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a jury of half aliens, the persons accused may be The ministers from France, Bavaria, Holland, tried separately, in order to secure to the foreign-| Brussels, Prussia, and Portugal, have been preer the advantage of a Jury of half aliens, and to sented with diplomatic snuft boxes, which cost the the Englishman that of an English Jury, nation only 15,3101. 11s. equal to S 63,046 14.
“Such is the general principle established by The whole charge of keeping Bonaparte at the Statutes of which mention has been made. | St. Helena is stated at 360,000l. per annum The Statute, however, of 1st Philip and Mary, | ($ 1,333,333 33.). chap. 10, which enacts that ail proceedings in Admiral Plom.plin, it is said, is to have the treason should be prosecuted according to the command at St. Helena, in the room of Sir G.
Common Law, has repealed the Statute of 28th || Cockburn.
Destruction of Sierra Leone.' page 271, and in the cases there cited.
Capt. Young, of the ship Charlotte, who arrived * In all the proceedings which take place in de Los, brings a report, that two days before he
at Providence on the 22d uit. in 44 < ays from Isle England, whatever may be their nature, if letters | sailed,': large party of blacks from the ccuntry or written papers in a foreign language are pro- ll attacked Sierra Leone; that they were joined by duced, they are translated by an interpreter, who is sworn to interpret and translate fuirly and tru-| buildings; and murdered most of the white in
the biack troops stationed there; destroyed all the ly. “We believe we have answered all the ques- | officers. These facts were con municated to capt.
babitants, together with several of the British tions which have been proposed to us in the name of Sir Robert Wilson, Messrs. Bruce and Ilur. || Young, while getting under way at the Isic det CHINSON; and we have the honor, &c.
Los, by some persons in a boat direct from the (Signed,) “CHRIST. ROBINSON,
Bullam sisore, opposite Sierra Leone.
From the Gleaner.
We give our readers this week what details we
have of foreign news. To be sure they are not of London, April 5.
much importance, in the usual acceptation of the
word; yet are they of great importance, in the The opposition insinuates that Castlereagh has opinion of every philanthropist, us they snow that received presents to the amount of 100,000, some say 200,000l. in consequence of the great number Europe, so lately convulsed and torn by the most
sanguinary contests, at lergih reposes in the arms of treaties concluded with foreign powers dur- of peace. Instead of battles, we have now acing the years 1815 and 1816. This is denied by the editor of the Courier, who asserts, that his statements of fersts; and in the roon of the me.
counts of balis: in place of fighting-We have kordship, during the Congress of Vienna, secing. || lancholy murder of millions—we read of magnithat the treaty of Congress, as well as those officent marriages. The Duke of Berri, to a Prinalliance and subsidy, would lead to great expense, cess of Naples ; Prince Geo. Leopold to the Prinproposed to the other plenipotentiaries to adopt a
cess Charlotte :-The King of the Netherlands to special regulation with respect to the exchange a Russian Princess, &c. &c. That little rascal, of presents, and that 45 treaties and conventions Cupid, it seems, has kicked his father, Mars; out have been signed without the usual exchange of of doors, and assumed the reins of empire himpresents being made.
self. Bonaparte appears to be the subject of considerable debate in the house of commons. Lord
Love rules the court, the camp, the grove, Castlereagh has been inquired of, what would be
All Earth below, and Heaven above, the amount of the whole expense of guarding his
For Love is Heaven, and Heaven is Loveperson : but it appears he is not yet ready to an- At least Walter Scott says so: swer the question.—It is urged by some members, In short, the great folks of Europe, having been that England ought not to pay more than her prooing all they could to depopulate Europe, for the portion of this expense ; but the noble hearted last twenty-five years, are now seriously setting Lord Castlereagh thinks it contrary to the dignity | about the most effectual means to restore its num. of England to consult with foreign powers about | bers. But pleasant as all this may be to us as men, Bonaparte, or to divide with them the expense of it cannot be concealed that to us as priniers, it is keeping him, and asserts that any of the conti- the very devi). No man cares a fig for the panental powers are ready to take charge of the || pers.—The very sight of a Gazette, now-a-days EX-EMPEROR, and relieve England from every ex- gives a man a fit of the gapes. In good truth, pense relative to him: but he thinks it would be Bonaparte, with all our abuse of him, was worth bad policy
fifty pounds a year in every printer's pocket. He A convoy is stated to have arrived in safety from was a rare workman at forging news. We bave Mexico to Vera Cruz, containing 80,000 dollars. | been devising a plan, tho week past, to rescue him The approaching nuptials of Ferdinand are to be from St. Helena, and send liim back to Frejus; but celebrated by magnificent tilts, tournaments, and as this happy event cannot be immediately expectbull feasts. The Pope has repealed the con- ed, we must for the present content ourselves with cordat. It is said that a deep and alarming con- || such plain, simple fare as peace in the world will spiracy against the Spanish monarch has been de- afford; seasoned occasionally with a rasher of tected by the means of the torture. The Duke of domestic politics. If the brothers of the type can't Wellington's remonstrance to Louis, of which we live by these means, why, as an old friend sayshave heard so mueh, is said to be greatly exag. || they must break up business and endeavour to get gerated
to some honest employment.
NO. 14. VOL. I.] WASHINGTON, SATURDAY, JUNE 1, 1816. (WHOLE NO. 14. PUBLISHED WEEKLY, BY JOEL K. MEAD, AT FIVE DOLLARS PER ANNUM.
two parties agreed in these grand and essential FEDERALISM AND DEMOCRACY.
points, it would be difficult to conceive what sub. We hope that we shall not be said to mingle inject they would have to altercate about. And yet the asperitics of cither party, when we speculate they do differ as decidedly, and with as much on the probable consequences resulting from acrimony now, as they have ever done at any both. In this paper, we are proud to say, that other period. The question now arises, what so fur as regards the points in contention between will be the consequence of this bitter and acrimoour fellow citizens, we have no political opinion nious spirit, of these united and divided parties; whatever. Without further preface, we will ven. united in actions, and divided in names! We ture a prediction, that the two contending parties, think that the answer is plain, and is almost antiunder the names which now divide them, will cipated already, that these parties must, under some never unite. The terms federalism and democracy other name, be amalgamated. We have used the excite such bitter feelings-the recollections of so word party in the common acceptation of the many injuries, scorns, and indignities bestowed | term; but to speak with truth and sincerity, with and requited, so many indignant charges and re- the exception of thename, there is no party; for both criminations, that they will always become the the federalists and democrats now make but one : watch-words of party rancour. Whichever por- the name is the only thing that prevents them from tion of our fellow citizens is right or wrong, it uniting altogether. The old commercial hostility does not become us to determine: but it is abun- of the north against the south, is rapidly subsid. dantly sufficient for our present purpose, that the ing: for commerce is evidently retreating to a lines are drawn deep, and indelible. Afire-brand southern horizon. During the operation of the and an icicle; seed-time and harvest; summer embargo, the great merchants of New-England and winter, might be expected to harmonize, as invested their capital in tanufactures They well as our two parties, under the names which have gone too far in such projects to recede, and they bear: we venture to say, that the thing is they must either stand or fall with the manufacmorally impossible. It has been, on various and turing interests. Commerce, being in a manner pressing. occasions, attempted; but the sequel has exiled from the waters of New-England, has alalways invariably proved the reverse of all our ready, though a foreigner, become naturalized sanguine anticipations of harmony and confidence in the south. This will give tỏ that portion of This is a compendious picture of the state of the the United States å stcady and predominating Union at the present moment; divisions, fatal, character sur commerce, or in other words, it deep-rooted, irreconcileable divisions, corrupt and will radically change the politics of the south. poison the very fountains of social intercourse Parties, indeed, there always will be, and it is Men who entertain the same opinion on the great desirable that there always should be such; but points of national policy, are divided, inseparably the parties in our country will, we believe, heredivided, when they assume their respective po- after be known by different names than they now litical names: men who would go heartily toge- are. We cannot expect, perhaps for centuries ther for the "salvation and prosperity of their to come, that Europe will witness the burning of country, who are governed by high and honour-such a tremendous political volcano, as she has able feelings, turn from friends to persecuting lately done. It cannot, therefore, be expected, enemies, by the meře magic of a name. Such is that the whole civilized world will participate so the plain state of this nation; it presents the novel || deeply in the event of future commotions on that spectacle of two parties perfectly agreeing in the continent. We shall, on this side of the Atlantic, great outlines of policy, and yet entertaining such read with an easy curiosity, the contest of the deep-rooted animosity, that they cannot be brought several combatants for crowns and sceptres. Our to act with cordiality, on any political question political contests will be, we think, exclusively whatever. If one declares in favour of a navy, | American ; there will be the opposition of the the other does the same: is one in favour of com- commercial, agricultural, and manufacturing' in. merce, the other is the same: does one party || terests; these collisions it will be the duty of the desire the strengthening our frontiers, and sea- || government to reconcile, and to reduce to conport towns-does it wish a respectable military sistency and order. Such a state of things will force, to be in a state of readiness for war, the make our feelings more exclusively American than other does the same. One would suppose, that if ll they have hitherto been. Looking upon Europe Vol. I.
as a matter of subordinate concern, we shall have || or out of it, are governed by different principles no very violent foreign attachments or antipathics: from these; if they profess to feel that 'patriotism As we cannot rationally anticipate, that any other which they do not, we can only say, that they power will arise in that quarter to put the exist- are so utterly beneath our contempt, that we fence of the whole civilized world in jeopardy, feel for them no other emotions than those of we may rationally anticipate the happiest results. | pily for their degradation. We will ask any candid man, if this is not a time devoutly to be wished for? Is it not a time aus
AMERICAN BIBLE SOCIETY, picious to the best interests of our dear and be. loved country, that the terms federalisin and de- Formed by a Convention of Delegates, held in de mocracy should sleep together in one common grave,
City of New York, May, 1816. when it is evident, that so far as regards the point || societies, convened in the consistory room of the
At a meeting of delegates from different Bible in contention, the parties, if they can be called Reformed Dutch Church, on the 8th day of May, such, differ in nothing else. Is the mere triump! ||1816; Joshua M. Wallace, Esq. of New-Jersey, was of a name at an election an object of sufficient chosen president of the convention, and the Rev.
Dr. J. B. Romeyn and Rev. L.. Bleecher, secretaries. magnitude to set one half of our fellow citizens
The meeting was then opened with prayer by in battle array against the other half? Those who the Rev. Dr. Nött. can contend for the reverse of all this, must say The following persons appeared as delegates : that discord ought to be eternal, and that she must
Rev. Dr. S. Spring, from the Merrimack Bible Sobe allowed to quarrel about names, when she is ciety. evidently unable to quarrel about any thing else. Rev. Mr. Humphreys,
Fairfield do. We hope that we are now clearly and distinctly || Rev. Dr. John M. Mason,
* Dr. I. Lewis, understood, that there is not, in fact, at the pre
Philip Milledoler, sent moment, but one party in the United States;
J. B. Romeyn,
New York do that there is no general plan, no broad outline of
Mr. J. Williams,
Mr. Gardiner Spring, national policy, in which all do not heartily unite ;
Dr. Bradford, that so far from there being any partiality on this Dr. Neill,
Albany do point, the question is, which portion of our fel. Mr. Chester, low citizens shall go the furthest in the support | General John Lancklaen,
Mr. William Williams,
Oneida do. of those projects in which we all heartily agree. Rev. Andrew Oliver, We hold further, that it is beneath the dignity of Eli. F. Cooley,
Otsego do. a great, rising, and powerful people, to suffer Mr. James Cooper,
Mr. Guysbert B. Vroom, nothing but our names to divide us-"call a rose
Henry W. Warner, (says Shakespeare) by any other name, 'twill W..C. Mulligan,
N. Y. Auxiliary do smell as sweet.” Never was there a time so fo Robert Sedgwick, vourable for a political union as the present; for Rev. Dr. E. Nott,
Union College do.
Rensselaer do. as regards the grand and majestic points of our Rev. Dr. S. Blatchford,
Saratoga do. national policy, there is nothing now remaining | Rev. Dr. J. Bassett, for us to quarrel about. There will, undoubtedly,
Mr. Sayze, if such a union takes place; if our distinctive
Mr. D. S. Bogart,
Mr. A. Van Sinderin, political names are abandoned, be much to be Charles Wright, palliated, much to be overlooked, much to be Rev. Mr. R. Forest,
Delaware do. forgiven, and much to be totally forgotten, there Mr. Levi Callender,
Greene do. will be sacrifices worthy of a patriot. Politicia::s, || Vr. Joshua N. Wallace,
Orin Day, of all men living, should learn to preserve a curly Samuel Bayard, upon their passions. The honest politician.pur. Rev. Dr. J. Richards, N. J. B. Society sues his own plans with an enlightened zeal, forms
Mr. G. S. Woodhull,
Mr. J. MDowell, his political friendships, and incurs often, not
Mr. Thomas J. Biggs, only political, hut even private resentments, not J. W. Platt,
Nassau Hall do because they are desirable; but because they are
Rev. Mr. David Jones,
Newark do. inevitable. He does this to procure some great,
Mr. C. Hornblower,
Fe. B.S.Burlington substantial, permanent benefit to his country, and
John E. Caldwell,
do. Kingston in her prosperity he finds a refuge-he hears but Rev. Mr. S. Wilmer, Gloucester B. Society. to despise the slanders on his name; it is suffi- || Mr. M. S. Clarke,
Franklin do. cient, and more than sufficient for him, that his
Frederick do country is happy. If politics are adopted from
Rev. Mr. J. H. Rice,
Norfolk do. any other motive; if men, whether in the cabinet,
OF THE AMERICAN BIBLE SOCIETY,
Mr. W. Burd,
Lynchburgh do. Thomas Eddy, Charles Wright,
N. Carolina do. William Johnson, Cornelius Heyer.
After due notice of their appointment, the maMr. H. Ford,
nagers met in the city hall, on the 11th May, and Rev. Dr. A. Proudfit, Washington, N.Y.co.l unanimously elected the persons whose names are
The following gentlemen, though not formally hereunto subjoined, to the offices for which they commissioned as delegates; yet appearing, from
are named respectively: satisfactory evidence, to be substantial representa
Information of this choice was communicated by tives of their respective societies, or of a number a committee of the managers to the convention, of members thereof, for all the purposes contem- who, having before resolved, that the first annual plated by this convention, were admitted to seats, in the city of New-York; and the business of the
meeting of the “ American Bible Society"' be held viz. Rev. Mr. Lyman Beecher,
convention being now accomplished, their meeting Mr. Ichabod Skinner,
Connecticut. was closed with prayer, by the Rev. Mr. Wilmer, Rev. Mr. N. W. Taylor,
and the convention was dissolved. Rev. Dr. J. Morse, from the Middlesex, New
The members marked thus (6) came in after the Hampshire, and Dartmouth University Bible So-convention was formed, and before the adoption of
the constitution and address. ciety: Mr. William Jay, from the Westchester Auxiliary Bible Society
OFFICERS Rev. Mr. Henshaw,
Bible and Common Mr. Joshua Sands,
Prayer Book Society *General Swift, Sof Long-Island.
President. The following gentlemen were also received as Hon. Elias Boudinot, of New.Jersey. members, viz.
Vice-Presidents. * John Murray, jun.
Hon. John Jay, of New-York. *Thomas Eddy,
Mat. Clarkson, Esq. do. John Griscom, of the Society of Friends.
Hon. Smith Thompson, do. *Dr. Valentine Mott,
Hon. John Langdon, of New Hampshire. On motion,
Hon. Caleb Strong, of Massachusetts. Resolved, unanimously, That it is expedient to Hon. William Gray, do. establish, without delay, a general Bible Institution, Hon. John Cotton Smith, of Connecticut: for the circulation of the Holy Scriptures, without Hon. Jonas Galusha, of Vermont.
Hon. William Jones, of Rhode Island. note or comment.
A committee, consisting of Dr. Nott, Dr. Alason, Hon. Isaac Shelby, of Kentucky.
George Madison, Esq. do.
Hon. Bushrod Washington, of Virginia.
William Wirt, Esq. do. stitution of the said society; and an address to the public, on the nature and objects thereof.
Hon. Charles C. Pinckney, of South-Carolina And the convention adjourned until the morning Hon. Thomas Worthington, of Ohio.
Hon. Wm. Gaston, of North-Carolina. of Friday the 11th inst, at eleven o'clock.
The convention met according to adjournment, Hon. Thomas Posey, of Indiana. and their committee laid before them the draft of Hon. James Brown, of Louisiana. a constitution, which, having been read first in the Hon. Felix Grundy, of Tennessee.
John Bolton, Esq. of Georgia. whole, and afterwards by paragraphs, and carefully
Robert Oliver, Esq. of Maryland. considered, was unanimously adopted; and is here. unto annexed.
Joseph Nourse, Esq. of the District of Colum
bia. The committee reported also an address to the public, which, in like manner, was unanimously
Secretary for Foreign Correspondence.
Rev. Dr. J. M. Mason. approved, and is hereunto annexed. The convention then proceeded to the choice of
Secretary for Domestic Correspondence.
Rev. Dr. J. B. Romeyn. managers of the American Bible Society for the
Treasurer. current year; and the following persons were unani
Richard Varick, Esq. mously chosen, viz. Henry Rutgers,
Ebenezer Burrill, John Bingham,
I. This society shall be known by the name of
ject shall be, to encourage a wider circulation of George Suckley, Rufus King,
the Holy Scripture without note or comment. The Divie Bethune, Thomas Stokes,
only copies in the English language to be circulated William Bayard, Joshua Sands,
by the society, shall be of the version now in comPeter M'Carty, George Warner,
mon use. Thomas Shields, De Witt Clinton,
II. This society shall add its endeavours to those Robert Ralsten, John Warder,
employed by other societies, for circulating the John R. B. Rodgers, Samuel Bayard,
Scriptures throughout the United States and their Dr. Peter Wilson, Duncan P. Campbell, territories; and shall furnish them with stereotype Jeremiah Evarts, John Aspinwall,
plates Or such other assistance as circumstances John Watts, M. D. John Murray, jun. may require. This society shall also, according to its ability, extend its influence to other countries,
ADDRESS, whether Christian, Mahometan, or Pagan.
To the People of the United States, HII. All Bible societies shall be allowed to pur- Every person of observation has remarked that chase, at cost, from this society, Bibles for distri-| the times are pregnant with great events. The bution within their own districts. The members political porld has undergone changes stupendous, of all such Bible societies as shall agree to place unexpected, and calculated to inspire thoughtful their surplus revenue, after supplying their own men with the most boding anticipations. districts with Bibles, at the disposal of this society, That there are in reserve occurrences of deep, shall be entitled to vote in all meetings of the so- of lasting, and of general interest, appears to be ciety; and the officers of such societies shall be, | the common sentiment. Such a sentiment has not ex officio, directors of this.
been excited without a cause, and does not exist IV. Each subscriber of three dollars annually without an object. The cause is to be sought in shall be a member.
that Providence, which adapts, with wonderful esV. Each subscriber of thirty dollars at one time || actitude, nieans to ends; and the object is too plain shall be a member for life.
to be mistaken by those who carry a sense of reliVI. Each subscriber of fifteen dollars annually gion into their speculations upon the present and shall be a director.
the future condition of our afflicted race. VII. Each subscriber of one hundred and fifty An excitement, as extraordinary as it is powerdollars at one time, or who shall, by one additional ful, has roused the nations to the importance of payment, increase his original subscription to one spreading the knowledge of the one living and true hundred and fifty dollars, shall be a director for || God, as revealed in his Son, the Mediator between life.
God and men, Christ Jesus. This excitement is the VIII. Directors shall be entitled to attend and more worthy of notice, as it has followed a period vote at all meetings of the board of managers. of philosopliy, falsely so called, and has gone in the
IX. A board of managers shall be appointed to track of those very schemes, which, under the im. conduct the business of the society, consisting of posing names of renson and liberality, were atthirty-six laymen, of whom twenty-four shall reside tempting to seduce mankind from all wbich can in the city of New York or its vicinity. One fourth bless the life that is, or shed a cheering radiance part of the whole number shall go out of office at on the life that is to come. the expiration of each year, but shall be re-eligible. We hail the re-action, as auspicious to whatever
Every minister of the Gospel, who is a member is exquisite in human enjoyment, or precious to of the society, shall be entitled to meet and vote | human hope. We would fly to the aid of all that with the board of managers, and be possessed of || is holy, against all that is profane; of the purest the same powers as a manager himself.
interest of the community, the family and the inThe managers shall appoint all officers, and call dividual, against the conspiracy of darkness, disas. special general meetings, and fill such vacancies as ter, and death-to help on ihe mighty work of Chrismay occur, by death or otherwise, in their own tian charity—o claim our place in the age of board.
Bibles. X. Each member of the society shall be entitled, We have, indeed, the secondary praise, but still under the direction of the board of managers, to the praise, of treading in the footsteps of those purchase Bibles and Testantents, at the society's who have set an example without a parellel-an prices, which shall be as low as possible.
example of the most unbounded benevolence and XI. The annual meetings of the Society shall be beneficence:-and it cannot be to us a source of held at New-York or Philadelphia, at the option of any pain, that it has been set by those who are of the society, on the second Thursday of May, in one blood with the most of ourselves; and has been each year; when the managers shall be chosen, embodied in a form so noble and so Catholic, us the accounts presented, and the proceedings of the s. The British and Forcign Bible Society." foregoing year reported.
The impulse which that institution, ten thousand XII. The president, vice-presidents, treasurer, || times more glorious than all the exploits of the and secretaries, for the time being, shall be consi- sword, has given to the conscience of Europe, and dered, ex officio, members of the board of ma- to the slumbering hope of millions in the regions nagers.
and shadow of death, demonstrates to Christians XIU. At the general meetings of the society, of every country what they cannot do by insulated and the meetings of the managers, the president, || zeal; and what they can do by co-operation. or in bis absence the vice president first on the list In the United States we want nothing but conthen present; and in the absence of all the vice || cert to perform achievments astonishing to ourpresidents, such member as shall be appointed for selves, dismaying to the adversaries of truth and that purpose, shall preside at the meeting. piety, and most encouraging to every evangelical
xiv. The managers shall meet on the first Wed. effort on the surface of the globe. nesday in each month, or oftener, if necessary, at No spectacle can be so illustrious in itself, so such place in the city of New York, as they shall touching to man, or so grateful to God, as a nation from time to time adjourn to.
pouring forth its devotion, its talent, and its tresXV. The managers shall have the power of ap- sures, for that kingdom of the Saviour which is pointing such persons as have rendered essential righteousness and peace. services to the society, either members for life, or If there be a single measure which can orer. directors for life.
rule objection, subdue opposition, and command XVI. The whole minutes of every meeting shall exertion, this is the measure.—That all our voices, be signed by the chairman.
all our affections, all our hands, should be joined XVII. No alteration shall be made to this con- in the grand design of promoting “ peace on earth stitution, except by the society at an annual meet- and good will toward man”-that they should reing, on the recommendation of the board of ma. sist the advance of misery-should carry the light nagers.
of instruction into the doininions of ignorance; and