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HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
appointed in the House of Representatives ; which , relates to roads and canals, to a select committee ; motion lies on the table.
so much as relates to a revisal of the criminal The resolution to require the directors of the code, and to a revisal and modification of the juUnited States' bank to establish a branch at Washi- diciary, to the committee on the judiciary ; so ington, was postponed to Monday next, upon the much as relates to a more effectual mode of premotion of Mr. Mason, of New Hampshire; and the venting the slave trade, to a select committee ; Senate adjourned.
so much as relates to the office of attomey general, and to the establishment of an additional de.
partment in the executive branch of the governMonday, Dec. 2.- At 12 o'clock the Speaker, ment, to a select committee; so much as relates Mr. Clay, took the chair, and the roll being call- | to the revenue, to the committee of ways and ed over by the clerk of the House, Mr. Dougherty, I means ; so much as relates to an uniform national it appeared that a quorum was present.
currency, to a select committee; all the commit. After the usual orders were adopted for sup- tees to have leave to report by bill or otherwise. plying the members with papers, &c. for com. These resolutions, the committee having risen, municating with the Senate and the appointment || were concurred in by the House, of a joint committee to wait on the President, The Compensation Law--Mr. Johnson, of Ken
It was ordered, on motion of Mr. Taylor, of tucky, after a speech of considerable length, ad. New York, that the House meet at twelve instead vocaring the propriety of the law, and contrasting of eleven o'clock, for the present, (the object of the compensation of members with other officers this motion is to afford more time to the commit. l of government, and of the clerks of the several tees, a few weeks, to progress in their business, departments, in which he declared bis opinion of and thereby facilitate the business of the House.) | the law to be unchanged, but submitted the fol. And the House adjourned.
lowing resolution on the implied instructions of Tuesday, Dec. 3.-The message of the Presi- || his constituents. dent having been read, was referred to a com- “Resolved, That a committee be appointed to mittee of the whole on the state of the Union, and enquire into the expediency of repealing or mofive thousand copies ordered to be printed for the difying the late act changing the mode of comuse of the House.
pensation to the members of Congress, and that Mr. Nelson, of Virginia, without preface or they report by bill or otherwise." remark, offered the following resolution :
After some remarks by Mi. Desha, the ques. Resolved, that the committee on the judiciary tion for consideration and the resolution itself be instructed to report a bill to repeal the act, were agreed to without a division. entitled “ An act to change the mode of compen- Mr. Reynolds made a motion to direct the se. sation to the members of the Senate and House of cretary of war to lay before the House the report Representatives, and the delegates from territo- | of the commissioner appointed to make and sur. ries."
vey a road on Tennessee river, together with an The Speaker intimated that the motion was account of the expenses attending the same; and premature, the committee on the judiciary and the House adjourned. other standing committees not having been yet The following gentlemen are appointed by the appointed.
Speaker, in pursuance of the order of the House, The question to consider this motion was de. to compose the committees of the House of Recided in the negative.
presentatives: The standing committees were then ordered to
LIST OF STANDING COMMITTEES. be appointed, (which is always done by the of Ways and Means-Messrs. Lowndes, Smith, Speaker.]
of Maryland, Moseley, Burwell, Wilkin, Gaston, And the House adjourned.
and Henderson. Wednesday, Dec. 4.-Sundry petitions were Of Elections-Messrs. Taylor, of New York, submitted.
Pickering, Hahn, Vose, Law, and Thomas. The President's Message-The House having Of Commerce and Munufactures-Messrs. New. resolved itself into a committee of the whole, on ton, Savage, Hulbert, Parris, Milnor, Mason, and the state of the Union, Mr. Nelson in the chair, Forney. the following subdivision and distribution of the Of Claims-Messrs. Yancey, Alexander, GoodPresident's message was made, by several reso- wyn, Davenport, Lyle, Hardin, and Lyon. lutions offered by Mr. Taylor, of New York, and For the District of Columbia-Messrs. Tucker, adopted by the committee :
Lewis, Irwin, of Pennsylvania, Wendover, Her. So much of the message as relates to the sub- bert, Taylor of South Carolina, and Peter. ject of foreign affairs and commercial intercourse On the Public Lands-Messrs. Robertson, Mc with the British colonial ports, was referred to a Lean, King, Sturges, Harrison, Williams, and select committee; so much as relates to our mili- || Hendricks. tary affairs, to a select committee ; so much as On the Post Office and Post Roads-Messrs. relates to a re-organization of the militia, to a se. Ingham, Cannon, Breckenridge, Avery, Carr, of lect committee ; so much as relates to our naval | Massachusetts, Caldwell
, and Noyes. affairs, to a select committee; so much as relates On Pensions and Revolutionary Claims-Messrs. to manufactures, to the committee of commerce Chappell, Reynolds, Stuart, Southard, Wilcox, and manufactures ; so much as relates to altering | Wheaton, and Crocheron. the condition of the Indian tribes within our lim. On Public Expenditures-Messrs. Pickens, Barits, to a select committee; so much as relates to bour, Hammond, Champion, Schenck, Thomas an uniformity of weights and measures, to a select | Wilson, and Jeremiah Nelson. committee ; so much as relates to the establish- On the Judiciary Messrs. Hugh Nelson, Wilde, ment of a national university within the District Hopkinson, Wright, Ormsby, Webster, and Love. of Columbia, to a select committec; so much as Of Accounts--Messrs. Lyle, Reed, and Edwards.
Of Revisal, &c.-Messi's. Condict, Bradbury, || for the present session, and on counting the bal. and William Maclay
lots it appeared there were On Private Land Claims-Messrs. Sharp, Clark, For the Rev. Burgess Allison, 75 of North Carolina, Telfair, Atherton, and Huger.
Walter Addison, 40 Thursday, December 5.-The following commit
4 tees, to whom were yesterday ordered to be re- Mr. Allison was declared duly elected; and the ferred various subjects of the President's Mes- house adjourned. sage, were appointed, to wit:
On Foreign Relations.-Messrs. Forsyth, Smith, of Md. Grosvenor, King, Baker, Ward of Mass.
FOREIGN & DOMESTIC SUMMARY. and Darlington,
Oni Military Affairs.—Messrs. Johnson of Ky. English dates to the 25th October, have been
port that spirits were prohibited from being dis-
cers of Bonaparte's army had gone on board of On Naval Affuirs-Messrs. Pleasants, Betts, the American squadron in the Mediterranean. : Culpepper, Lovett, Robertson, Stearns, and Clen- The Paris journals state that the trarvest in depen.
France has been generally good, but not an o.
A report is still afloat that the Emperor of
It is intimated that the corn harvest in England
80s.. per quarter. On Hoads and Canals--Messrs. Thos. Wilson, France--The subject of the new chamber of Brooks, Clayton, Bateman, Yancey, Adams, and deputies occupies the greatest interest at preseer llawes.
in the public mind. The sitting, which was ** On the subject of the African Slave Trade | take place on the 4th of the present month, is er Messrs. Pickering, Comstock, Condict, Tucker,pected to be a very interesting one, and to fur Taggart, Cilley, and Ho cs.
nish great events. It is expected that their preon further provision for the Àttorney General, ceedings will, in a great measure, determine the and on the subject of an additional Department-|| fate of France. The chamber is composed of Messrs. Lowndes, Bassett, Wm. Wilson, Ruggles, 258 members, of which 161 were of the last Forsyth, Bennett, and Tate. ,
chamber, which was dissolved by the royal me On uniform National Currency.-Messrs. Cal- date on the 5th of September. This mandate, houn, Webster, Hulbert, Whiteside, Hardin, is said, has created a variance between the duchTownsend, and Glasgow.
ess of Angauleme and the king. Many private petitions were presented, and the The court to judge lieutenant general Emanuel Speaker presented sundry documents transmitted Grouchy (who is now in this country) met on the by Rufus Easton, of the Missouri territory, rela- | 18th October, and declared him absent and casts tive to the election of John Scott, as a delegate to || mar. The general's son, colonel Crouchy, pre Congress from that territory, which was referred || sented himself at the bar, in behalf of his father
, to a committee of elections.
and read a memorial signed by four lawyers of The following resolution was submitted for con- eminence, proving that a council of war could sideration by Mr. Williams of N.C.
not have jurisdiction over the general
, and that Resolved, That a committee be appointed to in- he should be tried by a higher court. After four quire into the decisions of Richard Bland Lee, || hours deliberation the court determined to por Esq. commissioner, appointed under the act of ceed no further in the affair, and ordered the pa. Congress, entitled, "An act to authorize the pay-|| pers to be returned to the minister of war, to be ment for property lost, captured or destroyed by acted on as the law directs. the enemy, while in the military service of the United States, and for other purposes,” passed The separation of Maine is still under discus. the 9th of April, 1816.
sion in the legislature of Massachusetts Resolved further, That the said committee have
Compensation Law.-Resolutions have passe! leave to send for persons and papers.
both branches of the legislature of Massachusetts Mr. Webster expressed some surprize at a mo- disapproving the compensation law adopted by tion to inquire into the decisions of an officer in-Congress, and instructing their Representatives Tested with the powers and discretion of a judge, to exert their influence to obtain its repeal. which implied impropriety in the conduct of the The committee of the legislature on the peti
officer, and moved that the resolutions lie on the tions of banks have reported against the redus table for present; which was agreed to.
tion of tax on bank stock. On motion of Mr Lowndes,
United States brig Boxer, arrived at New York Resolved, That the committee of Ways and from Havanna, on ihe 3d instant Captain Por Means be instructed to inquire iuto the expedien- ter reports that the Spanish convoy had sailed wcy of amending the act, entitled,
gulate the duties on imports and tonnage, so far ported that the Spaniards had impressed several cas relates to the duty on tonnage."
Americans, who had returned from Africa in The house went into an election of a chaplain Il slave vessel.
emanat cellent render rica u and de so eXT to dire
usefu tended botan
of ob usef views scienc It is cons Ders, powe union
NO. 16. Vol. II.] WASHINGTON, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 14, 1816. (WHOLE NO. 42. PUBLISHED WEEKLY, BY JOEL K. MEAD, A FIVE DOLLARS PER ANNUM.
ration of literature and science. These are, in NATIONAL UNIVERSITY, &c. their naturc, fraternal and harmonizing; they The reiterated recommendations of the Presi- || soothe the heart, soften the impetuous passions of dent of the United States, on the subject of a Na- | our nature, promote the freedom of social intertional University, are calculated to command the course, and beget sentiments of friendship and serious consideration of Congress. “Hitherto they || philanthropy. The youths of America, assembled
seem to have been regarded merely as the sug- from the different sections of the United States, ' gestions of a man who made them without reflec-ll in one common seminary, and mingled indiscrimi
tion, and whose solc ambition was to propose a nately together, will soon be enabled to see the meastire without a view to its ultimate success. absurdity of their prejudices, form attachments Some efforts have, indeed, been made to back, which death may alone terminate; and by diffusing these recommendations; but they have invariably | those feelings wherever they go, will check the proved abortive, feeble, and unavailing.
growth and progress of those jealousies from It must be a matter of astonishment, that an in- which so much evil might ultimately result. In stitution like this, so useful in itself, should not this institution might be educated men who could have excited greater attention from its intrinsic explore the hitherto undiscovered portions of our advantages, and the innumerable benefits it is cal-country, and collect all that is rare, valuable, or culated to produce. Does not Congress perceive unknown in American mineralogy and botany; that by establishing a National University, they and thus add to the health, to the comfort, and to are giving literature and science to the United the happiness of society. . Here too the future States, that they are promoting the advancement statesman might acquire an intimate knowledge of of learning and the extension of the arts, that the principles of political science, by investigating they are calling from obscurity and oblivion the the theory and contemplating the operations of native genius of their country, diffusing the light government. In short, there is no species of of science, the principles of liberty and of moral knowledge that could not be here cultivated and and political truth, and giving to their country a diffused: while, at the same time, the nation would literary reputation and character it has not yet at- acquire a character for : rts, literature, and science, tained, and perhaps never will attain without such that would add an additional lustre to its name. an institution? Cannot Congress see thut from || The advantages that would result from the estathis concentration of the rays of science will blishment of such a seminary here, are obvious." emanate all that is intellectually and morally ex- We shall but briefly enumerate them. 1st. Being cellent; and that they are bringing into light and under the eye of government, the professors would rendering useful the natural productions of Ame- be more vigilant and the students more emulous rica that have not yet been discovered, analyzed, || to excel, and more solicitous to acquire a proficienand developed. In a territory like ours, so vast, cy in the sciences. 2d. The theory of the political so expansive, so diversified, there must be a head science would be illustrated and exemplified by to direct the march of science and the progress of an attendance to the political discussions of Conusefulness. In a territory so varied and ex. gress, the operations of government, and the tended, how great a portion of its mineralogy, knowledge of our own institutions and general pobotany, and zoology, is yet undescribed, or lies lity would be more easily and ninutely attained. hid in the bowels of the earth and in the bosom | 3d. The fascinating art of oratory and elocution of obscurity. Can any one, then, question the could be more successfully taught, by occasionally usefulness of an institution that will enlarge our uniting to the theory the specimens of congressionviews on these subjects, extend the sphere of al and forensic eloquence, so often exh'bited at science, and diffuse a love of letters and the arts? | the bar of the supreme court, and in both houses It is much to be regretted that from our connec- l of Congress. 4th. To acquire a knowledge of ju. tions abroad, and the diversity of our habits, man-risprudence no spot could furnish a better school. ners, and inclinations at home, we seem to have a The highest judiciary tribunal in the United States powerful tendency to diverge from the centre of sits at this place; a tribunal whose decisions are union, and to entertain those local jealousies that as luminous as they are solid and useful, and whose are so inímical to political and moral harmony. I knowledge and research are co-extensive with their The tendency of this dangerous sentiment should genius and their literary taste. What mind be counteracted as soon as possible ; and for this would not derive improvement from an attendance end nothing will be more effectual than the one. ll in such a court as this? 5th. Gentlemen coming
to Congress would have an opportunity to see their ber of scientific men, who shall be einpowered to cluildren, or those of their friends, every year at issue proposals for the construction of the edifice; least, mark their progress, and stimulate them to select the best plan presented, and form a system fresh exertion. These are a few of the advantages of internal government and regulation, that shall that must result from such an institution founded be co-extensive with the design and importance of at this place. Let it then be organized as specdi- the institution. ly as possible ; let a man of science and experience in the constitution of public seminaries, be autho
TOPOGRAPHICAL. rized to devise a useful plan of internal police, &c.
To the Editor of the National Neurister. and let the work be commenced without delay. It will be recollected that ge ernment own a
Detroil, 15th Nov. 1816. great number of lots in this city, which may be
Sin.--As our governinent has lately established given to the institution, and that general Washing- description of that place, its in!abitants
, and their
a military post at Green Bay, on lake Michigan, a · ton bequeathed 50 Potomac shares to aid in the accomplishment of this desirable object. This pro
manners, nay, perhaps, be acceptable to some of
our fellow-citizens in the interior. Should you perty, judiciously managed, would relieve Congress from the necessity of great annual appropri.
think it the case, you are at liberty to publish is ations, and be a fund of itself almost sufficient to your Register the following extract of a letter fies maintain the institution.
mujw C. Grutiot, of the corpe of engineers, to cajie. The necessity of establishing a military academy
H. hiring, aid to major gren. Macomb, dcted at here, must be also obvious. The arguments urged
Green Bay, 21 September, 1916.
P. L. in favour of the location of the national university
Yours, &c. in this city, will apply with equal propriety to that " It is unnecessary 10 say any thing of our rosa of an academy. Virginia and Maryland have as age from Detroit to Mackinac, which was, like great claims as any other two States to such an es-others, very tedious and uninteresting. Frog tablishment, and no situation could be more con- Mackinac we procceded to this place, en foret, venient than Washington. We wish to see having not less than four vessels in company, canevery thing of this nature here; we think it is taining most of col. Miller's command with us, and due to the nation to fix them at this place, that the colonel himself, heading the expedition. His they may be under the immediate eye of govern. motives for so doing have, no doubt, ere this, been ment, by which they are patronized and support. communicated to the general, and consequently to ed. This district can furnish more students than you : a repetition, therefore, is unnecessary. Our can be accommodated in the academy at West- progress onward was retarded only from a want Point; many have not been able to obtain admit. of knowledge of the waters we had to navigate ; tance; another here would accommodate those of which, however, we found easy and unattended the district and the adjoining States, who wished with difficulties. The S. E. coast of the bay is ele to devote their lives to the profession of arms and vated and rocky, furnishing fine barbour for res. the service of their country. As this must be the sels. The lands receding from the shore are permanent seat of the national legislature, it would beautiful and covered with fine overgrown forests be desirable to have the mint also established of maple, oak, birch and white walnut trees. here ; and, connected with the Congressional li
“ When the vessels came to anchor at the bar, brary, a national museum on an extensive scale. six miles below the mouth of the river, colonels Not only Congress, but enlightened travellers Miller and Boyer, and myself proceeded up the would then find a wide range of amusement and river to examine the country. On our arrival at edification that would fill up profitably and inter- the first settlement we were hailed and saluted estingly the vacancies of business, and charm a- by such of the militia as could be assembled in way the tedium of leisure.
time to receive us.* This party was headed by
justice L. Reume, civil officer for the county of Since the above has been in type, we have re- | St. Clair, commissioned by the governor of Title
: ceived and herewith publish the report of the ana: he addressed col. Miller for and in behalf of committee on the subject of a national university. the people under his jurisdiction, expressing the We earnesly hope Congress may be equally disa satisfaction they felt in seeing the American fag to posed to aid this valuable institution. The build up in their country, and hoped that, for the future, it ing, however, must be much larger than the one woud never cecse of waring over their heads. After contemplated by the committee; and the whole | returning the judge's civilities by discharges of internal arrangement on a more extensive scale. || musketry and treating lis ragamuffins with some This, however, may be easily accomplished, by || liquor, we departed to pay a visit to Thomas, the authorizing the President to employ a certain num. "Indian chief of the Manoininies, whose village ccasists of three large lodges, and directly opposite to mence forests of pine, oak and inaple. The whole where the judge had paid us such marked atten- of the river upwards is said to be of the same nation. On our landing we were again saluted as ture. To this may be attributed the healthiness we had been by the militia, and beckoned to en- of the country, the S. W. winds prevailing throughter the council lodge. On our entrance Thomas out the summer, and blowing immediately down rose from among about sixty Indians, and met us the valley formed by the river, and meeting no half way from where he was sitting, presenting pools of stagnant water in its course, must neces. his hand to each of us, complimenting us at the | sarily be pure ; and when any other winds prevail same time on our safe arrival, and courteously || (which is seldom the case) they, of course, blow pointed to clean mats prepared for the occasion towards the settlements the noxious exhalations where we were to set down. Col. Boyer, who, from those marshes; but these winds being of a while at Mackinac, bad received a pipe of invita short duration, and the marshes small, those vation from him, produced it, lighted it, and present-pours cannot contaminate the air long enough, ed it to smoke to the chief, his young men and and to such a degree as to affect the health of visitors. That ceremony being over, the colonel | those who breathe it. informed Thomas of the object of his mission to “ The settlement in this place consists of fortythis country, and assured the Indians, through one families, who are on small farms wretchedly him, that the garrison to be built was for the purpose cultivated; notwithstanding which, they gather of protecting them and preventing bad birds from ho- considerable crops of wheat, corn, peas and potavering among them in future. The talk was well re- toes; and were it not for the almost continual enceived by the Indians, and answered immediately | croachments of the Indians, would be more than through Thomas, who acquiesced in every propo- sufficient for their consumption. As it is, we sition made on our part, and expressed great satis found them literally starving with fine promising faction at what had been told him.
around them. These people excel in their “ From thence we descended to where the gardens, cach inhabitant having one of the finest French had their garrison. It is about one mile adjacent to his house. The culture of fruit trees from the mouth of the river, on its left bank. 'The has not as yet been attempted by any of them. position is admirably calculated for a military post, || They hold officers of government in 'highest it is not unlike Spring Well, being a sand mound || possible respect, and would go any length to oblige of considerable extent; to the north it is joined one, and think themselves much honoured when by a ridge, which almost imperceptibly to the eye || called upon for any service. They are extremely descends for two or three miles, at the distance of polite and courteous, strictly preserving the man1,010 yards. I found, on calculation, that we were ners of their forefathers, the French. The polish74 feet lower than the mound; this ridge being|ed refinements of society have not as yet found the highest land within three or four miles of it, || their way among these children, (I may say of determined us, at once, to occupy it. It is within nature) though they possess a correct idea of proone mile from the mouth of the river, and com- || priety, still their innocence, and ignorance of the mands it completely. On its rear is a cramberry || world often make them the dupes of the designing. marsh of half a mile in cxtent; in front, the river, “ Their women, the nine tenth of whom are of with low lands on its opposite shore ; and above | Indian origin, arc modestly diffident and dignified an extensive prairie, some few feet lower than said in their manners, notwithstanding the shyness and mound..
taste they have imbibed from their mothers. Their “ The country bordering on this bay and Fox || costume is grotesque, wearing printed callico short river far exceeds in beauty any account giren of gowns, petticoats of strouds, and mocasins. The it. The lands, on entering the river, are low and men, with few exceptions, have partly adopted marshy, and from the extent of the marshes would the Indians in their manners. their dress is that indicate an unhealthy country, which, by no means, worn by the French people of Detroit.” is the case : the inhabitants are remarkably robust “ Before the war this country was well stocked and healthy, and do not recollect to have seen with cattle and horses; some of the inhabitants among them one single case of those diseases so having from 120 to 150 head of cattle, and 40 or common to countries similarly situated. Our | 50 horses—they then had plenty and lived well, troops, though only half a mile from those marshes, but times have most horribly changed with them: and encamped immediately on the cranberry | now their cattle and horses are mostly destroyed marsh before mentioned, are, if any thing, heal. || by the Indians, and the only dependence for thier than the men at Michilimackinac. The them and their families to subsist is few milk cows banks of the river continue low for two or three and the crops growing. miles up, when they gradually rise 80 or 100 feet “ The Indians, though peaceable, have acquired above the water, from whence commence im. ll such habits during the war that, notwithstanding