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MONTHLY MAGAZINE. No. 265.] FEBRUARY 1, 1815. [1 of Vol.89


When the Monthly Magazine was first planned, two leading ideas occupied the minds of those who undertook to cone duct it. The first was, that uf layiog before the Public various objects of information aud discussion, born amusing and instructive; the second was that of lending aid to the prupagation of those liberal principles respectisg some of the most important concerns of mankind, which have been either deserted or virulently opposed by other Periodical Miscellapies ; and upon the manly and rational support of which the Fame and Fate

of the age must ultimately depend. -Profau to Montbly Mag. Vol. 1. As long as those who write are ambitious of making converts, and of giving their Opinions : Maximum of

Lefuence and Celebrity, the most extensively circulated Miscellany will repay with the greatest Effect the Curiosity of those wbo read, whether it be for Amusement or for Instruction. — JOHNSON



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THE INSOLVENT DEBTORS' COURT AT WESTMINSTER. WHIS building, which contains the manely assiduous in the discharge of England, was built a few years since for excepted, from nine till four. The chief the Sessions' House of the city of West. 'council are-Messrs. J. Prince Smith, minster, which are still held here. The Andrews, &c. Insolvent Debtors' Court is held in a In a subsequent page, the justice and large room at the east end, and is simply policy of the law, constituting this court, provided with a table for the commissi- are defended; and some practical im. oner and his clerk, with a side-table for provements suggested to obviate the obthe council.

Mr. SERJEANT PALMER is jections of creditors who think they have indefatigable in his attendance, and hu- been aggrieved.

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THE WESTMINSTER NATIONAL FREE-SCHOOL. NUIS establishment is a branch of mission; and, being very inconvenient of

the National Society to which it is access to the visitors, the committee of united, and was, until lately, known as management determined to present a the Orchard-street School, where pre. memorial to the Lords of his Majesty's mises were appropriated for the pure Treasury, for the grant of a vacant piece pose; but, the school getting into re- of ground on the west side of St. Marpute, they soon became too small for garet's church-yard, near the sessions. the number of children applying for ade house, where a school might be erected, MONTRLY MAG. No. 265.


TVestminster National Free-School.

[Feb. 1, capable of receiving one thousand chil- school are, 58 feet by 57 feet; the girl's dren of the poor. Their lordships, schuol, 54 feet by 41 feet; the first cala taking into consideration the public be. culated to hold six hundred, the latter nefic likely to arise therefrom, were of four hundred; the height is about twentyopioion, that the institution had a claim eight feet, with nine ventilators in the upon the support and protection of the ceiling of each school, communicating crown), and accordingly granted a lease with the open air through the roof. of the piece of ground in question, for The building also embraces the nethe term of ninety-nine years, at a pep. cessary accommodation of committee. per-corn rent, which they were enabled

oom, secretary-room, &c. and a house to do by an Act of the last session of par. for the residence of the master and mise liament, (cap. 154,) whereby the patron, tress, communicating with the school, is president, and vice-presidents, for the nearly compleated. It is computed, tine being, were constituted a corpo. that the expences of the building, house ration, by the name of "The Patron, and furniture, will be about 50001.; to President, and Vice-presidents of the wards which, the National Society have Westminster National Free-School," and liberally contributed 5001., and the rehave a common seal.

mainder will be defrayed by voluntary By the activity of the committee of contributions, and the surplus of the management, and the very liveral do. subscriptions in hand. The number of nations of the distinguished inhabitants children at present admitted into the in and about the neighbourhood, they school, are-boys, 306-girls, 250; and were encouraged to proceed with the the applications for admitting children building : the architect, William In- upon the committee days, are so nuwood, esq. haring volunteered his gra- merous, that no doubt is entertained tuitous services, and the several arti," that the whole number, which the buildficers offering to forego their usual pro. ing is capable of receiving, will very fits von the occasion. Accordingly, on shortly be compleated. The master and the 21st day of July last, the first stone mistress, (Mr. James Wilmont, and was laid by his Royal Highness the Duke Mrs. N. Graham,) were selected by the of York, in the presence of his Grace Rev. Dr. Bell; and to their indefatigable the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Bi- exertions the institution is much inshops of Salisbury and Peterborough, debted, evinced by the rapid progress the Speaker of the House of Commons, the children have made in the several the Chancellor of the Exchequer, the branches of their education, the boys Lord High Steward of Westminster, the being taught reading, writing, and arithTreasurer of the Navy, the Rev. Dr. metic; the girls the same, with the addi. Carey (late head master of Westminster tion of useful needle-work and knitting. school), and many other noble and dis. The liturgy and catechism of the church tinguished personages., On the 30th of of England have been constantly taught November following, the building having to all the children; a separate service at been reported fit for the reception of the parish church of St. Margaret is the children, they went in procession appointed for them, where the chaplain from the old school, in Orchard-street, to the establishment (the Rev. William and took possession; on which occasion Graves,) delivers a lecture adapted to they were entertained with roast-beef their capacity; but no children are and plum-pudding, in the presence of refused on account of their parents being the subscribers and friends to the insti. dissenters from the church of England. tution. The relations and friends of Regulations of the School. the children were also allowed, upon That this school, united to, and this interesting occasion, to walk round aided by, the National Society for pro. the room, and, by witnessing, to partake moting the Education of the Poor, in the of the happiness which was evident in principles of the church of England, and the countenances of their offspring. supported by voluntary contributions, be

The schools for the boys and girls are adapted to the admission of one thousand upon the same foor, separated by a children, all of them to be taught free wall, with a communication by means of of expence : and that orphan children, double-folding doors, so as to exhibit and the children of soldiers, sailors, and them, at one view, upon public exami. marines, who are, or have been, in his nations, which take place half-yearly, Majesty's service, be admitted in prewhen rewards, principally consisting of serence to other children. clothing, are distributed to the most That all children received into this deserving. The dimensions of the boy's school be instructed in the liturgy and


TV estminster National Free-School.

3 catechism of the church of England; and religious exercises, and to attend di. that they do constantly attend divine vine service. Punctual attendance at service on the Lord's day at the school, these bours is indispensably necessary. or at some place of public worship, under Every Thursday and Saturday to be a the establishment of the church of half holiday, and such other holidays to England.

be allowed, as the committee of manage. But that the benefits of education in ment shall direct. this school be not refused to any child, 2. Parents, &c. are desired to send en account of its parents being dissen- their children with clean skins, with ters from the church of England, or of their hair cut short and well combed ; its non-attendance on the Lord's day at and will their clothes, on Sundays at the school, or at some place of worship least, well mended. under the establishment; provided the 3. Parents, &c. must strictly enjoin parents or friends of such child under their chilaren to go direct to and from take for its attendance with them, or school, in an orderly manner; to behave some of their family, at some place of respectfully to their teachers; to take public worship on the Lord's day; or great care of their books and slates; to assign such other excuse for its non- behave with the greatest reverence duattendance (on account of sickness or ring divine service; to be kind to one otherwise) as shall be satisfactory to the another; and never to tell a lie, cheat, master or comınittee of inanagement. steal, or swear. And that such books and tracts only 4. The master and mistress of the shall be admitted into, or used in this school shall have tickets of merit to disschool, as are, or shall be, contained in tribute impartially, as rewards to those the catalogue of the society for pro- children who best conduct themselves ; moting Christian knowledge, or recom. the number and value of such tickets to mended and approved by the National be regulated by the committee of maSociety.

nagement, and to be paid to the chil. That the children be taught to read dren weekly, in presence of the visiting and to write, and the first four rules of committee. Proficiency in moral and arithmetic, and also such works of use- religious instruction, and uniform good ful industry, as may be suited to their behaviour, to be the strongest recomages and sexes; and that a portion of mendation for such tickets. the profits arising from works done in 5. That on the third Tuesday in the the scbool, be allowed to the children months of June and December, in each theinselves as a reward for, and encou. year, prizes and honorary rewards be ragement to, diligence, exertion, and distributed to the teachers and scholars, good conduct.

according to the number of tickets of That no child be admitted under the merit, which they may have obtained in age of six, nor above the age of ewelve; the preceding half-year. except as teachers, or for other special 6. In case of sickness, or any accireason,

dent befalling a child, immediate notice That no child be admitted until pre. must be sent to the master or mistress, viously examined, to ascertain that it in default of which, or in case of nego does not labour under any infectious lect of any of the foregoing rules, the disease; and no child be admitted, unless child will not be permitied to attend the accompanied by the parents or friends school, unless satisfactory explanation who undertake for their obedience to be given. the rules of the school. That the six following rules be esta.

Attendance on Divine Worship, blished for conducting the school : and Upon every Sunday, the morning seribat a printed copy thereof be delivered vice, according to the liturgy of the 10 all persons whose children are ade church of England, has been constantly mitted into it.

read to the children in the school-room; 1. School hours from Lady-ılay to and they have been regularly conducted Michælmas, from 9 to 12 in the morne by the master and mistress of the school, ing, and from 2 to 5 in the afternoon : every Sunday at two o'clock, to the and from Michælmas to Lady-day, from parish church of Saint Margaret, where 9 to 12 in the morning, and from 2 to the afternoon service has been per4 in the afternoon ;-and upon Sundays, formed, and lectures have been read to at 10 in the morning, and at 2 in the them, adapted to their capacity. The afternoon, in order for the children to attendance of the children, both morn. be examined in their catechism, or other ing and evening, has been very regular

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