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Dr. Wilson on Young's Farmer's Kalendar. [Feb. I
Captain Castleton, major to Colonel To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.
Mitton, gave a hand from Heaven, write SIR,
ing these letters on a blue ground:

N
1. Petri, cap. 24, ve. 17."

Magazine, page 131, a Selection of Captain Bragge, an armed hand and Dalzell; it will be doing ine a very great

Latin Poetry is announced, by Professor arm with a sword, below a book, and, favour,'if, through the channel of your under all, the words,

valuable miscellany, you can inform me " Ora et pugna,

where this book is to be met with. Javit et juvabit Jelovah."

I have also to request information, Captain George Withers, the poet, where the last volumes of Willdenow's bore a red banner, with a sword and á Species Plantarum, are to be purchased, pen crossed :-"Pro Lege, Rege, Grege," having in vain attempted to get the on a label over them.

work completed here. INDAGATOR.
These serve as a sufficient specimen Edinburgh, Dec. 14, 1814.
of the collection, which has only the
word “ Cornetes," for a title.

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine.
XXII. BARGES.

SIR,
Misson, in “Memoirs and Observa: « Let us consider of the means of making two
tions in his Travels over England," blades of grass, or two grains of corn,
translated by Mr. Ozell, 8vo. Lond. grow where but one grew before." --LORD
1719, says:---" They give this name in Bacon.
England to a sort of pleasure-boat, at THE national importance of the ob-
one end of which is a little room, hand ject of this letter, particularly at a
somely painted and covered, with a table crisis when the adjustment of the most
in the middle, and benches round it; delicate interests depends on the increase
and, at the other end, seats for 8, 10, 12, of the prorluce of the soil, will, I trust, be
20, 30, or 40 rowers. There are very considered as a sufficient apology for im-
few persons of great quality but what posing on your readers the trouble of pe-
have their barges, though they do not rusing it.
frequently make use of them. Their

It is too well known that, in spite of watermen wear a jacket of the same every exertion of the Board, and of the colour they give for their livery, with a various local societies for promoting agripretty large silver badge upon their cultural improvements, the force of cus. arm, with the nobleman's coat of arms

tom and prejudice has hitherto counter-
embossed in it. These watermen have acted those exertions; and the introduce
some privileges, as belonging to peers; tion of better systems appears to depend
but they have no wages, and are not do on the more extensive diffusion of know.
mestic servants: they live in their own ledge, which must result from the circula-
houses with their families, and earn their tion of books and the gradual conviction
livelihood as they can. The Lord Mayor of experience.
of London and the several companies At the same time, it is deeply to be la.
have also their barges, and are carry'd mented that the Scottish farmer, by ap.
in them upon certain solemn occasi. plying all the aids of art, and even many
ons." p. 11.

English farmers who have adopted the.
XXIII. PAMPHLETS.

best modern practices, find it as easy to
The same writer observes, p. 203, pay from 51. to 8l. per acre, as many,
u England is a country abounding in who pursue obsolete and erroneous sys.
printed papers, which they call pamph- tems, find it to pay but 20s. or 30;. And,
lets, wherein every author makes bold to as the necessities of the state cannot
talk very freely upon affairs of state, and soon diminish the burdens of the farmers,
to publish all manner of news. I do not and as consumers cannot pay much higher
say that every one does with impunity prices, the only practical alternative is to
speak his own thoughts, but I say, they increase the produce of the land by im-
take great liberties. A friend of mine proved modes of cultivation.
affirmed to me, that in the reign of the Such is the appeal of common sense to
}ate King Charles, he heard the hawkers the patriotism and loyalty of the country,
cry about the streets a printed sheet, and the mode of answering that appeal is
advising that Prince to quit the Duchess to meet the exigency of the case by auge
of Portsmouth, or to expect more dread- menting by every means the knowledge
ful consequences. The extreme mild of the practical farmer.
ness of the government gives room for How is this to be done? Will they ata,
Ubis. licentiousness.".

rend lectures on agriculture? No! If

lecturers

A

1815.] Mr. Grant on English Grammar.

15 lecturers were to preach with religious sense is effected by circulating the holy fervour in every village in the empire, records of religion. I wish, however, as they would be treated as theorists and vi a British patriot and a Christian, to see sionaries, and be neglected and despised! these two works stand side-by-side, in Will they read the Reports of the Board?“ every farm-house in the empire. No-seventy volumes of detailed facts Easton, Dec. 20. R. Wilson, M.D. are beyond the patience of most men, and wholly repulsive to those whose lite. To the Editor of the Monlhly Magazine. rature seldom extends beyond their pro SIR, vincial Paper, or their Bible and Prayer PRINCIPAL object in the preceding Book! Wbat then is the means by which this great purpose is to be at. to animadvert on some gross misrepre. chieved ?

sentations, lately inserted in the Monthly I conceive success would be rendered Review, with respect to Dr. Wallis's certain by the general introduction to English Grammar. I now mean, as every farmer's fire-side, of that practical briefly as possible, to expose a few of volome, Young's Farmer's KALENDAR— the erroneous notions on the subject of a book above all praise--which teaches English gramınar, recently promulgated whatever ought to be known, while it by the same grave authority. neither proses nor dilates so as to per The reviewer observes, that both plex or weary its readers. Following the Murray and Grant “ omit to treat of succession of business, month by month, those words which are differently spelled and describing the operations of each by different authors: for instance, words period, according to the best practical derived from Latin supines, are sotne systems, it does not offend the unlettered times spelled by scholars with an s, but reader by its systematic arrangements or more generally with a c; such as offense, logical subdivisions, hut treats on every expense, defense ; offence, expence, dething that is to be done on every kind of fence. Why do not the professed law. farm and soil, plainly, intelligibly, and yers of language tell us the rule of court? practically.

The fuct is, that they correct their very Mr. Yoong, as is well known, has de grammars by the prinler's dictionary." voked a long and very active life to the I am not aware that at present, there perfection of this volume; and his oppora exists any appropriate "rule of court;". inities in travel, as secretary of the and, I apprehend, that such subjects fall Board, and as the personal acquaintance within the province of the lexicographer, of every improving farmer in the ein. rather than of the gramınarian. Some pire, have never been exceeded, and few words, as suspense, are, I believe, perhaps never can be equalled by any always written with an s; others, as era man. His book is therefore all that can pense, expence, with either letter. But be desired as a manual of improved prace where, I would ask, did the reviewer tice, while, as a composition, it is of all ever find defence, and offence, spelled. others, in its form and manner, the best with an s? It must have been among adapted to the purpose of spreading very poor "scholars;" or such as, like thai information which affords the only the Monthly Reviewers, assign two ls to chance of enabling the farmer, and the solicit, solicitude, and the like-a mode country, at large, to triumph over the of spelling certainly not warranted either difficulties of the times.

by usage, or the usual forms of the Parmers, who value their own inter. words whence these are derived. The est, will of course not fail to possess latter part of the quotation is mere moonthemselves of so desirable a treasure ; shine. • In English, (the reviewer boldly but it is incumbent on all great land asks,) why should we class under difOwners, and their stewards, to give every ferenc heads the words this, the, that ? possible currency to the volume, by a If we call thein articles, or particles, gratuitous distribution on rent-days, che pronouns, or adnouns, they are still returns to which it would be the most words of the same class; the indicating a certain means of augmenting, with in- middle situation between this and that: creased profit and facility to the tee this indicating a more contiguous, and Dantry. I have heard it called, the that a more remnie, situation than the." Agriculturalist's Bible, a title which, in a Any person reading this question, would worldly sense, it inerits; and in that naturally infer, that I have "classed wense, as inuch good would be effected these words under different heads." tw the community by the formation of Now, the truth is, that they are all bueillies lo circulate it, as in a spiritual classed under one and the same head ; 3

Damely,

16 Mr. Clerncll.on Sulphuric and Muriatic Acid. [Feb. 1, namely, definitives; and I will venture ges, the term preposition is applied to a to assert, That this very circumstance, certain class of words, because they are which is contrary to the common prac- generally prefired to certain other words, rice, suggested to the ingenuous critic either appositione, as "over the house, the propriety of putting a question, or compositione, as overlook? It never which, how applicable soever it may be was asserted by any grammarian, that to the classification mdopted by other they always precede; in English, they writers, involves, with respect to mine, frequently follow the relative, when it is a palpable misrepresentation. There their regimen; and, in Latin, lenus is, however, in the preceding extract, always, and cum sometimes, are postone important and noved piece of infor- poned. But even in the critic's own mation, to which, certainly, I pretend exampies, it is evident, that the words to lay no claim. It is, I may truly say, are not affixes, but prepositions, used in wholly and solely the property of the re the common way, being prefixed to their viewer. I allude to the indicating a regimen; to look over what? --Cer. sniddle situation between this and that, tainly something. Occasionally, 110 &c." The language of nonsense is ge- doubt, they may, like transitive verbs, merally diffuse ; but here it is admirably be used absolntely, or without having condense. Referring to two objects at any regimen affired to them; but even different distances from us, we correctly then they do not lose their distinctive enough characterise the nearest, as "this character. “ Under the head preposiohjeci," and the farthest, as "that ob. tions, Mr. Grant (observes the critic,) ject;" and now comes a Daniel to takes no notice of our peculiar, and to jadgment," who seriously informs us, foreigners ditficult, management of the that any intermediate object is to be preposition. To see through you, is to described as "the object!" Is it ne penetrate your intentions; to see you cessary to inform any person, endowed through (a business), is to help you out with a sane mind, that the possesses no of a difficulty. To forego, is to go besuch character, but, with suitable terins fore; to forgo, is to go without. To do of definition, either expressed or im- over, is to obtain an advantage; to over. plied, according to circumstances, is do, is to work excessively. To run out, eqnally applicable to this, that, and the iş (a very strange definition !) to quit the other object, whatever may be their re- house, &c." Jative situations? It verily seems to be On this head, it is only necessary to this man's "nature's plague, to spy observe, that several of these terms are Into abuses, and oft his jealousy shapes used idiopatically, or figuratively; that, faults that are not." For, in the very even were it expedient, it would be imsrext paragraph, we find him, with his possible to comprise all such distinctions usual blundering and gravity, asserting, within the ordinary compass of a gram, that " another case of impropriety is the inar; and that, in the explanations of calling in an English graminar by the the separable and the inseparable prename" preposition, which means, put positions, every attention has been paid before, those separable inflective sylla. to the subject, that it scemed to deserve. bies, with which our verbs are frequently Many such things are often onnitted in combined. To stand by, to look over, grammars, or treated only cursorily ; and to set 'on, are instances of verbal com- this, probably, not without good reason, position, in which not a preposition, but non enim optimi artificis est, omnia an affix, is employed; yet, as we can say persequi.

J. GRANT. a by.stander, un over-looker, and onset, Crouch End. we ought not to include any idea of place, or position, in the definition of To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. this class of vords." This extract be.

VIIE ciples of grammar. As a grammarian, ways in inserting the critic appears to be laudably im- quiries and notices in the arts, induces pressed with the propriety of Quintili- me to send you the following, and to an's maxim, Expedire grammatico, etiam solicit further remarks from your corressi quædam nesciat ; or else, how could he pondents. utier such nonsense, about “ separable In some of the private recipes of the infective syllables," " affixes,” and “ver- calico-printers, from which they worked bal composition," as would provoke the with success forty or fifty years ago, oil derision of the stupidest school.boy? of vitriol is ordered in the composition Does he not know, that, in all langua of their fast greens. The oil of vitriol

of

SIR,

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1815.]
On the Process of Malting.

17 of the present day, being used, has no of Tournay College, at Paris, and bears such effect ; since fast greens, so com. date, 1669. I have also met with an mon formerly, are now desideratum. English version of the Treatise on the The reason for this failure is not gene. Love of God, which was printed at rally known to the trade; I beg leave to Douay; in what year I forgot to notice, offer the following, as a solution of the but the title-page announced it as being difficulty :-The oil of vitriol, as jis the twenty-fifth edition. nane in some degree imports, was, at

NONUSQUAM ITERATURUS. that time, obtained from green copperas December 13, 1814. (sulphate of iron,) as it is even yet on the continent; but the article manufac. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. tured at present, is obtained from sul.

SIR, phur, salı petre, (nitrate of pocash,) &c.

AS and called very properly sulphuric acid.

S your Magazine is open to every

proper discussion, permit me to Thus, the printers of this country have make it the vehicle of some observations an article of the same name as formerly, upon the criticism of Sir H. Davy's Agribut not the same properties; and, since cultural Chemistry, in the Edinburgh the failure may be easily perceived, may Review, for January last. The writer there not be other products in siinilar there states as follows:circumstances ?

The process of malting is considerMuriatic acid, when of a yellow co ed by our author, (S. H. D., in common lour, is impure from the presence of with others, merely as one in which iron; its unpurity being in proportion germination is artifically produced. It !o its colour. A piece of sin, immersed is true, that the germination of the seed in this impure spirit for about a minute, always accompanies that conversion of will, in the course of that time, deprive its feculæ, or starcli, into saccharine it apparently of the iron which was pre matter, which it is the aim of the malta sent in it. The most accurate and the ster lo effect. But we do not believe nicest test generally used for iron is such growth to be in any way necessary prussiat of potasb; and with this test, to thut result; and we have no doubt, after the immersion of the tin, the iron that if the minute germ, or embryo, of is not detected. How does the tin

the sced, were previously removed, the operate? By deposition? And are there great muss of inorganic matter, if placeda any other delicate tests by which minute in the same circumstunces, would undergo portions of iron could be detected in the the same change. Indeed this change acid?

J. CLENNEL.

can be wrought on this matter after it Brooksby House, Homerlon.

is reduced to powder, or is separated in

the form of starch. The growth of the To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. Further useful than as an indication of

germ, in the process of malting, is no

the due degree of change being effected PERMIT me to submit translator of the “ Memoirs of St. organized parts exhibit a certain degree

the in the organic matter; that is, when the Francis de Sales,” that bis work would of development, then the inorganic have been more complete, if he had furnished a catalogue of that author's pro- growih beyond this is injurious, as lead

matter is most completely changed. All ductions. Till he may be possessed of one more full, the following, which is ing to a consumption of the inorganic taken from Godfrey Arnold's Historia wise disadvantageous, than as an indica

matter; all less than this is not otherTheologiæ Mysticæ, is at his service.

tion that the inorganic matter is not Introduction à la vie devote. 890.

duly changed. It is provided by nature, Les Epitres Spirituelles, 2 toms. 12mo. that the same agents which urge on the à Paris, 1676.

development of the organized parts, Les vrays Entretiens Spirituelles.

should at the same time assist in preA Annessy, 1678. Missionarias Pastoralis.

paring food for their support; but, in De Amore Dei, libri xii. 8vo. 1697.

one case they act physiologically on a

living structure, in the other they exert In respect to the first of the above a chemical operation on the inorganic works, the Introduction to a Devout matter of the seed." Life, the translator inentions only one You will perceive I have given the English translation, that by Nicholls. I whole paragraph, rather than a garbled have met with another. It is called a New extract, though the principal objection Edition, set forth by the English Priests I have to make is to the passage in MOXTILY Mag, No. 265.

D

italics,

SIR,

to

.

18
Profits of Gas Lights.

[Feb. 1,
italics, which appears to me completely cation and loss, that the portion of
erroneous. I must also protest against which the germ is destroyed, so far
the previous unqualified assertion of the from undergoing the same change as the
reviewer, of its being established by er healthy barley, very soon becomes mouldy
periment, that all the oxygen which dis and pulrid ; contaminating their healthy
uppears in germination is converled into, brethren, and ultimately, after under
and actually exists, exterior to the seed going the operation of drying upon the
in the form of carbonic acid gas, so that kiln, become converted into a hard
of necessity none can be proved to be steelly substance, destructive of the sale
absorbed by the seed. The experiments and reputation of the malt, and unfit for
referred to, have not demonstrated it, the mash-tun of the brewer.
the subject is still to be disputed, as Such appears to be the result in
may be known by referring to Nichol. barley only partially injured; in what
son's Journal, vol. xxv. page 231, where manner the whole muss, being in the
the note of the editor clearly leaves the same stute, could be changed for the
matter undecided. And I am the more better, and even into good malt, I must
surprized at so peremptory an assertion, leave to the reviewer or your readers to
as the reviewer instantly observes, It is decide. The whole must go into imme-
not easy to understand the conversion of diate putrefaction, and, though this pro-
starch into sugar, but that the hypothesis cess may so far create a change as to
affords a very proper crumple of the induce a partial solubility, it must be at
changes sometimes rung on a string of a great waste, and upon the condition
technical terms, such as oxygen, car of having attached to the dissolved por-
bon, &c. Surely this shews something tion, a mouldy stinking favour.
Zike inconsistency, if not scepticism. Ipswich,

J. A. If the terms are appropriate, and re. June 10, 1814. present different sorts of matter, surely they are admissible as well in one case To the Editor of the Monthly Magazinçe as in another. It is to be lamented SIR,

any opinion should he attempted to HE advantages of gas-lights have submitted to the test of rigid investiga- sanguine projectors, who, when they tion and experiment.

have made experiments to compare the I shall not here enter into any che- gas with the light of candles or lamps, mical investigation of the process of have calculated from the size of the germination, it will be sufficient for any body of the flame, rather than the purpose to bring forward substantial ob quantity of light they produce. In jections to the statement of its being truth, the flame of gas must be much unnecessary towards the conversion of greater than that from tallow or oil, co barley inlo malt;" and were we must give the same light, because of the softenqure of the practical maltster, what ness or tenuity of the latter; and, ale are the motives which regulate his con- though incomparably more brilliant to duct in the management of his business. the eye, it does not send forth so many If we follow him to the corn-market, we rays to a distance, as the denser flame find bim with a cautious and scrutinizing from oil or tallow. Still, allowing amply eye, examining each sample of barley, for this difference, the saving of expence principally with a view to discover if will be very considerable, in a large the germ, or acrospire, have not been apparatus. destroyed by an undue heat in the stack, Where the expence of candles for a or what is technically called mow, or manufactory is equal to 300l. per annum, goffeburnt. Should he perceive the least it may be better lighted by gas for 2001. indication of its having sustained such and this including all expences, interest injury, wbich is easily known by the of capital, wear and tear, and attengern appearing black instead of yellow, dance; neither is any thing allowed for he instantly rejects it, as unfit for his the tar which it produces in considerapurpose. It inay be, that, in the hurry ble quantities, because the use of this of business, a sample of this kind may, is not sufficiently established to bear a unobserved, be thrown upon his granary, price at present, in all situations, but is and find its way ultimately into the may become more. so in time; another cistern. He does not then discover thing is, that the attendance upon lamps the unlucky circumstance, till the ger- or candles, in snuffing, cleaning, filling, mination of the sound bariey com- &c. is never thought of; though, in large mences, when he finds, to his mortifi, works, it is, perlinps, as expensive to

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