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to take appropriate measures for compensating the two American firms in question. The Department will be informed of developments in this connection.5

[Here follows section relating to the payments made to the three individual claimants.] Respectfully yours,

LOY W. HENDERSON

5 No record of further action on losses to commercial firms has been found in Department files.

LIBERIA

ADHERENCE OF LIBERIA TO THE UNITED NATIONS DECLARATION; ASSURANCES BY THE UNITED STATES OF ITS INTEREST IN THE DEFENSE AND SECURITY OF LIBERIA 1

740.0011 European War 1939/32720 : Telegram

The Minister in Liberia (Walton) to the Secretary of State

MONROVIA, January 16, 1944—10 a. m.

[Received 3:40 p. m.] 16. Legation's telegram, No. 12, January 13, 7 p. m. At the call of President Tubman the State Council composed of representative Liberians from all sections of the Republic met today and approved action of Cabinet in favoring adherence to the United Nations Declaration.

I am in receipt of a formal note from Secretary of State Dennis under date of January 15, in parts as follows:

“There exist apprehensions which seem not to be without justification from the sinking of ships by German submarines off our coast, and in some instances within our territorial waters, of probable submarine attacks by day or night and by naval craft that might successfully slip through, as acts of retaliation for such a declaration when made.

The Government would therefore be grateful were you to telegraph the above information to your Government and ascertain if immediate assistance other than what is at present in operation could be procured and guaranteed; that is to say, my Government desires to know if your Government would provide, immediately upon the Declaration 4 being made, sufficient craft as may be necessary for controlling our coastal waters as additional protection, especially at nights, to Robertsport, Monrovia, Buchanan, Sasstown, Rivercress, Grandcress, Greenville and Harper.

It is also the desire of my Government to have direct telephone communications established between Camp of USAFIL 5 and Central Government at Monrovia.”

WALTON

For previous correspondence relating to the interest of the United States in the defense and security of Liberia, see Foreign Relations, 1942, vol. IV, pp. 355 ff.

Not printed. 3 Signed at Washington, January 1, 1942, Foreign Relations, 1942, vol. I, p. 25. * i.e., adherence to the United Nations Declaration. Headquarters of the United States Army Forces in Liberia.

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740.0011 European War 1939/32808 : Telegram

The Minister in Liberia (Walton) to the Secretary of State

MONROVIA, January 24, 1944-10 a. m.

[Received 7:40 p. m.] 24. President Tubman and Secretary of State Dennis on several occasions have inquired if I had heard from my Government relative to question posed in penultimate paragraph of Legation's telegram No. 16, January 16, 10 a. m.

President Tubman was to have addressed joint session of Legislature on subject today. He informs me that it was postponed pending my Government's reply.

WALTON

740.0011 European War 1939/32808: Telegram

The Secretary of State to the Minister in Liberia (Walton)

WASHINGTON, January 28, 1944—8 p. m. 9. The Department has brought this matter, reference your telegram no. 16, January 16, and no. 24, January 24, to the attention of the War and Navy Departments and has asked for their comments. Pending the receipt of formal responses the Department is unable to state whether they would be willing to assume the responsibility indicated in your no. 16. It is our impression, however, that they would not be in a position at this time to undertake such commitments, although it is to be assumed of course that such protection as may be possible will continue to be afforded within the general framework of Allied strategic plans.

HULL

740.0011 European War 1939/33088: Telegram The Acting Secretary of State to the Minister in Liberia (Walton)

WASHINGTON, February 14, 1944–8 p. m. 17. The Department has now been informed by the Navy Department reference your telegram no. 16 January 16, 10 a. m. and De

• Without waiting for the reply of the United States Government, President Tubman addressed a Joint Session of the Liberian Legislature on January 26, 1944, requesting authority to declare war on Germany and Japan and to adhere to the United Nations Declaration. This authority was granted on January 27, and a state of war was proclaimed on the same day. On February 26, the Liberian Secretary of State wrote to the Secretary of State informing him of the Liberian Government's endorsement of the principles of the Atlantic Charter (Joint Statement by President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Churchill, August 14, 1941, Foreign Relations, 1941, vol. I, p. 367) and adherence to the United Nations Declaration. The Secretary of State replied on April 6, welcoming the Liberian action. This exchange is printed in Department of State Bulletin. April 15, 1944, p. 346. Liberia signed the United Nations Declaration on April 10, 1944.

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partment's no. 9 January 28, 8 p. m., that American naval forces in the Atlantic Ocean are disposed in areas where it is considered they will be most effective in finding and destroying German naval forces. A commitment to the Government of Liberia to provide naval vessels for the particular purpose of giving additional protection and control of coastal waters of Liberia is considered undesirable. American naval forces operating against German naval forces anywhere in the Atlantic Ocean contribute to the protection of the coast of Liberia,

The War Department states that it does not object to the establishment of direct telephone communication between the Liberian Central Government at Monrovia and Headquarters, United States Army forces in Liberia. However, the United States Army cannot provide supplies nor undertake installation operation or maintenance of such a line.

STETTINIUS MOROCCO

CONSENT BY THE UNITED STATES, WITH RESERVATIONS, TO THE APPLICATION TO AMERICAN PROTÉGÉS IN THE FRENCH ZONE OF MOROCCO OF CERTAIN DECREES IN FURTHERANCE OF THE WAR EFFORT IN NORTH AFRICA 1

381.81/320 : Telegram The Consul General at Casablanca (Russell) to the Secretary of State

CASABLANCA, February 4, 1944—5 p. m.

[Received 8 p. m.] 32. Persons under American protection in French Morocco according to treaties and regime of capitulations inform me that French authorities are threatening requisition of their entire olive crops. Such requisition is absolutely contrary to treaty rights as emphasized since beginning of war by Department [of] State. French general at Marrakech in such requisition case states that “The American authorities themselves have insisted that this rule be strictly applied”. I have ascertained that the General is correct inasmuch as order apparently comes from head of Combined Food Committee at Algiers. This matter was never discussed with us or apparently notified to Department State authorities in Morocco. Combined Food Committee apparently does not realize that the status of Morocco is very different from that of Algeria and Tunisia and that above action taken here, without discussion with us and apparently without notification to Department, and thus giving Protectorate authorities certain rights contrary to treaty, gravely embarrasses us in insisting on treaty rights in general.

It is respectfully suggested that matters affecting Morocco should first be discussed by other Government agencies with us so that, if of importance to general war effort and contrary to treaty, they may be referred to Department for permission temporarily to derogate from treaty rights and make them applicable here through normal channels. In view of fait accompli in the present matter instructions are requested whether I should notify protected persons upon whom requisition is levied, and who have complained to Consulate, that U.S. Government approves of action of Protectorate authorities.

For previous correspondence relating to the protection of American treaty rights in Morocco, see Foreign Relations, 1941, vol. III, pp. 550 ff. and 586 ff.

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