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Summary of Foreign Events.
5th of April. Earl Grey, and several English gentlemen, were to be at Paris as evidences. By the arrival at New-York from Liverpool, of The fermentation in Lyons, and several of the the Ship TRIDENT, in 35 days-London papers contiguous departments, continued; which had have been received of the 22d March, and Liver-excited just apprehensions in the minister of the pool of the 23d. They contain little news of inte
allied powers in Paris.
It is stated that the Austrian troops are to occupy the Saltzburg and Inverthiel, by the end of March. A great part of the Bavarian army is
to be disbanded.
The Ministers have been left in the minority on the question of the Property Tax, 201 voted for its continuance and 238 against it
London, March 22.
The queen's drawing room-Yesterday her majesty held a drawing room at her palace in St. James' park, it being the first that has been held this season, great curiosity was excited in the public mind, and an immense concourse of people were assembled in the park and its vicinity.
Her majesty left her private apartments about 2 o'clock, accompanied by the princesses Augusta and Mary, attended by their ladies in waiting, maids of honour &c. Soon after Mr. Adams, the American ambassador, was introduced to he queen by viscount Castlereagh. His excellency had afterwards a private audience of her majesty and delivered his cridentials, and was most ciously received.
Mrs. Adams, the lady of his excellency, was next introduced by the countess of Bathurst in the room of viscountess Castlereagh, who had not arrived at court previous to the queen entering the drawing room.
On the 20th March, the Chancellor of the Exchequer gave notice that on Monday next, in the Committee of Ways and Means, he did not intend to propose the continuance of the war duties upen malt, (estimated at two millions,) the relinquishment of which he said he was convinced could afford the most effectual relief to the agricultural interest; and observed, that since he had
FRENCH CHAMBER OF PEERS.
Bulletin of the sitting of Wednesday, February 22.
The minister for foreign affairs, president of the council of ministers, and the minister for ge neral police, were introduced.
been deprived of so great a resource as the property tax, and thereby compelled to have recourse to the money market, it was of little consequence that the loan should be increased by the amount of the calculated produce of the Malt Duty.
the chamber, on the part of the king, a letter The first of these ministers communicated to written to Madame Elizabeth, by the unfortunate death. This letter, entirely written in the queen's queen, Maria Antoinette, five hours before her hand, was found among the papers of the ex-conventionalist, Courtois. His majesty wishes that the chamber of peers should receive the first communication of this interesting document. A to the Crown to detain a prisoner after the war,ac simile of it has been engraved, copies of which and though he did not partake of those doubts will, to morrow, be delivered to the peers and himself, he proposed the bill with a view to redeputies. move them.
Lord Castlereagh had moved for leave to bring in two Bills-the one the more effectually to regulate the intercourse of neutral ships with the Island of St. Helena, while Bonaparte should be detained on that Island. He observed that doubts had been entertained whether it was competent
On Wednesday the French ambassador had a long interview with lord Castlereagh at his office. Col. Fulton left London on 14th of March, with dispatches for America. He is probably coming out in the Express Packet, as she sailed from Falmouth on the 18th.
The Prince of Hesse, Phillipstal, Captain General of the Neapolitan army, died at Naples, on the 15th February.
The Paris Papers received in London were to the 16th of March.
"I am calm, as one is when one's conscience does not reproach us. I feel deep sorrow, at abandoning my poor children; good and tender sister, you know I lived but for them and you; by your affection, you have sacrificed every thing to be with us. In what a situation do I leave you! I learnt, by the pleadings in my case, that my daughter was sepagra-rated from you. Alas! poor child, I dare not write to her she would not receive my letter. I know not whether this even will reach you. Receive for them both my blessing.
"I hope one day, when they will be older, they will be able to rejoin you, and enjoy all your tender care. Let them both reflect upon what I have never ceased to instil into them, that the principles and exact execution of their duties, are the first basis of life; and that affection and mutual confidence, will constitute the happiness of it. Let my daughter feel, that at the age she is, she ought always to as sist her brother, with the counsels which the greater experience she will have and her affection may suggest to her; let my son, in his turn, administer to his sister all the solicitude and services which affection can inspire; finally, let them feel, that in whatever position they may be, they cannot be truly happy, but by their union. Let them take example oc-by us. How often, in our miseries, has our affection afforded us consolation. In happiness, we have a double enjoyment, when we can share it with a friend. And where can any be found more dear and tender than in one's own family?
The sentence upon Col. Boyer had not yet been carried into execution, and it is said that the king's clemency will be extended to him. Gen. Lauriston is said to have interceded for his pardon. The chamber of French deputies was still cupied in discussing the budget.
The French funds have fallen-
LETTER From the Queen of France, Maria Antoinette, to her sister, Madame Elizabeth.
OCTOBER 16-half past four. "I write to you, sister, for the last time; I have just been condemned, not to a shameful death, it is only so to the guilty, but to go and rejoin your brother, innocent as he was. I hope to shew the same fortitude as he did, in these last moments.
"Let my son never forget the last words of his father, which I repeat expressly-let him never seek to revenge our death!
"I have to speak to you of something very pain-at ful to my heart. I know how much pain this child has given you. Forgive him, my dear sister; think of his age, how easy it is to make a child say what one pleases, and even what he does not understand. A day will come, I hope, when he only will feel more deeply the value of your goodness and tenderness for both.
"It remains for me to confide to you my last thoughts. I would have written them at the commencement of the process; but, besides that they would not suffer me to write, the march of events has been so rapid, that I have not had, in reality, the
die in the catholic, apostolic and Roman religion: in that of my fathers, in which I was brought up, and which 1 have always preferred, having no spiritual consolation to expect-not knowing, if there still exist any priests of our religion; and even the place where I am, would expose them too m.ich, if they once entered it.
"I sincerely ask pardon of God, for all the faults I may have committed since I was born I hope, In relating this circumstance, the author says; that in his goodness, he will receive my last wishes, With pleasure I observed young Massena, the as well as those I have long put up, that he will reson of the celebrated Marshal, among the Geneceive my soul in his mercy and goodness. I ask ral's aides de-camp. A few hours before the last pardon of all I know; and of you, sister, in particu-battle was fought, we met and had a friendly parlar, for all the pain I may, without meaning it, have caused you.
"I forgive all my enemies the ill they have done me; I bid adieu here to my aunts, and all my bro
ticipation of a flask of wine at the out-posts. On this first interview on such an occasion, it was natural that military events should form the objects of our conversation. Among other topics, the ted; finally we promised reciprocal aid, if such possibility of being taken prisoner was not omitThis was scarcely done when the trumpet soundan event should occur, and exchanged addresses.
each hastened to his post, and the sanguistances rushed suddenly on my recollection the nary contest commenced. All these circummoment I saw him. We embraced in the presence of the generals, who stared at us with astonishment, until the cause of this proceeding was explained."
LONDON, January 20. A very curious work has lately been published Leipsic, by KOTZEBUE. It is written by his son, the late Russian expedition of discovery, and was a young man who sailed round the globe, with afterwards an officer attached to the staff of General Wittgenstein's army, in the memorable Moscow campain of Bonaparte, but was taken prisoner while reconnoitering and sketching the plan of a road, which communicated with the rear of the French position at Polotzck.-He gives an account of his adventures, and the observations he made on his journey from Polotzck to Soissons, the debeing taken, young KOTZEBUE was carried before pot of the Russian prisoners in France. After generals Wrede, and St. Cyr, the latter of whom commanded the French division stationed at Polotzck. He appears at first to have been received he should be searched for papers, but this was with great jealousy. Gen. Wrede suggested that prevented by St. Cyr. Some time before he was taken, he had accidently formed an acquaintance with the son of Massena, who happened to be then at St. Cyr's head quarters.
thers and sisters.
"I had friends; the idea of being separated from them, forever, and their troubles, is one of the greatest griefs I have in dying. Let them know, at least, that to my last moment, I thought of them. "Good and tender sister, farewell! May this let-ed, ter reach you! Always think of me! I embrace you with all my heart, as well as my poor dear children. Oh, my God! what agony is it to quit them forever! Adieu! Adieu!
"And now I will resign myself wholly to my spiritual duties. As I am not free in my actions, they will bring me perhaps a priest: but I protest here, that I will not say a word to him, and that I will treat him as a perfect stranger." Conformable to the original writing, entirely in the hand-writing of the queen, Maria Antoinette. The minister of police, (Signed)
EMBASSY TO CHINA.
Lyra, capt. Basil Hall; and the hon. company's On Thursday the Alceste, capt. Murry Maxwell; ship Gen. Hewett, capt. Campbell, sailed as stated in our last with a fair wind for China from Portsmouth, with the ambassador, lord Amherst, and his suit. His excellency is instructed to assure the emperor of the amity and good will toward him, subsisting in the breast of the prince regent; and to explain the nature and object of our late war with the Nepaulese. A letter from the prince to the emperor, repeating these assurances, will be delivered to him by lord Amherst's son, as page to the embassy. The letter is most superbly illumi.
COMPTE DE CAZES. Paris, Feb. 25. The deputation appointed by the chamber of deputies, in the sittings of yesterday to thank the king, for the communication of the testament of Maria Antoinette, repaired this evening to the Thuilleries. His majesty made the following reply to the president's speech:"I sensibly feel the sentiments which the cham-nated on vellum, and is enclosed in an elegant gold ber of deputies express to the communication I box, the lid of which bears a miniature of the prince have made. No event ever more deeply affected regent (by Lawrence) encircled with a wreath of me than this discovery, I return thanks to that diamonds. It was manufactured expressly for the providence which has revealed the virtues of her occasion by Rundell and Bridge, at an expense of of whom I was the subject, the brother, and I four thousand guineas. The magnificent presents may say the friend. I am confident that each of which are intended to give weight to the assuranyou will carefully preserve the present which I ces of consideration and esteem for the emperor, am about to give. Like ourself, you will do jus- consist wholly of British manufactures; elegantly tice to her to whom so little justice was done dur-cut glass vases, dishes, and bottles, have been ex ing her life." pected as likely to be the articles he would most ac
ceptably receive. The ships will proceed to Canton, and from thence immediately to the Yellow sea, and there land the embassy. The persons gone in the suit of his excellency lord Amherst, are
The hon. Mr. Amherst, Mr. Ellis, public secretary; Mr. Haynes, private secretary; Rev. Mr Griffiths, chaplain; Mr. Abell, naturalist; Doctor Lynn, physician; Mr. Murriage, mineralogist and assistant naturalist; Mr. Pole, draftsman; Sir George Staunton will join the embassy at Canton. It is expected they will be absent from England about two years. The embassy hope to obtain per-consul mission to return from Pekin to Canton through the Chinese territory, which will give them an opportunity of passing the great wall of China and Tartary, and of viewing the internal appearance of 1500 miles of that vast, and almost unknown country.— This route appears the more necessary, as the ships which wait for their return cannot, for fear of We consider it a duty we owe to ourselves and the typhons, remain in the Yellow sea, whilst the society, to give publicity to the following facts:embassy is at Pekin. It is expected the ships will We were applied to in the course of last Novemreach Canton in July. The expenses of the embas-ber, by a letter dated Oct. 20th, 1815, from Cinsy are defrayed by the honorable East India Com- cinnati, in the state of Ohio, to engrave various pany. It is estimated at 150,000. plates of bank notes, for a banking company with the following title:
SPURIOUS BANK BILLS.
THE OHIŎ EXPORTING AND IMPORT
Both houses of the National Legislature adjourned on Tuesday last, the 30th ult. about four o'clock, P. M. after a session of 148 days, having disposed of the business before them. They se parated in the utmost harmony.
ISAAC COX BARNET, of New-Jersey to be Consul at Paris.
THOMAS AULDJO, to be consul at Cowes, in Eng-
JOSEPH FICKLEN, of Kentucky, to be consul at
Queen of Hayti's Dress-Consists of a petticoat of white satin, richly embroidered in gold sunflowers, terminating at the bottom with a broad gold It now appears from very respectable informafringe, the train of white satin, embroidered like the tion, that no company of merchants, or other perpetticoat, looped up on each side (to form a drape-sons bearing the above title, now, or ever were ry) with gold tassels and bullion; a beautiful gold publicly known, to have existence, in or near the net falls from the left shoulder, and fastened under town of Cincinnati; and that no such company do, the right arm, held up by large cords of bullion over or ever did exist. the shoulder, the corners and edges finished with tassels and fringe; a rich plume of white feathers, ornamented by combs of immense value, completes the dress. This dress may be considered as a chef d'auvre in the court-dress style, being by far the richest and most elegant, ever made in this or any other country.
MARTIN BEEKMAN, of New-Jersey, to be consul
THOMAS ENGLISH, to be consul at Dublin, in
JOHN LOVETT HARRIS, of Pennsylvania, to be
APPOINTMENTS BY THE PRESIDENT AND SENATE.
BANK OF THE UNITED STATES.
At Richard Brown's woolen factory, Hollidays Cove, Va. 4 miles from Steubenville, the wool was shorn from a sheep in the morning, washed, carded, spun into yarn of 18 cuts to the pound,
The following named persons have been appointed by the President and Senate, to be Directors of the Bank of the United States, on the part of the United States. WM. JONES, (Ex-Secretary of the Navy) STE-wove, dyed, fulled, dried, shorn, and made into PHEN GIRARD, PIERCE BUTLER of Philadelphia; a coat and worn, all in the space of 24 hours. JAMES A. BUCHANAN of Baltimore, (partner of Gen. What think ye of this, Mr. Bull ?-[W. Herald., Samuel Smith, late Senator, and now a Member of the House of Representatives) and JOHN JACOB ASTOR, of New-York.
BEVERLY DANIEL, re-appointed Marshal for the District of North Carolina, for four years.
The plates were engraved and paid for; but as
The notes in circulation in this city and else
TANNER, KEARNY & TEABOUT.
Extract of a letter from a merchant at New-Orleans,
"Sugars are selling at 14 1-2 cents cash and
Good Cotton 31 cents and purchased up for cash as fast as it arrives.
Tobacco in demand at 15 cents, this price has just been refused for a parcel of 60 hhds. landed a few days since from Kentucky.
74 vessels in port 31st March,
35 sail arrived since,
-109 now at the Lovec."-[F. Gaz.
No. 11. VOL. 1.]
[WHOLE NO. 11.
WASHINGTON, SATURDAY, MAY 11, 1816.
PUBLISHED WEEKLY, BY JOEL K. MEAD, AT FIVE DOLLARS PER ANNUM.
MAJOR LA TOUR'S HISTORY.
The battle of the 23d of December, in Mr. Latour's estimation, was the salvation of New Orleans. The enemy having reached Villier's plan
Major Latour's history of the war in Louisiana, will be read with attention and interest, becausetation, effected a landing amounting to four thouit is a record of facts. But this author needed sand nine hundred and eighty men. These connot to have interwoven political reflections in a sisted of the first brigade, commanded by colonel work which professed to be a history of the war Thornton, amounting to two thousand and eighty, in Louisiana. He must have been aware that on and the 21st, 44th, and 93d regiments of British the original question, whether war was expedi- fusileers, of 1750 men, and a number of artilleent in its outset, great and serious diversities of rists, amounting to 150 men, making in the whole punton were entertained by the most intelligent 4,980. When this intelligence was brought to men of both parties. This was an obstruction that gen. Jackson, he immediately gave orders to put did not lie in the way of Mr. Latour. Whether it his forces in motion, determined to oppose the was prudent or proper to pass by the injuries reenemy on his first landing. These forces consistceived from France, while we met those from Eng-ed of a detachment of mariners, a detachment of land by a declaration of war, is a question about artillery, with two six pounders-the 7th regiwhich men may honestly differ, but there can be butment under major Pierce, and the 4th commandone opinion entertained on this point, that when our ed by captain Baker, in all 884, led by gen. Jackfiresides and altars are invaded, they must be deson in person. To these were attached major fended to the last. This was the state of the ques- Planche's division of 287 men-the battalion of tion presented to Mr. Latour, and here all parties the St. Domingo men, and the Choctaws, conwere united to a man. Louisiana was invaded, and taining 228, and the left division, commanded by it was surely unnecessary for this author to attempt gen. Coffee, amounting to 732, making in the whole to defend our administration, and thus to make two thousand one hundred and eighty-two men. his book obnoxious to a large portion of our fel- Such was the celerity of the movements of the low citizens, when he might have received the American general, and so unexpected was his apapprobation of all. The question whether Loui-proach, that the British forces had lain down to siana ought to be defended, or Canada su bdued, take their rest, and the outposts had lighted up is just as wide and distinct, as the repulse of an their fire, and were busily employed in cooking invading army is from the assaults of an army of their provisions. The late United States schooninvasion. We cannot compliment this author on er, Carolina, commanded by com. Patterson, havthe possession of any extraordinary talent mani-ing fested in the construction of his work. So far as regards the war in Louisiana; so far as the facts which he relates fell under the cognizance of his own senses, is his page a luminous and faithfully reflecting mirror. He is there a master of his subject, and he writes :Ike Olle perfovily uthama But when he ventures to step beyond his domicile; when he ventures on questions of national policy, he displays an evident and palpable ignorance of his subject. He seems to have derived his information on these points from a hasty perusal of our public journals, and to have made their original vulgarity, his own by adoption. He seems to have embraced the opinion at the outset, that our cabinet required the same defence as New Orleans did, and to have drawn his pen for the protection of both. Whether our administration was right or wrong, it is not our business to enquire; but it would be a sacrifice of truth and of candor to say, that they have, right or wrong, found a very unsuccessful champion in Mr. Latour." battalion coming up, protectedby the darkness of
dropped down the stream opposite the enemy, began a furious cannonade upon the camp. This firing continued for ten minutes before the enemy could recover from his confusion. Congreve rockets and bombs were thrown in great profusion at the schooner, but very little mjury was
Then these weanons
Before the Raitish
had well recovered from the surprise occasioned by the fire of the Carolina, the 7th regiment, commanded by colonel Piatt, advanced and fell upon one of the enemy's outposts, stationed on the road. The outposts were driven in, but having received a reinforcement of two hundred men, returned to the charge. The 7th regt. then formed in battalion before the enemy, and kept up a steady and well directed fire, and the 44th regiment, arriving at the same time,formed on the left of the 7th. The British now began to extend their line in the expectation of outflanking the left, and the 44th regt. observing the manœuvre were slowly obliquing to avoid it, when maj. Planche's
the night, engaged the advancing columns of the ed in the treaty. The American gen. contended, enemy within pistol shot distance. This furious that this included those slaves who had quitted the attack compelled the enemy's advancing column service of their masters, and joined the ranks of the to give way. This timely movement of major enemy. The British officer contended on the Planche prevented the left flank of gen. Jack-other hand, that these words were to be construed son's army from being turned by the enemy. captured; that those who voluntarily joined the While the battle was thus raging, general Coffee's British ranks were to be considered as deserters, division, by a quick movement, attacked the eneand consequently entitled to the protection of his my furiously in the rear, drove in their outposts, and following up the blow, penetrated to the very these two hostile commanders in a stile of supegovernment. This debate is carried on between centre of the enemy's camp. The boldness of rior delicacy. We cannot read this correspondthis movement threw every thing into confusion; ence without emotion, of which our friends will parin the darkness of the night friends and foes could not be distinguished, and general Jackson not ticipate when they peruse the following extracts: wishing to put every thing to hazard, called off Gen. Lambert writes to gen. Jackson on the 19th his troops, and retired to his first position, where Feb. "I beg leave to congratulate you on the he remained till four the next morning. This prospects of peace, and hope I shall soon have bold and decided attack was productive of the to communicate to you the exchange of the ratifihappiest consequences-it confirmed the minds cations." On the next day, the American general addresses admiral Cochran in the following eleof our wavering countrymen, and gave them confidence in themselves; it taught them what raw vated language. "You will perceive that I perand unexperienced troops could do when led by fectly agree in the propriety of your remarks. a gallant and skilful commander, and animated That justice requires me to follow the example of by the sanctity of the cause in which they were confidence given by yourself and gen. Lambert, engaged. On the other hand, it checked the in- in the delivery of the prisoners belonging to my solence and confidence of the invading foe, and army, previous to the receipt of those taken from taught him to reverence such bravery in an ene- you; a confidence always mutually due from enemies my. He was now more cautious in his approach- who respect each other, and peculiarly proper bces, which gave the American general time to take tween those who, in the probable course of events, that masterly position which he did afterwards, may soon cease to be such." His excellency here aland which resulted in a triumph so glorious to ludes to the anticipated ratification of the the arms of our brave countryman, Gen. Jack-treaty by the president. Gen. Keene's sword son, who, if he was the author of those letters was lost in the attack on the American intrenchwhich bear his signature, (and we are inclined to|ments, and as it was the gift of a friend, he rethink that he is) makes it difficult to decide the quested of generel Jackson its return. The Amequestion, whether his pen, or his sword, deserves rican general writes thus to the secretary of war: public admiration the most, states in his account. of this battle, that "the gay rapidity of the march, and the cheerful countenances of the officers and men, would have induced a belief that some festive entertainment, and not the strife of with so much eagerness and alacrity." We all know that gens. Packenham and Gibbs afterwards fell, in the attempt to storm the American intrenchments, and that general Keene was severely wounded. The command of the British army devolved upon gen. Lambert. He declined making anytification of the treaty, communicates it to gen. further attempt upon N. Orleans, and the treaty of Lambert with these remarks: "I deem it a duty Ghent finally put a stop to the further effusion of without loss of time, to communicate the exact human blood. A correspondence ensued between state of these circumstances, that you might degens. Jackson and Lambert, on an interesting sub-termine, whether they would not justify you in jeet, namely, whether in pursuance of the articles agreeing, by a cessation of all hostilities, to antiof the treaty the slaves should be restored to their || cipate the happy return of peace between the two proper owners. The merits of this controversy nations, which the first direct intelligence must rests upon the words "fallen into the hands bring in an official form." This heroic affair of the officers of either party," the phrase adopt- | concludes thus: “ I pray you, with the assurance
Major Gen. Keene having lost his sword in the action of the 8th of January, and having expressed a desire to regain it, valuing it as the present of an esteemed friend, I thought it proper to have it restored to him, thinking it more honorable to the American character to return it, after the expression of those wishes, than to retain it as a trophy of victory. I believe, however, that it is a singular instance of a British general soliciting the restoration of a sword fairly lost in battle." The American general, after having received intelligence of the ra