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some suit ble place on the United States' lands in
this territory. And whereas in the counties of To the honorable the Senate and House of Represen-Knox, Gibson, and Ch..rk, in said territory, a great
tatives of the United States, in Congress assembled. || quantity of the lands in said councies are claimed The memorial of the legislative council and house by private individuals, and confirmed to them by
various laws of congress, wnich lands are so loca. of representatives of the Indiana territory, as. sembled at the town of Corydon, in the year || benefits from the 16h section, reserved by the
led that those counties will be deprived of the 1815, in healtof their constituents, respectful-| laws of congress for the use of schools; it is there. ly showeth
fore expected that congress will reserve an equiv. That whereas the ordinance of congress for the alent in lands for the use of schools in said coungovernment of this territory has provided “That ties, in proportion to ihe number of the 16th sec. whenever there shall be sixty thousand free in- tion now the property of individuals in said counhabitants therein, this territory shall be admitted ties. As it is deemed good policy that every siate into the union on an equal footing with the origin. Should have its seat of government as nearly cena al states;” and whereas by a census taken by the tral as the local situation of the country will per. authority of the legislature of this territory, it ap-mit, and as such site proper for he permanent pears from he returns tha, the number of free seat is not at this time at the disposal of this ter: white inhabitants exceeds sixty thousand-wel ritory or the general government, it is expected therefore pray the honorable senate and house of that congress will, whenever the Indian title shall representatives, in congress assembled, to order | be extinguished, grant us a township of six miles an election to be conducted agreeably to the ex- square, io be selected by such persons as the fuisting laws of this terri ory, to be held in the sev. lure state may appoint. eral counties of this territory on the first Monday And whereas congress will receive the most corof May 1816, for representatives to meet in con- rect intorma ion from this body to enable them to vention, at the seatof government of this territory, proportion the number of representatives to the theday of--1816, who when assembled, shall de convencion in the different counties, we recomtermine by a majority of the votes of all the mem-mend the following, as proportioned to the census bers elected, whether it will be expedient, or in. of each coun y, according to their present boundaexpedient to go into a state government; and if it ries, to wit: be de ermined expedient, the convention thus as
4 Swisserland 1 Washington 5 sembled shall have the power to form a constitu- Franklin 5 Jefferson 3 Harrison 4 tion and r.me of government, or if it be deemed | Dearborn 3 Clark
5 Knox 5 inexpedient, to provide for the election of repre- | Gibson Posey 1 Warrick 1 sentatives to meet in convention, at some future pe- | Perry 1 riod, to form a constitution. And whereas the And whereas the inhabitants of this territory are people of this territory have made great sacrifices, principally composed of enigrants from every part by settling on the frontiers, where they have been of the union, and as various in their customs and exposed to dangers and hardships of almost every sentiments as in their persons, we think it prudent description, by which means the lands of the United at this time to express to the general government States have been greatly increased in value, we our attachment to the fundamental principles of feel confident that congress will be disposed to legislation, prescribed by congress in their ordingrant us seven per cent, on all monies received at ance for the government of his territory, particuany of the United Sta e's land offices, from the 1s'larly as respects personal freedom and involuntary day of April, 1816, for lands already sold or here- servi.ude, nd hope hat they may be continued as after to be sold, lying in this territory; such per the basis of the constitution. centage to be at the disposal of this government, (Signed)
DENIS PENNINGTON, in such way as may be judged most conducive to
Speaker of the house of representatives the general welfare. It is expected by us that the
DAVID ROBB, general government will be disposed to confirm to us her grant of township No. 2, south of range 11,
President of the legislative council. West of the second principal meridian, granted to December 14, 1815. the Indiana territory for the use of an acadamy; also the reserved section 16, in that portion of the territory where the Indian title has already been extinguished, as well as that which may be here. MISSISSIPPI TERRITORY. after purchased from the Indians, to be at the disposal of the future state for the use of schools; and Report of the committee of the house of represenit is further requested and expected, that all coal tatives to whom was referred, on the 6th inst. mines and salt licks which may be reserved by the the memorial of the legislature of the Missis.. United States, (with a sufficiency of land to work sippi territory, praying for admission into the them to effect) will be granted to the future state, union, as an independent state. as well where the Indian title is relinquished as The committee to whom were referred, on the where it is not, as soon as said relinquishment is | 6th inst. the memorial of the legislative council obtained by the United States. Furthermore, a and house of representatives of the Mississippi it is conceived by us, that the promotion of useful || territory, praying for the admission of said terknowledge is the best guarantee to our civil insti. ritory into the union as a state; and, on the 14th tutions, and as congress must know something or instant, the petitions of sundry inhabitants east of the difficulties of raising money in neiv countries Pearl river in the same territory, praying that for the use of universities, we think we do ourselves || provision may be made for taking a census of its but justice in asking a reserve of one entire town. ci izens previous to such admission, respectfull ship, for the support of a college, to be located at || submit the following report.
By the articles of agreement and cession be- il with or without division, the local government tween the United States and the state of Georgia, will, for a long time at least, have to sustain. it is provided, “That the territory thus ceded, In relation to the simple question of admission, (10w Mississippi territory) shall form a state, and as presented by the memorialists, precedents are be admitted as such into the union, as soon as it not wanting, either to encourage their application, shall contain sixty thousand free inhabitants, or at or to grant their request. The state of Ohio was an earlier period, if congress shall think it expe- || admitted before it possessed the number which the dient, on the same conditions and restrictions, ordinance required, and Louisiana did not come in with the same privileges, and in the same manner, as to time or numbers, in virtue of a strict and as is provided in the ordinance of congress, of the insuperable claim. It is not improbable that the 13th day of July, 1787, for the government of the Mississippi territory. may contain, at this time, a western territory of the United States, which or- | greater population than either of those states did dinance shall in all its parts, extend to the terri-when they were admitted; and it is believed that tory contained in the present act of cession, that its state of political minority and probation, has article only excepted which forbids slavery.' been of longer duration than that of any of the
The memorialists, after stating the number of adopted states. It then, after fifteen years of repersons taken under the last general census, || straint, the people of this country should evince which was forty thousand three hundred and fit. even an impatient desire for enlargement, it two of all descriptions, and adverting to the ac- is but just to ascribe it to that sense of independcession of population produced by the annexation ence which is common to the nation, and which of a part of West Florida, and by subsequent emi should be rather encouraged than depressed. It grations, conclude that the territory contained at is a policy worthy of a government which is con. that time (December 1814) the number required stituted and maintained by the public will, to fos. by the agreement referred to above, to entitle it ter throughout the union, those feelings which to admission on an equal footing with the origi- | give energy to the national character, and to exnal states. - As this, however, was a matter of con- | tend to every por ion of it those rights which co:jecture and uncertainty, they solicit admission as duce to the general good. Nor could a period an act of courtesy on the part of the U. States. more propitious to these ends be selecter than the
Your committee possess no means of forming present, when all American citizens have nerv any thing like a satisfactory estimate of the pre- cause to approve of their principles, to confide in sent population of the territory in question; but their ins itutions, and to be proud of their name. they conceive that, unless it be the deterinination So far your committee have considered this subof congress to defer its admission until it can be lject, as though an immediate admission of the terclaimed in strict conformity to the compact with ritory were desired by all the inhabitants; but they Georgia, there is no good reason for a further de. are not prepared to say that such is the fact lay on the score of a deficiency of numbers, as Whilst it is true that such admission has been re. such deficiency, if now questionable, will not pro- | peatedly solicited, for a succession of years; it is bably much longer exist. Without taking into also true that about four years ago, a small minorconsideration the recent settlers, who are subjectity of the representative branch of the territorial to the late proclamation under the "act to prevent || legislature protested against it; and that about a settlement being made," &c. the presumption is year thereafter, a considerable number of the peonot unreasonable that, if any considerable part of ple themselves petitioned that all proceedings in the lands obtained from the Creeks, is prepared || congress, on the subject, might be postponed. It for a legal settlement within the time contempla- || was on these two occasions, only, as your commit. ted, the territory will contain more than the num- tee believe, that any indisposition to a state gove ber required, before it can be finally erected into || ernment has been expressed to a national legislaa state.
ture, by any of the people of the territory, or of It is known to your committee that the consent their representatives in their behalf. Nor is it unof Georgia to a division of this territory, has been derstood or believed that the reluctance manifesasked and obtained, and should it be divided before ted by a portion of those people, arose from a want it is admitted, the admission of either part would, of due and equal appreciation of the rights and adfrom a want of numbers, be subject to additional | vantages of an independent state. The causes of objection and further delay.
opposition so far as any opposition has been shown, But doubt may be entertained, whether the ter. seem to have been, in part, an unwillingness to-in. ritory can, with strict propriety, be divided, with- cur additional expense in supporting a state gove out the consent of its inhabitants, as well as that || ernment whilst under a peculiar pressure from the of Georgia and of the United States. Although war; but chiefly, an appreliension that a state goythe people of the territory had no agency in the ernment with its inseparable appendage, a federal agreement above quoted, they were the object of|| district court, would be immediately followed by it, and as such, became a third party to it, and a great number of expensive and dangerous, if not rested by it of a right which is explicitly defined. || ruinous law suits for lands, which would grow out This agreement provides that the territory thus of (what are called) the Yazoo and British claims: ceded, shall form a state, (not one or more states) || The war however, is now at an end, and the Yazoo and shall be admitted as such into the union, as claims may be considered as quieted; but the Brit. on as it shall contain sixty thousand free inhabi- || ish claims still exist, and constitute the subject
If, then, admission shall be deferred, in of several petitions now before congress, on which consequence of division, the expectation of the || it is not the province of your committee to speak. inhabitants will be disappointed and their right The petitions of sundry inhabi ants east of l'earl impaired. li is chiefly to avoid such a result that || river, in the same territory, which also have been your committee have declined recommending a referred to your committee, as having relation to division of the territory, which otherwise might the question which has been considered; state that be expedient to lessen the inconveniences which, || the wastern parts of said territory have not an equal
share of representation with the western, in the length five feet, and thickness two inches; making territorial legislature, suggest an apprehension | a mass of 2,600 and 40 cubic inches of elastic mars that such inequality may continue under a state ble. governn eit-und pray that provision may be made This slab when shaken undulates'sensibly back. for taking a census oi the people of the territory, | wards and forwards; when supported at de two for the purpose of securing to all a representauon extremities the middle forms a curve of aboun
two according to numbers and equal rights. It thie | inches from a horizontal line; and when turned in' es position of congress be necessary to effect over recovers itself, and inclines as much the other what the petitioners have principally in vie, I way. It has many other curious properties. The namely, a rir representation in the convention substance under consideration hias been already which will be elected to form a consʻitution, some described by Mr. Meade, in a memoir printed in general provision to his end will properly belong the Ame icăn Mineralogical Journal; and News to the act authorizing the convention to be chosen; York now probably contains the largest piece that and should it, ncvertiieless, afterwards appear, to the world can produce.
Aurora. the satisrac.jon vi congress, ihat any part of the territory has not had is due proportion of repre. sentation in such convention, they will, no doub.
Summary of Foreign Events. use the corrective woich they possess, in rejecting
The B i ish government have paid five hundred the constitution which may be formed.
thousand pounds to the Portuguese for the detenl'pon a full view of the whole subject which hastion of their slave vessels. been referred to the consideration of your com
Thecirculation o: English newspapers in France mittee, they are of opinion, that i is expedient to has been provisionally suspended by order of the admit the dissisippi icrritory into the union as minister of police. prayed for by the memorialists, and have prep:reda The convention between the principal allied bill for the purpose, winch they ask leave to repori. || powers relative to the final fa'e of Bonaparte, das
ied the 21 ot August last, is published. It stipu. Our weighbors.--The Quebec Gazette of the lai es that he is to be considered their prisoner15th February, contains the tollowing among other
that the custody of him is entrusted to the Brit. remarks on the recent correspondence of the se. ish government, who are authorised to settle the cretary o'siate with the Spanish mini er. The place oi liis confinement, and devise the measures wc of a clifferent complexion from former arucies of sec'irely keeping tiim-each court to have a of Canadian manutacture:
commissioner to abide at the place of his residence, "Will there be war between Spain and the and the king of France to be invited to appoint one. United S ates? This will clepend upon the spiri:
In February a small expedition was preparing of Ferdinand the adored; that the Americans will to sail from Cadiz for S. America. Its particular keep what they have got, and ardently desire to
destinaiion was not known. have more, that they will tradle wiere they can ad- The emperor Alexander has invite some of the vantageously, and make their country a refuge for
most distinguished of tie French exiles to settle a population of all nations, is not to be doub - || in his empire. ed. That they will fight rather than forego
The transport Seahorse was wrecked near Tranany of these advantages, we have ample evi. more on the coast of Ireland about the first of Fendence; ard we are greatly mistaken if the govern- ruary. Out of three hundred and sixiy six perment and a great proportion of the population | sons only thirty two were saved. would not be glad of a declaration of war on the
There is some probability of a war between Auspart of Spain. The beat of the drum would imme. || tria and Bavaria, riiately assemblea large army beyond the Alleganies
It appears that Morillo the Spanish commander for an expedition to Mexico, nay, they would even at Carthagena, is pursuing the most summary and enlist for Peru; the leca urs, the Poriers, the Per. indictive vengence, by executing numbers of the rys, and horris of privateersmen, would glory in a
revolu ionary inhabi anis. war with Spain.-But will Grea Britain interfere?
The Baron Quinet'a de Rochemont, late secretaSuch an event no doubt would be unpleasani; but ry to the provisional government in France, and after the result of ihe last war, it is not to be ex
his son have arrived in New York. pected that, even in that case, the Uni ed States
Gen. Wilson and suite passed through the state would readily yield up any of the present preten- of New-York, in March, on their way to Ruebec. sions."
It is stated that he has seen much service in India
under Wellington. He is to succeed general Elastic Marble of Massachusetts.
Drummor.d, “as administrator in chief, civil and
military over the two Canadas. Some time ago Dr. Mitchell exhibited to the In Paris the reign of terror is represented as at New York Philosophical society a specimen of its height, and he prisons full. American elastic marble, measuring four fee in A Dutch vessel entered the river of Caen. The length, three inches in breadıh, and one inch in | inhabitants of Caen seeing a red, blue, and white thickness. The slab was of a snowy wli: eness, of fag, believed it was ihe French national flag; and a grained structure, and of remarkable flexibility. t e news spread immediately through t'e town, He had received it of Messrs. Noris and Kain, who that the emperor was returning. The
whole of the got it from the quarry in Pittsfield Massachusetts. | national guards flew to their arins, and every man Since the receipt of this extraordinary sample, hastened to the port to receive him. When ihe eranother one, of a far more considerable size, has ror was discovered, the royal authorities resumed been procured by Mr. Meyher, from Stockbridge. I their superiority. This is said to be the morive This he is preparing for a place in Dr. Mitchell's || for arresting the Prefect of Des Calvadoes, and the cabinet of minerology. The dimensions of this orders for bre.king up and afterwards reorgari. stone are as follows: breadth one foot ten inches, li zing the nationai guard.
No. 6. VOL. 1.] WASHINGTON, SATURDAY, APRIL 6, 1816..
(WHOLE NO. 6. PUBLISHED WEEKLY, BY JOEL K, MEAD, AT FIVE DOLLARS PER ANNUM.
A foreigner, unacquainted with the freedom of no appeal. These are the distinctive characteristics our political institutions, arriving in this country,
of American rights, for which their ancestors have is prone to iinagine that we have no govemment moistened the battle field with their blood, and whatever. He reads over our public journals, which their posterity enjoy unimpaired to the prewhere he beholds such an unbounded lisence of sent hour. We must not wonder therefore, that animadversion, that he contemplates an immedi-when foreigners visit us, they are surprised and ate rising of the people in rebellion against the astonished at the extent of our privileges. While government. It is perfectly inexplicable to him they stigmatize and upbraid us as a rebellious nathat so much opposition should be conducted on
tion, incapable of any government short of the paper, without recourse to arms. On his return sword, they pay, in part, the highest, altho’ an into bis native country, he publishes to the world | voluntary compliment to the freedom of our civila is ott grude conceptions, prognostications, in- and political institutions. They manifest to the surrebuigse, divisions, bloodshed and all the hor- world their utter ignorance of the American chators of civil war; still these evil prophets find that|racter. One foreigner, for instance, remarks thus;
iment goes on quietly, and that these insurr-that “when congress are out of session, the Amerotii ,od rebellions, are only to be found in our
rican government is no where to be found. The newspa They cannot conceive that a law President, and all his secretaries, retire to their **Ibebe resisted, and obeyed, in a consti- respective farms, and at the seat of government, tutionis iy at one and the same instant of time. nothing but the clerks, and understrappers of ofWe'Ain encans may proudly tell to these foreign-fice are remaining." All this is true; but what is ers, that both of these parties, and apparently ir- the inference! Why forsooth, that the Americans reconceiveable rights, are expressly guaranteed have no government! And yet this foreigner will by the constitution of our country. While we discover all the machinery of an organized goobey we liave a right to scrutinize the justice, vernment going on; no tumult beyond the newspolicy, or prosperity of a public law; to expose papers; no riot, no disturbance; the foreigner be. its defects, to discant on public characters, to ar
holds agriculture still flourishing; the whitening raign their motives, and in short, in all such dis- ofcommerce expanding to every hreaze-he hears cussions to recognize no other boundaries than the clang of industry resounding from the anvilthose of truth and honor. The partizans of our
he beholds the turbulent bustle of business our administration are thus compelled to enter the streets swarming with enterprize; he hears the list with their opponents, where they fight on
incessant roar of our carriages and drays upon equal ground, and precisely with the same wea. the pavements. Our stores crouded with merchanpons with which they are assaulted. As the elec. dize-he beholds an adventurous population dis. tionering struggle approaches, their asperities in. turbing the haunts of the savage in his gloomy crease, and afterwards die away. Now to an wilderness, and founding temples dedicated to the American who has been from his infancy in the service of the Deity upon their cabins-he beholds fallenjoyment of rights so inestimable, they ap
our alpine strides to national grandure; and after peze as things of course, and he is almost insensi-| all these heart cheering evidences of prosperity, ble of the benefits in his possession. He has ne.
denies that our country has any goveinment, be.? rep breathed the air of slavery, he has never been
cause our chief magistrate, has neither a palace, taught any other lesson than that he is a freeman, a crown, or a sceptre. We can tell such foreignthat within the constitutional limits, the Presidentcrs, that it is this which constitutes the peculiar himself
, is not more secure than he is; that this glory of Americans. We can tell them that there charter, while it ensures obedience on the one
are thonsands and thousands, of private characters hand, leaves an expression of opinion equally free in the United States, every way qualified to peron the other. Both of these contending parties form the duties of the President, who would not are finally brought to the bar of public opinion, surrender their domestic quiet and independence, and the electionering verdict, decides the merits for twice the salary of our chief magistrate. The of this controversy between the contending parties
. first magistrate in this country, is in no way, but This is a sentence of the highest tribunal recog- that of a public servant, different from a private bized by the laws, and the constitution of our citizen; he rises into public honor, and then rclap
and it is a sentence from which there is ses into the general mass of the community, and
does the duty of a private citizen again. This is || pressive. It wants variety, case, and moderation. what we Americans, understand by the term equal His voice is soft and strong, but not musical in its rights. This is what we have been taught to be abrupt, which produces tbe effect of harslıness.
tones or cadence: its changes are occasionally Jieve is a government on the one hand, and per- His ambition is intense and ever-burning. Du. fectly reconcilable to freedom of opinion on the ring his diplomatic mission abroad, he was far other.
from relaxing the severity of his forensic exercises. Like Achilles, tho' withdrawn from the field,
his arm was not unnerved in indolent repose. He MR. PINKNEY.
obtained in his recess a Vulcanian armour, and The following portrate of the oratorical charac- || vigor of exertion, more propitious to victory than
renewed the battle with a freshness of strength, a ter of the Hon. William Pinkney, late attorney unremitted contention might have proved. He general for the United States, we extract from saw in England the first models of parliamentary o sketches of American orators,” No. 1. a small pam- produced: he was long enough there, not only to
and of forensic oratory, which the last fruitful age phlet written by a gentleman in this city, and lately
discipline his manner, but to enrich his diction, published in Baltimore, by Fielding Lucas, Jr. who || by intermixing the more varied and splendid phrase informs us the author will continue a series of num- of its literary circles. It was with all these adranbers, to 6 or 8, on miscellaneous subjects, if the tages, increased by the expectation with which
we look on the first exertion of talents which hare public decide in their favor. The 2d number is in already adorned their profession, that Mr. Pink press. From the limited opportunity we have had ney resumed his place in 1812. He has surpassed to judge, we believe he has drawn Mr. Pinkney to | every conjecture that had been formed of his imlife.
provement. He has great address in the manage.
ment of his cause iv all the stages of its preparaMn. PINKNEY, of Baltimore, has occupied a tion for argument: he is studious to engage his Jarge space in the public eye, as an advocate, adversary exactly on that ground, which he thinks since his return from Europe. In admitting po- | most advantageous to his client; he opens the case pular fame as an evidence of merit in a public to the court in a luminous and rapid narrative, speaker, there are sometimes extrancous circum- shews the important points of it in the strongest stances which should be taken into consideration. Il light; and fortifies his positions with reason, rather Of these several have combined to make Mr. Pink | than with authority. He delights to recur to those - ney's name more familiar to the Amerian people, great fundamental principles of human intercourse, than bis mere forensic abilities, great as they cer.
which have so often tasked the powers of the deeptuinly are, would have done. His residence in est research, the most varied learning, and the England during several years of important inter- most splendid imagination. llence some of the course with its government, in a high station of most glittering shafts of his quirer, are drawn national confidence; his appointment to the office from the rich and magnificent armoury of Hook. of attorney general on his return, and his contin. er and Chilling worth, weapons of celestial temper! uance as a successful practitioner at the federal | Then his energy is wielded so directly against his court since his resignation, have all offered advan- antagonist, that he imparts the animation of contages for the extension of his professional popu- test to every thing he says. This is a main ingrelarity, subordinate only to the claims derived from dient of the interest with which we listen to Mr. his consummate abilities. Many persons, without Pinkney. It is not a tranquil discussion, but an considering how much of Mr. Pinkney's fame is intellectual battle. His client and his claims are fairly to be ascribed to these adventitious circum- | frequently forgotten, in the interest with which stances, have allowed him to occupy the first sta- we belold his patron extricate himself from a tion at the American bar. Divesting him of these breach made in his fortifications, or the rage with borrowed attractions, of which he stands in no which he pursues the flying adversary of a deneed, let us examine the justice of his pretensions fenceless cause. He then pours with incontroulto this captivating superiority.
able fury the ardentia verba in precipitate torHis person is muscular and vigorous. Ilis face rents : which united to bis vehement, I had almost broad, large, and red, with an expression of strong, said, angry manner, make his eloquence characgood sense, rather than of vivacity or genius. terised by the most irresistable impetuosity; it is His whole appearance is that of one who has been a conflagration ravaging the earth. There is a dazaccustomed to bodily labour, more than to intelling brightness in all his conceptions, and almost lectual exertion. He is a young looking man for painful glare, which requires relief in softer sind his age, and even its marks seem the traces of la-ing, milder imagery, and less burning words. bour, more than of time.
This splendor of diction, and magnificence of meHis manner of speaking, I have been told, is very taphor, which is diluted in Burk’s eloquence by much that of Westminster hall. It is certainly new so many gentler touches, is never over-powering, among us, and appears to be affected. His body is because we are prepared for the blazc of his mesometimes thrown forcibly forward, and then drawn | ridian brightness, by the gradual succession of riolently back :- his fists often clenched, and his Aurora to Lucifer, and of the sun to Aurora ; but arms, which are never much raised, bent before the impatient ardour of Mr. Pinkney's genius is him in the attitude of a boxer. Sometimes he ap-. nevers atisfied, until, like “the prince of the lights pears to bear the argument on his shoulder, and, of heaven," it burns in its noon-tide path, and like Sisyphus, to heare it with labour vp a bigh quenches the ray of every other star. A little hill; the simile however goes no further, it sel. more moderation in his manner, and a more markdom recoils upon him. His whole action is too ed gradation in the progress of his aspiring mind, constrained to be graceful, but it is often very im- | would give richness and variety to all his exhibi