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dered the said Treaty, have, by and with
ARTICLE I. the advice and consent of the Senate, ac
There shall be between the Territories of
the United States of America, and all the Terccepted, ratified and confirmed the same, ritories of his Britannic majesty in Europe, a and erery clause and article thereof.
reciprocal liberty of Commerce. The inhabIN TESTIMONI WHEREOF, I have caused the sea!itants of the two countries respectively shall
of the l'nited States to be hereunto affixed, have liberty freely and securely to come with
and have signed the same with my hand. their ships and cargoes, to all such places, (1.. s.) Done at the city of Washington, this twenty
ports, aud rivers, in the Territories aforesaid, sixth day of December, A. D. one thousand to which other foreigners are permitted to eighi hundred and fifteen, and of the Inde- come, to enter into the same and to remain, pendence of the United States the fortieth. || and reside in any parts of the said Territories JAMES MADISON.
respectively, also to hire and occupy houses By the President,
and warehouses for the purposes of their comJAMES MONROE, Secretary of State. merce; and generally the merchants and trad
ers of each nation respectively, shall enjoy the most complete protection and security for their
commerce, but subject always to the Laws and JAMES MADISON,
Statutes of the two countries respectively. PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF No higher or other duties shall be imposed AMERICA,
on the importation into the United States of
any articles the growth, produce, or manufacTo all and singular to whom these presents ture of his Britannic majesty's Territories in shall come, greeting:
Europe, and no higher or other duties shall WHEREAS a Convention between the tories of his Britannic majesty in Europe, of
be imposed on the importation into i be TerriUnited States of America and his Britan- | any articles the growth, produce, or manufacpic Majesty, to regulate the Commerce ture of the United States than are or shall be between the Territories of the United ) payable on the like articles being the growth, States and of his Britannic Majesty, was produce, or manufacture of any other foi eign signed at London, on the third day of country; nor shall any higher or other duties July, in the year one thousand eight bun-countries, on the exportation of any articles dred and fifteen, by Plenipotentiaries re- to the United States or to his Britannic maspectively appointed for that purpose, jesty's Territories in Europe, respectively which Convention is in the words follow- than such as are payable on the exportation
of the like articles to any other foreign couning, to wit:
try, nor shall any prohibition be imposed on A CONVENTION
the exportation or importation of any articles
the growth, produce, or manufacture of the To regulate the Commerce between the Ter- | United States, or of his Britannic majesty's
ritories of lhe United States and of His Territories in Europe, to or from the said TerBritannic Majesty.
ritories of his Britannic majesty in Europe,
or to or from the said United States, which The United States of America and His Britan- ) shall not equally extend to all other nations. nic Majesty being desirous by a Convention to No higher or other duties or charges shall regulate the commerce and navigation between be imposed in any of the ports of the United their respective Countries, Territories, and Peo- || States on British vessels, than those payable ple, in such a manner as to render the same re- in the same ports by vessels of the United ciprocally beneficial and satisfactory, have res- States; nor in the ports of any of his Britanpectively named Plenipotentiaries and given them nic majesty's Territories in Europe on the full powers to treat of and conclude such Con- | vessels of the United States thau shall be payvention, that is to say, the President of the Unit- able in the same ports on British vessels. ed States, by and with the advice and consent of The same duties shall be paid on the importhe Senate thereof, hath appointed for their pleni- tation into the United States of any articles potentiaries John Quincy Adams, Henry Clay, the growth, produce, or manufacture of his and Albert Gallatin, citizens of the United States: | Britannic majesty's Territories in Europe, and his royal highness the prince Regent, acting whether such importation shall be in vessels in the name and on behalf of His Majesty, has of the United States or in British vessels, and named for his plenipotentiaries the Right Hon. || the same duties shall be paid on the importaFrederick John Robinson, Vice-President of the tion into the ports of any of his Britannic macommittee of the privy council for trade and jesty's Territories in Europe of any article, plantations, joint pay-master of His Majesty's the growth, produce, or manufacture of the forces, and a member of the Imperial Parliament,|| United States, whether such importation shall Henry Goulburn, Esq. a member of the Iinperial be in British vessels or in vessels of the United Parliament, and under Secretary of state, and States. Willam Adams, Esq. doctor of civil laws; and The same duties shall be paid and the same the said plenipotentiaries having mutually produ: bounties allowed on the exportation of any arced and shewn their said full powers, and ex- ticles, the growth, produce, or manufacture changed copies of the same, have agreed on and of his Britannic majesty's ierritories in Eu. concluded the following articles. vide licet: rope to the United States, whether such ex®
portation shall be in vessels of the United having, in the first instanco, proceeded to one States, or in British vessels; and the same du-l of the said principal settlements of the British ties shall be paid and the same bounties allow dominions in the East Indies, and then going ed, on the exportation of any articles, the with their original cargoes or part thereof, growth, produce, or manufacture of the Uni- from one of the said principal settlements to ted States to his Britannic inajesty's territories another, shall not be considered as carrying on in Europe, whether sứch exportation shall be the coasting trade. T'he vessels of the United in British vessels, or in vessels of the United States may also touch for refreshment, but not States,
for commerce, in the course of their voyage to It is further agreed, that in all cases where or from the British territories in India. or to drawbacks are or may be allowed, upon the or from the dominions of the Emperor of Chire-exportation of any goods, the growth, pro- na, at the Cape of Good Hope, the Island of duce, or manufacture of either country, res- St. Helena, di such other places as may be in pectively, the amount of the said drawbacks the possession of Great Britian, in the African shall be the same, whether the said goods shall or Indian seas, it being well understood that in have been originally imported in a British or all that regards this article, the citizens of the American vessel; but when such re-exporta- United States shall be subject, in all respects, tion shall take place from the United States into the laws and regulations of the British gosa a British vessel, or from the territories of his ernment, from time to time established. Britannic majesty in Europe in an American vessel, to any other foreign nation, the two It shall be free, for each of the Wo coniraci. contracting parties reserve .o themselves, res- ing parties, respectively to appoint Consuls, pectively, the right of regulating or diminish for the protection of trade, to reside in the do ing, in such case, the amount of the said draw | minions and territories of the other party, but back.
before any consul shall act as such, he shall in The intercourse between the United States the usual form be approved and admitted by and his Britannic majesty's possessions in the the government to which he is sent, and ii is West Indies, and on the continent of North || hereby declared thai in case of illegal or im. America, shall not be affected by any of the proper conduct towards the laws or govern. provisions of this article, but each party shall ment of the country to which he is seni, such remain in the complete possession of its righis, consul may either be punished according to with respect to such an intercourse.
law, if the laws will reach the case, or be sent
back, the offended government assigning to His Britannic majesty agrees that the ves- the other the reasons for the same. sels of the United States of America shall be It is hereby declared that either of the conadmitted, and hospitably received at the prin- tracting parties, may except from the residence cipal setilements of the British dominions in of consuls such particular places as such party the East Indies, videlicet, Calcutia, Madras, shall judge fit to be so excepled. Bombay, and Prince of Wales' Island; and that the citizens of the said United States may This convention, when the same shall have freely carry on trade between the said princi- been duly ratified by the President of the United pal seltlements and the said United States, in States, by and with the advice and consent of all articles of which the importation and ex- their Senate, and by his Britannic Majesty, and portation, respectively, to and from the said the respective ratifications mutually exchang; ierritories, shall not be entirely prohibited: | ed, shall be binding and obligatory on the said provided only, that it shall not be lawful for United States and his Majesty for four years ihem in any time of war, bet ween the British from the date of its signature, and the ratificagovernment and any state or power whatever, tions shall be exchanged in six months from io export from the said territories, without the this time, or sooner if possible. special permission of the British government, Done at London, this ihird day of July in the any military stores or naval stores, or rice. year of our Lord one thousand eight hunThe citizens of the United States shall pay for dred and fifteen. their vessels, when admitted, no higher or (L. S.) JOHN Q. ADAMS. other duty or charge than shall be payable on (L. S.) H. CLAY. the vessels of the most favoured European na. (L, s.) ALBERT GALLATIN, tions, and they shall pay no higher or other (L. 3.) FRED. J. ROBINSON. duties or charges on the importation or expor- (L. S.) HENRY GOULBURN. tation of the cargoes of the said vessels, than (L. s,) WILLIAM ADAMS. shall be payable on the same articles when im- Now, therefore, be it known, that I, ported or exported in the vessels of the most JAMES Madison, President of the United favoured European nations.
But it is expressly agreed, that the vessels of States of America, having seen and conthe United States shall not carry any articles sidered the foregoing Convention, have, by from the said principal settlements to any port and with the advice and consent of the of place, except to some port or place in the Senate, accepted, ratified and confirmed United States of America, where the same shall the same, and every clause and article be unladen.
It is also understood, that the permission thereof, subject to the exception contained granted by this article, is not to extend to allow in a declaration made by the authority of the vessels of the United States to carry on any | his Britannic Majesty on the 24th day of part of the coasting trade of the said British November last, a copy of which declaration • territories, bat the vessels of the United States II is hereunto annexed.
In testimony whereof I have caused the seal, It requires no effort to enter into the joyful
of the United States to be hereunto affix- | feelings, which doubtless swelled the breasts of
ed, and bave signed the same with my the officers and crew of this vessel. They were ps.hand. Done at the City of Washington not only returning home, but they were returning
this twenty-second day of December, A. D. in triumph. The Moor had trembled before tho one thousand eight hundred and fifieen, hardy republicans of the new world ; the stars and of the Independence of the United and stripes had waved over the bloody Ang; the Stales the fortieth.
gloomy batilements of Algiers had ceased to inJAMES MADISON. spire their wonted confidence in presence of DecaBy the President:
tur's squadron ; and a treaty was made, more JAMES MONROE, Secretary of State. honourable than any which had ever before been
obtained, and which had even an air of chivalric DECLARATION.
generosity given to it, by the release of foreign The undersigned, his Britannic majesty's captives, whose kindness to distressed Americans Charge d'Affaires in the United States of || was thus faithfully remembered. In the course of America, is commanded by his royal highness our naval history, there is perhaps no occasion the Prince Regent, acting in the name and on where high and noble emotion would be more the behalf of his Majesty, to explain and de- justly allowed to fill the bosom, and never were clare, upon the exchange of the ratifications of there more gallant spirits collected, nor a vessel the convention concluded at London on the 3d committed to the treacherous ocean under cirof July of the present year, for regulating the cumstances which would have interceded more commerce and navigation between the two forcibly with the spirit of mercy, to change the countries, that in consequence of events which severe destiny which awaited it. have happened in Europe subsequent to the Captain Lewis, commanding the Guerriere, was signature of the convention aforesaid, it has made the bearer of the treaty, and lieutenant been deemed expedient and determined in con- Shubrick, her first lieutenant, transferred to the junction with the Allied Sovereigns, that St. command of the Epervier. Her other officers Helena shall be the place allotted for the future were lieutenants Neal and Yarnal, and midshipresidence of general Napoleon Bonaparte, un
men Chev and Hunter, with some others. A draft der sich regulations as may be necessary for was made among the men whose times had expire the perfect security of his person, and it has ed, and a choice and picked crew given to her. been resolved, for that purpose, that all ships The Americans who had been released from slaand vessels whatever, as well British ships and very, were sent on board ; and they set sail, with vessels as others, excepting only ships belong. every circumstance combining to excite the most ing to the East India Company, shall be exclu- joyful feelings, with the brightest visions of hope ded from all communication wiih or approach dancing before them, and indulging in the fondest to that Island.
pictures of welcome, from the bosoms which cheIt has therefore become impossible to comp!y | rished them in their beloved homes. Alas! their with so much of the third article of the treaty youthful imaginations forbore to cast any sombre as relates to the liberty of touching for refresh-shade over these delightful visions. Little did ment at the Island of St. Helena, and the rati- || they think that a stern destiny had turned its fications of the said treaty will be exchanged wan glance upon them ! that the bosoms they under the explicit declaration and understand hoped would be beating in rapture were doomed ing that the vessels of the United States cannot to languish in dreadful and protracted suspence, be allowed to touch at, or hold any communi- || were destined to gather fresh hope, and fresh cation whatever with the said Island, so long disappointment from every breeze that wafted a as the said Island shall continue to be the place | sail to our shores, to experience the dreadful agi. of residence of the said Napoleon Bonaparte. tation of vainly expecting at every opening of the (Signed) ANTHONY ST. JNO. BAKER. | door, that the long lost husband, son, or brother, Washington, Nov. 24, 1816.
would rush in ; to feel the sickness of hope defer[The accompanying documents in our next,
red, until the feeling of distress, tortured by doubt and suspense, had become deep and wild as ocean itself,
I have thrown together a few particulars, which THE EPERVIER,
have come to my knowledge, respecting one or
two of the officers. I do it with the view of enFrom The Baltimore Telegraph.
deavouring to lead back the public attention to 2 Immediately on the conclusion of the proud trea- the fate of this vessel, which, from long uncerty with Algiers, the Epervier, it is recollected, was tainty, has been suffered to subside. I do it too, ordered to America with the news of the peace, because there is something in the character of and the captives whose fetters had been broken this herald of peace, and some circumstances off
. The war was so glorious, and the treaty so | attending her loss, which seem to call for some honourable, that many officers were desirous of public testimonial of regret. It is not for me to returning home in this vessel, whose arrival they prescribe the manner, but we should always bear
justly expected, would create a general exultation it in mind, that honour to the memory of the brave sthrough the country. In the course of one day, who fall in their country's service, is as a perren
the preparations were completed, boats of the nial spring of future glorious achievement. Of squadron ceased to ply from vessel to vessel, those the worth of those whom it was not the writer's wht were to return, had received the affectionate | fortune to know, some idea may probably be messages and remembrances of the fleet to their formed, from the sketch of those with whom cir. friends at home, and the Epervier spreading all cumstances made him acquainted. Their friends her canvass sailed frem Algiers in triumph, can best do them justice.
With lieutenants Neal and Yarnall I had no per- and sunk the Peacock, and was there distinguish. sonal acquaintance. I know, however, that they ed for his active humanity, in saving the lives of distinguished themselves, the former at the attack the prisoners as the vessel went down. "It would on Crany Island, and the latter on lake Erie. be doing injustice to his merits, (says the lament
“I left the Lawrence (says Perry) in charge of ed Lawrence in his official letter) not to recommy first lieutenant, Yarnail, satisfied from the mend him particularly to your notice. He was in bravery he had displayed, that he would do all the actions with the Guerriere and the Java. that ought to be done. In fact, be justified this Capt. Hull and Com. Bainbridge can bear testiexpectation-remained unmoved in the carnagemony to his coolness and good conduct on both which surrounded him, and though several times occasions.” He was afterwards with the Presiwounded in succession, persisted in refusing to dent, when she was compelled to surrender to a quit the deck.”
British squadron. Lewis was a native of Virginia, and received Chew was of Philadelphia, and of a family well very. liberal education. He took a degree at the known, by the distinguished place they have long college of William and Mary, and entered the held in society. Educated in the most liberal navy about the age of 22. He rose rapidly to the manner, and intending to devote himself to the rank of Master Commandant. His generous, profession of the law, he was surrounded with his frank, and noble nature won the affections of all books, when the enthusiasm of our first naval vic. who knew him. He possessed a liberal turn of tories unhinged the soberness of the student, and mind, and much gentlemanly accomplishment.lighted up a strong passion for arms. OvercomSome time before the war broke out with Enging the partial unwillingness of friends, he receiv
land, he obtained a furlough, and sailed from ed'a Midshipman's warrant, and joined the Con* Philadelphia, as commander of a large vessel for stellation frigate. But his story is one of those
China. Part of the object of the voyage, was to which every day shew us how ill the sober realiopen a new trade from Canton to the Islands inties of life, accord with the anticipations of youth. the South Seas, which commodore Porter after. He sighed for activity and battle; but he was obwards visited in the Essex. About six months liged, by the blockade of that vessel, to languish before Porter's arrival at Noaheevah, Lewis had out the war in comparative inaction. He remained been there, and sailed for Canton with a rich cargo | attached to the Constellation when she went to of sandal wood. On his retnrn to Canton, intelli- the Mediterranean—was transferred to the Eper. gence of the war was received, and as it was vier on the very day she left Algiers, and sailed known that he belonged to the navy of the United in her, alas! for America. States, the English officer declared that he would
Nec puer Iliaca qui quam de gente Latinos. be detained as a prisoner of war, if he came into In tanium spe tollet avos; nec Romula quandam, their power. The state of his feelings may be || Ullo se tantum tellus jactabil alumno. easily conceived. After many vexations and dif- In this enthusiasm for the navy, must we seek ficulties, he found his way in a Portuguese vessel the true cause of those victories which have asto South America, and thence home. But his tonished the pride of old England. Superior gunwayward fortune had so thwarted and delayed nery, or weight of metal, or contrivances which him, that the war was now over; and he was de multiply the chances of death, are but disguises prived of what his soul desired most, a share in || for the real canse--the spirit which animates ofthe harvest of glory his comrades had gathered. ficers and men. In the class of officers do we find Indignant at his hard lot, he eagerly sought a sta- the best blood and spirit and chivalry of the countion in the squadron, then on the point of sailing try. Often educated for the liberal professions of under Decatur, against Algiers. He was made civil life, the spirit of enterprize which pervades captain of the Guerriere, Decatur's flag ship. But the whole country disturbs them in their retire. his heart was not wholly devoted to glory. Be- || ment; they become enamored of busy action, and fore his departure for the East Indies, he had they rush to the ocean, where the feelings of plighted his affections to a young lady of Vir- | honor and of glory find their fullest and freest inginia. He hastened to Norfolk--found that the dulgence. misfortunes of his absence had endeared, not ef- From the peculiar nature of our service, an faced his remembrance, and he was married. In | event like the present, brings distress upon a very three days he tore himself from his dejected bride. widely extended circle. One circumstance in the With a full and swelling heart, he hastened to the present case, bears with it peculiar and most sepost of duty and honor, and supported by the
vere affliction. Captain Lewis and Lieut. Neal, hopes of a speedy and joyous return, sailed for the married sisters, who were nearly of the same age, Mediterranean.
who had been educated together, and were equalLieutenant Shubrick is of one of the most res. I ly amiable and charming. At one blow, their cup pectable families in South Carolina. No officer of joy was dashed to the ground, and their hopes of his grade stood higher in the general estima- || blasted; as they were congenial in felicity, so tion, and a native partiality for his profession may have they been united in affliction. be inferred, from the fact of his leaving four
[To be concluded in our next.] brothers all serving in the navy. Gallant and
To Subscribers. daring, he was universally esteemed and beloved,
This number of the Register cannot be considered as a fair and has, at least, left the legacy of an honored
specimen of the style of its future execution. The type on name to a disconsclate widow, and her infant which it was intended to print it, having not yet arrived from child. He had the singular honor of being oftener Philadephia, (bnt is daily expected) and the publication having in battle during the war, than any other officer. I been protracted so far beyond the time contemplawd, it has
been thought better to print 2 or 3 numbers on a type a little He was a Ljetenant of the Constitution when the
worn than to delay the publication any longer Lossible Guerriere was taken, and afterwards at the cap- || diligence will be used to make it meet publie exportation ture of the Java. He then exchanged to the Hor: pers be mis-sere, we would
thank any gentleman to inform us, net, was her first Lieutenant when she engaged l that we may correct the erros.
No. 2. VOL. I.]
WASHINGTON, SATURDAY, MARCH 9, 1816.
(WHOLE NO. 2.
PUBLISHED BY JOEL K. MEAD, AT FIVE DOLLARS PER ANNUM.
SKETCH OF THE UNITED STATES, gistrates, to investigate the reasons of a By Beaujour.
law, to expose its injustice, to reason on
its consequences, to shew how unconstituThe unblushing insolence of foreign tra- tional it is, and still quietly, and without vellers, who visit this country, and publish further opposition, to obey its mandates.. their narratives on their return to their Accustomed to such implicit subjection, native land, must, if there is a single par- they look upon every attempt of this kind ticle of national feeling remaining amongst as treason or rebellion. Such are the ideas 13, excite the scorn, detestation, and con- which these foreigners so liberally entertempt of every American, native or adopt- tain. They are unacquainted with the ed.' Mr. Beaujour, a French consul, late- very texture and frame of our government. ly residing in Philadelphia, has, on his re- || They have no idea of a government foundturn to the country of his nativity, grati-ed on the will of the people. They do not Bed the world by a volume. He has there know that opposition so conducted is conthe assurance to assert that the two parties, stitutionally right, expressly guarded, federal and democratic, or the republican granted, and detined by the constitution party, whose divisions now agitate the U. itself. They do not know that amongst a States, do not know what they are disput- free people, opposition to the adıninistraing about. To tell to Americans, that they tion, while restricted to its constitutional do not understand their own ideas, is a bounds, is just as sacred, and secured by pitch of assurance, that, familiar as we are the same charter, as the powers of governto foreign insolence, we were not prepared ment itself. They do not know that when to encounter. We did suppose that how our rulers interfere in a case guaranteed ever a foreigner might deem the subject of by that constitution, they are as much altercation unworthy of his regard, he traitors to their country, as those are, who might charitably suppose, in compliment to resist them by force of arms. We can tell eur understandings, that we were not ab- this French author that such are the ideas solutely idiots, or worse than idiots. Well of freeborn Americans. We can tell him did suppose that a foreigner residing in that for this liberty, our ancestors poured this country might be deceived with re- their blood on the battle field, and that for gard to our improvements in high roads the same liberty their example will, when and bridges, in the abundance or in the the case arises, be followed by their sons. sca..iness of our population, in our ex- We have not now to learn for the first ports, or in our imports, in our scientifical | time, that it is as much in the power of our researches, or in our entire want of them, in administration to be traitors to their counour advancement in, or in our retrocession try, as it is in those who conduct an oppo. from the arts, in our capacity, or in our sition to the government, while restricted imbecility with regard to the means, or our by constitutional limits. We can tell such disposition for internal defence, and in ten important foreigners that we have a conthousand such subjects. We can honestly stitution, by which the party in power are conceive that an honest difference of opin- bound to administer the government, and ion may be entertained. Foreigners who || by which the party out of power are to censure us in these points,compare the cha-conduct their opposition. We can tell racter of our government with their own, them that this constitution is the supreme and conceive that nothing can be called | law, by which both parties are bound by government, but cominand on the one side the solemn obligations of an oath to conand implicit obedience on the other. They form and that when either party, either conceive that if every law whose ordinance in or out of power, dare to violate its inand requisition are not obeyed with the junctions, they are traitors to their counsame certitude as the mandates of death, try. We can tell these insolent foreigners, that ihere is an end of all government. They that the only question between these two conceive that the monarch's will is the law, parties, federal and democratic, is whether and that the rights of the people are to the administration has preserved the conobey. They have no idea of a free people-stitution inviolate. This is the point now they have no idea that a man should be al- in altercation between the two parties, and lowed publicly, and in defiance of our ina-llit is not for us to say on which our opin