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1815.] Memoirs of Ferdinand Smyth Stuari, M.D. 99 petition to parliament for redress; but, again in St. Domingo, when 7600 Britisha though he passed many years of his troops; and as many seamen, died in fivo life in circulating it, and io urging its weeks, of the yellow fever, which, though prayer, he died without receiving any not of the medical staff, he discovered a remoneration for losses which he esti- means of alleviating or curing. All the mated at the enormous sum of 244,3461. remedies prescribed by impudent embut which, if commuted for by a mode. pirics (says Dr. S.), are the basest rate pension, would have rendered him falsehoods and impositions; for the dishappy, and rescued his family from des. ease is merely a bilious fever, with the titution. The debt still, however, re. bile rendered acrid and corrosive by the mains unliquidated, and it may be hoped extreme heat, " and is cured by five that it will now be reconsidered, and grains of tartarised antimony, and one sorpe equitable arrangement made, so table spoonful of sosc sugar, dissolved as to save the bonour of the country, in fifteen table spoonfuls of boiling and the feelings of those who are not water, of which one is taken every fifteen devoid of all sensibility.

or twenty minutes, until it has operated Disappointed in all his applications, three distinct rimes, when an immense he embarked for Jamaica with his family, quantity of acrid shick viscid bile is evao on the 26th of September, 1785, intende cuated, and the patient iminediately re. ing to settle there in his profession ; but, lieved: toast and water with nitre is used a tremendous hurricane having destroyed for constant drink, and one ounce of all his property there, within sixteen days natron vitriolatum (Glauber's salts) taken after his arrival, and being astacked with in it on the second or third day after, a dangerous illness, he was compelled which, with bark in port wine during a to return in the greatest distress; bot, on state of convalescence, has constantly luis arrival in England he was arrested at completed the recovery." Plynouth on a false process, and thrown In 1803, being appointed barrack inio St. Thomas's ward, the prison for master of Billericay, where the barracks debtors for the county of Devon, where were ruinous erections, some insubordibe suffered a series of ill treatment, most nate militia, encouraged by their comdisgraceful to the nation and the rights manding officer, who deciared to his of humanity.

men, that he would not put his dogs into He now presented a Memorial to the such places, assaulted and almost murKing, stating his case at large, at bis dered him, as the cause of the wretchfirst levet, in December 1792, which edness of the buildings, actually beating was most graciously received ; and very out six of his teeth. He prosecuted and soon afterwards General Delancey offi. convicted the commanding officer, who cially requested him to present another suffered his sentence, and paid his fine mernorial to the Board of Treasury, ac- to the king, but the prosecution cost cording to the instructions be would give, Dr. Stuart, above 1001. accompanied by such additional proofs As a physician, Dr. S. had the repuand vouchers as he considered necessary; tation of considerable skill, and about when he said, where then could be no the year 1787 he discovered a substitute, doubt of success. He did as directed, the produce of this country, of equal and waited six months for a reply, but power with Peruvian bark, so that those then found that his memorial to the prevalent disorders, the ague, with its Treasury had not even been laid be. concomitants, and the scurvy may be fore the Board, and had actually been counteracted by a remedy, the basis of lost !

which is abundant in our own country, at His distress compelled him at this one fourth part of the cost of bark. This juncture to accept the appointment of he offered to government, but without assistant barrack’master-general of Sc. success; and he took out a patent for it, Domingo, upon receiving assurance, from but never derived any advaolage from very high autbority, " that his claims on it, though it has been adopted in the government, so far from being weakened, French and other armies. would be strengthened thereby." In his During the latter years of his life, he voyage, he was wrecked three times in was barrack master at Landguard Fort, Aumiral Christian's Beet, in 1795 and an" unhealthy situation, where he lost 1796, abpre 5000 mnen being lost, and two of his children, a daughter in April not one sixth of 400 sail returning to 1813, and a son in February 1814. On England. He was afterwards at the cap. the oecasion of the death of his daughter fura of St. Lucia, as Martinique, and he caused the following affecting in

scription scription to be prepared for a stone in the surviving family, through delicacy in the burying ground of Landguard Fort, those who ought not to have permitted bear the grave of General Trelawry, such a family to be in such a situation. where they were interred :

Dr. Stuart was, for many evident reasons, HENRIETTA MARIA STUART, -SMYth too proud to ask facours of such persons STUART,

as he usually found in office ; but it may Born 18th March, 1797,- Died 14th be hoped that some friend of the roval April, 1813.

house of Guelph, will do Humanity the Inspired with superior genius and justice to point out to them the necessities powers of mind,

of this withered branch of the once-royal Pattern of the strictest integrity and honor, house of Stoart; and it may be hoped Most interesting --most beloved daughter that, if this notice meet the eye of some

Great-grandson of King Charles the 2nd, who still enjoy rank and wealth, they

of the favoured branches of that house,
From James Duke of Monmouth,
(By Lady Henrietta Maria Wentworth,

will feel what mankind will expect from Baroness of Nettlested--in this county.) their better fortune. The family in And Envice his wife,

question suffer no disgrace from poverty rests here:

but disgrace cannot fail to attach on An early and lamented victim those, whose duty it is to remove it, beTo her unfortunate father's beavy cause they have the power. afflictions,

Dr. S. STUART was the author of (Three of her brothers are interred in St. several works, particularly of two voMary-le-bone.

lumes of Travels in America, published Most beantiful smiling innocents!

under the name of Smyth-of six elegies, Brightest of blooming blossoms! called Destiny and Fortitude, and of Alas!-How fallen!-How changed ! many papers, and some poems in the What is the life of man?

Monthly Magazine, under the signaThe duration of the human race ?

tures of SIMPLEx and F. S. S. He also This terrestial globe?-

announced his own Memoirs, in two The solar system?

volumes 4to,, a work which, if published, Compared with endless, incomprehensible could not be devoid of interest; and“ eternity,

genealogical chart of the descendants of With the innumerable systems of worlds the royal house of Stuart, the most an. Revolving in the unbounded - cient and illustrious in the world, during inconceivable expanse!

a period of 2000 years." -A mote in sun beams-Less by far !

The fate of the Stuart race, and of
The vital spark !

Dr. S. Stuart in particular, are most pa.
The ray of pure intelligence, thetically described by himself, in the
Anemanation from the Almighty Supreme, following stanzas of his own composition.
Has returned,--to enjoy true felicity,
Where Sin and Deatlı can never come!

Oh, cruel Fortune ! when wilt thou relent,
We ought to rejoice; yet frail human na.

And turn thy rage from our devoted race ?

Our num'rous victims wilt thou not repent, ture laments, and grieves

When in our blood our fatal dooms you traced
At the liberation of the soul.
Selfish mortals ! It is for ourselves Illustrious Guise! In war of high renown,
we mourn!-

For wisdom, worth, and gen'rous valour

known, We quickly follow thee,-Our blessed

Was sacrific'd by him that wore the crown; Maria !

A crown he often might have made his own Hail ! the welcome hour.

Th'accomplish'd Mary felt thy ruthless power After the death of his son, finding the For eighteen years in cruel durance heid; health of his other children in danger, And then was murder'd in an evil hour, he solicited an exchange of barracks; but, Because her charms a rival queen's excell'd not succeeding, he retired from the pub. Henry of Gaul, the hero and the king, lic service, brought his family to London, As good and great as ever sceptre sway'd, and settled in Vernon Place, Bloomsbury Was stabbid by Raviliac the assassin ;-4.

Thus for his virtues rare was he betray Square, as a haven in which he might hope to end his days in comfort and His lovely daughter, Albion's hapless quecit, peace, and rear his children in virtue and By sleepy potion was deprived of life : in some useful occupation ; when within And her Éliza, only bare fifteen,

A victim fell to black rebellious strife. a month all his cares were terminated, like a true member of the Stuart race, The royal Henry, beauteous Mary's spouse, in the manner that has been described !

Sou'reign of Scotia's ancient fair domaing A veil is drawn over the distresses of By blood allied, as well as nuptial vows,

Ja carly youth was traitorously slaia.


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191!.] Memoirs of Ferdinand Sinyth Stuari, M.D. 41 The Thane of Lennox, Henry's noble sire, Too brave, too well-inform’d, for such a part, His merit high, illustrious his descent,

Strong were their talents, as their judginents Fell by the rage of faction's furious ire,

sound; And no exertions could his fate prevent. Pure Amor Parriæ possess'd each heart,

Their native land their true affections found. Young Henry, Cambria's accomplish'd prince,

The fondest hope of Albion's glorious throne, But sycophants in every age abound; By poison keen was early snatch'd from hence, Time-serving reptiles, cringing, mean, and A loss our country ever must bemoan.

base, Bohemia's queen a sacrifice became,

That scandal's brazen trump delight to sound, Another instance of thy adverse power ;

For hire against their native royal race. Oh, cruel Fortune!-.Fatal to our name! A race mark'd out to bear the storms of fate,

A name now falien like a drooping flower! Through ages thus oppress'd by her to groan, On Charles too thy vengeance must be hurl'd;

Crush'd by hard fortune's overpow'ring weight, Charles, the martyr'd hero, brave and good,

'Tis mine with them to join my mournful His life must yield before th astonish'd world, And heal his subjects' phrenzy with his blood. 'Midst sylvan wrecks,like one tree left, I stand,

To storms expos’d, by furious tempests torn, His children then through foreign lands must

And branches broken by each passing hand, stray, Nor house, nor home, nor country, could

Distress'd, oppress'd, unheeded, and forlorn. they boast;

What now avails to us our boasted blood ? And, when restor’d, the second Charles did No helping hand our infants to befriend; sway,

Their widow'd mother no support allow'd ; By deadly dose he life and sceptre lost. With my poor life all hopes and comforts end. His sister Orleans, beautiful and gay,

Still conscience, Smiling at her stern comA victim fell to her superior charms,

mands, And unsuspecting, in the face of day,

Firmly awaits each direful stroke of Fate, Lamented sunk in her attendants' arms.

Unmov'd amidst diead desolation stands; And gallant Monmouth on the scaffold bleeds,

Such strong support can never come too late, Humane his heart, as mighty Cæsar brave;

For, at the lowest turn of Fortune's wheel, The sanguinary axe on him succeeds;

No act of meanness e'er disgrac'd my name; Not universal love his life could save.

No deed yet caus’d my mind a pang to feel,

Or that, if publish'd, could occasion shame. But in a glorious cause the hero fell;

The public good of Britain and mankind; All hail! Oh House, thus borne down by Honour and freedom sound his funeral knell,

Fate! And an avenger follows fast behind.

All hail! Oh Race, that's all but honour lost!

All hail! Oh House, e'en in misfortunes great, His cruel fate fair Wentworth overpower'd,

That virtue, worth, and honour still can His best belov'd, accomplish'd, lovely wife ; boast : In nine sad months by grief she was devour'd;

la bloom and beauty she resign'd her life. The tide may turn, for Providence is just, Thy rage, Oh, Fate! his hapless son pursued, Prov'd by your sufferings still more worthy

And you may yet rise high in every land ; Through every ill, captivity and death ;

trust, My father's blood thy ruthless hands embrued,

And most deserving nations to command. The name and honours flod like fleeting

breath. Most honour'd parent! cruel was thy doom,

The recent tragical end of Dr. S. Stuart Upright thy heart, integrity thy soui: has completed this muster-roll of human One struggle from the cradle to the tomb ! calamily, and has proved that he was a Nor could the power of Fate thy fortitude legitimate heir to the fortunes of his race! controul.

Whether the stanza which prophecies the An Infant, left without a parent's care,

condition of his own fainily after bis Or friendly guide to point the pathless way, death, is 10 continue to be verified and With passions strong at war with virtue fair, whether, to this branch of the Stuart Strongly contending which should bear the

race, are to be super-added the severe sway.

penalties of the crime of poverty-deBut steady virtue still would lead the way, pends more on the virtuous and sympa.

Though passions pow'rful would too often rule, ihetic feelings of others, than on any And their influence frequently display, 'Till better taught in sad misfortune's school.

exertions within their own power. Let

us hope, however, that this unvarnished Dominion, high command, and splendour, gone; Glory and wealth and crowns and sceptres

tale will not be laid before the world in

vaill--that existing royalty will tbence Our race reproach'd for adverse fate alone,

be led to feel its duties--that the atlluent Although our lives with honour we have led. descendants of the same stock will be That Stuarts sought for arbitrary rule.

led to respect the opinion of mankind Peri-h the thought !-as false as ill-design'd;

and that others will be induced to yield Excepting bigot James, religion's 1001,

to the einotions which flow spontaneously Whose sanguinary zeal debas'd his mind, from well-constituted hearts, BONTHLY MAG. No. 265.








Extracts from the Portfolio of a Man of Letters.

and the ladies are strictly enjoined, before 6 DE MAINTENON Mwith Me young

was standing they “ get into bed, to take holy water." side a pond of carp. "These carp look structions by saying, " when you are in moped,” said the count. “They are like bed write the name of Jesus on your me," replied M‘de Maintenon, “they re- forehead with your thumb!" gret their native mud.”

O the vanity even of gratified ambition ! The Jews are allowed to reside at The widow of a starveling novellist Rome only on condition of their appearhitched to be the mistress, then lifted to ing once a week in a church, where misbe the wife of her king, and that king at sionaries are appointed to recommend the head of Europe, still repines for her their conversion. Vergers patrole the native mud.

aisles, and touch with a white wand the And the carp. Did they look moped: yellow badge on the shoulders of those or does the human fancy illuminate with who fall asleep. The richer Jews ac. its own interior hues all the objects of tend with cotton in their ears. There is mute nature on which its attention is usually about Easter an annual conver. flung? Mr. Fox, who was naturally mer- sion of some Jew, who is baptized with ry, thought the song of the nightingale great exultation, and liberally rewarded. cheerful; Cowper, who was naturally He often relapses again about Christmas, sad, describes it as melancholy.

in order to be ready for the next annis

versary triumph of the faith. The Jews Hic jacet d.B.; in expectatione diei should found such pulpits for the conver. supremi ; qualis erut, ille dies indicabit. sion of Christians; it would do us good to This epitaph is quoted and praised by hear the modern innovations of scriptuthe Spectator. We meet with the follow. ral religion attacked. ing translation, or rather imitation in the THE LORD PRESIDENT BRADSHAW. church-yard at Ditton, near Cambridge, Epitaph engraven upon a cannon at “ Here lies A.B. who died," &c. then fol. the summit of a hill near Martha Bray, low these verses:

Jamaica. “What he has done, what he has been,

STRANGER, Will in the latter day be seen."

Ere thou pass, contemplate this cannon,

Nor regardless be told,

That near its base lies deposited the dust of In a little manual of piety, composed,

John BRADSHAW; in 1712, for the young ladies who were Who, nobly superior to selfish regards, then pensioners at the monastery of St. Despising alike the pageantry of courtly Augustin, at Bruges, we have been sur.

splendour, prised into frequent smiles by the scrupu

The blast of calumny, Tous watchfulness with which the ghosto

And the terrors of royal vengeance, ly writer followed the lady-pensioners Presided in the illustrious band of heroes

and patriots, (though with pious fancy only) to the

Who fairly and openly adjudged very sacred of sacreds ! He was not con.

CHARLES STEWART, tyrant of England, tended with directing them concerning the

To a public and exemplary death, prayers which he believed proper to be

Thereby presenting to the amazed world, used when they assumed, or laid aside, And transmitting down through applauding their respective garments, but even di

ages, rected them what to do before they at- The most glorious example of tempted to close an eye on the softness Unslaken virtue, love of freedom, of their pillows! Prayers are specified

And impartial justice, by this zealous pastor for the following Ever exhibited on the blood-stained theatre curious occasions :

Of liuman actions.

Ob! Reader! In putting on your petticoat.

Pass not on till thou hast blessed his In putting on your night-gown.

memory! In dressing your head.

And never, never forget, In putting on your mantean.

That REBELLION to TYRANTS In regard to the ceremony of laying aside

IS OBEDIENCE to God. these memorials of the weakness of Eve, our general mother, there is a prayer to The genuine will of Shakspeare is prebe offered" whilst you undress yourself;" served in Doctor's Copunons. A fervent 3



1815.) The Portfolio of a Man of Letters.

43 admirer of the bard must needs behold The orthography used by Shakspeare the last stroke of his inspired pen with a in this instance, of course, prescribes the feeling of respect approaching to awe! mode in which his name is to be spelt; His name is signed in three places. His yet many, learned commentators have hand trembled at the first; when he came erroneously used the e final in regard to to the second, the pauses occasioned by the first syllable of the word. The way lassitude or anguish would appear to be in which his name was pronounced during perceptible, from the tremulous breaks his life may be learned from an inspection in the writing. When his name was to of his will. The notary (who had been be signed for the last time, his energies called hastily to the performance of his appear to have been subdued! The duty) had no opportunity of correction, name is almost indistinct, and the eye and he spelt the name of his immortal wbich guided the hand in its melancholy client froin the recollection of accusa office seems to have been filmed.

tomed orthoepy alone, Shackspeare.

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The late Dr. Guillotine, of Paris, had cloth, or any other commodity of the the merit ascribed to him of having in- value of thirteen-pence-balípenny, they vented the terrible instrument of death shall

, after three markets, or meetingw bich now bears his name ; but, it ap- days, within the town of Halifax, next pears, that all the honours of this invent. aiter such (his) apprehension and being tion were stolen, by him, from England. condeinned, he shall be taken to the By an ancient tract, from whose froule gibbet, and there have his head cut off tispiece we have copied the above repre- from his body.” The last time this insertation, it is ascertained, that in the strument was used was on Abraham liberties of the Forest of Hardwick, in Wilkinson and Anthony Mitchell, for Yorkshire, which include Halifax,'ll. cloth and horse stealing, in the year 1650, ling worth, Sowerby, Midgley, Stansfield, but numerous instances are recorded of and twelve other towns and hainlets, its application in more ancient times., this instrument has, from time immemo- CONTEMPORARY OPINIONS. rial, been the means of punishing felo• Men have been (always) represented nies. It is their law," that, if a felon by their contemporaries, not only as bad be taken within their liberty, with goods but degenerate.' This is an opinou 39 stolen out or within the liberty, or pre- generally received, that Virgil, (in concincts, of the Forest of Hardwick, either formity to it,) when he would express hand-habend, backberund, or confess-und. former times, calls then simply becter,

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