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Dr. Lambe on Peculiar Regimen in Cancer, Scrosula, &c. 659 ded as much as possible, from the diet of almost to bursting, with fruits, and suffer persons, to whom a strict adherence to nothing from them but a little temporary regimen is necessary,
uneasiness from distention. We see, as Mük-eating and flesh-eating are but I have said, tribes of people principally branches of a common systein; and they supported by them. And froin the great must stand or fall together. If there were pleasure which children and young perno demand for the Aesh of the animal, sons, whose stomachs are the most heal. the milk would not even be produced. ty, receive from them, it seems probable, The real question, taken in the widest that fruit, and the produce of trees in 'extent, is, whether the agricultural syg. general, instead of being unwholesome, tem ought not wbolly to supersede che is the sort of matter the most suited to pastorat system, as in countries increa- the organs of man.
Sucb was the opising in population it is constantly doing nion of the great naturalist Linnæus. in some degree. Nature herself, that is “This species of food," he says, “is to say, the productive power of the soil, that which is most suitable to man: 'which has confined the possibility of maintaining is evinced by the series of quadrupeds; the domestic animals within such straight analogy; wild men; apes; the structure liinits, that an abuudant population can of the inouth, of the stomach, and the not be supplied, from its own soil, with hands." a daily moderate portion either of flesh or Ibope not to be so far misunderstõod, of nilk; much less can it feed them upon as if I blamed all culinary preparation of these substances.
vegetables. But I think the practice is COOKING,
carried to excess. It appears to be the I shall in this place introduce a few general opinion that alınost all vegetable words on the question of how far arti- inatter, if not previously submitted to ficial preparation of all our vegetable the action of heat, is absolutely indigesfood is necessary or useful. That many tible and noxious. But the fact is, that sorts are really improved by cook almost all our common garden vegetables ery admits of no questiow; buc it may be may be used without any such prepara doubted whether by indiscriminately cion; and it is highly probable, that in macerating every thing as we do, we do this natural condition, they would be not often injure the substance we operate more nutritive, more strengthening, and upon, instead of improving it. With certainly far more antiscorbutic, than us, a parent will correct bis child for when they have been changed hy the eming a raw turnip, as if it were poison: fire. On this account it is, that I think ous. But the Russians, froin the lowest it highly advisable, that some portion peasant to the highest nobleman, are either of fruit, or of fresh vegetable mató eating raw turbips all day long. We ser should be used daily. Children too Thuy be certain then, bat there is no should be encouraged in the use of such harm in the practice.
things, instead of being forbid thein, as is But further, there is every renson to the common practice. If the stomach believe, particularly from the observations be so much diseased, that nothing of this of the navigators in the Pacific Ocean; kind can be borne, soups made with a that those races of men, who admit into large quantity of receni vegetables may ther nurriment a large proportion of fruit, be substituted, They seem to be far and recent vegetable matier, unchanged preferable to vegetables much boiled i by culinary-ari, have a form of body, the che soup and the vegetables may be eateni largest, of the most perfect proportion, together, and are very agreeable to the and the greatest heavty; that they have palate. the greatest strength and activity, and
MAN IN SOCIETY. probably that they enjoy the best health. Man, it is true, is or ought to be The prejudices then entertained againse guided by reason.
But no guide can be fruit and recent unchanged vegetable more fallacious than the individual reason matter camint be founded in any just of the beings, which are, as it were, the observations, proving that they are truly elementary particles of human society. insatubrjous, and onfit for huinali nutri- Passion, whirn, fashion, imitation, or the ment. Yet it cannot be doubted that feeting sensations of the moment, are matter of this kind excites, in many, incentives to action : above all, custom great inconvenience and uneasiness. has erected a despotisın over individual There are those, to whom a raw apple will, against the tyranny of which reason is an olject of terror almost as great procesis in vain. Flow little reason has as a piscal-shot.
been consulted in the establishment of But we see children glue themselves, the common labies of life, we may judge MONTULY MAQ, No. 271.
from considering, that the habits of direct application of its various prode modern life are essentially the same as tions to human gustenance, seeins to be have been transmitted from the rode be. the limit of improvement in the arts es ginnings of civilized society. The man. sential to the support of life. By ibe ner of living of an European philosopher, exercise of this beneficial art, myriads of absorbed in study and meditation, and human beings are called into life, who could of an Indian savage, destitute of reflection otherwise 'have never existed. By its and of foresight, are essentially the same. introduction a great revolution was comIn what does the banquet of an English menced in the relations of neighbouring prince differ from the feast of a chieftain communities. The cultivator being die of Otaheite, unless it be in the costliness rectly interested in the preservation of of the utensils, or the refinements of the public tranquillity, and the causes which cookery? Fish, flesh, and poultry, in each foster hostility and rancour being reform the favourite materials of the repast, moved, nations became disposed to suswhich is finished by the swallowing of pend their animosities, and rather to potions of an intoxicating liquor. What contribute to the promotion of their share reason has had in the institution of mutual welfare, which became to all a these customs, I must leave to their common source of prosperity. Internal advocates to explain.
order became too as necessary as exMAN'S NATURAL STATE.
ternal security. Thus, peace and the Man must have been fed previous to empire of law would succeed to strife, the invention of any art, even the simple violence, and anarchy. It seems no one of making a bow and arrows. He visionary or romantic speculation to con. could not then have lived by prey, since jecture, that, if all mankind confined all the animals excel him in swiftness. themselves for their support to the proThere is no antipathy between man and ductions sopplied by the culture of the other animals, which indicates that nature earth, war, with its attendant misery bas intended them for acts of mutual and horrors, might cease to be one of hostility. Numerous observations of trathe scourges of the human race. rellers and voyagers bave proved, that in Nor are the effects of agriculture less vninhabited islands, or in countries where favourable to private happiness than to animals are not disturbed or hunted, they public prosperity. Probably there is betray no fear of men: the birds will not one of the real wants of life wbich suffer themselves to be taken by the may not be supplied directly from the hand; the foxes will approach him like a soil; food, clothing, light, heat, the ma. dog. These are no feeble indications, terials of houses, and the instruments that nature intended him to live in peace needful for their construction. By its with the other tribes of animals.
means, not only is population increased Least of all would instinct prompt to an indefinite extent, but the happiness him to the use of the dead body of an of each individual is greatly augmented. animal for food. The sight of it would It multiplies enjoyments by presenting to rather excite horror, compassion, and the organs an infinite variety of new and aversion. In a warm climate, putrefaction agreeable impressions; which are of therm succeeding immediately to dissolution, selves, to an unvitiated palate, abun. dead Alesti must speedily diffuse an offen. dantly sufficient for the gratifications of sive odour, and occasion insuperable sense. Indeed, every taste, that is truly loathing and disgust.
exquisite, is afforded by the vegetable DeINKING UNNECESSARY. kingdom. In a wretched state of perLising wholly upon vegetables, without version must be the digesting organs and culinary preparation, our man of nature palace of the man, who has lost his relish could never experience thirst. Even for these pure, simple, and innocent intense beat does not appear to excite delights. Agriculture dissemioates man chirst, unless it be upon bodies, injured over the surface of the soil; it diffuses by a depraved and annatural diet. He health, prosperity, joy, society, benevowould have no call therefore to the use of lence; from it spring all the charities of liquids, further than as they are contained life, and it make a common family of the in the juices of the fruits and esculent whole human race. If those, who conplants, which he would eat. Drinking fine theinselves to its precious gifts, cati. would be needless : it is an action which not, without other precautions, escape does nut appear suited to the natural diseases, these are at least more mild in organization of mau, after the infant their form, and more slow in their pro. state,
gress; longevity is promoted; the head CIVILIZATION.
otroke is received with tranquillity, and The cultivation of the earth, and the death is disarmed of its terrors, 1
Dr. Lambe on Peculiar Regimen in-Cancer, Scrofula, &c. 661
Water drinkers are well known to have Can a practice be conformable to rea- much keener appetites than the drinkers son which stifles the best feelings of the of beer. This is commonly used as a human heart? By long habit and fami- proof of the wholesomeness of water : liarity with scenes of blood, we have but it really shows only the noxious power come to view them without einotion of beer. Low women, of upprincipled But look at a young child, who is told habits, give gin even to their infants, that the chicken, which it has fed and that they may eat less bread. It is clear played with, is to be killed. Are not from these facts, that fermented liquors the tears it sheds, and the agonies it ene sap and undermine the very sources of dures, the voice of nature itself, crying life. All permanent health and strength within us, and pleading the cause of hue must be derived from a sound stomach, manity? We cannot hear even a fly as. and perfect digestion of the food. sailed by a spider without compassion; The species of torpor, or impaired senwithout wishing to relieve its distress, sibility, which I have attributed to the and to repel its enemy. The coldness of use of fermented liquors, is not a conse. philosophical enquiry may perhaps lead quence of this practice only. Animal us to doubt, whether the sound it food produces ii likewise, as is obvious emits, which is no more than a vibration from the improveinent of the senses of its wings, is really an index of pain; consequent upon relinquishing it, and and whether we ou not to sympathize using vegetable food only. The disuse as much with the hunger of the spider, of fermented liquors, the relinquishment as with the pain of the ily. The emotion, of animal food, and the use of purified however, is natural and unavoidable. water, all increase she appetite, and apTo suffer from the sufferings of any pear to strengthen the digestion. We other sentient beings; and to have the may conclude then, that fermented sensibility aroused by the expressions of liquors, animal food, and impure water, suffering, is, among civilized men, an es. injure che digesting powers. The same sencial property of human nature; and, as observation may be applied to the sesuch, it ought surely to be a law to man; creting powers, and the derangement of a guide of buinan conduct.
the other functions of the body, FERMENTED LIQUORS. In the use of animal food, man having The objections which are urged against deviated from the simple aliment offered the use of fermented liquorš, do not him by the band of Nature, and which is seem applicable to spices. Ilowerer hos the best suited to his organs of digestion, and fiery these are in the mouth, they do he has brought upon himself a premature not appear to be deleterious. They do decay, and much intermediate suffering, not derange the brain, nor stupify the which is connected with it. To this babit nervous system; they do not even apo almost all nations, that have emerged pear to beat the body, nor greatly to ac. from a state of barbarism, have united celerate che pulse. There cannot there. the use of some spirituous and fermented fore be any objection to the moderate liquors.
use of such substances, The use of fermented liquors is in some measure a necessary concomitant and Of vegetable matter I do not know appendage to the use of animal food, that any great nicety of selection is Animal food in a great number of persons necessary; the palate will be a sufficient loads the stomach, causes some degree of guide. There can be little doubl that oppression, fulness, and uneasiness; and, vegetables, whichrare raised in the coupe if the measure of it be in excess, some try, where the land is not too highly nausea and tendency to sickness. Such manured, are preferable in those which persons say, meat is too heavy for their are raised in the gardens of great towns, storpach. Fish is still more apt to nau. and particularly near the inetropolis, seale. We find that the use of fer. But, any ewil, which may be supposed to mented liquors takes off these uneasy arise from this cause, being for the most feelings. It is thought to assist the diges. part unavoidable, it is nugatory to give tion), Probably, its real utility arises directions about it. Of vegetabie gatter, from the strong, and, at the same time, I consider fruit, and what is unchanged agreeable impression it makes on the by culinary art, as the most congenial to stomach, which counteracts the uneasi. the human constitution; and, in conseness arising from the solid part of our quence, advise as much to be tak, so in this aliment. Thus the food sits lighter on form as is consistent with coint riable the stomach, and digestiup goes og more feeling. In the sort of vegetable matter comfortably,
employed, there may possibly be material
40 % differences
differences on the constitution. We vation. Vinous and fermented liquors I know that animals cannot with impunity forbid. The water used, in every arucie deviate very much from the species of in which water is taken into the stomach, food which is most adapted to their na. I enjoin to be artificially purified by dise tures. But, as on this subject I am with- tillation. This is the peculiar Regia out any information, on which I can men, which I believe to be the best fully depend, I think it best to leave it to adapted to the cure of clironical diseases. be determined by time and future obser- in general.
NAMES OF OFFICERS KILLED, WOUNDED, AND MISSING,
In the late Battles; from the London Gazelle. Officers Killed, Wounded, and Missing, ensigns H. Metcalfe, J. Birtwhistle, sels. C. On the 16th of JUNE.
Dallas, A. Stewart, sev. adj. Davis, stly.
33d foot, maj. E. Parkinson, stly, capc. W. 1st guards, ensign lord Hay, aide-de-camp M'Intyre, stly, lieuts. J. Markland, G. Ogle, to gen. Maitland; ditto, 2d bat. capt. T. J. Forlong, sev, ensigns Alderson, sex. right Brown, ens. S. P. Barrington ; ditto, 3d bat. arm amputated; J. Howard, stly. capt. E. Grose.
42d foot, lieut.-col. Dick, sev. capts. Meo. Ist foot, capt. W. Buckley, lieuts. J. Arm- zies, Davison, Macdonald, Macintosh, and strong and J. E. O'Neill, ensians J. G. Ken- Boyle, sev. lieuts. Chisholm, Mackenzie, Fras nedy, C. Graham, and A. Robertson. zer, stly. D. Stewart, Malcolm, Dunbar, sev, 3rd foot, capt. E. Whitty.
ensigns w. Fraser, and A. L. Fraser, stly. 33d foot, capt. J. Haigh, lieuts, J. Boyce adj Young, stly. and A. Gore.
44:h fout, zd bat. lieut..col. M. Hamerton, 42d foot, lieut. col. sir R. Macara, lieut. 'stly. capts. Brugh, D. Power, W. Burney, M. R. Gordon, ens. W. Gerrard.
Fane, sev. licuts. Russel, Grier, B. Strong, 44th, 20 bat. lieut. W. Tomkins, ens. P. M. Hern, sev. A. Campbell, J. Burke, stly. Cooke.
ensigns J. Christie, Whitacy, Webster, Wil. 69th, 2d bat. lieut, E. Whitwick.
son, sev. 79th, 1st bat. adj. J. Kynock.
69th foot, 2d bat. maj. Liosey, sex, lieuts. 92d foot, capt. W. Litile, lieut. J. Chis. Pigot, Stewart, Bustoed, sev. holm, ensigns Å. Becher and M. Macpherson, 73d foot, 2d bat. capt. Lloyd, sev. lieut. 1st lieut. W. Lister.
Acres, sev. since dead; ensign Deacon, sev.
Heselridge, stly. General staff, capt. H. G. Macleod.
79th foot, ist bat, lieut..col. N. Douglas, 35th foot, dep.-ass.-9.-m.-gen. cap. Jessop.sev. majors Brown, Cameron, sev. captains
44ch, ass.-q.-m.-gen. severely; major C. Mylne, Marshal, Fraser, Bruce, sev. Sinclair, Smyth, 95th, brig. maj. sev. since dead; capt. sev. since dead; N. Campbell, stly. lieuts. Langton, act. aide-de-camp to sir T. Piccon, Brown, Maddock, Leaper, Fraser, Riach, slightly; lieut. W. Havelock, 43d, aide.de- sev. D. M.Phee, stly, ens. Robertson, ser. camp to maj.-gen. Alten, stly. ljeut. W. de 92d foot, lieut. col. Cameron, sev. since Goebu, sev. since dead.
dead; maj. Mitchell, sev. capcains Holmes, Royal artil. k. g. l. lieut. H. Hartmann, sev. Campbell, Grant, sey. licuts. Hobbs, M·In
1st guards, 2d bat. col. H. Askew, sev. tosh, M.Donell, Logan, M'Kinlay, Marlie, capt. Simpson, sev. ensigns G. Fludyer and T. M.Pherson, Ross, sev. Winchester, K. Rosi, E. Croft, sev.
M'Innes, stly, ensigns Bramwell (right leg, 1st guards, 3d bat. col. hon. W. Stewart, amputated), M.Donald, Hewett, sey. Login sev. lieut.-col. hon. G. Townsend, sev. litut.. stly. assist.-surgeon Stewart, sty. col. W. Miller, sev, since dead; captains R. 9ših foot, 1st bat. first lieuts. Gardiner, Adair ard T. Streatfield, sev. ensign W. Bar- Fitzmorris, (second) Shenley, sev. first lieut. ton, sev.
Felix, sily. Royal, Scots, 3d bat. maj. L. Arquimbeau,
79ch 1st bat. vol. Cameron, sev. stly. maj. H. Massey, stły, R. Dudgeon, sev.
MISSING. lieuts, W. Rea, N. Ingram, and W. Clarke, 79th 1st bat. capt. M.Kay, sev. sev. lieuts. H. Scott, Symes, G. Stewart, and Officers killed, Wvunded, and Vissing Alstone, stly, and J. Mann, sev. adj. A.
On the 17th of JUNE. Cameron, sev.
KILLED 28ch foot, capt. W. Irving (M) and J. 73d fout, 2d bat. lieut, W. Strahan. Bowles, sev. lieut. J. Coen, stly.
WOUNDED soth, 2d bat. lieut. col. A. Hamilton, sev. 1st life guards, capt. Whale, stiy. lieut. P. Lockwood, sev.
7th hussars, lieut. Gordon, sev. S2d foot, capts. H. Tvole and Wallet, stly. 11th light dragoons, S. Moore, sev, capts. Boyce, sev. since dead; T. Cassan and Growe, sev, lieuts. W. Brookes, W. Meighen, General staff, cap. Kranchenburg, retaken: H. Lawrence, and H. Butterworth, stly. G. 7th hussars, maj. Hodge, sev. wounded ; Barr, J. Boase, J. Robinson, J. Fitzgerald, H. Capt. Elphinstone, sev. wounded, (retakes) ; Quill, and E. Stevens, sev. T. Horan, stly adj. Myers, sey, wounded,
Killed and Wounded at Waterloo.
663 Officers Killed, Wounded, and Missing, Sunditto, capt. Wurmb, adj. Schuck. On the 18th of JUNE.
8th ditto, capts. Voigt and Westernhagen,
lieut. Mahrenholz. General staff, lieuto-gen. sir T. Picton; maj.-gen. sir W. W. Ponsonby; col. baron C.
General staff, his royal bighness the prince Ompteda ; lieut.-col. E. Currie, 90th foot; of Orange, sev. lieut-gen. earl of Uxbridge, brig.-maj. staff, k. g. ). capt. Weig man; capt.
sev. (right leg amputated); lieuto-gen. sir hon. W. Curzon, 69th ; capt. Crofton, 541h, C. Allen, sev. maj.-gen. G. Cooke, sev. (left brig.-major ; capt. Reignolds, 2d N. B. drag. arm amputated) i maj.-gens. sir E. Barnes, brig.-major; capt. Ecles, 95th, brig.-major; F. Adam, sir C. Halkett, and sir W. Doerncapt. de Cloudt, k.g. l.
berg, sev. sir f. Kempt and sir D. Pack, stly. 1st life guards, maj. Ferrier, capt. M. Lind, col. C. Duplat, sev. (since dead); col. sir j, 2d life guards, liegt.-col. Fitzgerald. Elley, royal horse guards (blue), sev. Horse guards (blues), maj. Packe.
Permanent statt, col, sir W. Delancey, dep. 1st dragoon guards, maj. Bringhurst, capt. 9.-m.-gen. sev. (since dead); lieut. col. sir Battersby, adj. Shelver.
H. Bradford, 1st guards, q.-mast.-gen. sev. 1st royal drag. capt. Windsor, lieut. Fors- lieut-col. hon. A. Abercrombie, colds. guards, ter, cornet Sykes, adj. Shipley.
4.-mast.-gen. stly. 2d or royal N. B. drag. lieur.-col. Hanvilton, Unattached, lieut. col. Waters, asst.-adj.cape. Barnard, lieut. Trotter, cornets West- gen. stly, lieut..col. sir H. Berkeley, 35ch ley, Kinchant, and Shuldham.
foot, asst.-adj.-gen. sev. lieut. col. sir A. Gor. 6th drag adj. Cluskey.
don, 3d guards, aide.de-camp to the duke of 10th hussars, maj. hon. F. Howard, lieut. Wellington, sey. (since dead); lieut. col. sir Gilaning.
H. Berkeley, 35th foot a.-adj.-gen. sev, maj. 11ch light drag. lieut. Phillips.
hon. G. Dawson, asst..q.-m..gen, stly. maj. C. 12th ditto, lieut. Bertie, cornet Lockbart. Beckwith, 95ch foot, a.-9.-m.-gen. sev. maj. 13th ditto, capt. Gubbins.
A. Hao.ilcon, 4tb West-India 'reg. aide-de15th husșars, maj. Griffith, licut. Sherwood. camp to maj.gen. sir E. Barnes, suly, major 16th It. drag. capt. Buchanan, cornet Hay. l'Estrange, 71st foot, aide-de-camp to maj.
1st light drag. k. g. l. capt. Peters, lieuds. gen. sir D. Pack, sev. (since dead); capt. hon. Sevetzou and Kublmann.
E. S. Erskine, 60th foot, depo-asst.-anj. -gen. 2d ditto, cape. Bulow, cornet Drangmeister, sev. (left arm amputated); capt. E. Fitzge.
3d hussars, dicto, capis. Kerssenbrun and rald, 25th faut, dep.-asse.-4.-m. gen. sty. Jansen, corner Deickman, adj. Bruggeurann. maj. T. Hunter Blair, 91st fout, brig.-maj.
Royal artil. majors Ramsay and Cairnes, sev. capt. D'Eureur, staff, k. g. l. sev. capt. capts. Beane and Bolton.
T. N. Harris, half-pay, sev. (right arm amRoyal artil, k. g. l. lieut. de Schulzen. putated); capt. H. Baines, royal artil. sely. 1st guards, 2d bat. lieut..col. sir F. D'Oyley. capt. W. Stochart, 3d guards, sev. (since
Dicco, sd bat. lieut. cols. Stables and C. dead); capt. O. Bridgman, 1st guards, aideThomas, cas. Pardoe.
de-camp to lord Hill, stly. sapt. H. Dumaresq, Coldstream guards, ?d bat. lieut, Blackman. Ich foot, aide-de-camp to maj.-gen. Byng,
3d guards, 20 bat. capts. hon. H, Forbes, sev. capt. W. Moray, extra aide-de-camp to Crawford, and Ashton.
maj.-gen. Grant, sev, lieut. Mansfield, 15th 1st foot, 3d bar, lieut. Young, ens, Anderson. huss. aide-de-camp to maj.-gen. Grant, stly.
23d foot, 1st bat. maj. Hawtin, Joiiffe, and licut. Rook, half-pay, extra aide-de-camp to Farmer, lieut. Fensham.
the prince of Orange, stiy. lieut. H.Hamilton, 27th foot, 1st bat. capt. Holmes, ens.Ireland. 46th foot, dep.-assi.-adj.-gen. stly. maj. W. 28th foat, capt. Meacham.
Thornhill, 7 ch huss. aide-de camp to the earl 30ch foot, zd bat. maj. Chambers, capt. of Uxbridge, sev. capt. T. Wildman, capt. M.Nabb, lieuts. Beere and E. Prendergast, Fraser, 7th bussars, and lieut. H. Seymour, easigns J. James and J. Bullen.
18ch ditto, aide-de.cumps to the earl of UxS3d foot, lieuts. Buck and Hart,
bridge, stly. 40th ft. 1st bat. maj. Heyland, capt. Fisher. 1st life guards, capt. Kelly, cornets Rich520 foot, ensign Nettles.
ardson and Cox, sev. 69ch foot, col. Morice, capts. Hobhouse Horse guards (blue), lieut.-col. sir R. Hill, and Blackwood.
sey. lieuc.-col. Clement Hill, stly. lieuts. W. 71st foot, ensign Todd.
C. Shaw and E. W. Bouverie, stiy. 73d foot, capts. Robertson and Kennedy, 1st drag. guards, capts. B. Turner and P. lieut. Hollis, ensigns Lowe and Page. Sireny, sev. capi. F. Naylor and lieut. W,
79th foot, 1st bat. lieues. Macpherson and Irvine, stly, Kennedy.
1st royal drag. capt. C. E. Radcliffe (maj.) 951h foot, 1st bat. first lieut. Johnstone.
lieut. T. R Keily, C. Ommany, sev. capt. 1sc light bat. k. g. I. caprs. Holzermann, A. R. Clarke, lieuls. G. Gunning, S. Traf. Marschaik, and Goeben, lieut. Albert. forsi, S. Wyodowe, S. Goodenoughi, and C.
2d bat. k. g. l. capts. Boseweil and Schau. Blois, stly. mann, ensign Robertson.
2d royal N. B. drag. major J. B. Clarke, 1st line bat. ditto, capt. Holle.
(lieul..col.) capis. J. Poole (maj.) R. Ver. 2d line bat. dicto, capt. Tibe.
non, F. S. J. Carrothers (since dead), C. 3d disto, capt. Didel.
Wyndham, sex, maj. J. P.Hankir (lieut-col.) la dittu, ensign Cronhelm.
licut. J. Mills, stly.