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ner in which the elephant prepares himself for | gingerbread, and nothing else. A gentleman was
the reception of his formidable antagonist! In all once standing beside him, whose pocket was in
other cases, he elevates his club when he medi-the reach of his proboscis, which, without any
tates a deadly blow. In the present instance, it | sort of ceremony, and without even an apology
would give to his enemy an unnecessary advan- || for his impertinence, the animal proceeded to
tage; it would leave the passage between his fore|| rifle. He found there something of about the
legs unguarded. The sagacious animal seems | weight, size, dimensions, shape, and colour of a
sensible of this, and, lowering his head, lays his cake of gingerbread, and having so many evi-
proboscis between his fore legs, to its whole ex-dences before him, was not very scrupulous in his
tent, and waits for the arrival of his foe. At the inquiries. Probably remembering the lines of
moment of his arrival, the receding blow is given, || Shakespeare, “ thou com’st in such a questiona.
which, while it guards him from the horn, lays ble shape, that I will call thee gingerbread,” he
his enemy prostrate in the dust : his proboscis is swallowed it without hesitation; it was only a
thus rendered, at one and the same instant of pocket book containing a comfortable variety of
time, an engine both of assault and of defence. bank notes, confidential letters, and undrawn tick-
When annoyed by the flies in their passage through | ets in a lottery. He was undoubtedly, according
a forest, they will pluck with their trunks a bough, to the rigid rules of the English common law, a
and whip the insects away, with all the dexteritypick-pocket; but if an indictment had been pre.
of a beaux with his pocket handkerchief: they ferred, we strongly incline to the opinion, that
have even been seen with these fans soliciting the he might have alleged, in his defence, that he
presence of the zephyr, with as much maiden ef- was educated in that strange system of ethics,
feminacy as if their delicate frames would tan which taught him to believe that every pocket in
under the influence of the solar beams. This the universe was made for his picking:
docile, amiable, tractable, intelligent, and heroic The instances of docility recorded of this ani.
animal belongs to the hog species. It behooves mal are altogether surprising. The late Tippoo
us, therefore, out of gratitude to him, to treat Saib possessed an elephant which had been badly
his brethren with more respect than we have wounded in several engagements with the Eng-
hitherto done. This hog has even a species of lish. In one of these battles an English surgeon
foppery attached to his character. The elephant was made prisoner of war. As the art of surgery
who has been in the service of a monarch, and was imperfectly known in the dominions of Tip-
shining in all the paraphernalia of regal magnifi- | poo, this was thought an invaluable capture. This
cence, passes by, with contempt and disdain, a surgeon was employed, and liberally paid for his
brother of his who is not decorated with the same services. Tippo at length told his captive that
gaudy trappings. We well remember the remark his favourite elephant was badly wounded, and
of a gentleman who had devoted soine of his that he must attend to the recovery of this formi-
leisure hours to Buffon's biography of an ele- dable patient. The English surgeon remonstrated
phant. He was mortified when he came to this against the peril of this practice; but the reply
obnoxious trait in the character of his hero, and of the monarch was short and conclusive-his head
observed, with singular emphasis, that he felt should answer for his neglect of his majesty's
much regret that so noble an animal should not command. His majesty attended the three or
be endowed with an ambition beyond the pride our first visits of the surgeon to the four-footed
of dress. What a caustic, corrosive, but at the patient, and while the ball was extracting, spoke
same time, unconscious satire was conveyed into the beast in a tone of command. The elephant
these words, not on an elephant, but on man! | obeyed his master; and amidst the groans ex-
The elephant who has been murdered in Massa- cited by the pain of the operation, while the tears
chusetts once acted a felonious part; and if he were streaming from his eyes, offered no symp-
had known the criminality of the act, would un- toms of resistance or of annoyance. After his
doubtedly have merited the death of other mal. || wounds had received two or three dressings, and
factors. It was customary for his visitants to place the anguish of his pain had abated, the elephant,
cakes of gingerbread in their pockets, and to with the other patients, would visit the surgeon
approach this animal, to observe with what dex- in his tent, and wait for the assistance of the
terity he would rifle and gormandize the contents medical hand with all the gravity of an intelli-
of these recesses, by the agency of his being. Who that distinguishes such traits,
From this fact the elephant drew this sage con- such evident symptoms of approximation to man,
clusion, that every pocket was made for his ac. does not feel something like a fellow sympathy
commodation, and that they always contained for the murder of this animal! But this assassin.

ation will not be without its use. It will teach

PUBLIC DOCUMENTS. mankind that they have indeed lost the glorious image of their Maker: it will teach us that many

UNITED STATES BANK. of our species are indeed degraded to a station Letter from the Secretary of the Treasury to the

Bank Commmissioners at Philadelphia. below the brutes; that in mercy and compassion,

Treasury Department, Aug. 15, 1816. those distinguishing attributes of the Deity, some

Gentlemen, of us are further removed from his presence than The information communicated to this Departbeasts; that this elephant, if he had only been || ment renders it probable, that in the course of a endowed with speech, would have been enabled few days, the sum of 8,400,000 dollars in gold to have preached to this model of human bru. // and silver coin, and in the public debt, will have

been actually received, on account of the subscriptality, lessons of humanity and benevolence.

tions to the capital of the Bank of the United

States, exclusively of the public subscription : LOCUSTS.

and it will then be your duty, to notify a time and Extract of a letter to the Editor, dated Northamp- place within the city of Philadelphia, for the elec. ton Court House, N. C. Aug. 8, 1816, tion of the directors, who are to be chosen by the

stockholders. As an incident, in the performance “ The locusts which appeared in such swarms

of this duty, it is presumed, that you will deem it in this neighbourhood, and of which mention was

proper to provide a suitable building for commade in the 16th number of the National Regis- | mencing the business of the Bank, at the place ter,* disappeared about the last of June, without designated for holding the election ; and conforhaving committed any perceptible injury, except || will, no doubt, be disposed to make such other

ming to the general nature of your trust, you that of having destroyed a few of the small preparatory arrangements, as will facilitate and branches of the trees which they occupied. accelerate the operations of the institution. It is,

“This was effected by their penetrating so deep | indeed, of high importance to the people, as well into the limb of the tree, with what some term

as to the government, that the Bank of the United

States should be in an organized and active state their dart, as to weaken it in such a degree as to before the 20th of February next, when the paper cause it to break and wither. These punctures of the State Banks, which have not returned to were made by them in order that they might || lection of duties and taxes; and when such Banks

payments, must be rejected in the col. there deposit their eggs, were they yet remain will, unavoidably, cease to be the depositaries of I send you herewith one of those branches, which, the public revenue. by opening, you will find contains thousands of the President to recommend that you cause to be

In this view of the subject, I am authorized' by the eggs. You will also have an opportunity of

prepared such books, engravings, and paper, as seeing in what manner they split the limb, in you shall deem necessary for the commencement order to make a place of deposite for their eggs. I of the business of the Bank, as soon as the direcThese eggs must either hatch in the course of tors shall be chosen by the stockholders. If, how. the present summer, or they will, in all proba. | consult the directors who have been appointed

ever, an opportunity occurs, it will be proper to bility, be entirely closed up by the growth of the by the government, although not members of your sap over them."

Board, upon the measures pursued, in conseIn the above letter was enclosed a small branch || quence of this recommendation.

With the advantages of the proposed anticipa. of a tree, of about three eighths of an inch di- tion, it is believed, that the Bank of the United ameter, the bark of which was split the whole States may be in operation before the 1st of Jalength, and, at the distances of about half an inch, nuary next; and a hope is still indulged, that the

State Banks will either conform to that event, or punctures were made, which had the appearance adopt the period contemplated by the Legisla. of having been bored with a bodkin, obliquely, ture (the 20th of February) for a general resumpextending lengthwise of the grain of the wood, tion of specie payments. and were found to be perforated to the pith or

I have the honor to be, Gentlemen, very res. pectfully,

, your most ob't serv't. heart of the limb, in which were deposited the

A. J. DALLAS. eggs, as they have been termed; but on examin. Messrs. Jones, ing them with a glass of about half an inch focus,

GIRARD, they appeared to be perfectly organized insects,


Commissioners, &c

LEIPER, & possessing all the appearance of a full grown

Evans. locusţ, except the wings. The legs, and small specks in the head which had the appearance of

PLASTER OF PARIS. eyes, were plainly discernable, but they did not appear to possess life, and very few of them any

From the Boston Daily Advertiser, Aug 14. moisture. Whether these ever will possess life is

The following is an abstract of the law of the tion we shall !eave for naturalists to decide. plaster trade. It seems that the penalty for land

province of New Brunswick, for regulating the • The place was there erroneously called Northumberland C. H. ing plaster in the United States, eastward of Boston, instead of five dollars, is twenty shillings. ,l bation has been given to the act of the last session It will be recollected, that the trade in this article of the general Assembly of this Province, entitled, heretofore has been in a great measure confined An Act for the encouragement of the trade of to American vessels, which have taken it on board | this Province in Plaster of Paris, otherwise called at an eastern port, near the New Brunswick bor- | Gypsum.” der, they not being permitted to go for it to the By Command, British colonies. We have not at hand a copy of

HENRY H. COGSWELL, Dep. Sec'ry. the law of Nova Scotia, but we believe it is simi. lar to that of New Brunswick.


From the National Intelligencer. Heads of the plaster of paris or gypsum bill, passed by the house of assembly, Fredericton, 9th March,

A number of the citizens of the District of Co. 1816.

lumbia, impressed with the importance of formSec. 1. That from and after the first day of May useful knowledge, met on the 28th day of June,

ing an association for the purpose of promoting next, no plaster shall be laden or put on board any || 1816, at M'Keowin's Hotel, under the title of the vessel, at any place within the limits of the province, to be transported and unladen at any place | committee to frame a constitution for their go

“ Metropolitan Association,” and appointed a within the limits of the province excepting at St. John and St. Andrews, nor at any port eastward of vernment; and at a meeting held on the 8th inst.

agreeably to public notice, the committee ap. Boston. 22. That bonds shall be given to the trasurer | of a constitution, which was unanimously agreed

pointed as aforesaid reported the following draft of the provinco, by the owner or master of the ves. sel that the plaster so laden shall not be unladen tion to that of the coloMBIAN INSTITUTE for the

toy after having changed the name of the associaat any of the aforesaid prohibited ports. The promotion of Arts and Sciences. treasurer or his deputy shall give the master a

At this meeting it was resolved, that a commit. certificate upon bonds being so given, that he can produce when occasion may require; that any

tee be appointed to promote the object of the

Institute," until the period appointed by the plaster laden, on board of any vessel, to be transported to any port, before such bonds being constitution for the election of its officers; wheregiven, the vessel and cargo are liable to be seized. I upon, the Rev. Dr. A. Hunter, Dr. Edward Cut

bush, Dr. Alexander M‘Williams, Nathaniel CutThe plaster bond twenty shillings per ton. 3. That any vessel found without a certificate is "ting, Esq. and Benjamin Henry Latrobe, were ap.

pointed. also liable to seizure.

B. H. LATROBE, Sec'y. pro tem. 4. The bonds can be cancelled in six months af. ter given them, upon producing a certificate from

August 10, 1816. the collector of the port where the plaster has

CONSTITUTION been landed.

5. The treasurer or his deputy is entitled to ten shillings for each certificate.

COLUMBIAN INSTITUTE 6. That the treasurer or his deputies, are autho. rised to seize any vessel which shall be liable to seizure; one half of the sales, after deducting

SECTION I. costs, to be paid to the officer who shall seize the Art. 1. The association shall be denominated same, or to the person who shall have given infor- the “ Columbian Institute for the promotion of Arts mation, and the other moiety to the treasurer of) and Sciences;" and shall be composed of resident the province.

and honorary members. .7. That any person attempting to defraud by Art. 2. The objects of the Institute shall be to producing false certificates to cancel their bonds, collect, cultivate, and distribute the various vegeteach offender shall forfeit one hundred pounds. able productions of this and other countries, whe.

8. That in cases of hardships that may arise in ther medicinal, esculant, or for the promotion of carrying into effect the provisions of this act, re- arts and manufactures. lief 'may be had by applying to the governor, or

Art. 3. To collect and examine the various micommander in chief, who shall be invested with || neral productions and natural curiosities of the full power to direct the release of seizures, and United States, and give publicity to every discodiscontinue prosecutions for penalties, as he may very which they may have been enabled to make. deem equitable.

Art. 4. To obtain information respecting the 9. That this act shall not be in force until simi. | mineral waters of the United States, their locality, lar and corresponding measures shall be made | analysis, and utility; together with such topoand enacted by the general assembly of Nova Sco- graphical remarks as may aid valetudinarians. tia, nor until such provisions shall be made known Art. 5. To invite communications on agricultura by a proclamation from the governor or command.ral subjects, on the management of stock, their er in chief, to be issued by and with the advice || diseases and remedies. and consent of H. M. council for that purpose. Art. 6. To form a topographical and statistical 10. Limitation five years.

history of the different districts of the United 11. Suspending clause—this act not to go into | States, noticing particularly the number and exeffect until the prince regent's pleasure is kown. tent of streams, how far navigable; agricultur:1 Provincial Secretary's Office,

products; the imports and exports; the value of

lands; the climate; the state of the thermome. Halifax, 29th July, 1816.

ter and barometer; the diseases wbich prevail His Honor, the Administrator of the govern- || during the different seasons; the state of the arts ment, has received official information from the and manufactures; and any other information Right Hon. Earl Bathurst, that the Royal Appro-|| which may be deemed of general utility.




Art. 7. To publish annually, or whenever the | where a fund, by a condition of the donation, is Institute shall have become possessed of a suffi- not appropriated to a particular purpose; and the cient stock of important information, such com- | said committee shall be empowered to do all acts munications as may be of public utility; and to that will promote the general interests of the In. give the earliest information, in the public pa- stitute; and they shall establish such rules and pers, of all discoveries that may have been made regulations for the preservation of order, and by, or communicated to, the Institute.

transaction of their business, as they may deem SECTION II.

proper. Art. 1. The President of the United States, for Art. 5. The officers of the Institute and mem. the time being, shall, with his permission, be con-bers of the General Committe shall be chosen sidered the Patron of the Columbian Institute. from the resident members, and be elected by a

Art. 2. The officers for managing the general majority present, on the stated meeting of Octoconcerns of the Institute shall consist of a Presi-ber in every year. dent, four Vice Presidents, one Secretary, one Art. 6. Seven members, exclusive of officers, Treasurer, and four Curators.

shall form a quorum to transact business, except Art. 3. There shall be a General Committee of altering the constitution and electing honorary fourteen members elected annually, by ballot, on members; in which cases, thirteen members, exthe stated meeting held on the first Monday of|clusive of officers, shall be required to form a October, to be chosen from the resident members, || quorum. and styled the General Committee; and the offi. Art. 7. The election of new members shall take cers of the Institute shall, ex officio, be members place on any stated meeting, and shall be by bal. thereof. This committee, as soon as convenient lot; a majority of the members present shall elect. after the election, shall assemble and elect by Art. 8. Any gentleman distinguished for his ballot a chairman and secretary from their body knowledge of any of tlie objects of this Institute, the remaining twelve members, exclusive of their may be proposed and elected an honorary member, officers shall be formed into four departments, or provided he does not reside within the limits of sub-committees, each composed of three mem- | the District of Columbia; but no obligations shall bers, agreeably to the nomination of their chair- be required of hiin. man, viz.

Art. 9. All resident members shall pay into the No. 1.-Corresponding Committee. hands of the treasurer five dollars, at the stated The duty of this committee shall be, to corres- meeting in October of every year during his mempond with naturalists, or other persons, in the || bership. different sections of the United States, to solicit

SECTION III. and receive all specimens & communications embrac

DUTIES OF OFFICERS. ed in the objects of this Institute; also to correspond with the amateurs of botany, natural histo- Art. 1. It shall be the duty of the president to ry, agriculture, &c. of other countries; and, un- take the chair precisely at the hour assigned for less otherwise ordered by the Institute, to con- each meeting, to preserve order, and, in all equal duct all correspondence.

divisions, to give the casting vote; he shall like. No. 2. — Committee on Mineralogy. wise have a general superintendence over the To this committee shall be submitted all ques-concerns of the Institute. tions, communications, and specimens of every kind, embraced in the 3d article of the 1st section Art. 2. During the absence of the president, his of the constitution, and when they shall have ex- duties shall devolve on the eldest vice president amined the same, they shall report the result of present. their examination to the chairman of the General Committee.

Art. 3. The secretary shall take minutes of the No. 3.-Committee on Botany and Agriculture. proceedings at each meeting, note the members

To this committee shall be submitted the exe- || present, and carefully transcribe, in a book procution of the 2d article of the 1st section of this vided for that purpose, all the transactions of the constitution, and they shall arrange and deliver Institute, and attest the same by his signature. over to the Curators such specimens as will not || He shall likewise give notice of the meetings of admit of cultivation. This committee shall like the Institute in two or more newspapers of the , wise be charged with the superintendence of the District of Columbia. Botanical Garden, and shall report to the General

TREASURER. Committee the progress and state of the establish- Art. 4. The treasurer shall collect all moneys meni.

due to, and discharge all bills accepted by, the No. 4.- Committee on General Subjects. Institute, which the president or chairman of the To this committee shall be submitted all com. I general committee shall have signed. He shall munications which may be received, connected keep a regular account current of his receipts with the 4th, 5th, and 6th articles of the 1st sec- and expenditures, in a book provided for that tion of this constitution. This committee shall || purpose, which shall be open for the inspection report to the General Committee on all communi- l of every member at each stated meeting; and a cations which are embraced in any or all of the fair copy of his receipts and expenditures shall aforesaid articles, and shall endorse those which, ll be submitted, at the stated meetings in October in their opinion, are most worthy of publication; l of every year, or oftener, if required, to the inthey shall then be delivered to the Curators for spection of the general committee, or any special preservation.

committee, appointed by the general committee Art. 4. The General Committee shall have power for that purpose, which when verified by the to direct the application of the funds of the In- general or special committee, shall be deposited stitute to such purposes as they may deem pro- with the curators, The treasurer shall give a per, according to their discretion, in all cases bond for the faithful discharge of his trust.




atizing; and afterwards, we must examine our Art. 5. The curators shall take charge of all writings, and correct the inaccuracies; but this original communications, and file them under no person can do, who is unacquainted with gramtheir respective heads; also, specimens which inar, logic, and composition. are not to be cultivated in the Botanical Garden ; It is further to be observed, that while we are also all drawings, books, &c. belonging to the aware, on the one hand, few attain to a state of Institute, and shall keep a book with a list of the mediocrity in literature or knowledge, without donations, with the names of the respective do- the advantage of school institution; on the other nors, and their places of residence.

hand “the most splendid and successful exertions, SECTION IV.

but in the sciences and arts (it has been frequent. OF MEETINGS.

ly remarked) have been made by individuals, in Art. 1. There shall be a stated meeting on the whose minds the seeds of genius were allowed to first Monday of October and April of every year. || shoot up, wild and free; while from the most care

Art. 2. Special meetings may be convened by a ful and skilful tuition seldom any thing results resolve of the Institute, or by the president, with || above mediocrity,” The practice of conferring the the concurrence of five members of the general degree of Doctor of Medicine upon students is, no committee, signified to him in writing.

doubt, destructive to medical knowledge; for this Art. 3. The general committee shall meet on abuse fills the minds of novices with conceit, and the first Monday of November, and afterwards on it has the tendency to produce the belief that their own adjournments. Any member of the In- they have already attained to a superior degree stitute may attend the meetings of this commit- of medical knowledge. How silly it would appear tee, but shall not participate in the duties there to us to confer the degree of Doctor of Divinity of.

upon youth at school! It is no less absurd, though SECTION V.

more common, to confer on a youth at school Art. 1. All pecuniary donations and bequests the degree of Doctor of Medicine. Few of these shall be received by the president of the Institute, doctors can write a short prescription accurately! and be delivered over, by him, to the treasurer, It would be sufficient to make them Bachelors of to be appropriated under the control of the ge-Medicine, and reserve the degree of Doctor for neral committee.

those who merit it; which seldom happens before Art. 2. No alterations, additions, or amendments a physician has been in practice ten years, or beshall be made to this constitution, unless they | fore he has attained to thirty-five years of age. shall have been proposed to the Institute by at Literature may be acquired early in life; but I am least three members of the general committee, I not aware the history of philosophy exhibits one and shall then lie over until the next stated meet- instance of a man who attained to a state of me. ing, and meet with the concurrence of two thirds diocrity in professional knowledge till after thirty of the members present, for their adoption. years of age. It is not by school instruction, but

Published by order of the Columbian Institute, || by laborious studies, after leaving the schools, &c.

that any advance beyond a state of mediocrity in Teste,

professional knowledge. It will be recollected, B. HENRY LATROBE, in support of this sentiment, that the physiciang Secretary pro tempore. I who have chiefly improved the healing art, turned

to study medicine in an advanced period of life; LEARNED DEGREES.

Boerhave and Bacon first studied divinity ; Sy. From the Petersburg Enquirer.

denham was a military officer before he studied

medicine; Cullen only studied surgery; the fam. Concerning the acquisition of Knowledge in generals || ous Hunter was by trade a wheel-wright, and Hy.

and that of Medicine in particular. pocrates was at first a Greek Philosopher. If The views of the people, at present, in respect these men had obtained such a cloak for ignorto the acquisition of knowledge, differ widely, Iance as the degree of Doctor of Medicine early think, from those of the celebrated Lord Bacon. || in life, and before they had been many years in The following are maxims of his; on which I practice, that, no doubt, would have operated have ventured to make a short comment: powerfully against their subsequent application,

“ Reading much, makes a full man; writing || and deprived the world of their valuable immuch, makes a correct one; talking much, makes provements in respect to knowledge of diseases a ready man."

and their cures.

M. People, therefore, who has read but a little, or have applied but a few years, must want informa

THE FINE ARTS. tion; people who have written but little, are, ge. nerally, incorrect, when they think for themselves; We learn, with pleasure, that Mr. Capelano, and people who have not been accustomed to one of the finest sculptors of Europe, has arrived speak, cannot be ready. Unless a person has de- l in this city, with Mr. Lee, from Bordeaux. He voted many years of his life to reading, he must had been employed by Charles, &c. and latterly not lay claim to superior information; and, as to || by Joseph Bonaparte in Spain. He was on this correct thinking, and just reasoning, they are ac. account persecuted by the Bourbons, the deputy quisitions not to be made, without a great deal of governors for Castlereagh & Co. in France; and labour in writing essays upon the concerns of life, as Mr. Laine, the polite prefect at Bordeaux, said in general, and upon the subject of one's profes- he could not reconcile it to his feelings to introsion, in particular; whether he is a legislator or duce to the duke of Angouleme (at a public cerepolitician, civil or military officer, a clergyman, monial) the representative of a nation which had a physician, lawyer, or philosopher. And to make | dared to declare war against England ! no doubt reading useful, we must waste much ink and pa- that base race, who "glory in their shame,” were per, in abridging, enlarging, altering, and system. Il chagrined to learn that Mr. Capelano had finished

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