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from the United States. The Agent General would be most grateful if the Department of State could inform him what prospects there are of instituting a programme of this nature and would be most grateful for your cooperation in the matter. I shall be glad to discuss with you at any time the terms on which the experts from the United States could be made available to the Government of India. I understand that it is recognised that exchange schemes of this nature are of benefit to both countries and that in the past the United States Government have to a certain extent subsidised such schemes. This is an aspect for further discussion. The scales of pay mentioned in the enclosure to this letter need not be taken as a firm basis for offer to those who may be selected to fill these posts; they do however indicate the class of posts which the Government of India have in mind.

3. For convenience I summarise the points upon which we should be glad to have some indications of your views and which I shall be glad to discuss with you at any time.

i) Whether in your opinion a general scheme of the nature suggested by the Government of India would be acceptable to the State Department.

ii) Whether suitable men could be obtained for a substantial number of the posts envisaged by the Government of India, and, if so, which posts could be most hopefully considered in the first instance.

iii) What in your opinion should be in general the terms of appointment to be offered to the persons who would fill these posts.

iv) Whether in your opinion the United States Government would be willing to subsidise in any way a scheme of this nature, in view of the advantages which would be likely in the long run to accrue to the United States in its commercial and other relations with India.

v) Whether there will be any difficulty in the corresponding placing of Indian agriculturists in the United States Department of Agriculture. What terms should be offered to them by the Government of India and could satisfactory training courses be arranged. Yours Sincerely,

H. TREVELYAN

811.42745/11-2144 The Special Assistant, Division of Cultural Cooperation (Peck), to

the First Secretary of the British Embassy (Trevelyan)

WASHINGTON, November 29, 1944. MY DEAR MR. TREVELYAN: I take pleasure in acknowledging the receipt of your letter of November 21, 1944 (F. 170/44) describing the proposal for an exchange between this Government and the Government of India of agricultural experts and summarizing points upon which preliminary indications of the views of the Department of State would be welcomed.

On the basis of our conversations and of your letter under acknowledgment I have discussed the plan, in outline, with other interested officers of the Department of State and of the Department of Agriculture. As a first step toward the possible carrying out of this plan, I am authorized to say that, subject to the practicability of an agreement on details, the Department of State is heartily in favor of an arrangement whereby American agricultural specialists shall be made available for employment in India in posts in which they may be able to give advice and guidance to Indian agricultural workers and whereby Indian agriculturists may be placed in the Department of Agriculture at Washington for training. An officer of the Department of Agriculture has orally stated that that Department would view the proposal with equal favor.

Officers of the two Departments are now engaged in a study of the tentative proposals set forth in your letter. Sincerely yours,

WILLYS R. PECK

811.42745/12-1144 Press Release Issued by the Department of State, December 11, 1944

A group of seven leading Indian scientists arrived in the United States on December 8 for an eight weeks' tour of the country. The group has just completed a similar visit to Great Britain at the invitation of the British Government and before returning to India were anxious to meet with leading American scientists particularly in the physics and chemistry fields.

The following eminent scientists are included in this group: Dr. Nazir Ahmad, Colonel S. L. Bhatia, Sir Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar, Sir Jnan Chandra Ghosh, Professor S. K. Mitra, Professor Meghand Saha and Professor J. N. Mukherji.

The tour is under the joint auspices of the Indian Agency General, the National Research Council and the Department of State. Mr. Frank S. Coan, an officer of the Department, has been delegated to accompany the scientists on their tour. The scientists will reside at the Blair-Lee House during the first part of their Washington stay as guests of the Department.

811.42745/12-1644 Press Release Issued by the Department of State, December 16, 1944

Dr. J. M. Kumarappa, who is visiting the United States as the first guest from India of the Department of State under its program of cultural cooperation, arrived in Washington on December 11 for a three-week stay. Dr. Kumarappa is Director of the Tata Institute of Social Sciences at Bombay, India's leading institute for the education and training of workers in social welfare.

Here in the United States in response to an invitation which attracted considerable favorable comment in the newspapers in India, Dr. Kumarappa plans to visit many well-known institutions and centers for social science study, and also to meet with organizations and persons prominent in the social science field.

Dr. Kumarappa is residing at the Blair-Lee House during the first part of his stay in Washington as a guest of the Department, and has been offered office and library facilities by the Office of Education.

811.42745/1–1145 The Acting Assistant Chief of the Division of Cultural Cooperation

(Peck) to Dr. J. M. Kumarappa, Director of the Tata Institute of Social Studies at Bombay

WASHINGTON, January 11, 1945. MY DEAR DR. KUMARAPPA: Now that you are starting on your tour of the United States, permit me to wish you pleasant experiences and success in your undertakings.

It is particularly important that, as the first guest of the Department of State from India under its program of cultural cooperation, you should achieve the principal objects of your visit, among them being conferences with specialists in the fields of social welfare and of education and the obtaining of data that will be of use to students and technicians who in the future may desire to come from India to the United States for academic instruction and technical training.

The Department has found a general and cordial response on the part of the American public to opportunities presented for participation in the Department's program of cultural cooperation with other nations. I am confident that you will meet with friendly and helpful consideration along your way. Sincerely yours,

WILLYS R. PECK

INFORMAL EXPLORATORY TALKS BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES AND THE GOVERNMENT OF INDIA REGARDING POST-WAR CIVIL AVIATION

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811.79665/8–2244 Minutes of the Fourth and Final Conference on Post-War Civil Aviation Held With Representatives of India on August 22, 1944

[WASHINGTON.] Present: AMERICAN GROUP

INDIAN GROUP
Mr. A. A. Berle, Jr. 96 The Hon. Sir Girja Bajpai 4
Mr. S. W. Morgan

Sir Gurunath Bewoor 5
Mr. G. S. Roper 98

Sir Frederick Tymms 6
Mr. G. V. Allen 99

Mr. Humphrey Trevelyan?
Mr. Lampton Berry 1
Mr. Josh Lee 2

Mr. George Burgess 3 Mr. Berle greeted the Indian delegation saying that he was sorry to have been away during the earlier talks. Sir Girja thanked him for the cordial reception and for the competence with which Mr. Morgan had covered the subject in his absence. He said that there were two fundamental points of difference: The first concerned the scope and functions of the international authority and the second, the basis on which civil aviation arrangements should be concluded. The Indians wanted a multilateral arrangement, and the Americans preferred bilateral arrangements.

[Here follows discussion of question relating to the constitution and function of an international air organization.] *

Mr. Morgan asked for the attitude of the Indian Government if we approached it now on the question of a bilateral agreement. Sir Gurunath said that the Indian delegation had come with instructions to explore the possibility of an international arrangement through an international authority and that they were not prepared, without further instructions, to pursue the question of bilateral arrangements. Mr. Berle asked whether the Indians were prepared

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96 Adolf A. Berle, Jr., Assistant Secretary of State.

Stokely W. Morgan, Chief of the Aviation Division.
George S. Roper of the Aviation Division,

George V. Allen, Chief of the Division of Middle Eastern Affairs.
1 Secretary of Mission at New Delhi.
2 Member of the Civil Aeronautics Board.

Assistant to Mr. William A. M. Burden, Special Aviation Assistant to the Secretary of Commerce (Jones).

Agent General for India at Washington. 5 Secretary to the Government of India, Posts and Air Department. 6 Director of Civil Aviation for the Government of India. First Secretary of the British Embassy, with the Indian Agency General. * For correspondence, see vol. II, section entitled "Preliminary and exploratory discussions regarding international civil aviation; conference held at Chicago, November 1-December 7, 1944."

to discuss an a.i., arrangement such as he had outlined. He said the war in Europe was near an end and that the civil populations would want air services. He asked whether the Indian Government felt that everything should stop short until an international agreement had been reached. Sir Girja replied that he fully agreed that everything could not stop, but that with regard to a bilateral agreement they would have to request further instruction. Sir Gurunath said that they did not want to give the impression of being obstructionists and that they saw the force of our point of view. They would have to give their government some time, however, to consult with their experts. Mr. Berle pointed out that B.O.A.C.10 was making bilateral arrangements, that the Canadians were developing trans-Atlantic traffic and that for many months we had been carrying forward our negotiations with Spain.11 He asked why the Government of India also could not make bilateral arrangements. Sir Gurunath repeated that they had come with instructions to explore only the multi-lateral approach.

Mr. Allen asked whether the arrangements made by K.L.M., Air France etc., were between the Government of India and the commercial companies. Sir Gurunath said they were between Governments. Mr. Allen asked whether these arrangements would continue after the war, and Sir Frederick replied that they could not be changed since the agreements were still in effect. Sir Girja said that the Indian Government could not refuse to consider any proposals made by the United States Government, but that a multilateral agreement was their ultimate desire. Mr. Berle suggested that the bilateral agreements might be drawn in such form that they could be made multilateral later at an international conference.

[Here follows additional discussion on international air questions.]

It was agreed to get together to draft a joint statement to be released to the press.

The meeting terminated with the expression of mutual thanks and cordial esteem.

800.796/8–2644 Press Release Issued by the Department of State, August 27, 1944

Representatives of the Government of India arrived in the United States recently at the invitation of the Government of the United States for a series of talks with American officials on the subject of post-war civil aviation.

Ad interim.
10 British Overseas Airways Corporation.

11 For correspondence regarding this subject, see vol. IV, section under Spain entitled “Air transport service agreement between the United States and Spain.”

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