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INOM THE KENTUCKY PALLADIUM.
dorf, and even of the pure doctrines of the great The extent of territory of the V. States, its author of our own religion. We were safe our. I increasing, population and resources, will create a selves from Bonaparte, because he had not the spirit of jealousy in foreign governments. I am British fleets at his command—we were safe from || assured, from undoubted authority, that a feeling the British feets, because they had Bonaparte at of this nature already exists in some of the Eurotheir back. But the British Aeets and the con-pean cabinets-to obviate such injurious sentiquerors of Bonaparte, being now combined, and ments, let us act towards all nations with impar. the Hartford nation drawn off to them, we have tiality, justice, and even forbearance, to prevent a uncommon reason to look to our own affairs.-- || state of war, by which our republican manners and This, however, I leave to others, offering prayers | institutions may be destroyed. Let us have concise to Heaven, the only contribution of old age, for friendly and reciprocal treaties with all nations the safety of our country. Be so good as to pre- with whom we have commercial intercourse, parsent me affectionately to Mrs. Logan, and to ac- ticularly with Great Britain and Russia. From the cept yourself, the assurance of my esteem and former we have not much of real injury to apprerespect.
hend-for, however blind and corrupt the minis
T. JEFFERSON. try, the spirit of liberty diffused among the peo. Doctor Logan.
ple, supported by many of the most enlightened STENTON, Oct. 20, 1815. men in that nation, will secure us from any wanDear Sir-I am much pleased with your late ton attack. letter, because it manifests a sincere desire for Russia is yet in embryo-the astonishing success the prosperity and honor of our beloved country, which some of her sovereigns have had in civilizdistracted by local factions. The love of honest | ing her immense population, gives reason to exfame, predominant during the revolutionary war, | pect, that under the paternal care of Alexander, is changed into cupidity; disinterestedness into || she will become the arbiter of Europe. La Harp, selfishness; and the public good is sacrificed to says, the emperor is a republican; I know he is personal views of ambition. In this disgraceful partial to the United States. Let us, therefore, situation, it becomes the duty of every genuine cherish his friendship; it may, under many points citizen, not only to "offer up prayers to Heaven || of view, be of essential service to us. for the safety of our country,” but personally to Accept assurances of my esteem, exert himself for its prosperity:
GEO, LOGAN. I trust we have a sufficient fund of good sense Thomas Jefferson. and prudence in the U. States, to preserve internal tranquility ; but it must be brought forward with activity, and solely influenced by the sublime views of enlightened patriotism, discerning and preferring nothing but the public good.
SPECIMEN OF HISTORY. I view with greater anxiety the aspect of European affairs; and the probable effect they will the following extract from the 5th chapter of the have upon us—which, if we were armed with per
History of the War, which is proposed to be fect innocence, I think we might defy. But we
published by the editors of the Palladium, will have not been so scrupulously just to our neigh
serve at once as an example of the minute and bors, as to avoid the suspicion, if not the accusa.
accurate information possessed by the author, tion, that republicans too can be ambitious, and
and of the style in which he has conveyed it. can avail themselves of the troubles of others, to “Shortly after this expedition by Gen. Tupper their own mistaken advantage-for I hold it as a to the Miami rapids a tragical adventure occur sound political principle, that nothing is perma- red in the left wing of the army, which merits to nently beneficial to a nation, either in self-govern- || be minutely recorded. Capt. James Logan, the ment or in its foreign relations, that is not found- Shawane chief, by the orders of Gen. Harrison, ed on the broad basis of honesty, utterly disclaim. proceeded with a small party of his tribe, to reing every species of intrigue. Adopting this cor- connoitre in the direction of the rapids. He met rect maxim in our public councils, would save us with a superior force of the enemy near that place, the trouble of resorting to those diplomatic sub- by which he was so closely pursued that his men tleties which constitute too frequently the machia. were obliged to disperse for safety, in their re. velian policy of petty princes, or of employing treat. Logan, with two of his companions, capt. men versed in such arts. Sir Francis Bacon's ad- || John and Bright-born, arrived safe to Gen. Winvice to Sir George Villiers afterwards duke of chester's camp, where he faithfully reported the Buckingham, is well worthy the attention of all incidents of the excursion. But there were certain who have the disposal of offices—when he says, persons in the arıny who suspected his fidelity, and "I recommend to you principally, that you coun. reproached him with being friendly, and with tenance and advance able men in all kinds, de communicating intelligence to the enemy. The grees and professions; and in places of moment, noble spirit of Logan could not endure the ungenrather make able and honest inen yours, than ad- erous charge. With the sensibility of a genuine vance those that are otherwise because they are soldier, he felt that his honor and fidelity should yours.”
not only be pure, but firm and unsuspected. He History is the school of statesmen ; it is their did not, however, demand a court of enquiry-fol, duty to inform themselves of the errors of past a- lowing the natural dictates of a bold and generous ges, in order to shun them. I do not accuse the spirit, he determined to prove, by unequivocal president of a want of this highly important know- deeds of valor and fidelity, that he was calumni. ledge; but I apprehend he has too frequently giv, ated by his accusers. en up his own correct judgment to parasites and On the 22d of November, he proceeded a se. clamorous demagogues-he, and not they, will be cond time, accompanied by the two persons named accountable for his official conduct.
above, firmly resolved, either to bring in a prisoner or a scalp, or to perish himself in the at- His physiognomy was formed on the best model tempt. When he had gone about ten miles down and exhibited the strongest marks of courage, in. the north side of the Miami, he met with a Bri- || telligence, good humor and sincerity. He had tish officer, the oldest son of Col. Eliott,accompa- || been very serviceable to our cause by acting as a nied by five Indians. As the party were too | pilot and a spy. He had gone with Gen. Llull to strong for him, and he had no chance to escape, il Detroit, and with the first Kentucky troops who four of them being on horseback, he determined marched to the relief of fort Wayne. to pass them under the disguise of friendship for Winemac,while in conversation with Logan,be. the British. He advanced with confident bold- || fore the encounter, declared that he commanded ness, and a friendly deportment, to the enemy-| all the Indians in that quarter; and boasted that but unfortunately one of them was Winemac, the he had caused the massacre of Wells, and those celebrated Potawatimie chief, who had fought the who had surrendered at the battle of Chicago, af
battle of Tippecanoe, after having made, but a ter having gone with Wells as a friend, to guard - few days before it, the warmest protestations of|| the garrison of that place to fort Wayne.
friendsliip to Governor Harrison. To this chief the Capt. Logan had been taken prisoned by Gen. person and character of captain Logan were per-|| Logan, of Kentucky, in the year 1766, when he fectly well known.
was a youth. The General sent him to school He persisted, however, in his first determina- some time in the state, and on patting with him tion, and told them he was going to the rapids to gave him his name, which he retained to the end give information to the British. After conversing || of his life. Before the treaty of Greenville, he had some time, he proceeded on his way, and Wine- || distinguished himself as a warrior, though still mac, with a his companions turned and went very young. His mother was a sister to the cele. with him. As they travelled on together, Wine brated Tecumseh and the prophet. He stated that mac and his party closely watched the others, and in the summer preceeding his death, he had talk. when they had proceeded about eight miles, he led a whole night with Tecumseh, and endeavored proposed to the British officer to sieze and tie to persuade him to remain at peace while Tecumthem. The officer replied that they were com.|| seh on the contrary endeavoured to engage him pletely in his power; that if they attempted in the war on the side of the British. His wife to run, they could be shot; or failing in that, the || when she was young, had also been taken prisonhorses could easily run them down. This con- || er by Col. Hardin, in the year 1789, and had resultation was overheard by Logan; he had previ. || mained in the family till the treaty of Grenville. ously intended to go on peaceably till night, and in the army he had formed an attachment for then make his escape ; but now formed the bold || Major Hardin, the son in law of Gen. Logan, and design of extricating himself by a combat with now requested him to see that the money due for double his number.
his services was faithfully paid to his family. He Having signified his resolution to his men, he || also requested that his family might be removed commenced the attack by shooting down Winemac immediately to Kentucky, and his children eduhimself. The action lasted till they had fired cated and brought up in the manner of the white three rounds a piece, during which time Logan | people. He observed that he had killed a great and his brave companions drove the enemy some chief, that the hostile Indians knew where his fadistance, and separated them from their horses.- mily lịved, and that when he was gone a few base By the first fire both Winemac and Eliott fell, by fellows might creep up and destroy them. the second, a young Ottawa chief lost his life"; Major Hardin having promised to do every thing and another of the enemy was mortally wounded in his power to have the wishes of his friend ful. about the conclusion of the combat, at which || filled, immediately obtained permission from the time Logan himself, as he was stooping down, re- ll general to proceed with Logan's little corps of ceived a ball just below the breast bone; it rang- | indians, to the village of Wopoghoonata, where ed downwards and lodged under the skin on his his family resided. When they reached near the back; in the mean time, Bright-horn was also | village, the scalp of the Ottawa chief was tied to wounded by a ball which passed through his || a pole, to be carried in triumph to the Council thigh. As soon as Logan was shot he ordered a house and Capt. John, when they came in sight retreat; himself and Bright-horn, wounded as they of the town, ordered the guns of the party to be were, jumped on the horses of the enemy and| fired in quick succession, on account of the death rode to Winchester's camp, a distance of 20 miles, ll of Logan. A council of the chiefs was presently in 5 hours. Capt. John, after taking the scalp of held, in which, after consulting two or three
the Ottawa chief also retreated in safety, and ar- | days, they decided against sending the family of rived at the camp next morning;
their departed hero to Kentucky. They appear. Logan had now rescued his character as a brave ed however to be fully sensible of the loss they and fuithful soldier, from the obloquy which had had sustained, and were sincerely grieved for bis unjustly been thrown upon him. But he preserv. | death.". ed honor at the expense of the next best gift of Heaven his life. His wounds proved mortal.- CONEMAUGH SALT-WORKS. He lived two days in agony, which he bore with
GREENSBURGH, April 27. uncommon fortitude, and died with the utmost | So many improvements, inventions, and discocomposure and resignation. “More firmness and veries, are daily announced in the public papersconsummate bravery have seldom appeared on the there to live their day, and be seen and heard of military theatre," says Winchester in his letter to no more-that we have hitherto been careful to the commanding general. "He was buried with avoid exciting in relation to such matters, expecall the honors due to his rank, and with sorrow, I tations which might never be realized ; and hence as sincerely and generally displayed as ever I wit-have thus long neglected to notice the Cone. nessed," says Major Hardin in a letter to Govern- | maugh salt-works. These works, we are happy or Shelby
to state, are in the full tide of successful opera.
tion, and are not only rewarding the enterprising to the district but draw more into it-a conside. individuals who constructed them, but conferring ration, at this moment, of no small importance. important advantages upon the district in which The importance, in a political or national point they are situated, as well as upon the country ge- of view, of increasing the supply of salt made in nerally.
the country, may be inferred from the fact (stat. They are situated in Westmoreland and India | ed by Mr. Cutbush, in the Artist's Manual,) that na counties, being on both banks of the Cone. above 3,000,000 bushels of that article are annumaugh river, one mile above its confluence with ally imported into this country from abroad, the Loyalhanna, and about 15 miles N. E. from || while the whole manufacture of it within the U. Greensburgh. It is about three years since the States does not amount to 1,000,000 bushels. A. boring for salt-water was commenced by Mr. Wm.bout 800,000 bushels are produced every year, by Johnston, of Johnston's point-and now the the Onondago and Cayuga springs, in New York, Messrs. Johnston's-Reeds, Boggs & Co.--and and about as much by the manufactories of the Boggs and Forward, have four wells sunk, and western states and territories, including 130,000 sinking three or four more.
bushols made at the U. States Saline, ou the Wa. The four wells now in use, supply water suffi-| bash. Salt is made from the sea-water, on the cient for 16 furnaces. Fourteen furnaces are in coast of Massachusetts, but not in large quanti. operation, and produce, in the aggregate, up-ties, and its manufacture there is liable to interwards of 100 bushels of salt per day, throughout ruption from an enemy in time of war. Every adthe year. Each furnace bas one large flat copper ditional salt spring or well, therefore, in the inte. boiler or pan, of an oblong square shape, and six rior of the country, may be looked upon as an ad. metal ketiles. The wells are bored to the depth || ditional source of national independence; and of from 250 to 300 feet, in the margin of the ri- every individual engaged in developing the naver. The salt water rises in tubes to a level with tional wealth and resources, as connected therethe bed of the river, and is hiere preserved from with, is deserving of the thanks of the country. a mixture with the fresh water by cisterns or re- At Wright's mill, on the Loyalhanna, eight servoirs, constructed of boards, around the mouths miles from Greensburgh, Messrs. Wright, Mar. of the wells. From these cisterns it is pumped tin, Munson and Agnew, are boring for salt-waby horse power, into conductors, through wbich || ter, with a good prospect of success. They have it rins into large troughs, that supply by spouts, reached the depth of 280 feet, and have got salt as occasion requires, the boilers. Here, by a sim- | water of a good quality, though not sufficiently ple and obvious process which any laborer is ca. copious in supply. The water thrown out about pable of conducting, it is converted into a beatiful | the well has been chrystalized into salt upon the granulated salt.
stones, by the influence of the sun, and presents Fuel is remarkably convenient. Stone coal is the appearance of thick hoar frost. It will give had within forty or fifty perches of the works on some idea of the tedious nature of this business, the Indiana side of the river; and on the West- to state, that the boring has been continued at this moieland side, is procured in abundance in the well, with little intermission, winter and summer, hill immediately above the works of Messrs. for nearly 16 months, having been commenced on Johnsons, and descends the declivity on an inclin-| the first of January 1815. ed scaffolding of boards, erected for the purpose Salt works belonging to Messrs. J. and J. Lar. from the mouth of the pit to the mouth of the shaw, are now in successful operation on Crooked grate or furnace.
At a new furnace erecting by Creek, in Armstrong county. What quantity they the Messrs. Reeds, a bed of stone coal was disco- produce, we are not informed. vered in digging the foundation. There is nothing in the situation or appearance
NATIVE EPSOM SALT. of the ground, or in the quality of the soil, about We learn by the Louisville correspondent, that these works, that peculiarly distinguished them a very extensive cave has been discovered in Inin our view at least, from various other situations diana, about thirty-five miles from Louisville, on the same and other rivers. An interesting phe-| abounding with native Epsom salt, or sulphate of nomenon with respect to the wells is, that their magnesia. The cave is apparently inexhaustible waters ebb and flow once every 24 hours, and -the salt of every variety of crystal is arranged usually about the same hour of the day.
in all that fanciful splendour which decorates the The salt made at these works is of an excellent grotto of Antiparos. This cave is the only spe quality and of a snow whiteness. It is retailed atcimen known of the pure salt in a solid form, ex: thic works, at 2 dollars per bushcl, and sold by the cepting in Monroe county, Va. where it is found load, at 1 dol. 50 cents per bushel. The naviga-| under the surface of the earth. In Europe, and tion is safe for large boats, from the works to particularly in England, at the Epsom Springs, Pittsburg, where the salt commands a higher which give name to this salt, it is obtained from price and readier sale than that of the Kenawhal water impregnated with it. works.
It is not, we believe, more than ten years since Extract from the introduction to Judge Brewards this part of the country was supplied with foreign Digest of the State Law of this State.-p. 15. salt, brought over the mountains, generally upon “Amidst the tumult of civil strife, the laws pack-horses, and at a great expense of time, la- were silent, and their place was not always supbour and money. Latterly, we have been supplied by those of humanity. A form of govern. plied, more conveniently and satisfactorily indeed, ment was instituted in 1776, pursuant to which an but not much more cheaply, from the Kanawha executive magistrate was elected, who was invest. and lake works. Our dependence upon all these ed with extraordinary powers, under the name of is at an end. That article of indispensible use, PRESIDENT. This however, soon gure place to is now manufactured at the Conemaugh works in THE CONSTITUTION which was established in 1778, guch quantities, as will not only save much money | conformably to the Declaration of Independence, and
the executive officer was named GOVERNON. This
From the Richmond Enquirer. CONSTITUTION survived the revolution, and part of it is still in force, being referred to and unchanged
MONARCHY. by THE CONSTITUTION of 1790.”
Mr. Fox says of Hume, that he has almost an
old-womanish' veneration for kings. If this folly CENOTAPH,
is seen in Mr. Hume, it is not surprising to see it
in so many fools who bask in the courts of Europe. Erected at Wiscasset to the memory of the late Jusfice Such insanity would be inexcusable in an AmeriSEWALL.
can-in an European courtier, it is a matter of This memorial of departed worth is formed of course. white Pennsylvania marble, and consists of a four Monarchy is the most common of all forms of sided pyramid of the height of four feet, placed government; and yet it is the most ridiculous. Of on a pedestal two feet square, and three feet two all the solemn farces which have been played off inches high. The whole rests on a paved area | upon man, that of hereditary kings is the most eight feet square, raised about eight inches above silly. Nothing could disguise its absurdity, but the ground, with white granite for the curb stone | thc pomp which surrounds it So true was the of the area. The total height is seven feet, ten expression of Bonaparte, that a throne is but a inches, including the area ; which is surrounded piece of wood, covered with velvet-or, that of by a handsome iron railing of the height of four | Dr. Beattie, that strip majesty of its externals, and feet. On the sides of the pedestal are the follow- it is nothing but a jest. ing inscriptions.
All Europe has lately rung with the cry of legiON THE WEST.
timate princes. The same folly has crossed the M. S.
Atlantic and Governeur Morris was once silly Hon. SAMUELIS Sewall, L. L. D. A. A, S. enough to address an American assembly in these
Mass. Reip. Cur. Sup. Jurid. Princ. memorable words : “the long agony is over, and Propter ejus virtutem, Scientiam Fidelitatemque France reposes in the arms of her legitimate so4 jurisconsultis hujus
Reipublicæ, summa vereigns. cum Reverentia, hoc Marmor est positum. Now, if kings were even the creatures of our
Vir fuit in omni vita sincerus, probus, choice, what would they be? You pick a man out, benevolus, ut in bonus comis, ita fortasse adversus | like yourself, to reign over thousands. Nature
malos injucundus; erga Deum. has not marked him out, like a queen bee, for any Religione, Patriam Pietate, Amicos Fide, thing like superiority. He is born with no reins insignis; in Literis multo humanior; Legislator in his hand, and no spur upon his heel. He is but et Republicæ natalis, et fæderatarum a man, with the same organs, the same appetites, prudens atque disertus;
the same propensities as your own. You place à Judes sanctus, gravis, peritus, intentus, nec illi sceptre in his hand, mount him upon a throne, Facilitas Auctoritatem, aut Severitas. and hail him as a king. The treasures, wrung
from his people, are lavished at his feet; powers, Bostoni Amorem diminuit.
MDCCLVII. Cur. Sup. and dignities flow from his hand. A set of men Jurid, MDCCC et Jurid Princ.
are placed around to give eclat and splendor to MDCCCXIV creatus.
his power, under the name of nobles. One thing In hoc oppido munia peragens, Anno novissimi more, and the charm is complete; a privileged Honoris primo ex ingenti Civium Expectatione, A clergy who profess to draw from another world
morte subita quam suis luctuosa, the right to pamper their own appetites, and diet Reipublicæ acerba ;
rect the consciences of their fellow subjects.Jun. VIII. MDCCCXIV ereptus est. Thus clothed with power, and supported by his ON THE SOUTH.
satellites, behold here is a king !-in how many Hon. SAMUEL SEWALL
instances, the spoilt child of fortune, the victim Filius Samuelis Arm.
of caprice, the slave of appetite, and the scourge F. Rev. Josephi S. T. D.
of his people. For, though you may have chosen F. Hon. Samuelis.
him at first from some regard to his own merit, F. Henrici Arm.
it is a hundred to one but his head becomes turn: F. Henrici Arm.
ed by the pinnacle on which he is placed, and all F. Henrici. Gen.
his feelings are corrupted by power. ON THE EAST.
But when the monarch dies, for even kings in ERECTED
spite of the Hatteries of their parasites, are not by the Members of the Bar
immortal, who succeeds him? The legitimate practising in the Supreme Judicial Court prince, certainly; the next in order of succession; of this Commonwealtha,
perhaps a baby, it may be an ideot, or a silly wo. to express their veneration of the character of the man, in whose hands is entrusted the lives and Hon. SAMUEL SEWALL,
prosperity of thousands : a being, who perhaps Late Chief Justice of the said Court; without one atom of merit, is destined to rule over Who died suddenly in this place thousands better than bimself: without one atom on the 8th of June, 1814;
of industry, to sip the sweet from other's brows, Æt. 56.
and riot on the spoils of the poor. Is this consisON THE NORTH.
tent with nature? Is it agreeable to justice, or The remains of
even to common sense ?-"And ye shall cry out Chief Justice Sewall having been here interred; in that day, because of your king which ye shall afterwards were removed
have chosen, you, and the Lord will not hear you and deposited in his family Tomb in that day.” at Marblehead.
We have not “angels in the shape of men" to Robert Hope, Fecit Boston.
Igovern the world-for, cast your eyes upon the
princes who sway the sceptre of Europe.
*A late Nantucket gazette announces the arrival The queen of Portugal - was a lunatic.
of a schooner with 15,000 fish, with this remark, The king of Spain is a fanatic; the slave of "Whilst other banks are so close fisted, we are priests, the murderer or jailor of the very patriots, right glad the grand bank is so liberal in its diswho restored him to his throne.
The king of France is notorious for his imbecility. An English bishop once painted him as a
EXTRAORDINARY PHENOMENON, man fit only to cook his own capons. But the bi.
fif true.) shop was unjust-Louis has certainly some taste Under the head of Terramo, in Italy, 31st Dec. for the classics; but he was never stamped for a we read as follows: great man.
“ There has fallen, during six hours, in our city In Austria, we have a king, who never did a | and its environs, a greater quantity of snow than remarkable act in his life. He has been driven || has been known in the memory of man. To this more than once from a throne, which he had nei- | phenomenon there is added another, even more ther the energy to keep or to conquer.
astonishing; which is that this snow is red and yelThe same of his brother of Prussia ; one of those | low. Religious processions have been made to weak men, whom the neighing of a horse, or the appease the heavens. People believe that someprejudice of legitimacy, only could have made a thing extraordinary has taken place in the air. It king. The maxim ex quovis ligno non fit Mercu- || is to be hoped our philosophers may account rius, may be true in itself; but not of kings. for this phenomenon. Mr. Professor Sgagnoni,
The king of Naples, much less a monk than his kinsman of Spain, is more of a debauchee, Fores, has been requested by the intendant of the
a jesuit, distinguished for his physical researchthe picture of a Neapolitan court, see the letters province, to make experiments upon this snow of Trowbridge, or the life of Nelson.
about which the people are yet very much alarm, The emperor Alexander is an exception to the ed." race we have mentioned. He has some morit of his own, mixed up in his infirmities.
From the Norfolk Beacon of May 9. The king of Sweden is an ideot; and the prince
THE WEATHER, of Orange has nothing remarkable in his escut
We do not recollect to have witnessed a more cheon. In England, the king is a lunatic; the prince visits every portion of our country. We daily
distressing drought than that which at this time regent is bloated with debauchery-his brothers, hear of its disastrous effects, blasting the fairest rioters upon a people's generosity. The princess hopes of the husbandman. In some parts of the Charlotte is about to fusten an establishment upon country they are ploughing up, and re-planting the nation, whose splendor is only to be equalled the corn. The temperature of the weather with by their distresses ! Such is the brief sketch of the chiefs, who pre. I generally so cold as to render a fire quite agree.
us is very fluctuating the eveningsand momings side over the destinies of Furope; and but one | able. The earth is so parched, that the atmosgreen spot in the waste of idiotism, fanaticism and|phere is continually impregnated with a fine dust, debauchery !
very injurious to respiration.
To this cause,
doubtless, in a great measure, is to be ascribed U. S. BRIG BOXER.
the unhealthiness of the surrounding countryExtract af a letter from an officer of the U. S. brig || We learn that an epidemic prevails in North Ca.
Boxer, to his friend in New York, dated Havana, || rolina, particularly in the vicinity of Edenton,
which is almost as destructive as the plague of
an early island, and on . spring, we state, for the information of distant
Various statements have appeared in the public | readers, that on Tuesday morning last, (14th inst.) papers relative to the amount of specie, plate, the roofs of our houses and the neighbouring &c. on board of the Comet, differing in their ac hills were completely covered with snow. We also counts from S 80,000, to $ 175,000. When an of: | learn from travellers who have reached this city ficial statement, or other information bearing the || from the westward, that the country in many marks of authenticity appears, we shall record it. I places nad the appearance of winter; the hills
being as white as in the month of January. Ale