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34 Prizes distributed by the Smithfield Club. [Feb. 1, taxes to the amount of more than one tion on this subject, * his Grace the Duke handred millions annually, is as absurd of Bedford, the absent president of the and irrational as, to use the words of club, liberally signified his wish, by a I.K. to attempt to regulate the winds, letter from Spain, to offer annually five or the height of the tides.

extra premiums of plate, and as many An early insertion of these lines in gold medals, (of the value together of your valuable Magazine, will oblige a one hundred and twenty-five guineas,) constant reader from its commencement. to the feeders and breeders of the best Allerton,

Geo, BOUTI,

oxen, sheep, and pigs, exhibited at the January 7, 1815.

Christmas shew; and which Bedfordean

preiniums were awarded by the gentle. To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine,

men above-mentioned, as in the follox.

ing account. SIR,

The same twenty-five premiums, several past years, I herewith trans five guineas, as last year, (including bis mit you an account of the dead-weights Grace's) have been offered for the shew of the twenty-two animals for which pre. on the 15th of December next; and in miums were lately awarded, at the order to encourage as wide a competiSmithfield Club catile-shew, in Goswell. tion as possible, it has been determined, street, by three experienced graziers that more than one premium shall not appointed as judges of the shew, viz. in future be awarded for any animal, Mr. Edward Auger, of Imberholme except the best young grass-fed os, in farm, near East Grinstead, Susser; Mr. class ri. should happen to exceed in perRichard Goord, of Milton, near Sitting. fection the animals which are allowed borne, Kent; and Mr. George Watkinson, oil-cake, in any of the preceding classes. of Woodhouse, near Loughborough, Lei * Sec an account of the prizes tor 1813 cestershire. Since my last communica- vol. xxxvii. p. 217.

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PRIZE OXEN.

Beef,
lbs.

Loose Hide and

Head, Peet, Blood, Fat, Horns,

lbs. Ibs. Ibs. Ibs. lbs.

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Mr. John Westcar's 6-year old

Hereford Ox, fed on hay and 500 16784 257 123 57) 30

oil cakes Mr. Joseph Als's 6-year old Sussex Ox, fed on grass and 150 oil. 1924

168 106 48 28

60 cakes Mr. Robert Masters 4-year old Warwickshire Ox, fed on grass,

1155 117 124 47$ 251 hay, and turnips Mr. James King's 4-year old Dur. ham Ox,* fed on grass, hay, and 1424

170 113

32 mangel-wurzel Mr. Robert Masters' 4-year old Scotch Ox, fed on grass, hay,

8054 120 86 361

191 $9 and turnips Mr. John Westcar's 6-year old Dur. ham Cow, that has borne 3 calves, 1097 213 81

85 fed on grass, hay, Swedish tur. nips, and oil-cakes Mr. John Westcar, the Bedfordean premnjam, for his 5-year old Here

1807 208 104 521 27 ford Ox, fed on grass, hay,

Swedish turnips, and gil-cakes Mr. Robt. Masters, the Bedfordean premium, for his 3-year and 8.

972
100

97 41} 231
months old Salopshire Ox, sed on
grass, hay, and turnips

• This Os also gained another premium from the Club; and Bedfordean gold medals were awarded to Thomas Jefferies and Thomas Beache, as breeders.

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164

171

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191

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No. Mr. John Wilkinson's three 22months old new Leicester

129 162

7 18

187 142 15 161 wethers, fed on grass, hay, and

51 17% 197

131 151 гаре

16 185 Mr. Thomas Moore's three 32. months old new Leicester

1481
161 151 51

906 1511 17 161 wethers., fed on grass and tur

194 210 148 154 163

17 nips

202 atr. John ElImran's, jnn. Ihree

108 14 14 5 27 32-months old Sonth down

168 1104 13 13 wethers,t fed on grass, hay,

5} 25$ 168 113 13

28 176 and turnips • These sheep also gained a Bedfordean premium.

Ibid, and also a Bedfordean gold medal to the breeder ; and one was awarded to Mr. Thomas Moore.

16

PRIZE PIGS.

Pork,
Head and
Feet,
lbs.

Loose
Fat,
lbs.

Blood,
lbs.

Entrails, Weight

&c. alive, lbs, Ibs,

No. Mr. William Hayward's 58. weeks old Oxfordshire pig,

353 11 11 32 407 fed on barley-meal and the Washings of spent malt Mr. George Dodd's 38-weeks old Essex and Saffolk pig, fed

197

9 25

236 on barley and pea-meal pir. George Dodd, a Bedfordean premium, for his three

924 7

6 42 279 32-weeks old Berks, Suffolk,

213
6
6
41

266 and Essex pigs*, fed on barley

185

5

351 230 and pea-meal • And a Bedfordlean gold medal was awarded to Messrs. J. and W. Weller, breeders.

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In order, as fully as possible, to ac- the Agricultural Repository and Rendcomplish the important object of mak- ing Room, opposite the Pantheon, Ox. ing known the breeders of the animals ford-street.

J, FAREY, Sec. best adapted for the fat cattle markets, Jan. 14, 1815. it bas been determined, that no animals P.S. I beg to mention, for the informa, shall be shewn without their certificates tion of your agricnltural readers, that, from mention the Christian and Sir-names, the very numerous docaments, similar to and residences of the breeders, and as

the above, collected and preserved by the much of the pedigrees of the animals as

Smithfield Club, and from many others can be readily obtained; except of preserved at his Majesty's victualling-office Scotch, Welsh, or Irish beasts, purchased lias drawn 'extensive and very accurate

at Deptford, &c. &c. Mr. Layton Cooke of cattle dealers, The certificates must be delivered at my house, on or before from; which, from having given the lice,

uverages, and constructed tables there. the 9th of December. The printed Bills, weight of a fat beast, sheep, or pig, shews stating fully every condition of the next lvy iuspection its weight of meat, fat, &c.; shew, with blank forms for the certific and these tables, with many other things cates, &c. are left for distribution, as useful to farmers, may be seen and pur. esaal, with Mr. Mitchell, draper, No.7, chased at the Agricultural Repository Cloth Fair, Smithfield Market; aud at above-mentioned.

F 2

MEMOIR

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[Feb. 1, MEMOIRS AND REMAINS OF EMINENT PERSONS.

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Memoirs of FERDINAND SMYTH lonel Wentworth Smyth, who was the

STUART, M.D. MAJOR in the BRI. son of Jatnes Duke of Monmouth, by TISH ARMY, and GRANDSON of the Henrietta Maria Wentworth, Baroness of DUKE of Mon voutu.

Nettlested, and grand-daughter of Tho. IT is in vain that philosophy affects to mas Earl of Cleveland. All our his. ise all prejudices. Her most

torians agree, that, before his execution, devoted disciples must entertain many the Duke of Monmouth was refused the from habit or inadvertency, and cherish 'sacrament, by Drs. Tennison and Ilooper, others for their own sake, and for the unless he confessed the sin and adulpleasure they afford. Thus it is, in re- tery in which he lived with Lady Wente gard to illustrious descent. We may worth,-his wise, the Countess of Bucdespise the ostentatious display of the cleugh, being still alive. Dr. Smyth pride of ancestry, and we may not ad. Stuarı's papers inform us, that the Duke init this species of distinction as a sub- alledged that his first marriage was stitute for virtue, or an apology for vice; forced on him by his father, at the age yet there exists in the descendants of of fifteen, before he was capable of famous ancestors, a charm which fase making a proper choice; and that, having cinates, which commands respect, and be

marrie to Lady Wentworth, his which always excites the warmest sym mature age, he considered her as his pathy when they are assailed by any of lawful wife before God and man. Be the calamities of ordinary life,

this as it may, Lady Wentworth, after The public at large, and the sternest the duke's execution, retired to her lover of republicanism, will therefore country seat, where she pined for nine participate in one common feeling, on months; and, dying of a broken heart, hearing the recent unhappy fate of one was buried at Teddington, in Bedford. of the nearest descendants of the royal shire. house of Stuart; and the occasion will Her infant son, then but two years justify a revival of certain historical pare old, and, as illegitimate, deprived of all ciculars which have either been forgot. inheritance, was conveyed to Paris by ten, or till now have been buried in the Colonel Smyth, an adherent of the Duke records of the family.

of Monmouth, who educated bin, and Dr. Ferdinand Smyth Stuart, the ime left him his fortune. Ile afterwards enmediate object of this biography, was gaged in the cause of the Stuart family, killed on the 20th of December last, in in 1715; and, concealing hinself in the Bloomsbury.square, by the unfortunate Highlands, continued to reside in Scotcircuinstance of the carriage of a Mrs. land. But engaging in the second at. KELLY, daughter of Mr. Dolland, in tempt, in 1745, be was, a few years St. Paul's Church Yard, suddenly afterwards, being then in his 720 year, turning the corner of Southampton. way.laid on a bridge, by three men of street; when, being unable to escape in the royal army, in the hope of reward; time, he was knocked down by the pole, when, in the struggle, he and two of and trampled on by the horses. He was them fell over the batilements into the carried alive to his residence, in Vernon river, and were all drowned ! Place, adjoining; but, in spite of every His son, Ferdinand, the subject of care, he expired on the 28th, leaving an this biography, was then only in his sixib amiable, but destitute, widow, two sons year, and an orphan; his mother, a and a daughter.

great grand-daughter of the same Duke No event could have been more illo of Monmouth, by Eleanor, daughter of timed in the fate of this family. After Sir Robert Needham, having died three buffeting with fortune in every part of years before. This double affinity to the the world, Dr. S. Stuart had determined, Stuart race, was probably the cause of in this bis 671h year, to avail himself of the striking likeness which the late Dr. his experience and connections, by at. S. Stuart bore to all the portraits of tempting to establish himself as a phy. Charles II, which indeed he might bave sician in the metropolis; and, so lately as adopted for his own. Nor will it dimi. the latter part of the previous Novem. nish the interest of this narrative, when her, trad entered on his establishment in it is remarkeol, that his daughter, now Vernon Place: just as he was beginning in her seventeenth year, bears an exact to be recognised by his friends, he met similitude to all the portraits of Mary his death by this dismal catastrophe. Queen of Scots, when of the same age.

He was the only surviving son of Co. His eldest son, now in his ninth year,

1815.] Memoirs of Ferdinand Smyth Stuart, M.D. 37 is like that portrait of Charles II. where for public vengeance, and compelled to he is painted with a Newfoundland dog abandon his home, his fortune, and his of his own height; and, doubtless, as he family, in October, 1775. Aster encouugrows, his resemblance to the character. tering many dangers, the nearest British b-tics of his family, will increase. post being 320 miles from his residence,

The subject of this memoir received, he joined the British army; and, being apo bowerer, amid the Grampian hills, a pointed a captain in the Queen's Royal liberal education, and learnt English, as Regiment of 'Rangers, was ordered on a a foreigu tongue, with Latin and French, most important and perilous expedition; in a country where four-fifths of the but, after conducting the enterprise in inhabitants speak Gaelic or Erse, and perfect safety, nearly four hundred miles, call the tongue of the Low.lands, Sass on the day after he relinquished the Dach, or Saxon. In due time, he was charge, he was taken prisoner, and ris remored to Aberdeen; and, having engidly confined, tered on the profession of a physician, On the 30th of December, he escaped he attended the lectures of Dr. Gregory, from a guard of 50 men, at the peril of whom he always described “as a bles. his life, and travelled three hundred miles sing sent from Heaven to serve mankind, on foot, over the Alleganey mountain, and as an honour to human nature !" His the most inaccessible and extensive in first experiment in this profession was the world, in an extremely rigorous wine as surgeon to a Greenland-man, to ter, almost destitute of clothes and food, which he was stimulated by a passion to and encountered a series of dangers and sre the polar regions, and he was in that hardships scarcely to be paralleled. lle respect bighly gratified.

was however recaptured when nearly out A fondness for travelling induced him of danger, and dragged seven hundred to make a voyage to America, where the miles, bound with cords, and delivered spirit of adventure led hun to pass a up a prisoner at Philadelphia. Here he considerable time among the Indians, suffered captivity, during eighteen in the back settlements; but he finally months, and subsisted only on bread and settled in Maryland, becoming a consi- water, in dungeons, and in irons. Being derable proprietor of lands in Virginia, ordered to be taken after the Congress, and occupying one of the delightful which had fled from Philadelphia to Bala seats on the picturesque banks of the timore, he was compelled to march one Potoumac. Here he combined the oce hundred and fisty miles in irons, forced cupation of a cultivator, with that of a on with bayonets, and covered with physician, when the commencement of blood, occasioned by the irons and broken the disputes between the colonies and blisters. Unable to march any further, the mother country rendered it neces. by the wounds and lacerations of the sary for every man to declare himself on irons, he was thrown into the hold of a one side or the other. As the repub- privateer, upon pig-iron and stones, the lican, or liberty, party were in truth ballast of the vessel, where he was kept, the descendants of the very families who without food and clothes, for three days had been driven from England by the and nights, in the snow that was falling intolerance of the Stuarts, and as Dr. S. fast through the barches, and still in Slua:t inberited the political errors and irons. Ai length, however, having again prejudices of his family, which he che. etfected his escape, and having a fourth rished to the last day of his life, be be. time undergone great hardships and dancame a staunch supporter of the preten- gers almost incredible, in passing down sions of the motber country, and so bite the great bay of Chesapeak, two hundred ter in his hatred of the modern round miles by water, and more than three beads, that his residence soon became hundred by land, through a hustile coun. pnpleasant and dangerous.

try, where he was well known, and while Hence, abandomng his profession and a high reward was offered for securing the arts of peace, we find bim in 1774 bim, he got safe on board the Preston, a captain in the Western Virginia troops, then 21 miles out at ses, where he had when he particularly distinguished hiine been tossed about in a storm all night self in a severe action against the Indians; in a canoe. During these very hazardous and, on the rebellion, as he always called escapes, he was, of course, under the it, breaking out, he openly attached him. necessity of expending considerable sums self to the British goveroment, in a pro. of money; bui so ardent was his loyalty vince where for three counties around and real, that, on his arrival at New him there was scarcely another loyalist. York, he declined accepting a very He was, io consequence, soon inarked out bandsome gratuity, in money, from Sir

Williain

1

38

Meinoirs of Ferdinand Snylh Stuart, M.D. [Feb. 1, William Howe, the British commander he, with eighty men, attacked the enein chief. He afterwards did duty in the my, consisting of two thousand five hun. Loyal American Regiment, as a captain, dred, with six pieces of cannon, drove and in the 42d, or Royal Highland regi- them from the bridge which they had ment.

Besides forty-five men in the fortified, and secured the safc passage Loyal American regiment, he raised a of the British army. That, at the battle corps of one hundred and eighty-fire of Freehold, the regiment being only chosen men, out of Clifton, Chambers, three hundred and forty strong, having and Allen's regiments, at a very great alone, and unsupported, sustained the expense. From that time he commanded attacks of five thousand of the enemy, his corps, as captain commandant, in under General Lee, during two hours; the most active service, until he was and commanding eighty men, as a forattached, by his own choice, with all his lorn hope, he was ordered to sustain the men, to the Queen's Rangers.

attack of the whole column of the eneHe used to relate, that, during this my, in order to cover and secure the period he refused high and flattering retreat of the rest of the detachment; commissions from the Americans; that but, after a long and severe conflict, in a before he left his house, he defended it narrow pass, in which he posted his against a superior force, till one of his men, he repulsed the enemy. And that servants was killed, and himself dan in the evening of the same memorable gerously wounded ; i hat, while he was in day, being again detached with two com the hands of the eneniy, he prevented panies under his command, to cover the numbers of British prisoners from entero retreat of some troops in danger of being ing into the American army; that he ha- cut off by a very superior force, after zarded his life in saving Detroit and Upo performing that service, he, by an amper Canada from falling into the hands of buscade, killed five and captured twenty the enemy; tha!, during his escape, he, seren of the enemy. by his advice and influence, preserved Such was part of the suinmary of his many loyalists froin utter destruction, to services in this inglorious and disastrous the number of one thousand families; contest--in a cause which he thought and that, in the Danbury expedition, with meritorious, and which was thought by only ten men, he repulsed and drove tens of thousands, besides him, to be in back with fixed bayonets above one hun. the laudable defence of their " King and dred of the enemy, who greatly harassed country;" though it is now universally the rear of the British army, leaving felt, that the Americans were fighting in nineteen dead on the field. That, at the defence of their dearest privileges as capture of Philadelphia, he discovered freemen. On such a subject, the errurs eighteen serviceable pieces of cannon of a Stuart may, however, be forgiven concealed in the Delaware ; that with a more than that of any other man! small detachment covering the wood. His services have been recounted, but cutters near Derby, being attacked by his reward became matter of calculation six times hisforce, he repulsed thein, and before commissioners and powers, whoni killed more of the enemy than bis de he was unlikely to conciliare by flattering, tachment consisted of; that he was par. or even by courtly deference. At first ticularly distinguished at the action of 3001. per annum was granted him, but Edge bill, against a great superiority of his claims for 65,000 acres of land, mothe very best troops of the enemy (Mor. nies advanced, and various losses, ex. gan's rifiemen), pursuing them to the ceeding 200,0001.; and, being insisted on abattis of Washington's camp; that by a man who from principle and habit with only iwo men he went into the despised the low.born insolence of office, country beyond a considerable force of he never was able to obtain any comthe eneiny; at noon-day, and captures a pensation, and even the pension at first very active partizan officer. That on the paid him was withdrawn. The commis1st of May, 1778, in the battle of the sioners appointed to investigate the claims Crooked Biller, he totally routed nine of the loyalists, were at once judges and hundred of the eneiny, with only sixty- jurors, and there was no appeal from five officers and men of the Queen's Their decision; it is not therefore to he Rangers, leaving two hundred dead in wondered that their conduct towards the field, and taking sixty-seven prison, one, who, being disgusted with their proers, with their waggons, baggage, &c. ceedings, made no secret of his contempla That, at Croswick's Creek, upon Cap. was harsh and unyielding. Kain Stephenson being shot by his side, Dr. Stuart afterwards presented a

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