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Abadan Island. See Iran: American Army-Navy Petroleum Board, 17–20, 24

postwar civil air rights, etc. Atlantic Charter, cited: Greece, 226;
Abdullah, Amir, 582, 596–597, 649

Middle East oil reserves, 27, 32;
Abdullah Suleiman, Shaikh, 658n, 672, Morocco, 529, 531, 534, 558; Nether-

675, 676, 680, 683, 707, 724, 726, 728, lands East Indies, 1197; Palestine,
730, 731, 746

565, 570, 573, 578, 608, 609, 621, 628,
Acheson, Dean, 223-224, 255, 257, 258,

645, 648, 650, 653; Syria and Leb-
258–260, 263, 280

anon, 779–802 passim; Thailand,
Açikalin, Cevat, 820n, 820, 892, 895–897,

1316
908n, 908–909, 910n, 912–913, 914

Axis activities. See Turkey and
Afghanistan, essential import require-

Morocco : Spanish Zone.
ments, supply of, and problems re- Aziz, Abdol Hosayn, 46–47, 51, 52
lating to joint U.S.-British policy,
44-55

Bagge, Widar, 1034, 1035, 1047, 1184,
Ala, Hussein, 446, 453-460 passim, 464,

1186
468, 477, 480, 483

Bajpai, Sir Girja Shankar, 257,258,
Alexander, Field Marshal Sir Harold R.

258–259, 269, 281, 291, 292
L., 146, 147, 151, 152, 152–153, 156, Balfour Declaration, 601, 605n, 617n,
168, 169n, 170

621, 630, 639
All America Cables, 771

Baudet, Philippe, 776, 805–807
Allen, George V., 51-52, 257,258, 291, Baxter, C. W., 322, 323, 600, 602

292, 309-311, 357, 358, 381, 382, 385, Bayat, Morteza Qoli, 352n, 371n, 371,
4821

436–444 passim, 477, 478, 483, 484
Alling, Paul H., 99-100, 103, 104, 106, Berle, Adolf A., Jr., 61, 239, 291-292,
250, 251, 252, 253, 358, 476–477, 496–

560-561, 561, 562, 664, 764, 808
497, 571, 776, 784, 805–807

Beynet, Gen. Paul E., 782, 783, 784, 790,
American University, Beirut, 43, 621,

791, 797, 804, 808–809
630, 645

Bloom, Sol, 561, 562, 567, 574, 581, 591,
Amery, Leopold S., 250, 261–262, 265

620, 637
Anglo-American Petroleum Commission, Boekel, Lt. Col. W. A., 1299m, 1299, 1300
31

Boheman, Erik C., 181, 182, 190, 197,
Anglo-Iranian Oil Co., 447

205, 210
Arabian American Oil Co. (formerly Bohlen, Charles E., 351-352, 484

California Arabian Standard Oil Bowen, Col. John W., 669-670
Co.) (see also under Saudi Arabia : Bowman, Isaiah, 595, 600, 601
Economic and financial assist- Bulgaria, 841, 862, 869, 871
ance), 8–13, 24–25, 26, 34–36, 735, Bullard, Sir Reader W., 305n, 306, 317,

742, 751–752, 753, 755, 760n, 762, 766 321, 333, 334, 393n, 398, 400, 402,
Arab union, question of, 569, 572, 602, 406, 436, 445n, 445, 446, 454, 454 455,
628, 629, 660-661

459, 465–481 passim
Arab-Zionist controversy. See Pales- Burma, 1006

tine.
Argyropoulos, Alexander, 220, 221, 222, Cable and Wireless, Ltd., 760-773
222n, 224

Cairo Conference, 815

* In indexing persons the intention has been to include all references to persons
of significance for an understanding of the record, with the following exceptions:
(1) The name of the Secretary of State or the Acting Secretary of State appear-
ing as the signer of outgoing instructions unless there is a clear indication of the
Secretary's or Acting Secretary's personal interest; (2) the name of an American
officer in charge of a mission appearing as the signer of reports to the Depart-
ment of State, except for personal items; (3) the names of persons to whom
documents are addressed.

Persons are not identified by office in the index, but usually where a person
is first mentioned in any section a footnote identification is given unless that
person is identified in the text.

1327

Cairo Declaration (1943), cited, 1194, Coneybear, Col. John F., 705, 730, 731,

1203, 1234, 1235, 1237, 1239, 1269, 739, 744
1279, 1293, 1316

Connally, Senator Tom, 243, 245, 567,
California Arabian Standard Oil Co. 581, 640, 642, 643, 644

(later Arabian American Oil Co.), Connolly, Gen. Donald H., 307n, 307, 308,
8-13, 24–25, 26, 34-36

310, 316, 316-317, 317–318, 319, 319n,
Campbell, Sir Ronald I., 239n, 241, 241- 320-321, 339n, 339, 341, 341-342, 348,
242, 246, 269–270, 273–274, 555, 562,

357, 367, 369-370, 376, 377, 378, 380,
879

386–387
Carlsson, Gunnar, 190, 205, 213-214

Cooper, Alfred Duff, 538, 794, 797, 803
Caroe, Sir Olaf, 237n, 243, 245–246, 247 Cornwallis, Sir Kinahan, 613n, 618, 629
Castillo, Cristóbal del, 540, 542, 544, 545,

Cotton. See under India.
546, 547, 548
Catroux, Georges, 783, 795, 804, 805, 807, Craig, Gen. Howard A., 668–669
811

Crowley, Leo T., 253–255, 268, 269
Chandler, Senator A. B., 243-244, 244– Culbertson, William S., special eco-
245, 245-246

nomic mission to Middle East, 38–
Chauvel, M., 811-812

40, 616-617, 618, 619, 621, 648
Chiang Kai-shek, Generalissimo, 1193, Cultural relations program of Depart-

1203, 1225, 1291n, 1291, 1316n, 1318 ment of State for Middle East, 43;
China (see also Japan: Financial and

for India, 281-290
other assistance, etc. : American na-
tionals in China ; and under Japan: Daftari, Mahmood Subhi al-, 568n, 568,
Postwar policy planning):

583-584, 632, 635, 649, 650, 651
American diplomatic and consular
property, including archives, in

Daftary, A. A., 466-467, 467, 468, 469
occupied China, Japanese viola- Damaskinos, Archbishop of Athens, 87n,
tion of, 1178–1183

146, 152–161 passim, 165, 168–179
Japanese internment of Americans in passim

China, 919–920, 940–941, 988-989, Dennis, G. L., 504-505

991, 992–994, 1005, 1009–1010 Dewey, Thomas E., 617n, 618, 621, 622,
Korea, Chinese policy toward, and at-

631
titude concerning recognition of Diamantopoulos, Cimon P., 99n, 99-100,
a provisional government, 1294, 103, 106, 133, 216n, 216, 223-224,
1295n, 1297–1298

224-225, 225, 226, 227
Kuomintang, 1233, 1294

Duff Cooper, Alfred. See Cooper, Al-
Relations with United States, 1944, fred Duff.

citation to correspondence on, 919 | Dumbarton Oaks Conference, 612-613,
Chrome. See under Turkey : Economic 614

policy, etc.
Churchill, Winston S.:

Ebtehaj, Abol Hassan, 401–402, 410, 416,
Exchange of messages with President

417, 422-423, 428, 430n, 431, 432
Roosevelt, 96-99, 114–115, 117- Eddy, Col. William A., 687n, 687–688,
119, 121, 123, 125–127, 132–133,
133–134, 150–151, 154-155, 159–

689, 691, 692, 730, 730n, 732, 734,
160, 169-170, 173–175, 178, 271–

743–744, 745, 751, 759n
274

Eden, Anthony:
Miscellaneous, 237n, 241, 242, 243,

Activities relative to coordination of
538n, 731, 781, 810, 856, 858, 1203,

U.S.-British policies in Near East,
1221, 1316n

3-4, 4n, 7n, 85, 87, 132, 153, 157,
Views regarding-

165, 170, 172, 175, 199, 274, 331,
Greek liberation from German oc-

374, 418, 472, 474, 482, 560, 659n,
cupation and subsequent res-

731–732, 771, 777, 789, 790, 793,
toration of political stability, 794, 797, 801, 804, 805, 810, 860–
96-99, 101, 105, 106, 132–133,

862, 868, 879, 883, 900–901
143-144, 146, 148–149, 149n,

Miscellaneous, 540, 541, 932, 936n,
150–160 passim, 169–178 passim

1315, 1316–1317, 1318–1319, 1319-
Palestine situation, 560, 561, 586n,

1320
592, 600-601, 642–643
Temporary British-Soviet arrange-

Views on temporary British-Soviet
ment regarding Greece and Ru- arrangement regarding Greece
mania, 114-127 passim

and Rumania, 113, 125, 128-129
Cicognani, A. G., 1169–1170

Egypt (see also Palestine), 56-70
Communist activity in Greece, and in- American postwar civil air rights,

fluence in Greek affairs, 85–86, 93, U.S. representations to Egypt and
102–103, 133, 136–137, 138, 139, 141,

United Kingdom regarding, 56-

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Egypt-Continued

Foreign petroleum policy-Continued
New Egyptian export duty, U.S. in- Refinery facilities in Persian Gulf

formal representations regarding area, question of construction of,
effect upon American petroleum

20-21
interests, 67–70

Trans-Arabian pipeline proposed by
Suez-Cairo pipeline, U.S. interest in California Arabian Standard Oil

possible transfer of postwar title Co., and agreement in principle,
rights, 62–67

8-9, 12–13, 21–23, 24–25, 26, 33–
U.S. diplomatic mission in Egypt,

36
U.S.-British exchange regarding U.S. Government participation in
status of, 3-5

companies holding oil reserves in
Entezam, Nasrollah, 372n, 372–373, 436, Middle East, discussions concern.
438, 441, 442, 486

ing, 10, 11-12, 13–17, 18, 19n
Ertegün, Mehmet Münir, death of, 915– Western Hemisphere oil reserves, con-
917

servation of, and interest of
Ethiopia, 71-83

Latin American producing coun-
American scholarships for Ethiopian tries, 28, 30, 31, 32, 36

students at American University, Formosa. See under Japan: Postwar
Beirut, 43

policy planning, etc.
Anglo-Ethiopian Agreement and Mil- Forrestal, James V., 755–756, 757n, 901n,

itary Convention of 1942, U.S. in- 1301
terest in negotiations for its re- Four Freedoms, 529, 534, 615, 621, 645,
placement by a new agreement, 788
76–83; provisions of new agree- France. See Morocco: French Zone;
ment signed Dec. 19, 82–83

and Syria and Lebanon.
Arms for Ethiopia, U.S. concern to

have equal access with United Gandhi, Mohandas K., 232n, 233, 234,
Kingdom in supply of, 73-75

234–235, 238n, 238, 240, 240, 259
Gift by Emperor Haile Selassie of Gascoigne, Alvary D. F., 526n, 540, 541,

property for the American Lega- 542, 544, 546, 548, 549, 551
tion, 71-73

George II, King of the Hellenes, 87n, 87-
U.S. military equipment, including 98 passim, 105, 110, 115, 119, 122,

5,000 rifles, shipment to Ethiopia, 123–124, 126, 136, 145, 149, 151–167
73-75

passim, 170, 172, 177, 178
Exchange of nationals, United States Germany (see also Morocco: Spanish

and Japan. See Japan: Third ex- Zone; Turkey: Economic policy,
change.

etc., and Severance of economic and
Export-Import Bank, 758

diplomatic relations with Ger-

many), declaration of war on Ger-
Federal Communications Commission, many by Liberia, 505n
293–296

Giles, Maj. Gen. Benjamin F., 663n, 665,
Fontanel, Emile, 920, 934, 940, 988n, 988, 686n, 697n

1009-1010, 1016, 1018, 1021-1079 Gold. See under Saudi Arabia.
passim, 1179–1183

Gold Reserve Act (1934), cited, 677–678
Foreign Economic Administration, ac- Gorge, Camille, 920, 933-938, 965–966,
tivities in regard to-

983–997 passim, 1006n, 1013n, 1019_
Afghanistan, 46–47, 48, 49, 50, 51-52,

1057 passim, 1070-1081 passim,
55

1088-1099 passim, 1173–1174, 1176n,
Cairo-Suez pipeline, 66

1177
Ethiopia, 75

Grafström, Sven H., 190–191, 194, 210,
India, 250–269 passim

211
Iran, 371, 372, 387, 389, 390

Greece, 84-231
Saudi Arabia, 679, 681-683, 700, 708,

Financial assistance by United States,
726, 739, 740–741, 758

question of:
Turkey, 819, 821-822, 837–838, 845,

Appeals by Greek Government for

aid, and U.S. consideration of,
Foreign petroleum policy, U.S. formula-
tion of, and concern regarding pe-

216, 220-222, 222n, 223-227
troleum resources in Saudi Arabia,

British financial relations with
8-37

Greece, 221–223, 223n
Conversations with British Govern- Report of Greek financial situation
ment on problems of mutual in-

by Greek Ambassador Extraor-
terest regarding Middle Eastern

dinary for Economic Affairs,
oil, 10–11, 20, 23, 26–27, 32–33,

216-220
36–37

International Financial Commission,
Objectives and implementation of Greek desire to abolish, and U.S.-

policy, 17–20, 23-24, 27–33, 36–37 British attitude toward, 228-231

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883

Greece__Continued
Political organization of Greece fol-

lowing liberation from German

occupation, question of, 84–179
British policy toward Greece, dis-

cussions concerning, and U.S.
position (see also National
unity, etc., and Regency, etc.,
infra) 97-99 100-102, 103-104,
107, 116, 121–122, 132, 136-137,
152–153, 156-158, 159-160, 172-
173; British force to preserve
order following German evac-
uation, and U.S. attitude, 132–

133, 133–134, 140-141, 143
British-Soviet informal agreement

on Greece and Rumania, and
U.S. attitude, 112-115, 117-121,

123, 124,-127, 128--129, 130-131
Communist activity in Greece, and

influence in Greek political af-
fairs, 85–86, 93, 102-103, 133,

136-137, 138, 139, 141, 169
Exchange of letters between Roose-

velt and Churchill regarding
Greek situation, 96–99, 106,
150–151, 154-155, 159–160, 169

170, 173–175, 178
Exchange of messages between

King George II and President

Roosevelt, 163–164, 177
Macedonia, question of return to

Greece, 167-168
National unity, question of and ef-

forts to achieve (see also
British policy, etc., supra; also
Regency, etc., and Return to

Greece, etc., infra):
Government in exile, political

crisis in : Changes in Greek
Cabinet, 95, 97, 104, 122; in-
formation concerning, 90-95,
101–194, 108; Soviet attitude,
and Greek reaction, 95-96,

99-100, 103-104, 105
Greek armed forces in Middle

East, mutiny of, 91, 94-95,
104; British action, 92, 93,

101
Guerilla groups in Greece, unity

among and status of (see
also National Liberation
Front and Rebellion, infra):
British-Greek conference in
Italy regarding, 134-135 ;
Mountain and Sacred Bri-
gades, proposals concerning,
137, 140, 148, 151, 160; Poli-
tical Committee, formation
and activities of, 88n, 88–89,
91-82, 115, 127-128, 132;
Soviet support of unity ef-

forts, 84-86
Lebanon Conference for National

Unity, 106–112, 115-116, 121,
128

Greece-Continued
Political organization, etc.—Con.
National unity-Continued
National Army, question of es-

tablishment and status, 137,

140, 148
National Liberation Front

(EAM) (see also Guerilla
groups in Greece, supra, and
Rebellion, etc., infra), 86–87,
89, 91, 93–94, 96, 102–193,
127-128, 129-130, 133-143

passim, 148–149, 151, 162, 174
Rebellion of leftist elements, and

ensuing political crisis: In-
formation and reports con-
cerning, 139–142, 143-145,
146, 148–149, 151, 153–154,
156–158, 161, 169, 176-177;
British attitude and armed
intervention, 142, 143-144,
146–147, 151-152, 154-155,
159-160, 161, 168-169; nego-
tiations for cessation of hos-
tilities, and Churchill's mis-
sion to Greece regarding, 161,
162, 166-167, 169-172, 176–
177; U.S. attitude, 142–143,

145, 147-151
Regency, efforts toward establish-

ment, and attitude of King, 87-
89, 136, 149, 151, 152, 153, 155,
156–159, 160-161, 164-165, 167–

168, 172, 173-176, 178–179
Return to Greece of King, question

of, and proposed plebiscite re-
garding, 122, 123–124, 138, 145,

149–150, 165, 170
Relief supplies for liberated Greece,

179-215
Allied forces in Greece, question of

relations with Greek Govern-

ment, 183–188, 189–190, 192, 212
British-Greek Civil Affairs agree-

ment, and U.S. attitude, 139,

193-194, 209–210
Economic and financial conditions

in Greece, and U.S. concern,

199-201, 205–206
Greek War Relief Association of

New York, 181
Sweden, question of continued par-

ticipation in Greek relief

scheme:
British-U.S. position and repre-

sentations regarding, 179
181, 188-189, 198–199, 210–
211; Swedish reaction, 181–

182, 211, 213-214
Swedish relief vessels, problem

of safe conduct for and con-
tinued use of, 189, 190–191,
192–193, 194–196, 197, 198,
202, 205, 207–208, 213-214,
215

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