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are now proved to us ; these are the natu- j States now sce what they have to expect at ral consequences of battles, such as that of our hands; and, indeed, they did not want Chipawa. It has been stated in the to see their towns destroyed, in order to be newspapers, that Admiral Cochrane has convinced that their salety lay in their firm taken BALTIMORE, the capital of obedience to the Union, and in the resolu, Maryland ; that Stonington has been de- tion to stand by their own Government.-molished; that we are about to attack It is, I suppose, intended to butter them New London ; and, therefore, says the into a separation; but, wlio is fool enough writer, Jonathan must look sharp about to believe, that such a modle will succeed him.-Baltimore is bardly taken, and will, with such a people? The demolition of I dare say, never be taken, without a most Stonington will, in all probability, render bloody contest. But, supposing it to be the name of England so hateful in our fa50 ; for our ships of great size can go quite vourite States, that no man will dare to up to the city, unless prevented by batte- raise his breath in defence of her conduct,

on shore. Suppose the fact to be -If we had confined our land war to Catrue, how are we to maintain that position? nada, it is possible, that Mr. Madison And, if we could maintain it for a year, might have found it very difficult to make how much nearer are we to our object? the people see how they were interested in Baltimore is exposed to our attacks from the contest; but, the moment we shewed its vicinity to the sea, and from the immense our design of carrying fire and sword along river that opens

the way to us to reach it. the whole coast of the United States, that But what is that place, or even all the moment we bound the whole of the people State of Maryland, when we are talking up like the bundle of sticks, described in of this great Republic, inhabited by free the fable; especially as the manifestation men, resolved to defend their country?- of this design was accompanied, on the From the first, it was allowed by me, that part of almost the whole of our public we should do immense mischi:f; that we prints, with the open declaration, that it might burn many villages, towns, and was necessary, now that we had the opporcities, destroy mills and manufactories, and tunity to subjugate America, to counter: Jay waste lands upon the coast, to the great revolutionize her, to destroy her Governloss and distress of numerous individuals. ment, to reduce her to her former state of But, at the same time, I anticipated, that dependence on us. It is of great importhese acts would only tend to unite the tance, that we bear in mind, not only these Americans, and, in the end, produce such declarations, but also the time, when they a, hatred against us, as would not only began to be made.- While the duation of render final success impossible, but, as the power of Napoleon was not doubted; would tend to shut us out from all future as long as there appeared to be no prospect connection and intercourse with that great of seeing bim put down, a sort of ambiguous and fertile region. There seemed to be language was held a3 to the object of the wanting just such a war as this to complete war with America. Mr: Madison was acthe separation of England from America ; cused with being a friend to Napoleon ; he and to make the latter feel, tbat she had no and his countrymen were abused; but safety against the former, but in the arms nothing was distinctly said as to the object of her free citizens. We were told, as the of the war. As the affairs of Napoleon reader will recollect, that the Eastern grew gloomy, our prints, from time to time, States would, in case of war, separate grew high in their language as to the obthemselves from the rest of the Union, and ject of the American contest; and, when join themselves to us. But, it now ap- Napoleon was actually put down, they pears that our first grand stroke of des- threw off all reserve, and, in the most distruction has been given in these our fa- tinct terms, with an air of official authority, · vourite States. Stonington, we are told, they informed us, that we were not to lay

is demolished; and New London is, we are down our arms, 'till we had effected, in told, about to share the same fate. These America, what had been effected in France. places lie in our favourite State of Connec- The Government, we were told, was to be ticut, in the midst of the Eastern States, done away. Mr. Madison was to be dewho were to join us against their own Re- posed, as Napoleon had been. Our army, publican Government! This fact is, of it- then in France, were to do in America self, quite enough to overset all the stories what they had just done in France. That about Ristantion of these States.

These is to say, they were “ to deliver the Ame


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"ricans from an oppressive usurpation, | ings by what I know to be their character, " and restore them to their former happy I should suppose, that it must have filled conction with a paternal Government." them with indignation, if, indeed, that feelThese declarations were, at the period I ing did nó give way to that of contempt. allude, daily made in the Times and the They must, however, have seen the absoCurir. Nay, it is only a few days ago, lute necessity of union and of exertion, unthat the Tin's newspaper, in expressing less they were disposed to become again its iepret, that the Sovereign Prince of the dependant upon England; unless, in short, Netherlands had sent an Ambassador to they were disposed to become again Royal America, observed, that, if he had stopped Provinces, governed by the sons of the nofor a few months, he might bave been bility of England. The time, chosen by spare the disgrace of sending an Ainbas- our prints for the making of those undissador to such people as James Madison guised declarations, was very suspicious. and his party. --Let it further be borne in It was the moment when France, Spain, mird, that, soon after the deposing of Na- and Holland were put into a state, which po'eon, there having been a debate, in the rendered it impossible for them to assist House of Commons, relative to the reduc- America. It was the moment when we tion of the nary, there was published in the were frced from all enemies; when all the newspapers of the next day, a paragraph, maritine force of Europe was in our hands. purporting to be the report of a speech of It was, in short, the first seemingly fair Sir I Iseph Yorke, one of the Lords of the opportunity for subjugating America that Adiniralty, in which paragraph it was had been offered us since the conclusion of stated, that, though Napoleon was deposed, the American war; and this opportunity We could not yet disarm to any great extent, the language of these prints must have led sceing that there was Nr. Ladison yet to the Americans to believe was about to be dopost'.-The newspapers have, ever since, taken for the purpose of executing the held the same language. They have, since project.-In the year 1794, or 5, a Mr. the deposition of Napoleon, wholly left out Rutledge, who was a judge in South Careof sight the original ground of the war. lina, made a speech, in which habesought his Nav, they pretend to have na ground at all. country to join itself with the Republic of But insist, that, as we now have the oppor. France in a mortal war against England. trai'y ; a3 we have a fleet afəat, and a “ She will,” said he, never forgive was disciplined army that we know nnt what to “ for our success against her, and for our do with, we ouglat, while the occasion " having established a 'free Constitution. offers, to re-emquer America, or, at least, “Let us, therefore, while she is down, to despoil her in such a way, that she shall" seize her by the throat, strangle her, denever again be able to shew her dose upon

“ liver the world of her tyranny, and thus the sea. They have published a list of the " confer on mankind the greatest of blessAmerican Nwy; and have observed upon “ings.” As nearly as I can recollect it, that, if America be not now cut up; if them, these were bis very words. I ain she be not now, while France, Spain, and sure that I have the ideas correct. I and Holland are unable to assist her; if she be many more cried aloud against the barbanot now crippled past recovery; if she be rity of such sentiments. They were coniz?w suffered to have peace, if, in short, demned in speeches and pamphlets innumershe be not now destroyed, it is fearful to able. But, have we not reason to fear, think of the degree of Naval power, that the present language of our newspaat which she may arrive in the course of pers may make the Americans think that ten or a dozen years of uninterrupted pro- Mr. Rutledge was in the right; and make sperity, having bad a proof of what her sea-them regret, that they did not join the men are capable of performing.That I Republic of France in the war? have here not overcharged, not, in the had taken that step, in the year 1795, the smallest degree, misrepresented the lan. Republic of France might still have been guage of these prints, every reader will in existence, and the situation of all Elallow; and, indeed, I must confess, they rope very different indeed from what it spoke, very nearly, the language of the now is. The English party, the love of whole nation. How the people of Ame- peace, and the profits of peace, were too rica, from whom nothing can be kept se-powerful in the United States, for those cret, have received this language, I know who thought with Mr. Rutledge. Nach not; but, if I were to judge of their feel. I was said about principli's ; but, it was the

If they


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love of the profits of peace which prevail. every man of enterprise, will have all the ed over every other consideration. --The world, Engiand excepted, for her friends. Americans have now seen enough to con- | No nation will envy or hate her but Engvince them, that it would have been their land; because, to every other nation, ihc soundest policy to bave taken or side or increase of her populatim, her produce, the other, long ago.—What they wished her commerce, and her naval power must for was, peace and commerce with all the be advantageous.--She may, and she, douiltworld ; but they have now found, that, to less, will, suffir much in this war. Many of enjoy some peace, they must be prepared to her towns will be knocked down; thousands have some war; and that to enjoy inde- of her people will be greativ injured. But pendence and freedom, they must make if she keep on launching ships of war, as themselves respected in arms.--If the she is doing at present, she may

lare war should end without our doing some- score of ships of the line and forty frigates, thing, approaching very nearly to the sub- at the end of a six years war, mained with jugation of America, it will prove a most such officers and sailors as those whom we calamitous war to us. Because it will have already seen afloat, and to whom wo have added immensely to our debt; it will have had the inexpressible mortification to have left us horribly exhausted; it will see so many English ships strike their have given France a time of peace and Nags, after contests the most desperate and economy wherein to recover her wonted bloody. If this were to be the effect of means of meeting us by land or by sea ; it this war of drubbing, how should we havo will have made the Americans both a to curse those malicious writers, who, for military and a naval nation ; it will have so many months, have been labouring to given to these two nations the most power- cause this nation to believe, that it will ful motives to a close connection, dictated only be a holiday-undertaking to drub, to by their mutual wants and safety ; it will humble, and to subdue the American nahave rendered America not only completo- tion!I am aware, that there is a dely independent of us as to manufactures, scription of men in this country, who say, but will have implanted in the bosoms of that, even with all these possible, and even her people a hatred against us never to be probable, evils before us, we ought to have removed or mollified. If, indeed, we undertakon, and ought now to procecd were to subjugate America, to make the with, the war. • Because,' say these men, States again our colonies; or were, at if these evils should come with the least, to destroy all her ships of war; raze war, they would all, or, at least, the worst all her fortifications ; stipulate with her of them, come without it. Not to have Dever again to make a cannon, a ball, or a ' undertaken the war, or to put a stop ta pound of powder; to place in our hands, as it now, would have been, and would now guaranter's, all her principal sea-ports and be, to leave the Americans in possession all the mouths of her rivers; and to abstain of the naval reputation they have acfrom every sort of manufacture in the quired, in possession of all the means country. If we were to accomplish either of augmenting their naval force, and, of these, we might have little to apprehend what is of still more conscquence, in the as the consequence of a five or six years enjoyment of real freedom, and of happiwar against America. But, if we accom- ness unparalleled, under a Republicun plish neither, how will the case stand? Government, at once an exaniple and an Why, thus: she will, single handled, have asylum to all the disloyal of everv commcarried on a war against us. She will try in Europe. Leaving her thus, she have, through the world, the reputation of must, in the present state of men's minds, having been able, alone, to beat England ; prove the destruction of all kingly Gofor, to defend herself against us is, in such "vernment, and of every hierarchy in the a case, to beat us.

Other nations, sore at world. Therefore, even failure in the the sight of our predominance on the sea, • war is no objection to persevering in it, will look up to America as to a balance seeing that the worst that can arise out against us. They will natnrally seek a of the war, must arise out of suffering connection with a country, offering inna- this Republic to enjoy reace, especially merable sources of beneficial intercourse. with the reputation that she has acquired She, whose products are so abundant, and on that element, the absolute dominion of .80 much in request all over the world, and which we have so long claimed. When who holds out such great advantages to there is, at least, a possibility of destroy



*ing this Republic by war, and no possibi- | the motives influencing him attentively

lity of avoiding destruction from her considered, it appeared to me, at the time, * without war, reason says, ĝo on with the that he acted a prudent part ; such a part war!! I know that there are many as fully justified the step he had taken, and that argue thus, because I have heard cleared him from all censure. The reason them argue thus. And, I must confess, he assigned for agreeing to this new allithat, if I could bring myself to their feel- ance was, that he was obliged to adopt ings as to the consequences which they that measure ; that he was threatened with drcad, I should be bound to say, that their dethronement if he continued any longer arguments were unanswerable. As the in alliance with the Emperor of the French. matter stands, I could, I think, give a sa- This, at least, cleared him of all suspicion tisfactory answer ; but, as every one likes of having rolunteered in the cause of the to have something left to be supplied by Allies. Murat, however, had not only himself, I leave the reader to give to these acquired the art of war, and learned to be arguments such an answer, as, after some a politician ; he had been taught the sci. minutes of sober reflection, his mind may ence of Government ; and, as it now apsuggest. Before I conclude, however, pears, was fully occupied, at the time of I must repeat what I have before said, as Napoleon's reverses, with plans of imto the dilemma in which we are placed. proving the state of the country which he It is very certain, that America, at peace, governed, of abolishing the ancient tyranny, in the enjoyment of such perfect freedom and of giving good laws to his subjects. und such great superiority, under a Re- He was evidently aware, therefore, if he publican Government, the very head of rejected the flattering offers that were which does not receive above five thou- made him to join the coalition, that there sand pounds a year, and liaving no esta- was a probability of his being deprived of blished church, and no use for the hang- the opportunity of ameliorating the condiman; it is certain, that America, prction of his people, without benefiting the senting this picture to the world, might, cause of France. Hence bis acquiescence and would keep ative the spirit of Jacobi- in the proposal to make common cause with mism in Europe ; and that spirit might, in the Allies. It was conjectured by some, a few years, produce very serious conse- not without the appearance of probability, quences.-But, on the other hand, to pre- that the King of Naples, notwithstanding vent her from presenting this dangerous his joining the enemies of France, was picture to the world, we must keep up all secretly attached to Napoleon. For tbis our present toxes, and, perhaps, continue to I do not sce how any one can blame him, make loans. This is the dilemma ; the if, at the same time, it is acknowledged, grand dilemma, in which we are at present that he owed bis elevation to the French placed, and out of which, I must confess, I Emperor. It has been since said, and do not see how we are to get, unless we that only very lately, that Murat was carwere, as the Times supposes we shall, to rying on a treasonable correspondence, finish this insolent Republic in the space of through means of his officers, with the a few months.

Island of Elba. It is easy to account for

reports of this nature, when it is seen that NAPLES. I have for some time in Ferdinand, the deposed King, is publicly tended making a few observations on the avowing his determination not to relinquish wise policy pursued by the present King his claims to the possession of the throne of of Naples, and the great benefits result- his ancestors. There are men, in every ing therefrom to his subjects. It will be country, ready, on all occasions, to court recollected that Marat, who had been one the favour of the great by calumniating of the Emperor Napoleon's best generals, their supposed enemies; and to such mea enjoyed a more than ordinary share of his-the unprincipled flatterers of the former confidence, and, as a reward for bis merit, monarch--may easily be traced these hase was raised to the throne of Naples; was accusations against the present King. afterwards prevailed upon, by the Allies, Murat, I have no doubt, entertains the to withdraw bis support from his former highest respect and regard for Napoleon, master, and join his troops to those leagued and may noxiously desire, without commitagainst France. At first sight, this looked ting any crime, to do him a service.-like ingratitude. Pit, when a

But that he should openly, by sending miview w23 taken of Murat's situationand litary oficers to the place of his retiro


ment, seen to'ínvite him again to take the character remains to be illustrated. I field, and to assert his claims to the have already said, that, on ascending the crowns of France and Italy, which lie had the one of Naples, he occupied bimself with so rebently resigned, at the desire of the improving the state of the country, with people would be to suppose that Murat abolishing the former tyranny, and with hand, in a moment, lost all sense of pro- giving good laws to bis subjects. The exelence, and adopted a line of policy totally ternal fairs of his kingdom, while the different froin ut by which be formerly struggle with France existed, must have

gained so much. credit, and secured for left luam little time to attend to its internal "I himself te quiet possession of the throne management. Still, it appears, that he

of Naples. Though these vile traducers possesses a mind, like Napoleon, capable of his fame deserved; in my opinion, to of greater exertions than nost other sovebe torated with silent contempt, Alurat bas reigns; and, as there is every reason to thought otherwise, as appears froun the fol- I believe he serivusly wishes to better the I loaving declaratio:f, publishechin the Nea- conüition of man, we find that, even in

pmlitara Aloniteni of the 29th uli. the midst of war, he found leisure to carry - 49 linistry of General Police. It is not into effect many of his beneficial schemes.

" without surprise, that tlye Government Only six years have elapsed since Murat “ has been informed to letters from Civita- obtained possession of the throne of Naples. “ Vecchia and Leghorn, that some indivi- During that short period he has done more “ duals, calling themselves officers, em- substantial good than all the sovereigns of “ployed in the service of his Motsty the Earope put together have done for the last " King of Naples, and decorated with his century. He has awakened a national “ Lloyil Ortler, lave announced them- spirit ámong the depressed and degraded * selves as Envoys from the Court of Naples Neapolitans: lie lus created a brave and " to the Isle of Elba. Although nobody Kell disciplined army; he has given them

can lie deceived as to the object of this wise, political, and judicial institutions ; " miserable stratagem, tire oudersigncd he has conferred on them the means of a thinks it necessary to decl:ire, that these acquaing education ; and, in every part “ jatrigua:rs do not belong to the kingdom of his Goverment, measures are uciformis

of Naples ; that they ae unknown to it; pursucd, calculated in an cninent degree, " and that they have never been charged to promote the happiness and prosperity el “ wiil any mission to the Isle of Elba. the nutio:). The weakne-s ülid crimies of "All the Local Authorities are requested former kings, wlio abandoned thitiscives

to arrest evers individual who sail state to idolence and cupidity, while they leit " that he is charged with a similar mis- their sabjects to be the pry of an inte“sion.”—This declaration must prove a rested and barbarous clerov, uliinateig death blow to all the hopes of the parti- drove them from the throne, atid, thoongh zans of Ferdinand. Besides, they must the instrumentality of Napoleon, prepared know, that the present sovereign's title has the way for the elevation of a man, who been recognised by all the powers of Ea- appears fully convinced that his best title to. rope, tiot even excepting Great Britain, the Crown, and its future stability, coriwho, nevertheless, are so inconsistent as to sists in his making the happiness of his refise acknowledging the titles of the very people tlie chief olject of lois.carc. The man who, by force of arms, placed Nurat political causes which led to tliis important ori a throne. The respect paid to a Geru alteration in the condition of the epic of ral of Napolcon in this case, as well as in Naples, have been very atly discussed in the tase of the Crown Prince of Sweden, á pamphlet recently published by Ridge who exercise the sovereign authority by no way, entitled, “ A Leiter by an linglisia hetter title than that hy which the French man lately on his Travels in Italy; written Eniperor reigned, ought surely to have on his return to England in Aug. 1$1.12."" procured more attention to the wishes of This panplilet owes its origin to the prothe latter, when he stipulated not for the testation of Ferdinand against Murat's possesin of a kingdom to which another right of possession, which the author en

ud a prior clum, but for the mere acknow-deavours to establish, and, I think, pretty le lonent of an empty title, that could successfully. First, upon the right of eonneither curieh him, add to his consequence, qucst and cessiou ; secondly, the acknowmox jujuive any of the contracting parties. Ledgment of the title by all the sovereign

But, the most aziable part of Murat's 1 powers of Europe ; and thirdly, the de

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