cents per pair; on briscentum ad valorem ; and after the expiration of the tles, three cents per pound; on playing cards, thirty three years aforesaid, a duty of twenty per centum cents per pack; on tarred cables and cordage, ad valorem: Provided, That all cotton cloths, or, three cents per pound; on untarred cordage, yarns, cloths of which cotton is the material of chief value, twines, pack thread, and seines, four cents per (excepting nankeens imported directly from China) ||pound'; on tallow candles, three cents per pound; the original cost of which at the place whence on wax and spermaceti candles, six cents per imported, with the addition of twenty per cen-pound; on Chinese cassia, six cents per pound; on uum if imported from the Cape of Good Hope, || cinnamon, twenty-five cents per pound; on cloves, or from places beyond it, and of ten per cent. if im- | twenty-five cents per pound; on cheese, nine cents ported from any other place, shall be less than per pound; on chocolate, three cents per pound; twenty-five cents per square yard, shall, with such on cocoa, two cents per pound; on coal, five cents addition, be taken and deemed to have cost twenty: || per heaped bushel; on copperas, one dollar per five cents per square yard, and shall be charged hundred weight; on copper rods, bolts, spikes, or with duty accordingly: Provided also, that all un- na:ls, and composition rods, bolts, spikes or nails, bleached and uncoloured cotton twist, yarn or || four cents per pound; on coffee five cents per thread, the original cost of which shall be less than pound; on cotton, three cents per pound; on cursixty cents per pound, shall be deemed and taken rants, three cents per pound; on figs, three cents to have cost sixty cents per pound, and shall be per pound; on foreign caught fish, one dollar per charged with duiy accordingly; and all bleached quintal; on mackeral
, one dollar and fifty cents or coloured yarn, the original cost of which shall per barrel; on salmon, two dollars per burrel; and have been less than seventy-five cents per pound, on all other pickled fish one dollar per barrel; on shall be taken and deemed to have cost seventy- | window glass, not above eight inches by ten inches five cents per pound, and shall be charged with | in size, two dollars and fifty cents per hundred duty accordingly: And provided further, that cotton square feet; on the same, not above ten inches by piece goods, imported in ships or vessels of the twelve inches in size, iwo dollars and seventy-five United States, which shall have sailed from the cents per hundred square feet; on the same, if United States before the passage of this act, and above ten inches by twelve inches in size, three and shall arrive therein between the thirtieth day dollars and twenty-five cents per hundred square of June, one thousand eight hundred and sixteen, | feet; on glue, five cents per pound; on gunpowder, and the first day of June, one thousand eight hun-Keight cents per pound; on hemp, one dollar and dred and seventeen, the original cost of which cot. fifty cents per hundred weight; on iron or steel ton piece goods, at the place whence imported, || wire, not exceeding number eightcen, five cents shall have been less than twenty-five cents per per pound, and over number eighteen, nine cents square yard, shall be admitted to entry, subject || per pound; on iron in bars and bolts, excepting only to a duty of thirty-three and a third per cen- iron manufactured by rolling, forty-five cents per tum, on the cost of the said cotton piece goods in hundred weight; on iron in sheets, rods, and hoops, India, and on the usual addition of twenty per cen- two dollars and fifty cents per hundred weight; tum on that cost.
and in bars, or bolts, when manufactured by rolFifth. A duty of thirty per centum ad valorem, | ling, and on anchors, one dollar and fifty cents on umbrellas, parasols of whatever materials made, i per hundred weight; on indigo, fifteen cents per and sticks or frames for umbrellas or parasols; ben- | pound; on lead, in pigs, bars or sheets, one cent nets and caps for women, fans, feathers, ornaments per pound; on shot manufactured of lead, two for head dresses, artificial flowers, milinery of all cents per pound; on read and white le.d, dry or sorts ; hats orcaps of wool, fur, leather, chip, straw, ll ground in oil, three cents per pound; on mače, one or silk; cosmetics, washes, balsams, perfumes; dollar per pound; on molasses, five cents per galpainted floor cloths, mats of grass or Aags: sallad i lund, vil m'115, three ceris per puuna; 'on nut. oil, pickles, capers, olives, mustard, comfits, or megs, sixty cents per pound; on pepper, eight sweetmeats preserved in sugar or brandy; wafers, cents per pound; on pimento, six cents per cabinet wares, and all manufactures of wood; car pound; on plums, and prunes, threc cents per riages of all descriptions, and parts thereof; leather, pound; on muscatel raisins, and raisins in jars, and all manufacuures of leather, or of which leather and boxes, three cents per pound; on all other
the material of chief value ; saddles, bridles, hor- raisins, two cents per pound; on salt, twenty cents ness; paper of every description, paste board, paper || per bushei of fifty-six pounds; on ochre, dry, one hangings, blank books, parchment, vellum; brushi- cent per pound, in oil
, one and a half cents per es, canes, walking sticks, whips; and clothing rea- | pound; on steel, one dollar per hundred weight; dy made. And in all cases where an ad valorem on cigars, two dollars and fifty cents per thousand; duty shall be charged, it shall be calculated on the fon spirits, from grain, of first proof, forty-two neti cost of the article. at the place whence import- cents per gallon; of second proof, forty-five ed exclusive of packages, commissions and all cents per gallon; of third proof, forty-eight cents charges) with the usual addition, established by per gallon; of fourth proof, fifty-two cents per law of twenty per centum on all merchandise, im- gallon; of fifth proof, sixty cents per gallon ; ported from places beyond the Cape of Good Hope, above fifth proof, seventy-five cents per gallon; and of ten per centum on articles imported from on spirits from other materials than grain, of first all other places.
and second proof, thirty-eight cents per gailon; Sixth. The following duties, severally and speci- of third proof, forty-two cents per gallon ; of fourth
proof, forty-eight cents per gallon; of fifth proof, tured ; animals imported for breed ; burr stones, fifty-seven cents per gillon; above fifth proof, l wrought; gold coin, silver coin, and bullion ; seventy cents per gallon; on shoes and slippers | clay, unwrought; copper, imported in any shape of silk, thirty cents per pair; on shoes and slip-l for the use of the mint; copper and brass, in pers of leather, twenty-five cents per pair; on pigs, bars, or plates, suited to the sheathing of shoes and slippers for children, fifteen cents per ships, old copper and brass, and old pewter, fit. pair; on spikes, two cents per pound; on soap, ll only to be remanufactured; tin, in pigs or bars ; three cents per pound ; on brown sugar, three furs, undressed, of all kinds; raw hidles and cents per pound; on white clayed or powdered || skins; lapis calaminaris; plaster of paris; rags sugar, four cents per pound; on lump sugar, ten of any kind of cloth ; sulphur or brimstone ; bacents per pound; on loaf sugar, and on sugar can- rilla ; Brazil wood, barziletto, red wood, camdy, twelve cents per pound; on snuff, twelve cents wood, fustic, logwood, nicaragua, and other die per pound; on tallow, one cent per pound; on woods ; wood, uninanufactured, of any kind, zinc, tea, from China, in ships or vessels of the United | teutenage or spelter. States, as follows, viz. bohea, twelve cents per Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That an addipound; souchong, and other black, twenty-five tion of ten per centum shall be made to the seve. cents per pound; imperial, gunpowder, and gomee,ral rates of duties above specified and iinposed, fifty cents per pound; hyson, and young byson, in respect to all goods, wares, and merchandise, forty cents per pound; hyson skill, and other on the importation of which in American or fogreen, twenty-eight cents per pound; on teas from reign vessels a specific discrimination has not any other place, or in any other than ships or ves. been herein already made, which, after the said sels of the U. States, as follows, viz. bohea, four-thirtieth day of June, one thousand eight hundred teen cents per pound; souchong, and other black, and sixteen, shall be imported, in ships or vesthirty-four cents per pound ; imperial, gunpowder, sels not of the United States: Provided, That and gomee, sixty-eight cents per pound; hyson, this additional duty shall not apply to goods, and young hyson, fifty-six cents per pound ; hyson | wares and merchandise imported in ships or vesskin, and other green, thirty-eight cents per sels not of the United States, entitled by treaty, pound; on manufactured tobacco, other than snuft, or by any act or acts of Congress, to be entered and segars, ten cents per pound; on whiting, and in the ports of the United States, on the payment. paris white, one cent pe: pound; on wine, as fol- of the same duties as are paid on goods, wares, lows, viz. on Madeira, Burgundy, Champaign, and merchandise, imported in ships or vessels of Rhenish, and Tokay, one doliar per gallon; on the United States. Sherry, and St. Lucar, sixty cents per gallon; on Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That there other wines, not enumerated when imported in shall be allowed a drawback of the duties, by bottles or cases, seventy cents per gallon; on Lis- this act imposed, on goods, wares and merchan. bon, Oporto, and other wines of Purtugal, and on dise imported into the United States, upon the those of Sicily, fifty cents per gallon; on Teneriffe, exportation thereof within the time, and in the Fayal, and other wines of the western Islands, | manner prescribed by the existing laws, subject forty cents per gallon; on all other wines, when to the following provisions, that is to say ; That imported otherwise than in cases, and bottles, there shall not be an allowance of the drawtwenty-five cents per gallon; on Russia duck, buck of duties in the case of goods imported in (not exceeding fifty-two archeens each piece,) foreign vessels from any of the dominions, colotwo dollars; on Ravens duck, (not exceeding nies, or possessions of any foreign power, to and fifty-two archeens each piece,) one dollar and with which the vesseis of the United States are twenty-five cents; on Holland duck, (not exceed- not permitted to go and trade; that there shall ing fifty-two archeens each piece,) two dollars not be an allowance of the drawback of duties and fifty cents; on Spermaceti oil of foreign fish- for the amount of the additional duties by this ing, twenty-five cents per gallon; on whale, or act imposed on grods imported in vessels not of other fish oil of foreign fishing, fifteen cents per the United States; that there shall not be an algallon; and on olive oil, in casks, at twenty-fire | lowance of the drawback in case of foreign cents per gallon.
dried and pickled fish, and other salted proviSre 2 du be it, farther enacted. That the folosions, fish oil, or playing cards; that there shall lowing articles shall be imported into the United te acducted and reruined from the amount of the States free of duties ; that is to say, all articles | duties on goods esported with the benefit of imported for the use of the United States; philo- | drawback, (other than spirits) two and a half per sophical apparatus, instruments, books, maps, || centum; and that there shall be retained, in the charts, statues, busts, casts, paintings, drawings, case of spirits exported with the benefit of drawengravings, specimens of sculpture, cabinets of || back, two cents per gallon upon the quantity of coins, gems, medals, and all other collections | spirits, and also three per centum on the amount of antiquities, statuary, modelling, painting, || of duties payable on the importation thereof.drawing, etching, or engraving, specially im- But, nevertheless, the provisions of this act shall ported by order and for the use of any society in- not be deemed in any wise to impair any rights corporated for philosophical or literary purposes, || and privileges, which have been, or may be acor for the encouragement of the fine arts, or by | quired by any foreign nation, under the laws and order and for the use of any seminary of learning; treaties of the United States, upon the subject of specimens in natural history, mineralogy, botany, | exporting goods from the United States, with the and anatomical preparations, models of machine- benefit of a drawback of the duties payable upon ry and other inventions; plants and trees; wear- the importation thereof. ing apparel and other personal baggage in actu- Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That after the al use, and the implements or tools of trade of || thirtieth day of June next, in all cases of entry of persons arriving in the United States; regulus | merchandise for the benefit of drawback, the of antimony; bark of the cork tree, unmanufac. Il time of twenty days shall be allowed from the
date of the entry, for giving the exportation ||teers, may be located, agreeably to the said act, bonds for the same: Provided, I'bat the exporter at the land offices at Vincennes, or Jeffersonville, shall, in every other particular, comply with the in the Indiana territory, on the first Monday in regulations and formalities, heretofore established ||June next, with the registers of the said land of. for entries of exportation for the benefit of draw-fices; that the warrantees may, in person, or by back.
their attornies, or other legal representatives, in Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That the duty the presence of the register and receiver of the on the tonnage of vessels, and the bounties, advan- said land districts, draw lots for the priority of ces and drawbacks in the case of esporting pickled location, and that, should any of the warrants not fish, of the fisheries of the United States, in the case appear for location on that day, they may be locatof American vessels employed in the fisheries, ed afterwards, according to their priority of preand in the case of exporting sugar refined within sentation: the locations in the district of Vincen. the United States, shall be and continue the same nes to be made at Vincennes, and the locations as the existing law provides. Provided always, in the district of Jeffersonville, to be made at JefThat this provision sliall not be deemed in any ||fersonville. wise to impair any rights and privileges, which
Given under my hand, the first day of hare been, or may be acquired by any foreign na
May, one thousand eight hundred tion, under the laws and treaties of the United
and sixteen. States, relative to the duty of tonnage on vessels.
JAMES MADISON Sec. 7. Ard be it further enacted, That the exist. ing laws shall extend to, and be in force for the col. By the President, lection of the duties imposed by this act on goods, JOSIAH MEIGS, wares, and merchandise, imported into the United
Com'r, of the Gen. Land Office. States; and for the recovery, collection, distribution and remission of all fines, penalties and forforfeitures; and for the allowance of the draw. backs and bounties by this act authorised, as fully
GENERAL POST-OFFICE. and effectually as if every regulation, restriction,
House of Representatives of the United States, penalty, forfeiture provision, clause, matter and thing, in the existing laws contained, had been in
March 17th, 1816. serted in, and re-enacted by this act. And that || The committee appointed to investigate the conall acts, and parts of acts, which are contrary to
duct of the General Post-Office Department, this act, and no more, shall be and the same are
made Reporthereby repealed.
That they have used their utmost endeavours Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That the act to ascertain every fact that appeared to be matepassed on the third day-of March, one thousand | rial to a full understanding of the conduct of the eight hurdred and fifteen, entitled " An act to re- || officers of that department. As the enquiry origipeal so much of the several acts imposing | nated in a request of the Post Master General, duties on the tonnage of ships and vessels, and on the committec in the first place addressed to him goods, wares and merchandise, imported into the || a letter, (No. 1.) requesting to be informed of the United States, as imposes a discriminating duty on reasons of his application to congress, and also tonnage between foreign vessels and vessels of that he would give them such information as ap. the United States, and between goods imported peared to be calculated to facilitate the investigainto the United States, foreign vessels and ves- tion. The Post Master General stated, in his anseļs of the United States," shall apply and be in swer, that the application was induced by a rufull force as to the discriminating duties estab- mor that some person or persons of the depart. lished by this act on the tonnage of foreign ves- ment, had sold drafts for money due to the General sels, and the goods, wares and merchandise there. || Post-Ofice, for premiums, which had been conin imported.
verted to their private use, (see letter No. 2.). Approved, April 27, 1816,
The committee therefore proceeded to enquire
into the truth of the runour by the examination JAMES MADISON.
of every person who seemod lilly to love ang knowledge of the fact; biit, in the examination of
some of the clerks in the General Post Office, PUBLIC DOCUMENTS.
various suggestions were made of improper transactions in the department, other than those to
which their attention had been drawn by the Post A PROCLAMATION.
The investigation has therefore assumed a very BY THE PREGIDENT OF TUE UNITED STATIS.
extensive scope, and has consequently occupied WHEREAS by the act entitled, “ an act granting more time than could have been anticipated at its bounties in land and extra pay to certain Canadi. commencement. This delay has also been inan volunteers," passed the fifth of March, 1816, || creased by circumstances arising out of the nature it was enacted that the locations of the land war- of the inquiry: as no person appeared to make rants of the said volunteers, should " be subject any specific charges, the committee had no alterto such regulations, as to priority of choice, and | native but to abandon their undertaking, or listen the manner of location, as the President of the to rumors and the heresays of some of the witnes. United States shall direct:"
ses, and send for other witnesses, to prove the Wherefore, I, JAMES Madison, President of the facts; they made choice of the latter course, and United States, in conformity with the provisions have examined every person who was either sugof the act before recited, do hereby make known, I gested to them or appeared as likely to possess that the land warrants of the said Canadian volun- || any information on the subjects of their inquirya, The charges arising out of the suggestions of Riggs, is charged in the cash book of the general the witnesses, and which, from the various con- || post-office, as sold to the Union Bank, the words munications they nude to the committee, it ap- Union Bank, being apparently written on an erapeared to be the desire of some of thein most es- sure. But from an examination of the books of pecially to establish, are as follows, viz.
the Union Birk, the committee ascertained that 1st. That certain persons in the General Post || the general post-office had credit for this draft Office, and particularly Abrahain Bradley, junior, thereon, (see also the testimony ot'Elisha Riggs,) assistant Post Master General, had sold Post 0 | and therefore, the draft having been actually sold fice drafts and checks, and applied the premium || to, and negociated by the Union Bank, and not to their private use.
Eisha Riggs, they do not perceive any impropri2d. That an erasure had been made in the cash || ety in the entry, and stiil less have they been book of the General Post Office, and an erroneous able to discover any iinproper purpose to be ef. entry found thereon.
fected by the alterations on the casii book. 30. That private accounts were improperly 3d. It appears to have been the praciice of the kept with individuals, on the books of the Post assistant post-master general, Abraham Bradley, Office.
jun. to open an account with certain individuals, $ 4th. That Phineas Bradley, had been concerned partly of a public and partly of a private nature; in a contact for carrying the mail, that was im- | there were cases in which members of congress properly obtained.
have, by means of the agency of Abraham Brad. 5th. That P. Bradley, had received corrupting ley, jun. transferred funds from one part of the presents from mail contractors.
United States to another part, or have received 6th. That P. Bradley, and Abraham Bradley, || money for some of their constituents, who were junior, had made use of Post-Office money, in contractors for carrying the mail, by which their purchasing depreciated bank notes, for which names became entered on the books: no advanthey received a premium, and applied it to their tiigesaccrded to any person by the transaction private use.
other than that of the accommodation in transfer. 7th. That bank notes which were better than ring an inconsiderable fund from one place to the paper of the District of Columbia, and a trea- another. It may be observed that the post-office sury note, had been returned to post-masters, by offered peculiar facilities in this particular, and order of Abraham Bradley, junior.
his frequently been resorted to by members of 8th. That the Washington and Union Banks, and congress and others for this purpose, but their certain individuals had profited by the sule of numes do not appear in an open account on the Post-Office drafts.
books, except when the drafts exchanged did not 9tis. That a contract for carrying the mail from ex.ctly balance at the time of exchange. Washington to Fredericksburg, had been super- The only account of this nature which is as. ceded by order of the Post-master General, be- || certained to remain open on the books was made fore it expired, and about double the amount in December, 1800, where there is a balance in given for the same service.
favour of the general post-office of 320 dollars, An examination of the subjoined testimony and due from Gen. H. Lee, of Virginia. documents, will enable the House to determine, 4th. It appears that Phineas Bradley, a clerk in how far the charges or either of them have been the general post-office, has been concerned in şustained; the committee have however no hesi- carrying the mail, and that he owned somewhat tation in expressing their opinion on them seve- more than one cighteenth of a line of stages which rally.
carried the mail froin Baltimore to Georgetown 1st. With respect to the first charge, in relation and Alexandria, for 2,800 dollars a year. What. to Abraham Bradley, jun. there is no evidence ever may be the opinion of the committee as to whatever, to induce a suspicion, that he has sold the strict propriety of the mode in which a com, post-office drafts or checks for a premium, nor promise was effected in this case between rival does it appear that any other person in the gene- contractors, (see testimony of John Davis) it is ral post-office has sold post-oftice drafts or checks but proper to add, that Mr. Bradley had no legal for a premium, other than drafts obtained for geicy in influencing the decision upon the contheir own salaries, except in the case of H. H, Ed- tract nor could he have had any other agency in wards, who bought a post-othce draft on Bosion, it, unless a corrupt disposition is presumed on for District of Columbia paper, and disposed of the part of the then post-master general, who it by an agent in N. York, (as “he presumes,") was consulted before the contract took effect as for a premium.
to the propriety of his being concerned in it: but The committee have not relied upon negative there is no circumstance in the case to authorise testimony, to disprove this charge, but have ut. | such a presumption. tentively examined the books of the Union Bank 5th. There is no evidence which in the opinion containing the accounts with the general post-of-l of the committee, can justify thc imputations in fice, as well as the private accounts of Abraham this charge. See testiniony of J. Eddington. Bradley, jun. and Phineas Bradley, with that bank 6th. It appears that bank notes to a small and have satisfactorily ascertained, that no cred- l amount have been sold by Abraham Bradley, jun. its have been given to them, or any other person and R. Bradley, previous to the general depreciin the general post-office, for premium on drafts || ation of bank paper, for which they received a or checks; they have also ascertained, that the premium. The evidence does not prove that they premiums for post-othíce drafts, and checks sold | made use of public money for this purpose; but by the bank, have been entered in the profit and so far as a fact of this kind could be ascertained loss account thereof. It therefore conclusively | from circumstances, it proves the transaction to follows, that these premiums have accrued to the have been a private one. bank, and to none other.
7th. It appears that a treasury note of one hun. 24. It appears that a draft in favour of Elisha || dred dollars, and bank notes to a small amount,
which were supposed to be better than the money quired by the post-master general, is a subject
sundry communications made in writing, and beg
NATIONAL CURRENCY. sers must have derived an advantage other than Letter from the Secretary of the Treasury to the that of a mere transfer of their funds. It has not been in the power of the committee to ascertain
Chairman of the Committee on the Nationol Curthe value of the drafts in the paper of the District
rency, in reply to inquiries by said Committee as of Columbiu having no me:ns of determining, at
to the practicability and expediency of collecting
the dues of Government in gold, silver and copper the several dates, the respective rates of exchange; nor did this appear to them very material, as the
coin, treusury notes, and the notes of such banks
as pay specie for their bills. amount of profit which accrued to the purchasers could have but little influence upon the principle
TREASURY DEPARTMENT, 19th March, 1816. which must determine the propriety of the mea- SIR—I have the honor to acknowledge the re
With respect to the banks, it is stated that I ceipt of your letter dated the 15th instant, maka small proportion of these drafts were sold for || ing the following inquiries, on behalf of the compremiums, some having been exchanged for specie, mittee on the National Currency : and others used for the payment of debts due to 1st. “Is it practicable or expedient, at present other banks.
to collect the dues of government in gold, silver It cannot, however, be of any importance, (if and copper coins, treasury notes and the notes of the drafts were essentially more valuable than | such banks as pay specie for their bills ?” the District of Columbia paper) whether they 2d. “ If this be not practicable or expedicnt, were employed in the payment of debts, sold for at present, when ought an act directing the dues specie or for bank notes of this District, with a of government to be so paid, to go into effect, and premium for the difference of valle; the princi- | what ought to be the provisions of such an act ??" ple is the same in either case, and whatever may 3d. "Would it be expedient, after the 1st of be the amount of advantage to the individuals or November next, or at any other time, to inthe banks in this transaction, resulting from the crease the duties on stamps on the notes of such difference of exchange, the same will be the banks as do not pay in specie ?” amount of disadvantage to the government. It 4th. “ Are there any other measures that it does not however appear that any change has would be expedient to resort to for that purtaken place in the practice of the general post. ||pose ?". office department, in this respect, for a series of As a brief consideration of the general subject ye:l's; and as the operation complained of is evi- l of your letter will afford the best foundation for dently the effect of an existing arrangement un spécific answers to the questions which have der a change of the circumstances of the circula- || been proposed, I pray the indulgence of the comting medium, it is not to be presumed that a prac- | mittee in the adoption of that course. tice has arisen out of a design to promote private When the banks, during the summer of 1814, interests, or to prejudice the interests of the gov- suspended the payment of their notes in coin, the ernment. The committee are however decidedly treasury notes which had been issued, were maof opinion, that the advantage arising from the || nifestly incompetent, both in amount and credit, difference of exchange as to all the monies that to constitute a substitute for the metalic currenare due to the treasury, ought to accrue exclu-cy. A declaration, therefore, at that time, that sively to the government, but as the post-master the government would only accept, in payment general has expressed a willingness to pay over of the revenue, gold and silver, treasury notes or these balances in any way that may best accom- bank notes payable on demand in coin, would modate the treasury department, the evil admits have been equivalent to a denial of the means for of a very simple remedy.
paying the duties and taxes at the very crisis that 9th. The facts stated in this charge are admit- rendered indispensable a strict enforcement of ted to be correct, and the letter of the post-master | the obligation to pay them. Nor could such a general, (No. 9.) contains a satisfactory explana- | declaration have been properly applied to the tion of the reasons for altering the terms of the loans which the necessities of the treasury requircontract in question ; whether too much was even- ed. A subscription in coin was not to be expected; tually given for the service under the changes re- a subscription in treasury notrs could not yield any