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KAPLES, AUGUST 18.
markable that the United States never claimed On the 8th inst. a royal ordinance was publish-|| while Murat occupied the throne of Naples.
indemnity, at least ostensibly, for these vessels, ed, prohibiting, under severe penalties of banish. ment, fine and imprisonment, all secret associ. ations.
ATTACK ON ALGIERS. The extraordinary mission of Mr. Pinckney, the American plenipotentiary, occupies much dates to the 16th September, and Paris papers to
By an arrival at New York, on Monday, London public attention here. The following is a brief | the 20th have been received. By these we learn history of the confiscation of the American ves. şels by Murat, and for which, compensation is that Lord Exmouth's official account of his attack
on Algiers had reached England-The following now claimed. The American schooner Rait, captain Thomp. particulars are taken from the London Gazette
extraordinary: son, of Baltimore, entered the port of Naples, with
BULLETIN" ADMIRALTY OFFICE. coffee, in 1809. It was sequestered, but soon af
Friday morning, 13th Sept. ter released, on the representations of the Ameri.
“ Government on Friday night received descan consul, Mr. F. Degen. The Marquis De Gallo, minister for foreign affairs, on this occasion patches from Sir Charles Stuart, at Paris, with the wrote the following letter to Mr. Degen:
grateful intelligence that the French minister, the
Duke of Richelieu, had received a dispatch from “ Naples, July 9, 1809.
the French Consul at Marseilles, stating that Lord “ Sir–The king having taken into considera-Exmouth attacked Algiers on the 25th ult. and tion your note of the 28th of May, relative to the succeeded in every point. American schooner Rait, capt. Thompson, which
The Algerine fleet was completely destroyed, sailed from Baltimore for Naples, with a cargo with a loss of 4,090 men in killed and wounded of coffee, and provided with the necessary papers and on the 26th, the Dey consented to an armis. in due form, has decided that the said vessel shall || tice, upon Lord Exmouth's own terms." be restored to capt. Thompson, who may make
To the above the london paper adds that Lord free use of the merchandise and property it con
Exmouth arrived before Algiers on the 25th Autains. At the same time his majesty has decided gust. He sent a summons to the Dey to surrenas a general measure, that all American vessels der his feet-the delivery into the admiral's hands arriving in this kingdom, directly loaded and all of those that could be pointed out who had asdestined for its ports, shall be freely admitted sisted in the late massacre-the renewal of t! therein, provided they are furnished with the ne. former treaty, and the deliverance, without r face cessary certificates of origin, and sailing papers, som, of all Europeans. The Dey rejected the
destiand provided they are not in contravention of the mand-the fleet was immediately brought thd can. the royal decrees of the 25th December, 1806, tion. The Algerines defended themselves and 9th Jauuary, 1808, relative to English com
best manner they could. One of their cope that merce and that of neutral powers, which decrees took fire which communicated the flamem, disin. must be maintained in full force.
rest of the ships, and the whole fleet fe merica bas (Signed) The Marquis DE GALLO.” fice to the conflagration. After this catas: We may
Dey sent off the Swedish Consul with This letter was sent to America, profusely dis- for
an armistice, with his consent to tha, that since tributed there, and was the cause that, in 1810, quired. The armistice was granted, bune, no coun. and 1811, many American vessels with rich car-refused to conclude any definite agregan character goes suocessively entered the port of Naples.-- he should receive further instruction They were obliged to unload at the expense of vernment. The attack was commer
poly and subthe consignee, and deposit their merchandise in | 27th August at day-break. The Brit.countrymen the public warehouses, under pretence that they with his wife and daughter was restored but the ro. would not be received in quarantine without this | The loss of the Algerines is represented to Mons. formality. The customs kept one key, and gavetween 6 and 7,000 men. the other to the consignees.
When the number of American vessels had in | Memorandum of the destruction in the Mole of n creased to thirty, the consignees had their keys giers, in the attack of the 27th August, 1816. taken from them, under preteuce of an order from Four large frigates of 44 guns; five large corBonaparte at Paris, and the merchandise was sold vettes, from 24 to 30; all the gun and mortar at auction. The minister of finance caused even the boats, except 7–30 destroyed-several merchant vessels to be sold, with the exceptions of some, brigs and schooners-a great number of small which were kept to be equipped for the service of vessels of various descriptions all the pontoons, Murat. The Rait, for instance, still forms part at lighters, &c.amstorehouses and arsenal, with alí this moment, of Ferdinand IV.-The sum produc- the timber and various marine articles, destroyed ed by these sales, amounting to between 4 and 5 in part; a great many gun carriages, mortar beds, millions of Naples ducats, and was applied chiefly casks, and ships' stores of all descriptions. to the abortive expedition against Sicily. The
EXMOUTH. consignees had even difficulty in recovering pay. His Britannic Majesty's ship, Queen Charlotte, ments for their expenses and disbursements. The
Algiers Bay, Aug. 28. ship Hercules, captain West, was the only one SIR-For your atrocities at Bona on defenceless which had the good fortune to be released: it Christians, and your unbecoming disregard to the was despatched to Civita Vecchia to take on board demands I made yesterday in the name of the prince Eucien Honaparte and his family and convey them Regent of England, the feet under my orders has to America, but as is well known, he was taken given you a signal chastisement, by the total desun his route by the English and conducted to Malo truction of your navy, storehouses, and arsenal, ta, and from thence to England. It is rather re-ll with half your batteries.
As England does not war for the destruction of service, will be able to inform their lordships upcities, I am imwilling to visit your personal cruel- on all points that I may have omitted. ties upon the inoffensive inhabitants of the coun. Admiral Sir Charles Penrose arrived loo late to try, and I therefore offer you the same terms of take his share in the attack upon Algiers, which peace which I conveyed to you yesterday in my I lament, as much on his account as my own ; his sovereign's name ; without the acceptance of these services would have been desirable in every resterms, you can have no peace with England. pect.
If you receive this offer as you ought, you will I have the satisfaction to state, that all the slave fire three guns; and I shall consider your not in the city of Algiers, and immediately in this vi. making this signal as a refusal, and shall renew | cinity, are embarked ; as also 357,000 dollars for my operations at my own convenience.
Naples, and 25,500 for Sardinia. The treaties I offer you the above terins, provided neither will be signed to-morrow, and I hope to be able the British Consul, nor the officers and men so to sail in a day or two. wickedly seized by you from the boats of a British The Minden las sailed for Gibraltar to be refit. ship of war have met any cruel treatment, or any | ted, and will proceed from thence to her ultimate of the Christian slaves in your power; and repeat destination. iny demand, that the Consul, and officers and The Albion will be refitted at Gibraltar for the men, may be sent off to me, conformable to an- reception of Sir Charles Penrose's flag. The cient treaties, &c.
Glasgow shall be obliged to bring home with I have, &c.
I have the honor, &c. To his Highness the Dey of Algiers.
TO J. W. Croker, Esq. &c. Admiralty.
The English lost 128 killed, including all des
scriptions, and 690 wounded-total 818 The commander in chief is happy to inform the The Dutch lost 13 killed, 52 wounded-total fleet of the final termination of their strenuous ex. 65. Grand total 873. ertions, by the signature of peace, confirmed under a salute of 21 guns, on the following condi. tions, dictated by lis Royal Highness the Prince
DOMESTIC SUMMARY. Regent of England :
Mr. Cuthbert, of Georgia, has resigned his sea 1. The abolition for ever of Christian slavery, in congress. Mr. Ervin, of South-Carolina, his be. The delivery, to my flag, of all slaves in the defeated Mr. Huger, and is elected to the 1511 and lions of the Dey, to whatever nation they || congess. Mr. Calhoun and Lowndes have been by ari long, at noon to-morrow.
re-elected; the former had to encounter a strong sentat?
deliver also to my flag, all money receiv- opposition. aily, ratn for the redemption of slaves since the
In Pennsylvania there has been ten of the memitaneous, z ment of this year, at noon also to-mor-| bers of the 14th congress re-elected to the 13th; dependien
the rest are new members. The parties of this whereof, qition has been made to the British con. State in the 15th congress will stand thus:-17 on, to wit osses he may have sustained in conse- dem.rep. 4 fed. rep. and 2 non-partizans. The
state of parties in the legislature of said State are South Amey has made a public apology in the said to be, in senate, 7 dem. rep. majority, in the invoking thhis ministers and officers, and beg: house of representatives 27 majority--whole num. universe, and the consul, in terms dictated by the ber of members in senate 31, in the house 98. thority of the Queen Charlotte.
The election of presidential electors took place fore heaverlander in chief takes this opportunity in Pennsylvania yesterday. world, th: turning his public thanks to the admi- Thomas Morris, of New-York, has been ap
cains, ofñcers, seamen, marines, royal ma- || pointed marshal of that district in place of Gen. SOLEMN that is fillery, royal sappers and miners, and the John Smith, deceased. ther
rocket corps, for the noble support he has The Southern Patriot says that nearly 500 per. eived from them throughout the whole of this sons have migrated from the northern States to thiuous service; and he is pleased to direct, that the city of Charleston up to the 24th uit.-244 H1 Sunday next a public thanksgiving be offered had arrived in one week from New-York and Phipto Almighty God for the signal interposition of || ladelphia. his Divine Providence, during the conflict which The corporations of New York and Baltimore took place on the 27th between his majesty's fleet have undertaken to light those cities with car. and the ferocious enemies of mankind.
buretted hydrogen gas, in place of oil; it is said It is requested that this memorandum may be to be cheaper, and to afford a better light. read to the ships companies.
On the 25th ult. the academy of fine arts was
opened, for the Arst time, in the city of Nev. Queen Charlotte, Algiers Bay Sept. 1. York, for the exhibition of painting and statuary, Sir,--I have the honor to acquaint you for their and is said to have far surpassed public expectalordship’s information, that I have sent captain | tion. Brisbane with my duplicate dispatches, as I am It is stated that the citizens of Buffalo, N. Y. afraid that admiral Milne, in the Leander, who has and its vicinity, have determined to erect a mocharge of the originals, may experience a long || nument at Buffalo to commemorate the names voyage, the wind having set in to the westward a and exploits of the officers who fell on the fronfew hours after he sailed.
tier in the service of the United States during the Capt. Brisbane, to whom I feel greatly indebted late war. Persons whose friends fell there are refor his exertions, and the able assistance I have quested to forward such particulars of them as received from him throughout the whole of this I may be in their possession, to Maj. Camp, Buffalo
We, the's confinement.
No. 11. VOL. 11.] WASHINGTON, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 9, 1816. (WHOLE NO. 87.
PUBLISHED WEEKLY, BY JOEL K. MEAD, AT FIVE DOLLARS PER ANNUM.
The following communication has been received disdain for the agreeable arts; their taste for
from a literary club in this city, who favoured the comforts of life; their coarse intemperance us once before with some strictures on Dr. wbich deprive them of all love and activity for Ewell's Medical Companion. We shall always every thing that is not personal; and, in short, be happy to publish the literary labours of this even their laws, which, by their ambiguity, seem society, as we are conscious they will be inter- | to be the secret accomplices of fraud and bad faith;
and with them, justice is the result of calcula. esting and useful to our readers.
tion, but never of entiinent." A sweeping anFor the National Register.
athema this, and about as true as it is grammatical.. BEAUJOUu's SKETCHES or Nontu-AMERICA.
But this is nothing compared with the following It has been the destiny, and perhaps the mis- denunciation; "there is scarcely," he observes, fortune of this country, to be visited by European " a civilized country in the world, in which there travellers who, from interest or prejudice, are is less generosity af ser:timent, and less elevation determined to undervalue and abuse every thing of soul. There a man weighs every thing, calcuAmerican. In their eye, every thing in the Unit- || Lates all, and sacrifices all to his own interest. ed States is below mediocrity, and every spot is He regards all disinterested acts as so many follies, the hot-bed of vice, pollution, and disgusting appears estranged to every idea of heroism and equality. Thus cursed by men who are pensioned of glory, and in history beholds nothing but the to scatter their filth, and to retard emigration, || romance of natims." A man that would make we should indeed be in a very pitiable condition, such a declaration as this, when the characters of if the world did not know how to appreciate Washington, Montgomery, Warren, Franklin, and their scurrility, and to estimate their censure. a thousand other worthies, glared him in the face Candour and veracity do not seem to form any || at the very moment he made it, must be as destipart of the character of those who visit our tute of principle as lie is devoid of truth and canshores; and they come with a predetermination | dour. There is nothing in modern Europe that to disgorge their spleen and detraction on what- can furnish such an exhibition of heroism, disin. ever has pretensions to excellence in the Ameri- terestedness, and love of country, as America has' can character or American institutions. Our home.displayed since it “ burst into birth.” We may spim republican manners soon disgust the refined || say, without the charge of egotism, that since petite maitre or the corrupted courtier of Europe; the patriotic ages of Greece and Rome, no counto whom even our“ virtues appear less attractivetry on earth has exhibited a human character than-elsewhere, because they are seldom accom- more pure, more patriotic, more holy and sub. panied with those graces which cause them to be lime than Washington-and yet the countrymen beloved."* It is to be regretted that we cannot of this hero can see nothing in history but the ro. be viewed by those travelling butterflies through | mance of nations. We might apply to Mons. some other medium than that of prejudice. The Beaujour a line from a poet of his countryeverlasting slang about the vulgarity, rudeness, "Grand observateur, grand menteur." and profligacy of the American people must be
A declaration like this is too silly and idle to as loathsome to Europeans as it is destitute of||
require serious refutation. It is the nature and truth. These reflections have been suggested by the
essence of republics to be virtuous. Virtue has perusal of a late work, entitled Beaujour's Sketch-justly been considered by political writers as the es of North America, translated by an Englishman that we should swerve from the established prin
very foundation of that form of government; and -par nobile fratrum. The author is a Frenchman, who, perhaps, because the Americans could You endeavoured in your last to prove, we think
ciple, is a paradox that cannot easily be explained. not understand his parley vous, or did not duly | satisfactorily, that a nation whose chief occupaappreciate the polkeness of his bow, or becometions are agricultural will, from the nature of absolutely dumb with astonishment at the exqui. things, be virtuous and happy. Now, as the pur. site refinement and polish of his manners, has de suits of the American people are of that characclared that "every thing among the Americans||ter, it must result that they are at least as virtų. favours this vile cupidity (love of morrey); their
ous as any other nation. That patriotism should * Beaujour's Sketches.
form a prominent truit, must be evident from the VOL. I.
nature of our government. In all republics this tinction. Talent, in whatever manner it may be has been the predominating virtue; it is the ne. surrounded, can always make its way, and has cessary effect of freedom; and to say that the always risen to that level in this country it is cal. Americans are without it, is to suppose the ex- culated to attain. We could adduce many ex. istence of a cause without an effect.
amples in the United States of the respect and Mr. Beaujour is frequently at variance with attention paid to merit, while the mere “wealthy bimself, and seems to be full of inconsistencies.blockhead” was disregarded and unknown. Men He says, that though we are destitute of virtue, are always more respected here for their intel. yet“ in general, good and upright characters are lectual powers than for the gifts of fortune; and hardly less frequent in the United States than in lie who is mentally distinguished, is more likely other countries.” It is not our intention to recon- to attain the first offices of government in this cile these inconsistencies; t'øy are too preposter than in any other nation. It was not fortune that ous to require refutation. He seems to have been made Washington, Jefferson, and Madison presidesirous to pursue a middle course, and neither | dents. It was not wealth that elevated Mr. Gal. praise nor censure indiscriminately; and has thus | latin, and many others, to the dignified and re. produced a kind of hermaphrodite, a sort of hu- | spectable situations they held; and it is not wealth man hotch-potch, neither intelligible to himself that advances a single individual in this country nor his readers. Mr. B. talks of the ambiguity of
to honourable stations under government. If we our laws as a horrible evil; as if this ambiguity were asked, we should say, from our knowledge existed no where but in the United States, and as of the American character, that the first question if it were possible to frame a code of laws that would be, not what is his fortune, but what are could not be made ambiguous by the ingenuity | his talents ? We admit, with Mr. B. that the of man. The laws of England, which are the Americans are perhaps a little too much tainted foundation of ours, are equally censurable; and with the love of gain; but we do not think it in. we have never heard that the French laws were re. terferes much with their virtue or their patrio markable for their perspicuity and cleainess. Yetism. notwithstandling this horrible evil, which he seems We shall have done with Beaujour for the preto think sufficient to unhinge society itself, he ad- sent. Hereafter we may perhaps examine his mits that the “ American people deserve to enjoy gloomy predictions of the separation of the Union liberty by their regard and respect for the laws and the overthrow of our republic; which we (these ambiguous laws, which cannot be under- || shall endeavour to show to be groundless and stood). The least arbitrary act in that country,” | visionary. Critical Society, Washington, he continues, “ would revolt the most dependent man, but he obeys the meanest bailiff, who speaks
To the Editor of the National Register. in the name of the laws; and he would deliver
Sin, I have lately received a letter from Jons up a friend, a brother, who should seek to elude it ” But of all the evils which we unfortunately G. HEATH, Esq. giving an interesting description possess, in the mind of the author, there is none
of Howard county, the most westerly part of the wbich seems to irritate him more than what he Missouri Territory, an extract from which I send calls our fondness for distinctions. The reader you. Judging from the Circular in your paper must not start, he does not mean distinctions of of August 31, I have no doubt you wil deem it
A. Ja rank, which would perhaps be excuseable enough worthy of a place in the Register. to a man so long inured to bow with reverence to Boone's lick, now Howard county, begins at the a corrupted noblesse. No; " names and rank, ac- mouth of the Great Osage river, and runs up said cording to him, are no allusion to an American, river to the Osage boundary line; thence north and he classes every man, without distinction, by with that line to the Missouri; thence up the the same rule, viz. by that of fortune. He pays | Missouri to a point opposite the Kanzas river: little regard to merit, when surrounded by indi. I thence northward 140 miles; thence eastward to gence; and the first question that issues from his the main dividing ridge of high ground between mouth, when a stranger is presented to him, is to the Mississippi and Missouri rivers; thence along ask, what is his fortune ?” This is a character | said ridge to the head of the main fork of Cedar we have never yet heard ascribed to the Ameri- river; thence down this river to the Missouri, and
In a country where every man has an op. | down the Missouri to Osage river, or place of be portunity of acquiring wealth by proper industry ginning : containing about 30,000 square miles: and application to business, and where there are one half of which is first rate land, and but little so few very rich, and so many independent, wealth that is not fit for cultivation ; three fifths are prai. cannot necessarily be an object of particular dis.lrie.
The first settlement of this county was made | also cure the bite of the rattle-snake, and rheuin 1805, at Boone's lick, Mackay's saline, by Maj. matisms of long standing. They are also re. Nathan Boone, son of the celebrated Col, Daniel || markable for their treatment of gun-shot wounds. Boone, for the purpose of making salt, and has The Great Osage Indians, or, as they call them. since been occupied for salt works. Farmers selves, Wassashsha, are the most skilled in medidid not settle until the fall of 1811, when aboutcine. twenty settled Boone's lick buion. This settle. Agriculture is but little attended to, although ment increased slowly, on account of the Indians, the country is extremely fertile. One acre of during the late war. In November, 1815, the po- land will produce 100 bushels of prime corn, 50 pulation amounted to 526 free white males, and do. of wheat, 60 lbs. to the bushel, and 1,000 lbs. it was formed into a separate county of the above of Carolina cotton in the seed. Hemp, flax, and boundary and name. It now, August 24th, con every article of agriculture, except tobacco, in tains about 1,050 free white males. A site is fixed greater abundance than any county near the same upon for a town by the county commissioners, on latitude in the United States. Tobacco does not the bank of the Missouri, in a very eligible situ- | do well; nor can any farmer with us tell the reaation. l'he lots will shortly be put in market.
The face of the country is neither mountainous A public road is now opening from Potosi, the nor hilly, yet a great part of it is uneven, or roll-lead mines, in Washington county, to this settleing ground. There is great uniformity through-ment, and is already cut to the Osage river, which out the county, and but little diversity of soil, will greatly facilitate our intercourse with the stone, or timber.
States. The river Missouri runs through the county. The air in this climate is less liable to sudden The other navigable streams are the Great Osage, changes than the country more eastward. We Mine river, and Kanzas from the south; the Char- seldom have chilling cold, unless the north-west latan, Grand river, and Little Platte from the winds break across the vast extent of prairies north, besides numerous small streams.*
which lies between us and the northern regions; Salt springs are found in abundance in some that wind, however, seldom continues longer than parts of this county. The main branch of the eight hours. The spring season opens with heavy Mine river, called the Salt fork, is generally im- rains, which continue, with short intervals, until pregnated with salt as strongly as the sea water, the first of May, and from that month to the first from the month of June to November. A small of August there is but little rain; weather hot, creek runs into it, from 15 to 20 feet wide, and with frequent thunder and lightning. Diseases from 6 to 12 inches deep, formed entirely of salt are but little known in this agrecable climate; springs, without its current increasing or decreas- those most frequent are remittent fevers. The ing during the whole year.
greatest scourge is the influenza. It is probable Minerals of various kinds are found here. Iron that diseases will be introduced with wealth and in abundance, lead, tin, copper, zinc, silver rare, dissipation. sulphur, alum, copperas, saltpetre, &c.'
The place selected for a town is nearly in the To the botanist this country will afford a rich | centre of the great body of rich land in this Terharvest. It abounds in medicinal plants, from ritory, and is situated in about 38°, 43' north lat. among which the aborigines select those capable It iş 150 miles west of St. Louis, 158 from the of curing the most inveterate syphilis, contrary to mouth of the Missouri by land, and 180 by water, my former belief. I have frequently heard it as- from St. Charles 130, from Cote sans dessire 60, serted by the faculty, that a confirmed lues ve- from the Grand* river 24, from the Great Osage nerea could not be cured without mercury
town 100, the same distance from the nearest opinion which I know to be false. The natives point on the Mississippi, and 130 from the town
of Potosi, Washington county. The principal The Missouri takes its name from the Indian articles of tradę are salt, live stock, beef, pork, words Nee songia, ash water, some say from the name of a tribe now extinct, called at this day beaver, tallow, beeswax, honey, peltries, saltpetie Missourras, but there was no such name known and grain. The inhabitants are composed of difamongst the Indians. The Osage, who have the remnant of the tribe alluded to among them, call • The mouth of the Grand river will, at some them Nee Songia. The Great Osage river is call. future day, be the capital of the Missouri country. ed Nee-Ska-Wacheska, white water. The Mine | It is at the centre of all the flat lands, and is the river, Rizierra a la mine of the French, Nescuriemost delightful spot in the western territory. longosh of the Indians, or great salt water. The From this spot to the Mississippi, at the nearest next stream below it, the Nescurie shingia, little point, it is only 28 leagues across a deliglitful , salt water.
country, dry and open,