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F. on America, 789.

of the King of Sweden and Prince Christian

A Constant Reader, on America, 790.

Frederick, 346.

A Farmer, on Cheap Bread and High Taxes, 790. ROME.Decree of the Pope, Re-establishing the

Pacificator, on America, 315.

Jesuits, 307.


Against Freemasons, 850.
The History of Urbain Grandier, from a Collec.

Restoring the Monastic Orders,
tion of French Criminal Cases published in

2787, 146, 168.

GREAT BRITAIN.-Report of the Corn Committee,

Extracts from Mr. Brand's Pamphlet on the Corn 26 July, 1814, 339.

Laws, 278.

Speech of the Prince Regent, Nov. 8th, 1814, 629.

Judge Fletcher's Speech to the Grand AMERICA.-Documents respecting the Attack on

Jury of Wexford, 282.

Fort Erie, Battle of Chipawa, and Devastation
a Discourse on the Mutability of Ge. at Washington, 438.

vernment, respecting the Jesuits, 301.

Declaration of Independence, July 4th, 1776, 494.

Constitution of the United States, 498.


Proclamation respecting the Destruction of Wash-

Spain.-Declaration of 13th June 1814, 19.

ington, 531.

Political Constitution of the Cortes of 19th March, Account of the Battle of Champlain, 572.

1812, 24, 124, 254.

Message to Congress, Sept. 20th, 1814, 597.

FRANCE.--Exposition of 19th July 1814, 112. Report of the State of the Navy, 666.
Report on the Liberty of the Press, 201.

Correspondence at Ghent, between the American
Protest of the Parliament of Paris, 604.

and British Commissioners, 696.
Norway.- Correspondence between the minister Report of the Secretary of War, 876.


BREAD.-The average price of the Quarteru Loaf, weighing 41b. 5oz. 8drins, io London, which is
nearly the same as iu other parts of the country, 11. 1d.

Wheat.-The average price for the above period, through all England, per Winchester Bushel of &
gallons, gs. 1d.

MEAT.- Per pound, on an average for the time above stated, as sold wholesale at Smithfield Mare
ket, not including the value of skin or offal. Beef, 7d.; Muiton, 8 d.; Veal, 9fd.; Pork, 104d.--
N. B. This is nearly the retail price all over the country, the Butcher's profit consisting of the skin
and offa).

LABOUR.--The average pay per day of a labonring man employed in farming work, at Botley, ia
Hampshire, being about a fifth bigger than the wages throughout the wbole country, 20.

BULLION.-Standard Gold in Bars, per Oz. £4.78. 10.-Standard Silver do. 58. 840. N.B. These
are the

average prices, daring the above period, in Bunk of England Noles. The prices in Gold and
Silver Coin are for an ounce of Gold £3. 178. 10 d.; for an ounce of Silver, 5s. 2d.

FUNDS.-Average price of the Three Per Ceut. Consolidated Annuities, during the above pe

riod, 65.

Vol. XXVI. No. 1.), LONDON, SATURDAY, JULY:2, 1974. [Price ls.


(2 SUMMARY OF POLITICS. never heard even a hint at the former

having involved the latter in any way MR. COCHRANE JOHNSTONE.It is whatever. Both Mr. Cochrane Johnstone always an act that an honourable mind and Mr. Butt also always protested their will, if possible, shun to make accusations innocence to me. They all spoke alike as against a man, when he is not present to to the calumnies which had been published answer for himself. The public now begin against them. I can discover no motive to be staggered with regard to my Lord for their having kept fast a secret from Cochrane; and, happily he has the means me, seeing that I always laughed at the of yet (I write on Wednesday) obtaining a idea of its being a legal offence; and that, hearing, in a place where he will dare to before I saw either of them, I had said in SPEAK OUT. It is said, in the news- print, that it was a moral offence no more papers, that the pillory-part of his sentence than all other gaming was immoral.has been remitted by the Regent, who has Therefore, I am sure, that my Lord Cochcontented himself with ordering him to be rane, though he very prudently and justly struck off the list of Post Captains. This keeps his case distinct from that of the must be false, I suppose, as the time is not other gentlemen, will never be induced to yet come, in the usual course, for the re- become the accuser of his uncle.--The mitting of the part of the sentence alluded absconding of this latter is, I see, held to to ; and I am very much deceived in my be a proof of his guilt. What a perversion man, if my Lord Cochrane ever asks for, of reason, what an abandonment of common or thanks any bad for, any sort of pardon. sense, whai an ungovernable eagerness to He cannot compel the infliction of the discover guilt, what a rage for vengeance whole of the sentence ; but, I am sure, must exist, before the mind can be hurried that he will always openly protest against on to such a conclusion ! To abscond receiving any thing in the way of par- after a verdict of “ guilty,was certainly don. He is now placed in a situation a proof of a desire to escape fine, imto shew his true character. Before this prisonment, and pillory; it was a complete reaches the public eye, he will have laid proof of that; but how could it be a proof his case and his defence before Parliament. of guilt? IF SIDNEY had escaped from If the mere record of the Court be thought the Tower, after the verdict against him, sufficient for his expulsion, he will be ex- would he have been guilty, for that, of the pelled, of course. But his efforts to main- crime laid to bis charge?" If he bad saved tain his character need not cease there. I his life, so valuable to mankind, by fleeing There are other modes; and to those other from the fangs of judicial, cold blooded modes he will, doubtless, resort.But, murderers, would his memory have deat present, it is of his uncle, that I am served execration? That he and Russell about to speak.- It is said, that, at any too would have escaped if they could, there rate, he must be guilty, why else has he is no doubt; but would they have been gone to France; and I have perceived in guilty being alive, when they were innothe Morning Chronicle, wherein the name cent being dead? It is, then, perfect of Mr. Stuart Hall is mentioned, that nonsense to suppose, that the mere evasion it is the intention of my Lord Cochrane's of punishment is a proof of guilt. But, if friends to shew, that his Lordship has been it be so, why should not the remaining to misled by a designing individual who has receive punishment be a proof of innocence? abscondid. I will soon dismiss this last If the absconding of Mr. Cochrane Johnassertion. I always understood, that Mr. stone be a proof of his guilt, the not abCochrane Johnstone never had any thing sconding of his nephew must be a proof of to do with dealings in the funds, till some his innocence.--I grant, that Mr. Coche months after my Lord Cochrane had. I rane Johnstone might, like bis nephew,


have remained to make, at every stage, a / against him, and that his refusal could not
stund in defence of nis character. But be punished by a seizure of his person,
(and the public should know the fact), while he wus in Partioment.--Thie dis-
ÀIr. Cochrane Johnstone was, in other pute between him and the Government
respects, 19:* *odiilereutly: situatca. He has been going on nearly five years; the
hall had a loneslaw- puit wil ihe-Govern- divers papers relating to it have been sub-
ment; that.satulaac. produced 1 BMI in mitted to different men eminent in the law
• Chaucony: Win Doje, ovisi called upon to and in commerce; an arbitration was
ansier; he had not, and would not, several times proposed bg him, and I do
answer that Bill; his being in parliament not now recollect the reascus of its not
protected his person from the cffect of that taking place. I believe that Mr. John-
refusal; he was pretty sure of expulsion stone told me, that Mr. Marriot, the Mlem-
after the verdict; and, as it was utterly ber of Parliament, had had the whole case
impossible for him to satisfy the demands laid before him; and, I dare say, he will
of the Government, a jail for life was, in have the justice publicly to declare his
all human probability, the consequence of opinion on the sujeci.-This, then, was
· his remaining to receive his sentence. the situation of Mr. Cochrane Johnstone,
His situation, therefore, was very different at the monent when a verdict of “ guilty"
indeed, from that of my Lord Cochrane exposed him to the loss of his seat in Par-
or Mr. Butt. There was, independent of liament, and to the endless consequences
all considerations of guilt, or of the dread above pointed out. His conduct in Par-
of his sentence, it motive quite sufficient liament had not been such as to lead hiin
to induce him to get out of the kingdom.- to expect any very extraordinary degree
With regard to the transaction with the of favour at the hands of those, who would
Government, the thing is too long and too have had the power of pursuing bim for
complicated for me here to enter into it; the debt. He knew all this well; and, in
and it is, too, more than four years since a word, his choice lay between quitting
I have seen any paper relative to the sub- the country and the great probability of a
ject, which has been what is called hung- prison for life. Therefore, his quitting
up in Chancery. It is very true, that the country; “his fleeing from justice," as
Mír. Cochrane Johnstone did enter into the newspapers term it, is perfectly well
speculations, that he did draw bills, that accounted for, independent of any dread of
he did make bargains, unknown to the the punishment that he was to receive for
: Government, and, of course, unauthorized the thing for wbich he had been tried.
by it.

But if the settlement which helf, indeed, he had fled before the trial, contended for, if the apportionment of then might his flecing have been reasonably profits which he claimed, at the time when supposed to be a proof of conscious guilt

. I was acquainted with the matter, had There may be supposed cases, in which hern acceded to, the public would have lost fleeing even at that stage ought not to be not a farthing by the transaction, and he looked upon as a proof of conscious guilt. verid trave escaped pecuniary ruin. And, I can easily suppose such cases. if all the crrrespondence with the Treasury suppose motives for inducing a man perupon this subject were now laid before fectly innocent to flee even from trial.Parlian e it, I am convinced, that what I But we are not now speaking of such a lere say would be proved to be true.

We are speaking of a gentleman, I do not pretend to say, that he had law who, so far from fleeing from trial, went on his side.

Tie himscit was aware that unnecessarily and appeared at the trial in he had not. But, unless he could obtain person. This was the stage when he would that be deemed, and what appeared to have acted upon the feelings of conscious nie and to others to be an equitable settle- guit; this was the stage when conscious nevt, he was ruined, and the public was guilt would naturally have induced bim to the guiner.----Mr. Cochrane Johnstone flee, if, in any stage, it was to have that alisconds with none of the public money. ffect.-If consciousness of guilt induced The nicans of reimbursement (without loss) | him to abscond, wly did he not do it before the Civvernment has, in a state of seques- the trial? He made no effort to put off

tration, in dollars and in wool. But the the trial; he did not remove the indict. Governinent demanded more than he had nent; he, on the contrary, wished it to come

to pay with; and, therefore, he refused to on; he, if guilt induced him to flee, acted answer the Bill, knowing that the law was directly against hinseit; he foolishly threw

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the part

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away bis money npon lawyers and attor- drawn forth by an observation of mine. Deys; a guinea laid out in boat hire would For, I was so stricken with the ingenuity have saved bim a month's toil, and, per- and beauty of the performance, that I obhaps, a thousand pound in law-expences. served to Mr. Johnstone, that he must So that, if it were “ conscious guilt,” certainly have paid a great deal of money which, at last, set him in motion, he acted for it. He then told me what he had paid,

of any thing but that of an adroit and I observed that it was very cheap, and enterprising man.-- -As to the fact and that I did not believe that there was of his guilt, he has been found guilty, and another man in the kingdom capable of I shall not attempt to arraign the verdict. doing such a thing I here is another But though his situation cannot be altered circumstance, on wbich I cannot help obby any thing that I say, there is one cir- serving. It has been made matter of suscumstance which I feel myself impelled to picious co-incidence, that Mr. Tahourdin state. -As far as I can collect, the chief should be, at the same time, the attorney circumstance against him was, that De of Mr. Johnstone and of Mr. De Berenger. Berenger bad, in his possession, bank Now, I remember seeing Mr. Talourdin notes, which had passed through the hands at Mr. Johnstone's on business in the of Mr. Cochrane Johnstone and Mr. Butt. month of May or June, 1813; and I It was alledged, in defence, that Mr. believe, that the latter never had

any thing Cochrane Johnstone had paid De Berenger to do with stock-jobbing till a long while

for certain drawings and after that. I never saw Mr. Johnstone, explans, and that, thus, the transit of the cept for an hour in passing through Botley, notes' was accounted for.--Now, I recol- from June, 1813, to very early in February, lect, that, LONG BEFORE the indict- 1814, when I saw him at a friend's house ment was either preferred, or talked of, in Westminster, for about ten minntes, I Mr. Cochrane Jobnstone shewed me some being about to come home, and not having drawings and plans, very beautifully and time to go to his house. I then, for the first most ingeniously executed, which he told time, learnt, that he was engaged in stock me were the work of the Baron. The dealings; he, with his usual unreserve, told occasion of his shewing them to me was me about his transactions; but never did I my telling him that my son, who was with hear even a hint from him that he had any me, was learning to make plans; and I other means of securing profit than those remember bis telling me, that he had paid possessed by other well-informed people. the Baron several hundred pounds for his Nay, I know that, at that time, only about trouble in executing those plans, and also three weeks previously to the hoax, his infor drawings of birds, I think it was, and tention was to go to Dominica, in March or some other things : so that, at any rate, April, to do something about his property this account of the transit of the notes there, which had suffered greatly from might not be wkolly an invention, as it tempests. And, therefore, at that time, he has been represented to have been. I had could not have had any hoaxing system in forgotten this conversation, at which my contemplation.--As to the risk he ran in son was present, till I saw that the plans holding such a quantity of Stock as was had been produced at the trial; or I and sold out for him on the day of the Hoax, my son should certainly have been wit- and which risk has been, by many, regardnesses upon

the occasion. This was some ed as too great to be run by any man not time about the 20th of March : long sure of his mark, I appeal to all those, before the indictment was even talked of; who have ever known him even for a week, long before De Berenger was taken; and whether this be any presumption against at a time when it was thought by every him. With him risks are nothing. Conone that he had gone out of the country sequences make no part of his calculations. Now, it is not only improbable, but it is | It has been very ably contended, that his next to impossible, if not quite impossible, conduct, in this instance, was prudent; that Mr. Cochrane Johnstone should have but, whether it was or not, those who are told me this story about paying De Beren- acquainted with his spirit of adventure, ger money with a view to any future dis- will never infer deliberate guilt from the closure; and, therefore, I am thoroughly circumstance of his having exposed himself convinced, that he did pay De Berenger a to danger.-Thus much it has occurred to considerable sum of money for those ser- me to say at present with regard to a genvices. The mention of the payment was tleman, now not here to speak for himself.

A 2

I have had the pleasure to know him for the above I observe, that the consideration about eleven years. He was the last man of my Lord Cochrane's case is put oil till in the world to reserve any thing from any Tuesday. I liave also ascertained, what I body; and his character must have under- suspected to be the case, that his Loidgone a very great and sudden change, if he ship's name has not been struck off the list reserved any thing from me. Yet he never of Post Captains, and that no part of the did, from first to last, give me the smallest sentence has been remitted. So far from ground for believing, that he had any hand this, an official notice has been sent his in the transaction in which he was accused Lordship to prepare for the pillory on the of being a party. It is impossible for me 10th day of August next! to produce, by any thing that I can say or do, any change in his sitnation. But DENMARK.The advocates of interevery thing that I do know, or that I may minable war; those sanguinary wretches hereafter learn ; every thing that a strict who have assumed to themselves the apadherence to truth will enable to say in his pellation of the “ War Faction;" and favour, I shall always scek occasions for who boldly avow that they see nothing insaying. It is very likely that we shall human in spilling the blood of their fellow never meet again; but, in whatever part men “ in the cause of kings, of religion, of the world he may be, I shall always be and of social order;" fioding that they anxious to hear from him, and learn that were unable to provoke a new war with prosperity and happiness attend him; and, France; that the war with America and as long as I am able to hold a pen, and have with Norway was insufficient to occupy senses left to guide it, no man shall, in this the whole of our immense fleets and armies; country, through the channel of the press, and that their friends, who depend for supunjustly assail him with impunity. To be port upon, and who look to, a state of warsure Mr. Cochrane Johnstone is justly fare as a source of enriching themselves; chargeable with many acts of indiscretion; finding, I say, that what they call the but, who is not? I am not setting myself enemies of Great Britain, were too few in up as the defender of his follies or his vices, number to justify long the continuance of having, like my neighbours, enough to do to the war taxes, whence so many advantages keep in check, or repair the effects of, my were derived by their party, they have,

There are few men who have been from day to day, been labouring to embroil exposed to so many and such great tempta- this country with other nations, they have tions as the gentleman of whom I am speak- been unceasing in their recommendations ing; and those' amongst us who have, to Ministers not to fulfil the terms of either from natural disposition or extrane- treaties solemnly entered into; and, in ous causes, not been so exposed, ought not order to afford some plausible pretence for to pass too hasty a judgment upon any part what, on our part, would be a gross violaof his conduct.Mr. Cochrane Johnstone tion of all honourable principles, these men has been reproached with being the instiga- endeavour, by the basest calumnies, and tor of the actions, or informations, against the foulest abuse, to provoke the rulers of the people of the Stock Exchange for other countries to some imprudent act, Stock-Jobbing. If true, is it a crime, then, which they would not fail immediately to to endeavour to enforce the law against of plead as a justification of the hostile meafenders ? But, is this a proof, too, of “con- sures they had been successful in occasionscivus guilt.?" Was it likely for a man to ing.-In no instance does this infamous do this, who knew that it was, or, who mode of proceeding appear more conspicuthought that it was, in the power of the ous than in the case of Denmark. The Stock Exchange to punish him? Would people of that country have, no doubt, all not conscious guilt lave taken special care along evinced a decided partiality for the to commit no new offence; to do nothing to French nation. But who that recollects add to the sharpness of the prosecutors' | the attack upon Copenhagen can blame anger ?-Here I close what I have to say them for this ?-I am not here insinuating upon this subject, at present, with referring any thing about the injustice of that act: the reuer to the statement of my Lord what I mean is, that it is impossible for Cochrane, published in the last Register, any people, whatever may be their state of and also to that defence, which I suppose he civilization, to regard with a favourable 'will have made in Parliament, before this eye that nation which could burn and dewill go from the press. Since writing Istroy their capital, even though such a


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