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2 churches, 2 chapels, and an abbey, made but a larly in the last, which terminated in the comfeeble resistance; and after procrastinating the plete conquest of the island. In this battle he time as long as they could, under the pretext of saw his former master and tyrant, whose
appear. capitulating, during which they removed their ance inflamed his vengeance and reloubled his slaves and their moveable property to the woods || fury. He plunged into the midst of the enemy, ajid mountains of the island, they surrendered and pursued his victim— who fell beneath his the empty town to the English. Several unsuc- || sword, a melancholy example of retributive jus. cessful efforts were afterwards made by the Spa- tice. He pursued his vengeance, and dealt de. niards to recover their lost possessions, but they struction among the Spanish ranks. His conduct ali proveil abortive, and the English remained was so magnanimous and distinguished, that Col. masters of the island, which they have possessed Doyley, without inquiring into his motives, gave ever since. Venables and Penn being recalled, him his freedom, and a portion of land; on which Coi. Doyley, who accompanied them in the ex- he passed the remnant of his life in sadness and peclitioa to Hispaniola, was left in command of melancholy. the troops in Jamaica. Col. Doyley was a brave, As soon as the English found themselves masactive, and enterprising officer, and prosecuted | ters of the Island, they began to cultivate the the conquest they had made with much zeal and earth, and to devote themselves to commercial perseverance. The negroes, who had been left and agricultural pursuits. They were supplied by the Spaniards among the mountains to harrass || by the mother country with all those necessaries the enemy while they repaired to Cuba to pro requisite to the establishment of a new colony. cure aid, joined the English, to whom they were But the government of the island, being in its of great service upon the return of their old mas- nature military, many, indignant at the idea of ters, and committed many cruelties. These were tilling the earth, or wanting that industry necesthe origin of the present race, called Maroons: sary for such an occupation, abandoned them. Coi. Doyley gave them all their liberty, and re- || selves to piracy, and became what were after. warded each according to the services he had wards denominated the Buccaneers. These men rendered. A fact is related of one of those ne- || brought immense wealth into the island; which, groes which deserves a place in this rapid out by inducing emigration, increased the resources line: A negro man who belonged to one of the and population of Jamaica. It is not my intenprincipal Spaniards, and who was deeply in lovetion, if I had room, to give you a detailed history with a woman of his own complexion, by whom of these pirates; it is sufficient that they origin. he had several children, was obliged to see her || ated in the Caraibean islands, were called by the torn from his arms and forced to comply with the French Flibustiers, from the Dutch fly-boats, in shameful desires of his master. He made several which, says Burk,(a) they made their first expe. ineffectual efforts to obtain justice from the tri- ditions—and Buccaneers, firom buccaner, a Carai. bunals of the island, and received nothing but bean term, which signifies to roast and smoke, punishment from his proprietor. He swore ven. according to the manner in which ibose Indians geance against the wretch who had thus exer- were accustomed to serve their prisoners of war, cised upon him such unfeeling tyranny; and the the Buccancers thus sacrificing the wild animals descent of the English afforded a favourable op- || they hunted for their hides and tallow.(6) These portunity to gratify his vengeance. He requested | men, by their desperate courage and excessive an interview with his wife. They met in a dark || cruelty, became terrible to the Spanish settle. and secret recess. He imparted to her his pro- ments in America, which they plundered to a jects of vengeance, and swore that the ardent vast amount; and by making Jamaica their ren. love he felt for ber would make him always re-dezvous, and there giving reins to their licengret her loss. Our happiness, said he, is for ever tiousness and extravagance, they threw an imat an end: innocent as you may be of the indig- mense mass of wealth into that island. Among nity you liave suffered, yet the disgrace cannot
these the most distinguished was Morgan, an obbe effaced. I cannot receive into my arms a wife scure and illiterate Welchman, who took Portothat has been dishonoured, nor suffer her to ex- bello, Campeachy, Maracaibo, Gibralter, and Pa. ist in the arms of ancther. He then tenderly em- nama, which he plundered and burnt. braced her, and cried, first object of my most
(c)Cromwell, solicitous to lrave a governor deardent love, farewell, farewell—and plunging a voted to his cause, sent over Col. Brayne, to su: poignard into her heart, held her in his arms till persede Doyley; but the former dying shortly she uttered her last groan. He immediately fed after his arrival, the latter was continued by the and joined the English. He served them fait
(a) Burk's European Settlements. fully during all their little combats, but particu.
(b) Histoire des Adventuriers ou Flibusteers.
Rump Parliament, after the death of the usurper || 1702; since which no attempt has been made to and the abdication of his son Richard. It is un resuscitate the unfortunate city. necessary to give you a list of the successive go. vernors who, from time to time, were appointed
For the National Register. to preside over Jamaica; it is enough to state, that the island, under its respective governors,
FOREIGN BIOGRAPHY. and the encouragement afforded by the mother I send you some sketches of the favourites of country, continued to increase in wealth and Catharine the 2d, translated from a French work population, till it became as rich a gem as sparkles | entitled “Memoires Secrets sur La Russie.” They in the crown of the British monarch. For a more will, no doubt, be interesting to the reader, as detailed account of this valuable island, I would every thing must be so, connected with that exrefer you to Long and Edwards, who have both straordinary woman, who wielded with so much given its history, and from whom you can derive skill the destinies of so vast an empire. such further information as you may be desirous to obtain.
1. SERGEUS SOLTYKOW Before I conclude this letter, I will briefly Was the first lover of Catharine. It is said, mention the principal earthquakes which have also, that he had her first favours, while Grand visited the island since it has belonged to the Dutchess, because Peter 3d laboured under a British government.
physical inability. He was considered in Russia Earthquakes are expected in Jamaica every as the true father of Paul. Soltykow became inyear, with more or less violence. In the year discreet, and was banished the court by Eliza1687-8 Şir Hans Sloane speaks of one that hap:|| beth. He died in exile. pened there during the administration of Christo
2. STANISLAUS PONIATOWSKY pher, Duke of Albemarle; but it was of short
Soon caused the first to be forgotten. He was duration, and did no great injury. The next, || beautiful, gallant, and spirited. He fascinated which happened while the Earl of Inchiqueen the young Catharine, who soon made him happy. was governor, in 1692, was accompanied with | Peter seldom troubled them, tho’ he was a little peculiar horrors ; Port Royal was shaken to its jealous, and he preferred his pipe, his bottle, his foundation; three fourths of its houses and inha: || soldiers, and his mistress to his amiable wife. bitants, and all its wharves, were overwhelmed Catharine, when she became Empress, made him by the ocean—the mountains of the island opened King of Poland. His disastrous reign proved, and closed, reeled and trembled like an aspan || that when love gives a crown, it is as blind as houses, plantations, trees, and men were swal- || favour in distributing credit and employments. lowed up in an instant-ships overset-planta- | Stanislaus was the most amiable of men, and tions removed from their positions—mountains
most indifferent of kings. If he had, at least, sinking into plains, and plains rising into moun. || when the troubles commenced in Poland, abditains, formed a scene terrible to the imagination. Cated a throne which he dishonoured, he would Two thousand inhabitants lost their lives during have excited some interest ; but he produced this short, but dreadful visitation; and the whole only contempt. Of all the favourites of Cathaisland is said to have sunk two feet. This earth. || rine, Stanislaus was the only one she seemed quake was the origin of Kingston, now the prin-|| desirous to humiliate, after raising. She was incipal city in Jamaica. In consequence of the dulgent in love, but implacable in politics; bedestruction of Port Royal, the surviving inhabit.
cause pride was her ruling passion-and love was ants repaired to the site on which Kingston now
always mastered by the Empress. stands, and proceeded to erect habitations; but a general sickness, originating, according to Old
3. GREGORY ORLOW, mixon, from the noxious vapours that arose from Whose favour was so long and brilliant, and the various openings of the earth, took place, whose history is so essentially connected with and 3,000 persons are said to bave perished. that of Catharine, seemed to partake with her These are the principal earthquakes that have the throne on which he had placed her. He occurred in Jamaica since its conquest by the united all the powers and all the honours which British. As to hurricanes, they are so frequent || were afterwards seen to decorate Potemkin and that I do not deem it necessary to enumerate | surcharge Zoubow. Although he was young and them. Port Royal, which seems to have been, || robust, his brother Alexis, of an Herculean from the first, devoted to destruction, was finally strength and the form of Goliah, was associated reduced to ashes by a fire, which took place in with him in his peculiar functions, near the in.
satiable Catharine, then in all the vigour of age., were some gigantic, some romantic, and some She had by Gregory an avowed son, whose name barbarous traits in his character: and it was true. was Basile Gregorewitsch Bobrinsky, whom she || His death created an immense void in the empire; caused to be elevated to the corps of cadets, and and this death was as extraordinary as his life. of whom Admiral Ribas, then principal of the He had passed almost a year in Petersburg, decorps, was the governor. Two beautiful maids livering himself up to all sorts of pleasures and of honour, whom Protasow, the first femme de. debaucheries, forgetting his glory, and displaychambre, raised as her nieces, passed for the ing his riches and his credit with an insulting children of Catharine and Orlow. It was for this fastidiousness. He received the grandees of the celebrated favourite that she caused to be erect. empire as his valets, and scarcely deigned to per. ed the gloomy palace of marble, where she had ceive the little Paul, and passed sometimes into the imprudence to have engraved this inscrip- the apartments of Catharine with naked legs, tion, “By grateful friendship.” The Chateau of dishevelled bair, and in a robe de chambre. The Gatschina is still a monument of Prince Orlow.old Repnin profited by his absence from the ar. Twelve years of enjoyment, and the pride of this my, to beat the Turks and compel them to sue lover, finally fised his sovereign firmly on the for peace; and performed more in two months throne: and, after a long opposition, Potemkin | than Potemkin had done in three years. He who succeeded. The triumph of his rival and the in. wished still to drag on the war, awoke at this constancy of Catharine, whom he laughtily called news, and departed: but he carried death in his ingrate, had such an effect on him that he finally blood. He arrived at Jassy, which had been a lost his health and reason. The proud, the pow. long time his head quarters, or rather his capital erful, the brilliant Orlow, died in a state of hor- and his court: he is gloomy, melancholy, devour. rible madness, besmearing his visage with ex.
ed by inquietude, and impatient of his malady. crements, which he nourished as another Ezekiel. He endeavoured to contend with it, and to con
quer it by his temperament of iron. He laughed 4. WASILTS-CHIKOW,
at his physicians, and nourished himself with salt Whom Panin produced during the absence of meats and raw turnips. His disease triumphing, Orlow, filled the intervals between the two fierce he wished to be transported to Ots-chakow, his rivals. He was but an instrument of the plea- | dear conquest; but scarcely had he proceeded sures of Catharine.
many versts, wben the air of his carriage seemed
to suffocate him. They spread his mantle on the 5. POTEMKIN.
edge of the road, on which he laid, and expired He came one day boldly to seize for himself in the arnis of his niece, Branitska, who accom. the apartments of his predecessor, and attested | panied him. Catharine, upon the news of his his victory by rendering himself thus master of death, fainted three times; she could not be bled, the field of battle, which had been so dis- and they supposed her dying: she displayed puted. Ilis passion, his hardihood, and his co- nearly the same grief upon the death of Lanskoi. lossal form, had charmed Catharine. He was the But it was not merely a lover she lost; it was a only one of her favourites who dared to become friend whose genius was identified in hers; whom a lover, and to spare her those advances which she regarded as the pillar of her throne and the she was always obliged to make. He appeared executor of her vast designs. Catharine, seated even truly and romantically smitten. He adored upon a usurped throne, hated by her son, was a at first his sovereign as a mistress, and cherished woman, and timid; she was accustomed to see } er afterwards as his glory. These two great in Potenkin a protector, whose fortune and glory characters seemed to have been created for one were closely linked to hers: she seemed to think another: they loved and esteemed each other herself a stranger; she began to fear her son ; olen they ceased to be amorous; and politics and it was then she rested on her little grandson, and ambition chained them together when love Alexander, who was just out of his infancy, and ceased to operate. He created, or destroyed, or began to oppose his father. embroiled every thing; but he vivified all. When That which distinguishes Potemkin from all absent, they spoke not but of him ; when pre- || his colleagues is, that in losing the heart of the sent, it was him_alone whom they saw. The|| Empress, he never lost her confidence: when great who hated him, and who enjoyed some ambition had occupied the place of love, he still character while he was with the army, seemed preserved his credit; and it was he who gave new at his appearance to sink into the earth, and to lovers to his mistress. All the favourites who be annihilated before him. The Prince de Ligne, succeeded him were subordinates. who wrote him some flatteries, said, that there The sequel will be given in our next.
black silk lace. For summer, white vest, single
breasted, with white buttons, but without trim. Adj. and Insp. Gen.'s Office,
mings. September 4. 1816. Pantaloons.-Gray cloth for winter, trimmed
down the sides with black silk lace, and the Aus
trian knot in front; no buttons on the sides or at Promotions and appointments to fill vacancies the bottom, but made with understraps. Rus ja in the army of the United States, which have oc- sheeting or white jean for summer, without trimcured since the 1st of August, 1816.
mings; the form the same as for winter. Corps of Artillery.
The Jefferson shoe, rising above the ancle joint 2d Lt. Francis O. Byrd, to be 1st Lt. 30th Au-, under the pantaloons. gust, 1816, vice Vandeventer, appointed Major Black silk stock. in the staff.
Common round hat. 20 Lt. George D. Snyder, 1st Lt. 30th August, Cockade-black silk, with yellow eagle, to be 1816, vice Robeson, appointed Captain in the worn at all times. staff
Sword-cut and thrust, yellow mounted, with 3d Lt. Thomas I. Baird, to be 20 Lt. 1st August, with a black gripe, în a frog belt of black Moroc1816, vice Mitchell, declined.
co, and worn over the coat. 30 Lt. Jabez Parkhurst, to be 2d Lt. 30th Au- No dress resembling the military, without con. gust, 1816, vicę Byrd, promoted.
forming to the regulation, will be worn on any 3d Lt. Robert L. Armstrong, to be 20 Lt. 30th | occasion, excepting that, when attached to corps, August, 1816, vice Snyder, promoted.
cadets will wear the uniform of the company of-
D. PARKER, Adj. & Insp. Gen.
THE STAUNTON CONVENTION. Hospital Surgeon's Mate William H. Buckner, We intended to have prepared an abstract of appointed Surgeon 4th in fantry, 4th September, the proceedings of the Staunton Convention, but 1816, vice Buck, resigned.
have been relieved from that trouble by the edi. Charles Davies, appointed 2d Lt. corps of En- tors of the PETERSBURG INTELLIGENCER, a journal gineers, 31st August, 1816.
conducted with much literary talent, and from Britton Evans, appointed 20 Lt, 2d regiment || which we have several times enriched our pages of Infantry, 30th August, 1816.
with extracts. William Downey, appointed 2d Lt. 5th regi. The Convention, says that paper, closed its sitment of Infantry, 3d September, 1816.
ting on the 24th ultimo-We have the Journal of William Elgin, appointed 20 Lt. 8th regiment | its proceedings down to the period of adjourn. of Infantry, 3d September, 1816.
ment; but are obliged to content ourselves with a 1st Lt. Sackett and 2d Lt. Strother of the 4th | mere sketch. Infantry, never having reported and joined their Monday the 19th August was fixed in the ad. regiment, since the consolidation of the army, dress, dated at Winchester on the 1st day of June are considered out of service.
last, and signed by Deputies from the Counties of By order of the Secretary of War,
Berkeley, Ilarrison, Frederick, Wood, Mononga. D. PARKER, Adj. & Ins. Gen, helia, Fauquier, Fairfax, Loudoun, Hampshire,
Jefferson and Brooke, for the assembling of a Con
vention of the People of Virginia at Staunton in Adj. and Insp. Gen's Office.
Augusta County, for the purpose cf devising and September 4, 1816,
adopting measures, having for their object a re
form of the existing Corstitution of this CommonThe following described uniform will be strict- wealth: ---It appeared there were present this day ly adhered to by Cadets, in the service of the sixty-eight members, from thirty-six counties. Gé. United States, and any deviation will be consi- neral James Breckenridge was unanimously elected dered a military offence.
Presiilent of the Convention ; and Mr. Erasmus A coatee, of gray sattinett, single breasted, Stribling, Secretary. Mr. Noland first moved that three rows of eight yellow gilt bullet buttons in a Committee of Elections, to consist of three front, and button holes of black silk cord in the members, should be appointed; and Mr. Johnson herring bone form, with a festoon turned at the proposed that the Rules of proceeding adopted back end; a standing collar to rise as high as the for the government of the House of Delegates of tip of the ear; the cuffs four inches wide; the Virginia, so far as applicable, should be adopted bottom of the breast and the hip buttons to range. l for the government of the Convention ; both which On the collar one blind hole of cord, formed like propositions were agreed to. General John G. that of the breast, four inches long, with a button || Jackson offered a resolution declaring it expedient on each side. Cord holes in the like form to pro- to "adopt measures for a General Convention of ceed from three buttons placed lengthwise on the the People of this Commonwealth, to amend the skirts, with three buttons down the pleats. The Constitution of the State,” to meet during the cuffs to be indented, with three buttons and cord present year—which resolution was referred to a holes lengthwise on each sleeve, corresponding committee of the whole. On Tuesday three adwith the indentation of the cuff, in the centre of ditional members appeared, one from the County which is to be inserted the lower button.
of Culpepper, and two from Patrick County. On Vest.-Gray cloth for winter, single breasted, motion of Mr. Tucker of Frederick, the House reyellow gilt bullet buttons, and trimmed with ll solved itself into a Committee of the whole, Mr.
Noland in the chair, to take into consideration the on account of a general wish, that the subject objects of their meeting, and after some time spent might be maturely considered-On Thursday last therein, the Committee rose, reported progress, || another meeting took place but was thinly attend. and obtained leave to sit again." On Wednesday, || ed, in consequence of the court having sat until a a Committee of three was appointed to draft a late hour. On Friday last in the evening, accordplan for defraying the expenses of the Convention. || ing to adjournment, the citizens again assembled A report from the Committee of Elections was re- at the Court House—The meeting was well attend. ceived and adopted. According to order, the ed-A larger number in fact were present :han House spent some time in committee of the whole; | is usual at our town meetings-A motion was made some further progress in the business refer- made to adjourn indefinitely, but after much de. red to it, and obtained leave to sit again. On bate it failed. The enclosed resolutions were Thursday, a delegate from the County of Wythe || then adopted almost unanimously by the meetappeared and took his seat. The committee rose, ing. and reported the following Resolutions :
With sentiments of particular respect and conResolved, That this Convention do consider the sideration, &c. &c. existing inequality in the representation in the two
A. B. SPOONER, Houses of the General Assembly of Virginia, as
S. CRAWFORD, a grievance, and as derogating from the rights of
For and in behalf of the Committee. a large portion of the good people of the Com
The letter and enclosure was laid on the ta. monwealth.
ble. Resolved, That a committee of seven members
Mr. Fitzburgh, from the committee appointed be appointed to prepare, on the part of this con- | under two resolutions of the house to drafi memovention, a memorial to the Legislature of the State, || rials, reported a resolution and memorial as fol. to be presented at their next session, requesting || lows:them to recommend to the people of the State, the Resolved, That the following memorial, to be formation, on fair and equal principles, of a Gene. | signed by the President, and at tested by the Se. ral Convention, empowered to amend the Con- cretary, be presented to the Legislature of Vir. stitution. On motion of Mr. Jackson, the word “unani. ginia, as expressive of the sense of this convention
on the subjects therein contained. mously” was inserted after the word resolved in the first resolution; which resolution, as amended,
(MEMORIAL.) was agreed to by the House.
Memorial of the Staunton Convention, to the Legis. A motion was made by Mr. Johnson, but lost, to
lature of the State of Va. limit the call of the Convention to a correction of The Convention of Delegates held at Staunton the inequality in the representation ; and also to in the month of August 1816, for the purpose of provide for such subsequent amendments as the devising the best and surest means of obtaining people may deem expedient.
such amendments to the Constitution of the Com. The following resolution offered by Mr. Jack- | monwealth as will secure to the good people son, was then adopted .
thereof, all the rights and privileges to which Resolved, That this Convention do recommend they are by nature entitled, and of which they to the people of this Commonwealth, the adoption have been deprived by the early adoption of prin. of a memorial on similar principles, to be present. ciples, which if not originally and radically wrong ed also to the Legislature at their next session, || have becoine so by the subsequent “operation of and that the committee created by the 2d resolu- | natural and accidental causes,” beg leave to lay tion just adopted by the House do prepare the before the Legislature of the State, such an expodraft of such memorial.
sition of their grievances as will establish at once A committee was appointed under the second | the certainty of their existence, the extent of their resolution, consisting of Messrs. Fitzburgh, Jack | operation, and the necessity of their removal. son, Tucker, Burwell, Love, Tucker, (of Fre- || Passing over many lesser evils connected with, derick,) and Boyd.
& inseparable from the existing constitution, they On Friday, the communication from the Peters- are satisfied on the present occasion, to confine burg Committee was read, as follows:
their attention exclusively to one; not doubting PETERSBURG, 12th August, 1816.
that the same remedy which will be applied to
it, will at the same time be extended to every To the Chairman of the Staunton Convention.
principle in the constitution, inimical to the rights A letter directed to Mr. Francis G. Yancey and and happiness of an independent people. No Mr. John S. Barbour of this town, requesting an doctrine has received a more universal ascent association of other individuals with them for than that in a republican government the will of the purposes therein mentioned, was duly receiv- the majority should be the law of the land. And ed and has been attended to-A committee com- yet in a state boasting of the pure and republican posed of Robert Birchett, Christopher T. Jones, character of its institutions, this first and fundaSamuel Crowford, John H. Brown, Thomas Shore, mental principle of republicanism does not exist ; Francis G. Yancey, John S. Barbour and Alder B. || for (to borrow the language of a late eloquent apSpooner, having consulted together, concluded to peal to the people of Virginia) “the government request a meeting of the citizens of Petersburg at of the commonwealth is actually in the hands of the Court House, by public notice in the newspa. a minority; and whiat is still more pernicious to pers. Notice was given, and at the appointed the general interests, in the hands of a minority hour, a large number of citizens assembled-An inhabiting a particular section of the state. For adjournment took place for the purpose of cir-ty-nine counties, adjacent to each other in the culating more extensively among the people an eastern & southern sections of the state, including address forwarded by a delegation from several three of the boroughs situated in those counties, counties in the western section of the state, and have a majority of the whole number of repre