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the balm of joy to the soul of anguish; and all this by diffusing the oracles of God-addresses to thic understanding, an argument which cannot be encountered; and to the heart an appeal which its holiest emotions rise up to second.
Under such impressions, and with such views, fathers, brethren, fellow-citizens, the American Bible Society has been formed.-Local feelings, party prejudices, sectarian jealousies, are excluded by its very nature. Its members are leagued in that, and that alone, which calls up every hallowed, and puts down every unhallowed principle-the dissemination of the Scriptures in the received versions where they exist, and in the most faithful where they may be required. In such a work, whatever is dignified, kind, venerable, true, has ample scope: while sectarian littleness and rivalries can find no avenue of admission.
Have you ever been invited to an enterprise of such grandeur and glory? Do you not value the Holy Scriptures? Val them as containing your sweetest hope; your most thrilling joy? Can you submit to be thought that you should be torpid in your endeavours to disperse them, while the rest of Christendom is awake and alert? Shall you hang back, in heartless indifference, when princes come down from their thrones, to bless the cottage of the poor with the gospel of peace; and imperial sovereigns are gathering their fairest honours from spreading abroad the oracles of the Lord your God? Is it possible that you should not see, in this state of human things, a mighty motion of Divine Providence?-The most hea venly charity treads close upon the march of conflict and blood! The world is at peace! Scarce has the soldier time to unbind his helmet, and to wipe away the sweat from his brow, ere the voice of mercy succeeds to the clarion of battle, and calls the nations from enmity to love! Crowned
The only question is, whether an object of such undisputed magnitude can be best attained by a national society, or by independent associations in friendly understanding and correspondence.
Without entering into the details of this inquiry, we may be permitted to state, in a few words, our reasons of preference to a national society, sup-heads bow to the head which is to wear " many ported by local societies, and by individuals through-crowns;" and, for the first time since the proout our country. mulgation of Christianity, appear to act in unison for the recognition of its gracious principles, as being fraught alike with happiness to man, and honour to God.
Concentrated action is powerful action. The same powers, when applied by a common direction, will produce results impossible to their divided and partial exercise.-A national object unites national feeling and occurrence. Unity of a great system combines energy of effect with economy of means. Accumulated intelligence interests and animates the public mind: and the Catholic efforts of a country thus harmonized, give her a place in the moral convention of the world; and enable her to act directly upon the universal plans of happiness which are now pervading the nations.
vocation, their ambition is to be fellow-workers with them who are fellow-workers with God. People of the United States!
What has created so strange, so beneficent an alteration? This is no doubt the doing of the Lord, and it is marvellous in our eyes. But what instrument has he thought fit chiefly to use? That which contributes, in all latitude and climes, to make Christians feel their unity, to rebuke the spirit of strife, and to open upon them the day of brotherly concord- the Bible! the Bible! through Bible Societies!
It is true, that the prodigious territory of the Come, then, fellow citizens, fellow Christians, United States-the increase of their population, let us join in the sacred covenant. Let no heart which is gaining every day upon their moral cultis be cold; no hand be idle; no purse reluctant!vation and the dreadful consequences which will Come, while room is left for us in the ranks whose ensue from a people's outgrowing the knowledge toil is goodness, and whose recompense is victory. of eternal life; and reverting to a species of hea-Come cheerfully, eagerly, generally. Be it imthenism, which shall have all the address and pro-pressed on your souls, that a contribution, saved fligacy of civilized society, without any religious even from a cheap indulgence, may send a Bible controul, present a sphere of action, which may to a desolate family; may become a radiatory point for a long time employ and engross the cares of of "grace and truth" to a neighbourhood of error this society, and of all the local Bible societies of and vice; and that a number of such contributions, the land. made at really no expense, may illume a large tract of country, and successive generations of So-immortals, in that celestial knowledge, which shall secure their present and their future felicity.
But whatever be the proportion between expectation and experience, thus much is certain: we shall satisfy our conviction of duty-we shall
In the distinct anticipation of such an urgency, one of the main objects of the American Bible ciety, is, not merely to provide a sufficiency of well printed and accurate editions of the Scriptures; but also to furnish great districts of the American continent with well executed Stereotype plates, for their cheap and extensive diffu-have the praise of high endeavours for the highest sion throughout regions which are now scantilyends-we shall minister to the blessedness of thousupplied, at a discouraging expense; and which, sands and tens of thousands, of whom we may nevertheless, open a wide and prepared field for never see the faces, nor hear the names. We the reception of revealed truth. shall set forward a system of happiness which will go on with accelerated motion and augmented vigour, after we shall have finished our career; and confer upon our children, and our children's children, the delight of seeing the wilderness turned into a fruitful field, by the blessing of God, upon that seed which their fathers sowed, and themselves watered. In fine, we shall do our part toward that expansion and intensity of light divine, which shall visit, in its progress, the palaces of the great, and the hamlets of the small, until
Yet, let it not be supposed that geographical or political limits are to be the limits of the American Bible Society. That designation is meant to indicate, not the restriction of their labour, but the source of its emanation. They will embrace, with thankfulness and pleasure, every opportunity of raying out, by means of the Bible, according to their ability, the light of life and immortality, to such parts of the world as are destitute of the blessing, and are within their reach. In this high
the whole "earth be full of the knowledge of Je- the singular accounts of the admirable Critchton. hovah, as the waters cover the sea."
The death of Maj. John Reid has long since been announced in the papers; and society stands mourning over the awful chasm with which it has been rent asunder; and though the latter part of his life, which he had spent so honourably in the service of his country, needs no pen or eulogy of ours, yet the public at large may still derive a mournful satisfaction from a short unvarnished summary of the whole.
Those qualities sometimes brought him into collision with others of similar age and size, whom (to use their own phrase) he would generally manage; dence which was never known to submit to what and though possessed of a spirit and indepen. he thought to be an insult, he was generous, ra tional, and easy appeased. He was both loved and feared by his equals, and respected, of course, by his superiors in age. Naturally lively and fond of diversion, he was always ready, at proper times, to join in the usual games and exercises of youth, but he often did it from a sense of its ne. cessity, and would return with renewed pleasure to the employments of the mind. In all the time he remained at school he was never known to be guilty of a single dishonourable act. His temper was quick, but not irascible; and malice and reMaj. John Reid, late Aid to Gen. Jackson, was venge never found an abode in his breast. His the son of Maj. Nathan Reid, near New-London, perception of absurdity in thought and action was in Campbell county, Virginia. This respectable instinctively acute; and though fond of a satire, gentleman is one of the heroes of the revolution- where the subject required it, it was of that innoary war; and his relations of his young encoun cent kind which always afforded pleasure instead ters and of the scenes and characters of those of pain. In whatever he undertook, he invariably times filled the youthful mind of his son with an endeavoured to surpass-for being seldom, if ever inextinguishable thirst of virtuous glory. At an equalled, never excelled by any, his emulation led early age he had learnt, in this way, the material him to exert himself in an uncommon degree, events of that distinguished era, and his com- whenever another seemed likely to acquire greater ments upon them displayed at once the correct-distinction than himself.-Sensible of his standness, the force, and the elevation of his mind. ing, tenacious of his rights, and jealous of his After acquiring from teachers in the neighbor- rivals, he would sometimes display on these ochood the mere elementary parts of education, he casions, an industry, a zeal, and a perseverance was put to school at the New-London academy; inferior only in effect to that, which, in the course where the vivacity of his mind, his attention to of human affairs, produces the greatest and nostudy, and the frank and manly openness of his blest actions among men. He was not insensible character, soon gained him the notice and respect of the influence and advantages of female society of all parties, and signalized him as a youth of no upon the mind and manners; but his fondness ordinary promise. Living very near to this insti- for books and all the more manly exercises of tution, and intimately acquainted with its success. the mind and body, made him diffident and reive teachers, students, library, and apparatus, he served in the company of the sex.-It was in the seemed in a measure domiciliated there; and all athletic struggles of the Olympic field in which, the indescribable advantages which such a situa- it is said, the young Washington delighted: it tion presented he seized with an avidity peculi- was on the classic ground of Greek and Roman arly his own. Knowledge seemed here intuitive literature, or in the forensic eloquence of the deto him, and sometimes, long before he was called bating society, he preferred to appear, and never upon to study a branch or author in succession, failed to shine. .His abilities in these latter are he had, in this inconscious, imperceptible manner, well known to many; and his speeches, when not not only acquired a tolerable idea, but actually altogether extemporaneous, might well become made himself master of the subject. Of every some of the oldest pleaders at the bar. advantage and mode of improvement he instantly Such was the character of Maj. John Reid, at availed himself; and while yet reputedly but a that artless time of life when the qualities of the novice in its duties, he had almost become the mind and beart can be most easily discovered, and Dean of the institution. To this desirable and such the sure presages of the distinguished, though this rapid advancement in all the routine of a col- swift career of glory, which all have seen him run. legiate education, he was greatly indebted as well After completing, at Lexington, in Rockbridge to the goodness and amenity of his disposition, county, in less time and more lustre than common, which made him so agreeable to all, as to the the ordinary course of academical education, it sprightliness of his genius and the studious habits still remained for him to decide upon the nature he acquired. In all the literary exercises of the of his future life; and to such qualifications as he school, he was invariably distinguished by the possessed, the profession of the law was assigned, students, the teachers, the trustees, and the neigh- as well by general consent, as the almost unavoidbourhood His name became a synonyma of ge-able inclination of his own mind. With Christonius and integrity. He was the foremost of his pher Clark, Esq. of Bedford county, he soon heclass as often as he chose to be so, though he was came a proficient in that study, and immediately often known to do an injustice to himself, before began to think of the theatre of his professional he would incur the displeasure of his class-mates career. At length he determined to visit the State by the invidious, though justifiable means of leav-of Tennessee; and nothing could so well display ing them behind him. the mutual anguish of this separation from his
The powers of his mind seemed to be exactly friends as his own feeling and elegant description balanced by those of his body. His personal, as after he became an inhabitant of that country. well as intellectual activity, were alike the sub-His letters to his parents and friends about that jeet of general remark, and recalled to the mind time, while they discover a sensitive, quick, and
The following memoir of the life of MAJOR JOHN REID, who was Aid to Gen. Jackson in the late war, we extract from the Lynchburg Press of
the 23d ult.
But a period was approaching, calculated at once to develope all the faculties of his nature, and to hasten to maturity that blooming crop of honours, to which they had long so deservedly entitled him. We mean the war. It was impossible for such a spirit and intelligence as he possessed to escape the notice of those who presided over the means, and felt themselves accountable for their use in the service of their country. An intimacy was accordingly formed between him and Gen. Jackson, whose Aid he soon became; and this intimacy,
As a man-candour, humour, honour, good sense, and a good disposition, abounded in his character. He was gay without guilt, and studious without austerity. He was lively, but not volatile-he was satirical, but not sour-he had wit without pride, and learning without pedantry. If any thing lay concealed, it was courage beneath modesty, and friendship behind a frank and amiable sincerity. His attachments were warm, as they came from the heart, abiding and disinterested. His company and conversation were courted by many, and ing been always a candidate for the public favour, and once for a seat in the house of representativescaressed while in the army, and afterwards, when out of it, followed and burdened with a flood of lively applauses, he had become for a time social and generous almost to an extreme. As a husband, or as a child, he was exemplarily affectionate; as a citizen we say nothing, for history shall tell. His comprehension was quick, and when engaged in an argument or conversation, his replies and repartees were given with a force and rapidity that astonished. He possessed, as we said before, an uncotamon share of true wit; and if, as is asserted, this brilliant quality is seldom united with a strong judgment or an inoffensive disposition, here is at least a distinguished exception. One knew not which to admire most, his sprightly and inventive genius, the shining nature of the colours, or the solid texture of his mind, the fascinating powers of his fancy, or the warm and tender affections of his heart. He was intimately acquainted with the lives of the principal characters of ancient Greece and Rome, and took great delight in contemplating the exploits of those renowned people. He equally admired their eloquence, their refinement, and their devotion to their country, and had he lived in those ages, no one would have strove with more ardour for the prizes; for we will venture to assert, few, if any, of modern times, possessed more emphatically a Roman soul.
accomplished understanding, are models of filial contracted-in times that tried the soul, and ceand social affection, and afford an interesting spec-mented by recollections of mutual dangers and untacle of youthful enterprise struggling at once paralleled privations, strengthened and increased with contrariant obligations, and the inseparable to the latest moments of his life. In the war with difficulties of such a situation. Here he became the Creek Indians, he was remarkable for his huacquainted with Miss Elizabeth Maury, daughter manity, a distinguishing trait in the character of of Maj. Abraham Maury, of Franklin, to whom ho the truly brave, made more so by the savage chawas married, and by whom he has left the posterity racter of the enemy. His military talents, and his of honour in the persons of a little son and daugh- public letters, if not official bulletins of the war, ter. Of his actual success and reputation at the have formed a blaze of never fading honours to bar, the author of this sketch is too imperfectly surround his name. No one stood so high in the acquainted to speak in this place; but no doubt estimation of his general; and the generous of the can exist that time would have evolved those enemy, whom he so signally aided to conquer and her sons-Far be talents there, which had shone so conspicuously in dispel, shall carry to another world, and enrol his name with the favourite every preceding period of his life; and we are it from us to detract any thing from the merits of credibly informed, that during the time of his remaining at New-Orleans, in one instance, $ 10,000, that illustrious commander who has rendered such and in another $7,000, annually, were offered him immertal services to his country: but it is well as an associate practitioner, by some of the most understood, that to the glorious success of the south-western campaigns, the council and the aid eminent lawyers of that place. of Maj. Reid essentially contributed-though he properly, distinctly, and uniformly ascribed it to the immediate interposition of Divine Providence. His official communications from the head-quarters of the army are public specimens of his style of writing, which was sprightly, strong, elegant and perspicuous. These were read with just delight by his countrymen at large, and suggested a confident belief, that the history which he proposed to write, in which he had made considerable prohav-gress, and for the copy right of which he had been offered thirty thousand dollars, would not have disappointed the expectations of the world. But, alas! while engaged in this work, with a mind ex panded by the varied stores of human learning, while buoyed on the incense of gratitude and honour in unbounded prospect of all that the world calls good or great; fitted by nature, art, and service for any post in the gift of his country-the idol of a numerous and respectable connection, before he had reached the meridian of life-in all, the pride of manly beauty, the commissioned arrow of resistless fate, whom he had braved so often on the field of battle, fastened in his bosom. At the house of his father, just after returning with Gen. Jackson from the city of Washington, he was seized with the typhoid pneumonia, which terminated his career in the uncommon short space of twenty hours. The fortitude with which he bore this excruciating illness astonished every spectator, and cheated to the last that ready torrent of tears and burst of lamentation which were to disturb him not, alas! in the calm repose of death.
But we will not insult the public grief by lame His name stands engraved on remarks of ours. that high monument of national glory, which the campaigns in which he took so conspicuous a part, have raised for our country. It will glitter in golden capitals in that fair volume of faithful history, which shall transmit to after times the wonders of our day. But though he has fallen as a diamond beneath the surface of society, no deep sea of mortal oblivion can hide him from our hearts. The circling waves, which have convulsed so deeply the bosom of his acquaintance here, shall encompass and convulse with grief the confines of the union.-Farewell, dear shade. The republic wreathes its laurels round the substance of thy glory; and long as memory holds her empire in our bosoms; long as friendship's hallowed flame burns warm around the living centre of the affecltions; long as valour, sense, or patriotism shall be
THE NATIONAL REGISTER.
honoured, thy name shall be remembered with
[No. 14. James Thomas, deputy quarter master general, to purchase immediately, and deposite at or near Buffaloe, flour for 5,000 troops for two months, besides the current issues; and Michael T. Simpson immediately thereafter proceeded to purchase flour from the country people; and in effecting the purchase, he presented himself as the agent
James Thomas, and entered into a contract in that character. Said Simpson procured in the vicinity of Batavia and Caledonia, about 1,500 barrels of flour, at or near the average price of 9 dollars per barrel, at these places, as it appears from the depositions and certificates of the persons from whom it was obtained, and Nos. from 1 to 16.
Of the committee appointed on the 11th of March last, to inquire into the state of the accounts (rendered and settled) of James Thomas, a deputy quarter master general of the United States; also to examine all accounts connected therewith.
April 24th, 1816.
Read, and ordered to lie upon the table.
On the 12th day of December, 1812, Michael T. Simpson charges the United States $ 29,155 for 2,205 barrels of flour, delivered at Caledonia and Batavia; $728 87 commission for purchasing the same, and 2,520 dollars for transporting 630 barrels of flour from Caledonia to Buffaloe. Between the 12th of December, 1812, and the 28th of June, 1813, Michael T. Simpson charges the U. States for a variety of articles of army supplies amounting, inclusive of the bill of the 12th of December, 1812, to the sum of 61,192 dollars and 15 1-2 cents, and James Thomas obtains Simpson's receipts for this sum, in nine separate bills and receipts which he renders as evidence of disbursement made by him on public account.
of the United States, and also to examine all ac-
James Thomas arrived in this city on the 12th instant, and made application to the committee to postpone a report on his case to the next session of Congress; the reasons assigned in support of this application are fully disclosed in the papers herewith submitted to the house as a part of this report, and marked No. 1. From which it will appear that the committee had neither time nor the means of pronouncing on the character of the transaction, or the conduct of James Thomas, without wholly disregarding the statements made by him to the committee.
That the committee have examined the subject The late accountant of the war department, to referred to them with as much care as a due at- whom the accounts were rendered, regarding Mitention to the current business of the house wouldchael T. Simpson as a citizen of the country, who permit. When the papers were referred to the had possessed himself of the articles sold to James committee, it was understood that James Thomas Thomas, with his own funds or credit, and at his was in the western country, and a letter was ad- own risk, in the ordinary course of business, condressed to him at Pittsburgh, informing him that sidered his receipts as good evidence of disbursea committee was appointed to examine and re- ment. But it was discovered, to the satisfaction port on his accounts. of the late accountant of the war department, (before the account was finally settled,) that Michael T. Simpson was not a citizen of that part of the country, but merely a way-faring person seeking employment, and that he had not be come possessed of the property sold to the public in the ordinary course of business, or at his own risk; but that he had purchased the same by means of the public funds in the hands of James Thomas. It was also disc wered that the flour was charged to the U. States at a rate much higher than its actual cost. The late accountant of the war department, therefore ordered the amount of Michael T. Simpson's receipts (except a part of the receipt for $10,510 25) to be taken from the credits of James Thomas, and suspended until the receipts of those persons from whom the articles were actually purchased should be produced as evidence of the disbursement, as well as the cost of the articles. This suspension seems to have been made on the principle, that Michael T. Simpson was the agent of James Thomas, and enabled to make the purchases aforesaid from the public funds in his hands. After this decision was made known, the copies of a Without designing to express any opinion in letter from James Thomas to Michael T. Simpson, relation to James Thomas, the committee submit of the 25th of November, 1812, and Simpson's anto the house the following statement of the case, swers, of the 28th of November and 4th of Deas it seems to have been presented to the ac- cember, 1812, were filed, in the hand writing of counting officers of the government for settle-James Thomas, with the intention of establishing ment, as well as the several occurrences which thereby the existence of a contract between Mihappened in the progress of the settlement. chael T. Simpson and James Thomas, in regard to the flour purchased by said Simpson. This evidence was deemed, by the late accountant, in
On the 22d day of November, 1812, Gen. Smyth, commanding on the Niagara frontier, ordered ||
So far, therefore, as James Thomas is concerned, the committee recommend a postponement of the case to the next session of Congress, so that the case may then undergo a more mature examination than can now be given to it.
The settlement made in this case by the accounting officers of the government seems to require examination; the settlement was made on the papers and documents now before the committee, and on the evidence alone the settlement and the principle on which it was made must stand the test of examination.
sufficient to authorise a change of the decision | tlement; so far only as relates to the disbursemade, and the account was closed, leaving a ba- ments made by Michael T. Simpson, there are lance due to the U. States, by James Thomas, of many accounts settled on principles which seem $133,087 84. From this decision James Tho- to the committee objectionable, but which must mas appealed to the accounting officers of the trea- now be admitted, without entering at all into the sury department; and the accounts were sent to question, whether or not the copies of letters and the treasury department by Peter Hagner, the certificates filed, establish a contract between acting accountant, by whom they were closed, on James Thomas and Michael T. Simpson, the comthe 14th day of July, 1814, for re-examination and mittee will only say, that if the evidence is cousifinal adjustment; where they were examined by dered authentic and sufficient to prove the existhe auditor of the treasury, and 2,411 dollars 80 tence of a contract, it is certainly competent also cents of the suspended items admitted to the cre- to prove that Michael T. Simpson misrepresented dit of James Thomas, leaving a balance due by the state of the market with a view to his advanhim to the U. States of $130,676 4 cents, The tage and the public injury. But the committee principles settled by the accountant of the war cannot regard any contract, made by a public adepartment were not changed by the admission gent, charged with providing supplies for the aforesaid. The accounts were reported to the public, however formal, which is fulfilled by late comptroller of the treasury on the 8th means of the public funds in his hands, in any day of August, 1814, by the auditor. It appears other light than as a badge of fraud. If such conthat the accounts were examined by the late comp- tracts are countenanced and drawn into practice, troller, and that he did not alter the balance or it must supercede the necessity as well as the change the principles settled at the war depart.propriety of requiring any public agent to render ment: he was, in the opinion of the committee, receipts (from those persons who have the arti prevented from deciding finally on the case by a cles wanted for public use procured by their inprotest filed in his office by James Thomas, on dustry with their own funds and at their own risk) the 12th of August, 1814, alleging, amongst o- as evidence of price and payment; because this ther things, that his accounts, since they were rule imposes much labor on honest agents, withrendered to the accountant of the war depart-out affording any barrier against fraud and dishoment, had been mutilated and robbed of docu-nesty; for what is more easy of accomplishment ments and vouchers belonging thereto. The com- than for a public agent, inclined to defraud the mittee deem it proper to state that this charge of public, to enter into a formal contract with a mutilation and robbery is not supported by any friend (whose moral feelings suits the occasion) evidence yet disclosed. to deliver property suited to the public wants, at a specified price, exceeding the market price; and then by means of the public funds in his hands to enable his friend to fulfil the contract for their mutual benefit.
On the 5th day of April, 1815, James Thomas requested the present comptroller of the treasury to permit him to withdraw his appeal, and to submit his case again to the present accountant of the war department, together with evidence not before rendered, in support of the suspended items in his account. This request was granted, and the accounts were sent to the present accountant of the war department on the 6th day of April, 1815. James Thomas filed with the accountant of the war department copies of several letters and certificates, which are on the files, re- It cannot be doubted that Michael T. Simpson lating to the suspended items, and supposed to purchased the 2,205 barrels of flour with the aid contain evidence of a contract between Michael of the public funds in the hands of James ThoT. Simpson and James Thomas, as to the flour mas, and it is worthy of remark that there is no and the prices thereof. With regard to these let-conflict between the depositions filed by M. Porters and certificates, the committee have sought ter and the copies of certificates furnished by in vain for the originals, which are not now to be James Thomas: they relate to different parcels found in the public offices; and the copies obtain-of ed by the committee are extracts taken from a pamphlet written by James Thomas, in defence of himself.
Cases may be supposed, and may occur in practice, where contracts made by a public agent to furnish supplies with the aid of the public funds, which it is the agents duty to furnish, may be right, but those possible cases must be accompa nied with peculiar circumstances, and on those circumstances their justification must rest.
flour, the first are specified as to quantity and price, the latter are general.
The committee, therefore, cannot but regard the principle on which the suspended item for $32,403 87 was allowed as erroneous and destructive of all accountability.
The accountant of the war department restated the account, and admitted the suspended items for payments made to Michael T. Simpson to the credit of James Thomas on the following groundspended 1st. The charge for 2,205 barrels of flour, commission and transportation was admitted, because, in the opinion of the accountant, the evidence aforesaid establishes a contract between Simpson and Thomas for the flour at a specified price; 24. The residue of the suspended items are admitted to the credit of James Thomas, except $201 10 charged as commission, because it does not appear that Michael T. Simpson was the acknowledged agent of James Thomas.
The foregoing is in substance a correct state. ment of the settlement of the accounts of James Thomas, and the principles established in the set
The principles on which the residue of the susitems were allowed, seems to the committee to be equally or more objectionable.
It is evident that the supplies were purchased by means of the public funds in the hands of James Thomas, and intended for the public use, to which they were alone suited; no man in the right use of his reason would have possessed himself of the articles in the prosecution of any ordinary business; and to consider Mr. Simpson unconnected in some way with the public officer is absurd, especially after he had charged a commission on part of his purchases. The receipts of those persons who were the original owners of the property, or who have acquired it at their own