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maintained that character. The auditor replied || sary to secure his person. Your excellency must he had nothing to do with the justice or injustice see what little foundation there can be for such of the case, that his duty was to execute the royal must appear no less extraordinary, that a citizen
an assertion; and even admitting it to be true, it order, and that Mr. Meade must pay down the of the United States should be arrested for the sum required or go to prison. Accordingly he payment of a sum of money, which his majesty was conducted to the castle of St. Catalina.
himself acknowledges to have in his possession
The case is certainly one of the most extraordiBefore Mr. Meade left his house, he directed nary that is to be found in the history of Europe; Mr. James Robinett to take charge of the consu
and I, in my official capacity as consul for the lar seals, and transact the business; which he did such by his H. C. M. being especially charged by
United States of America, and acknowledged as until the arrival of Mr. Cathcart a short time after. my own government, to watch over and protect The following is the official correspondence the citizens of my nation, beg leave to inform
your excellency, in the most respectful manner, that insued :
that I do most solemnly protest against the arrest
and imprisonment of Mr. Richard Meade, a citi. No. I.
zen of the said U. States, who was, when so ar
rested, charged with, and discharging the duties CONSULATE OF THE UNITED STATES. of my consular office in this city--and also, as James Leander Cathcart, consul of the United Statesticles of the treaty of commerce, existing between
being altogether contrary to the 7th and 20th arat Cadiz, to his ercellency the Marquis de Cas- || the United States and H. C. majesty. The afore. tilldorius, captain general and commander in chief said Mr. Richard Meade is actually confined in an af the province of Andalusia and governor of || apartment which has heretofore been used as a Cadiz.
dungeon, with a centry constantly kept in view,
and all this, merely because he would not sub. Cadiz, May 14, 1816.
mit to the payment of the money acknowledged Sin,-On my return to this city on the 11th | by his majesty to be within his control: I caninst. I learnt the most extraordinary information, not, therefore, do less than declare to your excel. that Mr. Richard Meade, a citizen of the United lency, that as this act must be viewed by my go. States, and pro-consul thereof, in my absence, Ivernment with marked dissatisfaction, I must be should have been required by H. M. to pay a cer- | permitted to avail myself of my official character, tain sum of money, or to give such security as in its fullest meaning and extent, to demand the should be approved by the royal consulate of this liberation of Mr. Richard Meade; and in case city for the eventual payment thereof, and in de your excellency should not consider yourself fully fect of both, to have his person secured; that uthorized to do so, in consequence of his arrest the said consulate, not approving of the security having taken place by a superior order, which I of said Mr. Meade, your excellency had ordered understand runs thus :-That in case he should not him to be confined in the Castle of St. Catalina, pay or secure the amount, that his person was to be where he continues to be held, under charge of secured, I come forward, and, without hesitation, a military guard. It is not possible for ine, sir, ! pledge both my public and private character to to express my surprise at this outrage, after hav- l be responsible for Mr. Meade's person, that he ing seen, by the most undeniable documents, pre- may be permitted to return to his own dwelling sented to me by Mr. Meade, that H. C. M. had, house, praying, at the same time, that your exby his own royal sign manual, acknowledged the cellency will be pleased to grant him your passainout in question to be considered as deposited port, that he may, with his family, go to Madrid, in the royal treasury, and that under date of 14th and there represent the peculiar hardship of his August, last year, a royal order to your excel- case to his catholic majesty, and defend his rights lency's predecessor was communicated in the fol. under the auspices of the envoy extraordinary lowing words, to wit:-“ His majesty has been and minister plenipotentiary of my nation; and in pleased to order by the royal decree under his the event, that your excellency shall not consider own signature-that in the mean time, and until yourself sufficiently authorized to grant the nethe necessary funds shall be forthcoming to re. cessary passport for Madrid, I request he may
be alize this deposit, it is his majesty's desire, that permitted, under my responsibility, to remain in the governor or sub-delegate of the royal revenue his own house, until he can receive an answer at Cadiz, shall suspend all further proceedings from court, as well as the expected information against Mr. Meade, and that the process be re
of the arrival of the minister plenipotentiary of tumed to the Consejo, to be there recorded and the United States. I am also to solicit your exheld in view for the execution of the final sen- cellency, that you may be pleased to order, thit tence that may issue upon an appeal.” It seems authenticated copies of the royal order, and of incredible, that while this affair should be depend every proceeding consequent thereon, as well as ing under an appeal before the supreme Consejo of the official letter to the governor of the castle of the war, that such an order as that now con- wherein Mr. Mcade is coirfined, may be furnished plained of, should have been issued in virtue of me, as also of this letter, which I declare to be secret proceedings held in the department of my formal protest, and of the decree which your state, and that, without any decision having been excellency may think proper to issue thereon, that had upon the subject in the Consejo Supremo, and I may forward the whole to Madrid by a courier that the pretext alledged by the person demand. extraordinary, for the information of the aforesaid ing the money, which produced this order, should minister plenipotentiary of the United States who be that Mr. Meade was about running away from is shortly expected there. this city, and that, therefore, it became neces
(Signed us usual.)
original papers, that the case is altogether of a Answer of the captain general of Andalusia, dated | civil nature, and actually depending before a
commercial tribunal, I cannot do less than esCadiz, May 16, 1816.
press to your excellency my surprise at the course Sir,- The imprisonnent of Mr. Richard Meade of proceedings hari in regard to this gentleman, took place in virtue of a decree of the royal und || for no other reason than his refusing to pay the supreme council of war, with the advice and con- same amount a second time, which he had already sent of his majesty; which ordered, that if the deposited under the orders of a competent triamount required was not inmediately deposited bun.1, in the treasury of his majesty, as formally in the treasury of the consulado or secured to the land solemnly acknowledged under the sign manual full satisfaction of that tribunal, his arrest should of his m.ijesty himself, with his majesty's injunctake place; and that he was not able to meet tion that monies should be collected from other either, you appear to be very fully informed about, sources, for the expressi purpose of reimbursing as I observe by your official letter of the 14th inst. || the same in the royal treasury. containing a course of reasoning altogether un- I have requested of your excellency to be fur. necessary, undertaking to prove that I should not nished with the proceedings had in consequence have ordered Mr. Meade's imprisonment, as be of the last royal order, which commanded the ing contrary to treaties and the justice of his arrest of Mr. Meade's person. Your excellency cause, &c. all which may be represented in a replies, that you are not obliged to furnish me more decorous manner to the supreme authority, with them, because they had been furnished to with whom the decree of his arrest originated, || Mr. Meade. As the representative of my nation, and not to me, who am a mere executive officer; I have to account to the envoy extraordinary and nor can I conceive that I am called upon to furnish minister plenipotentiary of my govemment as to you with the official copies of the proceedings || any occurrence that may hiappen within the limits you require, the same having been already fur- of my jurisdiction regarling the citizens of my nished to Mr. Richard Meade, as the party' most nation, and, in like manner, to the government immediately concerned. This tribunal is very of my country: and anxious of discharging my far from aggravating the case of Mr. Meade; but, anty with thai precision which an affair of so ex. on the contrary, feel every disposition to grant traordinary and so much publicity demands, inhim every facility in their power, consistent with volving no less than the liberty of an American the faithful execution of their orders, which for- citizen, and the rights of my country, it becomes bid his being permitted to return to his own house, | my indispensable duty to repeat my request, that and much less granting a passport to proceed to your excellency will be pleased to order the no. Madrid; but if you will become responsible for || tary having charge of this business, to furnish me Mr. Meade, to the full extent, I will submit the with authenticated copies of the said royal order, same to the tribunal of the consulado, and if con- and all other proceedings, such as they may be sidered by them as satisfaictory, I will be enabled at this date, including the orders to the governor to decree accordingly, is in justice may be right of the castle of St. Catalina, where Mr. Meade is
held a prisoner--the expenses of which I will No. JII.
Pay. James Leunder Cathcart, Esq. consul of the l'uited
i observe that your excellency cannot condeStates, at Cadi:, to his excellency the captainscend to my request of permitting Mr. Meade to general and governor of Cadiz, in reply to the
return to bis own house, and much less to grantforeguing.
ing him a passport for Madrid; and you are pleas
ed to add, that if I would become his security CONSULAT E OF THE UNITED STATES,
to the full extent of my responsibility, you would Cadiz, May 17th, 1816. lay the same before the tribunal of the consulado, Sin.--In reply to your excellency's letter of and if approved you would give the necessary orthe 16th insta.nt, concerning the imprisonment of ders. I have offered, and I repeat my offer again Mr. Richard Meade, a citizen of the United States, to your excellency, that I am ready to pledge my I must be permitted to represent to your excel-responsibility in iis fullest extent and meaning for lency, that in addition to the instruction which I the person of Mr. Meade, being all that the royal have from my government, it has always been, order requires, making myself answerable, as well and is my wish to treat the constituted authorities in my public as in my private capacity, that be near which I reside, with that decorum and re- shall not absent himself from this city before the spect which are due; but your excellency must termination of the affair in question. not be strprised that, as a representative of my
(Signed as usual.) nation, I vust remonstrate, with that energy that is becoming the present case, when I sec a citizen
No. IV. of the United States, and one of its most respect-Rejoinder of the captain general to Mr. Cathcart. able characters, treated like a criminal, and held,
Cadiz, May 20th, 1816. to this tirne, confined in a dungeon, with a cen- Se-In consequence of your letter of the 17th tinel in view, who will not permit him to walk | instant, I have issued my order, an exemplificathe distance of ten paces from the door of his tion of which you will find herewith for your in. prison. When such conduct is observed to a citi- || formation: zen of the nation I represent, I should be wanting
“ Cadiz, May 20th, 1816. in duty to my government and to myself, if I did “ His excellency the captain general of Anda. not use my utmost endeavours to ascertain the lusia, civil and military governor of this city, cause, and to obtain the official documents, from having seen and examined the proceedings, as which I could ascertain, whether this individual well as the last official letter from the consul of has been guilty of a crime that would deserve the United States, relative to the case of Mr. Risuch treatment; and particularly when I see, by lchard Meade, has been pleased to order, and does
hereby order, that a copy of the last paragraph || consul of the U. States of America ; but on the of said official letter be laid before the tribunal contrary, is a very decent apartment, plaistered of the consulado of this city, that under the fuil and with a large window, and such as is occasion. knowledge they possess of the resolution taken ally occupied by persons of all classes, and if Mr. by the royal and supreme council of war, which Meade should not be overcome by his own feel. directs that the security to be admitted from Mr.ings, arising from his confinement, he must acRichard Meade shall be to their entire satisfacknowledge that I have treated him with such tion: will please to signify whether they approve friendship, respect, and consideration as are comthat now offered by the aforesaid consul, as well || patible with the necessary safety of his person, as in his public, as in his private capacity, and upon ordered by the supreme councii; for it is a fact, their answer being obtained, further order will that he can walk up and down in view of the cenbe taken as respects the instructions given to the tinel, and that he is the whole day accompanied by governor of the castle of Santa Catalina, as well his relatives and friends, without any other morti. as the propriety of furnishing the notarial copies fication than that of being shut up ai night, which of the proceedings so strongly insisted upon- I cannot avoid ; for although I suppose, from Mr. meantime he will be handed a copy of this order, Meade's respectable character, that he would be accompanied by an official letter, that he may be equally as safe walking the streets of Cadiz, as if so far informed for his government.
confined in the narrowest dungeon; yet there is - Thus decreed and adopted with the knowledge no law by which I could persuade the officer on
and approbation of the auditor of war; and guard that his responsibility would not be increassigned by his excellency the governor-also, ed, by the prisoner having the full liberty of the LINARES, and
whole fortress, which by its locality, would easily RODERIGUEZ PELAEZ. facilitate his departure, if so intended, as has been This is a true copy from the original on record, the case with others. in obedience to the orders of the royal and su- The consul of the U. States called the day bepreme council of war, to demand and obtain from fore yesterday to charge me with your total want Richard Meade a certain security by this court, of knowledge of Mr. Meade being closely confinnow certified, the head notary of the department | ed, and I could not avoid observing, by his impeof war for this city; and in proof thereof, 1 here- rious tone, that he has taken up this business very 4 lito set my hand this 20th day of May, 1816. Warmly, all which I beg leave to make known to (Signed,) JOSEF RODRIGUEZ PELAEZ. your excellency in answer to your official letter of
yesterday, and the request that you will in conseNo. V.
quence have the goodness to instruct me in what letter from Juan Antonio de Sarillo, guvernor of the capacity Mr. Meade is to be continued in this for
castle of Santa Catalina, to his excellency the cap-
God preserve your excellency's life for many
years, &c. Most excellent Sir-Don Richard Mcade was
No. VI. conducted to this fortress on the 2 inst. by the
Cadiz, May 21, 1816. adjutant Don Sebastian Ortiz, as I informed your excellency by my official communication of same OFFICIAL DECREE OF THE CONSULADO. day, and in consequence of the order of the 30, he We have seen the official communication of was left here in quality of a person under arrest. your excellency of yesterday, and having fully con Some days after this, he observed to me, that it | sidered its contents, we can only inform you, that your excellency should officially require to be in the security proposed by the consul of the United formed whether he was sufficiently secure in this states, as therein explained, is neither in its nature fortress, that I would do him a great kindness to nor object, such as could be approved of or adreport so, that he should not be removed ; to || niissible by this tribunal which I replied with my accustomed frankness, God preserve your excellency's life many years. that my conduct should altogether he governed (Signed) MIGUEL DE MARSON, by the tenor of my orders, and that if it required
NICHOLAS BLANA, the security of his person, I could not do other.
MIGUEL DE CARRASGUEDA. wise than remove him to one of the apartments Whereupon the captain general thought proper calculated for that purpose, as I never chuse to to decree as follows: run the risk of being implicated for any person,
Canz, May 22, 1816. nor would I willingly have the officer of the guard His excellency Don Francisco Xavier de Osno, run any risk. On the 13th I received your excel || marquis de Castelldorius, captain general of Anlency's letter of the 11th, here alluded to, and dalusia, and civil and military governor of this ci. wishing to remove all doubts that may arise a
ty- -on a full view of the proceedings, and of the buut the escape of Mr. Meade ; you desired I would resolution passed by the tribunal of the consulta inform you, whether the apartment in which he ||do, as well as of the explanation given by the go. was confined in this fortress was sufficiently se- vernor of the castle of Santa Catalina, on the vacured, under the responsibility of the persons rious expositions made by the consul of the United charged with his safe keeping ; upon which I || States, in favor of the citizen of his nation, Mr. Rifreely communicated the order to him, and that it || charu Meade': His excellency declares, that feel. was indispensible that he should be transferred to || ing himself obliged faithfully to observe the tenor the apartment destined for him, as represented to of the royal mandate of the supreme council of war, your excellency by my note of the 14th. But I which he has himself obeyed, and caused to be must observe, that it is not such a dungeon as is strictly carried into execution ; reduced in submade use of for criminals sentenced io capital stance to the alternative of the amount in litigation punishment, as is so strongly exaggerated by the ll being paid down, or causing the same to be secur
ed to the satisfaction of the consulado of this city, | famation, and who riot in the spoils of reputation and in defect of both, to arrest and hold the per- land virtue, could have called from our naval he. son of the said Meade ; and he having failed in the first part, and not satisfying the tribunal of the con
roes one drop of ink-heroes, who, by their sulado as to the security offered by the said consul, skill, enterprise, and prowess, have established it is hereby declared that his liberation cannot be an honest fame, at the expense of their foes; a granted under the aforesaid guarantee; and where
fame that wants no ink or paper support. The as it becomes an imperious duy to secure Meade's person in the castle of Santa Catalina, which from shafts of its calumniators, like arrow's hurled at its locality demands all the precautions adopted the sun, only rebound upon the heads of the as. by the governor thereof, and those being very || sailants, whilst a dignified silence is preserved by compatible with humanity and the respect due to the said Meade, and which probably might be more
the persons attacked. Tne English nation now aggravating, if removed to another prison for stands humbled and chagrined; they feel their greater security, which would not require the disgrace, and like some pettish old woman, they same precautions : It is decreed by his excellen
are desirous to cover their shame with a multi. cy, that he be continued where he is, under the circumstances heretofore observed, if he should tude of words, and if they can bring into the disnot prefer the royal prison, (the common jail,) || pute the pens of those whose swords have inand that this resolution be made known to the con. flicted the rankling wound, they flatter them. sul of the U. States, by his being furnished with || selves with the hope of victory. At the worst," copies of these proceedings, and of all the others by him demanded, with the exception of the royal they have nothing to lose. order of the supreme council which contains expres- We cannot but believe, that if Capt. Porter sions indicating secrecy; and that if he should be had given the subject a little more reflection, he ! disposed to complain of that supreme tribunal, it would have considered it deserving his contempt. will itself resolve whether or not he shall be fur. nished with a copy of its proceedings: thus de- He now possesses, and long has done, the good creed and ordered with the knowledge and con- opinion of all the virtuous and good citizes of sent of Don Rafael Linares, and Quadrudo, auditor his own country and the world ; and nothing he of war. (Signed) CASTELLDORIUS,
can say in reply to the attacks of his wicked caLINARES,
lumniators can increase it. The circumstances JOSE RODRIGUEZ PELAEZ. which gave rise to this correspondence are these':
In a number of the Quarterly Review, edited by The foregoing are true copies of the official cor. respondence and original proceedings as recorded
one Gifford, who, it seems, is employed by the on my registers, in conformity with the royal or members of the British government, there appear. der of the supreme council of war, and of this ed a base and abusive attack on the character of court and notarial office of which I am in special commodore Porter. This article was considered charge, to all which I refer, in compliance with the orders therein contained, the whole to be fur.
too gross even to be noticed by the American edite nished to the consul of the U. States of America, ors, until a man, who was once known in this counaccompanied by the following official letter from try by the appellation of Peter Porcupine, and who his excellency. (Signed)
now calls himself Cobbett, volunteered his services, JOSE RODRIGUEZ PELAER.
and abused Gifford in return, thereby preparing Cadiz, May 24, 1816. By the enclosed copies of the proceedings, you the way to introduce himself to captain Porter's will be informed of the determination taken by notice, to whom he addressed the following letter, the tribunal of the Consulado, as well as of that by through the medium of his Political Register, and the governor of the castle of Santa Catalina of this place, as also of mine, adopted in consequence,
to which com. Porter has condescended to reply.which requires the arrest and detention of Don The insertion of this letter appears necessary as it Ricardo Meade, a citizen of your nation.
is the ground work of the letter in reply. (Signed) El Marques de CASTELLDORIUS.
SR-In the last Quarterly Review but one, there To the Consul of the U. States
was a very base attack upon your character and of America, in this city,
conduct. In order to convince you, that you ought
not to suppose that all my countrymen approved CAPT. PORTER AND THE QUARTERLY of such vile publications, I inserted in No. 11 of
this volume, a letter to the author or editor of REVIEW.
that work, whose name is William Gifford. I thero In recording the following correspondence, we gave an account of this literary hero; but in my çannot refrain from expressing our astonishment statement of what he received out of our taxes, I
was, I find, guilty of an omission, which I now at go novel a proceeding on the part of Captain | proceed to correct. I said that he had been rePorter. We confess ourselves at a loss how to warded with a sinecure of more than 3001. under account for it, except by supposing the commo- the title of Clerk of the Foreign Estreats, and that dore's indignation, and not his reflection, was
he was a Commissioner of the Lottery. But I now
find that he has another place; that is, the place awake. We did not suppose that the whole tribe of “ Paymaster of the Band of Gentlemen Pensionof garrulous British writers, whose trade is de lers," at 3001. a year. A most suitable office, you..
will say for the whipper-in of a set of hired Re- they have received the admiration which is due to viewers! What particular Band of pensioners this them; and there are many men in England, amongst may be I do not know. Perhaps the whole Band whom I am one, who most sincerely wish you may be Reviewers ; if so sir, I leave you to guess health, happiness and success in your present im. what a chance the journal of your celebrated cruize portant employment of adding to the strength of stood in their hands!
that navy, towards the fame of which you have so I gave an account in No. 11 of the conduct of largely contributed. We, who entertain these this writer in the cases of Peter Pindar and An- wishes, are very far from desiring to see the power thony Pasquin, and also of the conduct and cha. || and fame of our own country diminished. We racter of the Judge Kenyon. In short, I shewed || are for the prosperity and honor of England in what the baseness of Reviewing really was, in Eng- || preference to those of all the rest of the world. land. But sir, I must again beg of you and your But, we by no means believe, that the overturning countrymen and all foreigners, to keep your eye l of yoursystem of government, that the extinguishsteadily fixed upon this fact that writers like Mr. ing of the example set by you, would tend to the Gifford, are in this country, absolutely in pay of prosperity and honor of England, it being imposthe government; that is to say, they live upon the sible for us to have an idea of national prosperity taxes, and of course assist in producing pauperism and honor, not accompained with real liberty. In and missery. This is not the case in your coun- short, we are not beasts enough to believe, that try. There a writer if he get rich, or if he live by our prosperity, or our honor, would be advanced the pen, must receive his income from the people by our enabling a gang of care little about his readers-his payers are the you ; and, therefore, in every undertaking, which only persons that he need care for, or that he does does not tend to the abridgment of the known care for. This writer must have known very well rights of our country, and which do tend to give how base it was in him to assault your character, to freedom power to struggle against, and finally in the manner that he did ; what a shameful pros- | to overcome despotism, we most cordially wish titution of talent he was guilty of; but his mind had for many years been made up to that, and had
I am, Sir, been seared against all reflections of this sort. You will naturally ask, how we can tolerate, how
Your most obedient servant, we can endure, how we can submit to see our money raised from us in taxes, and earned
WM. COBDETT. our sweat and almost with our very blood; you will naturally ask, how we can subnit to see our money P. S. This very minute I have received a letter given to a man like this, while we see nearly two from a gentleman in Sussex, whom I never had millions of paupers overspread the land. If indeed, the pleasure to see in my life, informing me that he had ever in his whole lifetime rendered any accident has put into his hands, and that he has sort of service to the country; if he had strved, | forwarded to me, a part of the gilued ropes, made at any time of his life in the army, the navy, or in use of in the vessels engaged in the cver memoraany other branch of public business, there might || ble fight on the Serpentineriver, which ropes i will, be some excuse for the heaping of these sums of | as soon as possible, most assuredly send to you. money on him; but, to give this man who was a few Perhaps you may have forgotten the piece of Na. years ago tutor to lord Belgrave, and who has neverval History here referred to. In 1814, when the been in any kind of public employ, an income to kings, our allies, were in England, there was a equal that of 5 or 6 Lieutenants of the Navy, is, sea-fight in miniature contrived, in order to give you will say, an act for which the employers of them an idea of our prowess. The scene was a this man ought to be hanged, it being neither more large pond in one of the pauks near London. Here nor less than a robbery of the people.
vessels were erected, guns put on board of them However, sir, I think I can now defy Mr. Gifford's and every thing else done that was calculated to talent at falsehood and deception as far as relates give the thing an air of reality. The English Fleet to America ; and if he continue to deceive the and the American Fleet came to action in fine style ; people here, those people are not to be pitied the contest was uncommonly obstinate: but, at He is one of those, whose labours, though they last, poor Jonathan was compelled to haul down tend to keep up the delusion for a while, will in his “bits of striped bunting," and "submit to our the end, make the fall of the tyranny more com- | gallant and magnanimous tars.". At this result of plete and more memorable.
the combat, not less than perhaps two hundred I have the pleasure to assure you, that every thousand voices made the air ring with shouts of one, whom I have heard speek on the subject, has | triumph ; while, at very nearly the same moment, reprobated the cowardly and viperous attack made a whole squadron of real English ships were haul. on you by this sinecure assailant; but, strange | ing down their colors to an inferior American as you will think it very few persons here know squadron, commanded by Commodore M'Dothat his statement which represents the Essex to nough, on Lake Champlain! We who really love have been captured by one English ship is a false. | our country, do not think her honored in victories hood! There is hardly any one in England, out of like that of the Serpentine river ; nor, though we the pale of the admiralty, who does not firmly be are always sorry to hear of any of our countrymen lieve that you were beaten and captured by the || being defeated, when we consider them merely as Phoebe alone! But you could know the state of our countrymen, can we lament at their overthrow our press, you would not wonder at this. As to and humiliation, when we consider them the tools all matters, relating to the war with America, this of despotism, employed in the work of destroying nation generally speaking, are nearly as ignorant liberty abroad, in order to enable that despotism as are the dogs and horses. As far however as the more firmly to rivet the chains about our own truth has made its way with regard to its exploits," necks.