Rights, Representation, and Reform: Nonsense Upon Stilts and Other Writings on the French Revolution

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Oxford University Press, 2002 - History - 486 pages
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The French Revolution provided Bentham with what appeared to him to be an exciting opportunity to influence the reconstruction of the French state. Drawing on his knowledge of English political and constitutional practice, as well as the theoretical resources he had developed in his own work,he suggested imaginative and innovative measures to achieve the peaceful and constitutional reform in France. In discussing the nature of representation he produced the earliest utilitarian justification of political equality and representative democracy, even recommending women's suffrage.Moreover, he provided a major critique of the dominant constitutional theory of the division of power, including both the doctrine of the balance of powers and that of the separation of powers. Turning his attention to Britain, for a time he advocated measures of parlimentary reform, but becomingdisenchanted with the course of the Revolution he produced the celebrated 'Nonsense upon Stilts' (hitherto known as 'Anarchical Fallacies'), the most devastating attack on the theory of natural rights ever written, in which he argued that natural rights provided an unsuitable basis for stable legaland political arrangements. All the essays published in this volume, with the exception of Emancipate your Colonies!, an important early critique of colony-holding, are based on the original manuscript sources, many of which have not been previously published in any form.

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Contents

SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS
xv
NECESSITY OF AN OMNIPOTENT
xix
15
xxv
ão i
xxxvii
23
xliii
Lettre dun Anglois à M le C de M sur lobjet soumis
3
Conduite à tenir par le
15
Conduite des États
27
Art 9
356
Art 10
358
Art 11
361
Art 12
364
Art 13
366
Art 14
369
Art 15
371
Art 16
372

Plan de marche pour la conduite des affaires
44
Véracité avec Fidelité
51
CONSIDÉRATIONS DUN ANGLOIS SUR
63
Termes capitaux servant de points de ralliement aux principes
67
RÉPONSES
80
OBSERVATIONS DUN ANGLOIS SUR
147
COMPOSITION DES ÉTATSGÉNÉRAUX
157
OBSERVATIONS SUR RÉSULTAT
167
OBSERVATIONS ON THE DRAUGHTS
177
Observations on the Report of the Committee in which
179
SHORT VIEWS OF ECONOMY FOR THE
193
Collateral Successions
208
RetrenchmentPensions on RetreatDonations
219
National Assembly and King
229
OBSERVATIONS
237
Introduction and Heads
265
Draught of an Address
287
Préface
314
Art 4
338
Art 5
341
Art 6
343
Art 7
349
Art 8
353
Art 17
374
DECLARATION OF THE RIGHTS AND DUTIES OF THE MAN AND THE CITIZEN A 1795
376
Art 2
378
Art 4
379
Art 5
380
Art 2
381
Art 4
383
Art 5
384
Art 7
385
Art 8
387
OBSERVATIONS ON THE DECLARATION OF Rights AS PROPOSED BY CITIZEN SIEYÈS
389
Art 2
390
ON THE USE AND ABUSE OF THE WORD RIGHT
398
DIVISION OF POWER
405
OF THE INFLUENCE OF
419
PARLIAMENTARY REFORM
428
COLLATION
435
51
442
54
455
63
464
INDEX OF NAMES
479
Copyright

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About the author (2002)

Catherine Pease-Watkin and Philip P Schofield are both at University College London.

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