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who came out of the battle alive and not into captivity; for relieving his pious and wounded, would, like Job's servants, tell virtuous subjects from the tyranny of the you a different story; unless, indeed, like priests; and for presuming to give them Bobadil, they were (wbich I am sure they good laws against their will. All this we would not do) to attribute their beating to were quite indignant and enraged at; and the planets, instead of the American bayo- although, as far as I have been able to disnets.For my part, I believe General cover, we were neither called upon by the Gaines’s in preference to General Drum- royal family of Spain, nor by the people, mond's report.

Not because I question to avenge their injuries; to chastise the the veracity of the latter, but because I French Emperor for his presumption; or know that he might be misinformed, and to restore to the nation its adored chiet, its that General Gaines could not be mis. holy tribunal, its saints, relics, miracles, informed, as to the fact. But, as I said and its fraternity of lazy monks, nuns, and before, this fact of the blowing up of the voluptuous friars. Notwithstanding, I angle of a bastion does not materially affect say, it does not appear that we were the merits of the case ; and, unless the solicited by Spain, to revenge her cause, American people be very different in their forth we went, fully armed for battle, natures from all other people, the event to drive the troops of Napoleon bemust have created a wonderful sensation yond the Pyrennees, and to deliver the in the country; and I am sure, that, in the sacred territory from these impious and incyes of any man in England, whose reason fidel hordes of Amalekites. And certainly is not totaỦy deadened by prejudice, it we did drive them out, no matter by what must have excited a dread, that, if we means, placed Ferdinand again on his pursue that project of subjugation, so throne, enabled him to re-establish the Instrongly recommended by the writers here, quisition, and to restore the clergy to the we are now embarked in a war of extra- plenitude of that power, which they had ordinary bloodshed, of no ordinary dura-exercised, for so many centuries, to the tion, and of an expense that will keep on glary of God, and to the benefit ofall our present taxes, and occasion constant themselves. By conferring these unsought annual loans.

for, these unparalleled, and extraordinary

blessings, the promoters of these measures SPAIN --The abettors of corruption, intended, as they said, that the people of sho fattened so well while the war lasted Spain should have the full right to think with France, and who have so sincerely and to act for themselves, in every thing and so loudly deplored its termination, are that respected their laws, their Governmaking another effort to produce a partial ment, and their religion. We pretended, war, at least, on the Continent. They in short, that we had no other desire than have tried in vain to provoke France; to confirm to them the rights of nature, they have failed in again embroiling which give to no one a preference in these Austria, Russia, and Prussia ; and the war matters over "another, unless in so far as with America has been so unproductive, his virtues and his talents command supehas given birth to so few contracts, and rior esteem. In return for these advanwhat have been entered into have been so tages, those engaged in conferring them uoprofitable to the contractors, that they might, and, perhaps, had a right, to calcuand the other satelites of corruption, who late on the gratitude of a people for whom devour the produce of the labour of the they had done so much. But gratitude is country, without assisting in any shape to its a word of so varied and so extensive a increase; these men, finding the profits meaning, that it is not easy to say what of their unprincipled trafic decreasing vicw the instigators of the war in the Pe. every day, are making a new effort to give ninsula entertained of it. One thing, boura more advantageous turn to their own af- ever, appears to be obvious: if it was exfairs, hy involving us in a war with Spain ;| pected of the Spaniards, in return for the with that very people for whom we so very pretended good we had done them, that lately professed to sacrifice so many thou- they should relinquish any of their legitisands of lives, and so many millions of mo- mate rights; that they should sacrifice any ney, merely to deliver them from a foreign part of their trade or commerce; or that poke, and to restore them to independence. they should cease to enact such laws and We were extremely mad at Napoleon for regulations as they considered necessary to leading, as we said, the beloved Ferdinand good Government. If any such expecta tions as these were entertained, they were " Royal Schedule of the 12th July, 1893 most unreasonable, and what, it need not was confirmed. But this Declara now surprize any one, could not_fail, " tion will be inefficacious and even pre in the end, to be disapointed.-Inde-" judicial, not only to the Company but to pendent of the circumstances of the in- )“ the national industry in general, if such teuerence on our part being entirely vo- “ Asiatic and European commodities, as are Luntary, which precluded all claim of re- prepared likewise in Spain and America , Conuence, every restrictive demand which aze not prohibited, and if a clandestine we might think we had a right to make; trude be countenanced under the colour nay, every regulation, though noway offen“ and pretext of such commoditics. To sive in its nature, that we might urge the " preserve therefore to the Company its hes introduction of into Spain, must be viewed neficial monopoly, and to maintain uninby the Spaniards as a species of that “paired' the nativnal industry, which is tyranay, exerciscà by „Napolcon, which we engaged in the manufacture of colturs, it professed it to be our sole object to destroy. becoines

necessary to renew the publicaBut, however unreasonable and unjust such" tion and annunciation of the said privipretensions may appear, the supporters of " leges, and to fix the term of four months corruption, resolved on a war, no matter for the disposal of this description of with whom, nor what it may cost others, goods by the individuals possessing them , pretend to find a cause for this in a recent “and after such term the holders shall sell commercial regulation of the Spanish them to the Company ; but should the Court; a regulation dictated for the ex- terms not be agreed upon between the press purpose of preservang to a long esta

preserving to a long esta- |* proprietors and the Company, another blished company “its beneficial mono- “ month will be allowed for the exportation * poly, and to maintain unimpaired the na-" of the goods abroad, according to the ar« tional industry.”

-- Tlus measure,

rangement particularized in Articles 57 the Times and the Courier writers" and 58, in the said Royal Schedule, rehave united in declaming against, as "spectine cotton articles made prize of op a decided proof of Spanish ingratitude,“ otherwise. The said Directors further of malice, of narrow petty malignity set forth, that if the Company is to artowards this country; for which, they “rive at tbe rank, elevation, and splendour say, that people ought to be severely " which the nation expected at its establishpunished; ought to be compelled, by our" ment; and if it is to repair its immense seamen and our soldiers, to recal the royal“ losses which it has most innocently inmandate, and to conform themselves to "curred, it is absolutely indispensible that those commercial rules which we find be- “ the indulgence sought be granted, esa neficial, without regard to the injury they "pecially at the present moment, when may do themselves; or, in the event of a two expeditions from Manilla and Calrefusal, to oblige the Spaniards to repay us "cutia are approaching the Peninsula, all the money we have expended for thein" and the effects which they bring can obtain during the war. Before I proceed to no sue if they are to meet a competition point out the inconsistencies of these ser- " in the market from other commodities of vile writers, I shall here give the document, " the same class, and the rain of the Comat length, which has given rise to their un "pany will be thus accomplished by the exprovoked and unjustifiable clamours : “ ertions they have applied in completing * Royal Mandate. His Excellency the “ these expeditions. His Majesty the - Secretary of State and of Finances, this "King having duly considered these im“ day communicated to me the subsequent " portant subjects, and being persuaded of - Royal Order :-The Directors of the “ the just reasoning of the Directors re" Royal Philippine Company have commu- “ garding them, has been pleased to de: “ nicated with his Majesty, explaining to termine, that in punctual observance of him that by his Royal Order of the 27th the exclusive privilege of the Company, ► July last, forwarded by your Excellency," from the present time private merchanta “ when you discharged the office of Minis- )" shall not be permitted to import either " ter of State for the Indies, it was com- into Spain or America cotton manufaes manded that the exclusive privileges for tures, whether Asiatic or European, con

commerce, and merchandize, should be ceding, bowever, the term of four months " preserved inviolable to the said Company," for the disposal of such goods, after

and with the same just intention the" which interval, they are to be oilored 10

“ the said Company, but if the conditions |“ decree has been issued, we perfectly “ should not be acceptable, another month": coincide with a Brother Journalist, in $ is to be granted for the exportation, as "hoping our Government will peremptorily " in the case of prize goods, &c. These demand payment of every farthing ex“ particulars I communicate to your Ex-“ pended by us in Spain, and will take a cellency by his Majesty's order for your “ effectual means (for such we have in “ information, and that you may impart our power) to ENFORCE the demand.”“ the same to the proper officers, that they Now reader, having read the above man

may in all respects pay obedience there- date of Ferdinand, do you discover any "to. God preserve you, &c.-GONGORA. thing in it to justity the abusive and threa“ Palairo, Aug. 29. To the Superin- tening language of these vile journals ?“ tendants of Revenue."

It is not the establishment of a new coinOn the above regulation, the following pany, with rights prejudicial to our comremarks appeared in the Times of Wed- merce, that they complain of: nor is it nesday :-"This Prince, who, in all justice conferring any privileges of that deserij " and equity, is indebted many millions tion upon an old company, that it did not “ sterling to this country in money expend possess before, about which these bircling “ed in replacing him on his throne ; that writers have raised so loud a cry. Tle " this very Prince is the first to set the Royal Philippine Company, like our East “ example of an absolute prohibition of our India Company, is an ancient establish

cotton manufactures. For the honour of ment, and the mandate now issued by the “ human nature, we hope that the mer- King of Spain in favor of the former, can “ chants of Cadiz has received a false be considered in no other light than as a 66 alarm. We are unwilling to believe renewal of its charter, which, we know, “ that such ingratitude can exist among has been often granted, and is again in “ men ; but if it be true, we hope our Go- contemplation of being granted by our own “ vernment will peremptorily demand pay- legislature, to the latter.--My own opinion ment of every farthing .erpended by us is, that all monopolics ought to be aboin Spain, and will take effectual means lished ; that what is called regulatir g

(for such we have in our power) to trade and commerce, is prejudicial to both.

ENFORCE the demand.In the But I cannot permit it to be asserted, withCourier of the same day, these senti-out entering my protest against the docments were echoed in the following man. trine, that, even supposing monopolies were ner :-" The gratitude of nations for ser- founded in wisdom, any one nation, or Go“ vices rendered them is not very prover-vernment, should be entitled to grasp at “ bial, and the conduet of Spain furnishes the whole, and threaten to punish all others “ us unfortunately with too frequent occa- who presumed to come in for a share of “sions to make this remark. That Spain the general plunder. We, forsooth, are to

owes a debt of gratitude to this nation, be allowed, not only to exclude the çreat greater, perhaps, than any country ever mass of our own population from a share of

owed another, will not be denied. But our East India trade, but also the inhabi“in her treatment she has made no diffe- tants of most other States; and yet, when

rence between us her defenders, and the Spanish Government shew a similar France her oppressor.—It is not merely preference to a favourite body of men “in a commercial point of view that we among themselves, wc immediately open

deplore this measure--we deplore it our batteries of abuse against them, and upon higher, upon moral grounds ; be- threaten to punish them if they follow our cause it seems to be a gratuitous malice, example. What are all our statutes passed a purposed proof of ingratitude for the to protect our colonial products, and our

services we have rendered Spain. Had manufactures, but laws prohibiting the im"she possessed cotton manufactures her- portation of foreign goods ? and what do

self which she wished to encourage, and these prohibitions amount to, in reference therefore adopted this prohibitory decree, to other nations, but a monopoly of trade

we could not have blamed her; for it is with us ? ---We tax the silks and the wines “the duty of all nations to encourage and of Spain, of Portugal, and of France.

protect their own manufactures. But This is turning our monopolizing system to Spain has no cotton manufactures, no some account. But, if the duty which we

establishment that can be injured by the impose makes the article so high in price, “ importation of our cottons. If such a that few or none can afford to purchase it, and are obliged to content themselves with applied to us for assistance; and, secondly, an article made at home, though much infe- when this is made clear, it must then be rior, the effect is the same upon the country shewn, that they promised to abolish which produces the superior article, as if some of their ancient regulations preju, our Government had granted an exclusive dicial to our commerce, or to establish right to a particular company here to deal some new ones to encourage it, as a rein that article. If we complain of the ward for the services we intended to pert Court of Spain for confirming rights form for them. All this it is incumbent granted its own subjects, by which our cot- on us to slow before we can charge the ton manufactures may be excluded the Pe. Spunish Monarch with ingratitude, top ninsula, they have an equal right to com- enacting a regulation so conducive to plain of us for conferring exclusive privi- the interests of his own people, IE leges on the East India Company, and for we have lent money to Spain, it is right enacting laws wbich have the effect of an she should pay it back when the stiabsolute prohibition of the produce of the pulated term of payment arrives. But, Spanish soil. The bill lately brought into to proclaim war against a whole naParliament for protecting, as it was called, tion, as the Times has done, because the agricultural interests of this country, its Government has adopted a policy would evidently have been injurious to the sisuilar to ours, in order to protect its own. growers of coru in France, in Spain, and institutions, is an act so outrageous, and in all other countries where crops are so so contrary to all decency, that language abundant as to permit importation. What is not sufficient to stigmatise it as it ought. then would we have said, had these nations It can only be equalled by the canting and complained of us for adopting a measure bypocritical pretensions of the Courier which tended so manifestly to injure them? writer, who affects to deplore the measure Why, we would have laughed at them of the Spanish Government, on account of We would have treated their remonstrances its immoral tendency! As a proof of the with contempt. And have not the Spa- sincerity of the professions of this stickler niards the same right to laugh at us, who for morality, we fird he has attempted, on do not merely complain of their following this very subject, to impose a palpable our footsteps, but who actually threaten to faiscload on the public. He asserts that the go to war with them, and to punish them, Spavjards have no cotton manufactories; because they enact what laws and regula- hence he infers, that the l’oyal mandate, tions they consider best calculated to pro- prohibiting the importation of cotton, protect their own commerce and manufac- ceeded froni malice, and a pre-leterminatures!--O! but says the Courier, “it is tion to injure ns, without any benefit reIs not merely in a commercial point of view suiting therefrom to themselves. It would " that we deplore this measure---we de- be difficult to conceive how any people * plore it upon higher, upon moral grounds; could act a part so wanton and atrocions ; “ because it seems to be a gratuitous ma- and bad as the Spanish Government ap“ lice, a purposed proof of ingratitnde for pear to be, I could not persuade myself that " the services we have rendered Spain.”--- it had gone so far in wickedness. This As to the “ services we have rendered was the impression given to my mind, Spain," it appears somewhat strange, if on reading the paragraph which I have these services were as great as we boast of, cited above from the Courier. When that their effects should have turned out so I came to perusetie Spanish docuvery prejudicial, that even those who for- ment, I was not only confirmed in that merly estimated them so bighly, are now opinion, but I found it there stated, in dithe londest to complain of them; the fore- rect opposition to the Courier's assertion, most to deplore the blindness and fatality that the importation of foreign cotton goods of a people, who could not, or would not, into Spain was prohibited, in order to enopen their eyes, and be persuaded that we courage and protect the established manuhad nothing selfish in view; but that all we factories of cotton amongst the inhabitants, had done, all the sacrifices we had (made, and also to insure a ready sale, at a fair proceeded from the purest and most disin- price, for several fresh cargoes of gorils of terested motives. Before, however, the that description belonging to the Philipmonopoly complained of can be held an im- pine Company, and then on their passage moral'act on the part of the Spaniards, it home to the mother country, lut which, it must be shewn, in the first place, that they was foreseen, would not turn out so productive, if the malt was stocked with the we are said to possess of humbling Ilic manufactures of other nations. If reasons Spaniards, the less we pretend to like these are to be allowed no weight in the this score the better. A systcm that ease of Spain, upon what ground is it that depends so much, 'it ours does, upon *e, almost cvery Session of Partiament, loans, and that lately found itself underilis are pissing bills to protect and encourage necessity of calling upon the East India our own manufactures, and to procure for Company for the triling sum of one million them a pretorciwe over those of all other two hundred theisand pounds, in advance pations? We were lat«ly told in the of cutie's, for which a discount was given, Times, that it would be the best policy in can neither boast very high, nor very long, the people of France not to attempt, at of its abilities to prosecuite new wars. It present, to establish manufactories of their will be time enough, at ang rate, to think own), but to purchase friom 115, by which of purisliing the Spaniards, when we have they would, in the course of time, be able completed the drubbing which are hare to imitate our superior workmanship.-pledged ourselves to give to the Americans. From articles that I have already seen of I had written thus far; when the French manufacture, I sce no reason why Paris papers broight me the Report of the that people should take the advice that has Committee, appointed by the French Gobeen so officiously given them, although Ivernment, to consider the petitions of the can readily discover that the proposal ori- merchants and manufacturers, praying that ginated in jealousy on the part of those a probibition might be issued against the who gave it. The same dread of another importation into France of English cotton successful rival starting up in Spain, is goods. It is an interesting document, evidently the true cause of the riperation and as it beurs me out in the facts and that has appeared in our prostituted jour- general reasoning which I have stated and nals, against the Government of that coun- adopted above, I shall here insert some of try. This may serve to gratify the spleen its most striking passages :and malice of those who never c:n be at “ The merchants and manufacturers of tase, until they add the monopoly of every several cities, alarmed at the vagik, and production of the carth, to that which they no doubt, unfounded rumours of a treaty already arrogantly exercise over the seas. of commerce, allowing the importation of But, in spite of these malignant passions, English cotton goods, have petitioned what seems to be now viewed in a proper against a measure which would ruin their Jight, in many countries that were for-establislunents, and endanger the existence merly inattentive to their true interests, of 250,000 workmen employed in them. must ultimately prevail. It is truly ridi. - In the midst of the disorders of our Reculous to hear the enemies of general im- volution, it is a noole spectacle to witness provement talking of securing our mono- the progress of sciences, fine arts and mapoly by violent measures, and boasting of nufacturing industry. In our manufacour possesses the means of effectually tures are produced damasks, as fine as punishing other nations, because they have those of Syria ; we have fire arms of all at last had their eyes open to the wise kinds, surpassing in elegance every thing policy of giving encouragement to their which Europe can boast of, and executed own artisans, and thereby rendering them with a rapidity inconceivable before our sélves completely independent of their days; files, which polish the hardest Eng "nei rhbours. We may threaten, and swag

lish files ; mathematical instruments as yar, as much as we please ; but unless we correct, and not so costly, as those which 219 prepared to punish not only the people the London workmen boasted of; ornaof Spain, but also of France, Italy, Ger-ments in bronze, unequalled for dignity of many, Russia, Sweden, and Denmark, form and delicacy of execution ; locksmith where improvements in the arts are every wares executed not only in Paris, but even day making rapid progress, it is idle to ex in the departments, which, to an exquisite pect that we shall be able to keep up that precision, unite the most wonderful combicommercial importance we have so long nations and magnificence; crystals, not in. maintained, but which, in consequence ferior to flint glass ; velvets which, from of the prevalence of corruption, and the the curious combination of their threads, rebaughty manner in which we carry our produce the colours, and even the expression selves towards other nations, is fast verg- of the most finished pictures; tanworks, ing to its dissolution. As to the means where the discoveries of chemistry are

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