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at the event, and could wish it encouraged at the moment when we fattered ourselves to the fullest extent, as one of the surest with the prospect of bcholding the revival, means of convincing the deluded people of even in the niidst of balties, of those princithis country, that peace is more profitable ples of humanity and the law of nations, than war; that whilst we have war, we

a polished and civilized people ought

never to violate. Was it intended to furnishi must pay taxes, and whilst we have taxes him with an excuse, who was justly accused we must, in spite of profound logic, pay of trampling ouder foot ali those principles, dear for bread and every other necessary by imitating his barbarous example? What! of life. There is one thing, Sir, that I the English who reproached him with such view very seriously, and which I could force and justicewith spreading pillage and wish you to discuss, viz. The considerable and destroying the towns that submitted to

confiagration wherever he went, with ruiving emigration of onr war advocates, and his armies, now inake themselves masters of others, who are not content to feed on our Washingtoni, plouter and lay it waste, blow flesh, but must take the most destructive up all its public establishmeols and principal means of sucking our hearts blood.--Now, edifices, and carry off in their ships all that Sir, I could wish you to call for the rock' they do not chuse to destroy by fire and oning, and to point out to the partakers of sword! It is not an absolueily foreign rily

to which no tie, none of those ancient rela. the feast, the injustice of their departing, lions which doubly claim the rights of humabefore they pay the bill; if not the reckon- nity ought to insure a less severe fate, that ing will fall most intolerable on the honour- they have thus treated; it is a city, which able and peaceable part of the community, may be called English, which speaks the same who, we shall suppose, have no just right language, which is the same manners, and to pay one atom, as not acceding to or par: English How much was it to be wished, taking of the spoil

. Indeed, no one should that hostilities had ceased in America, as in be allowed to quit the country who receive Europe, on the fall of him who had given the their support from the public purse. signal for them in all parts of the world !Those who are neither placemen nor pen- Why, at least, has not war itself experienced sioners, but the true friends of liberty and the good eifects of that fall? Why is it conpeace, I would exonerate from any part of ducted in the manner of pirates, who land the reckoning, because they are unwilling pitately embark again, not feeling themselves

upon a coast to ravage it, and then preciiastruments of destruction, and necessita- sufficiently strong to occups it end marutain ted, by the glittering sword of despotism, their position? Was it not in this manner to be tame spectators of the infamy.They that the English landed to the number of five are, by the law of Nature, entitled to roan thousand, as it is said, at Washington, and any where and every where.

then fled, after having ruished, and, as it A REFORMER.

were, swept from the face of the earth one. Sloane-street, Chelsen, Sopt. 24, 1814.

of the finest capitals in the world, which most. forcibly struck by its magnificence and esla-,

blishments, one of the most celebrated traDESTRUCTION OF WASHINGTON.-The vellers of the present day, M. de Humboldt ? Courier of yesterday says, “ there were re- Is it thus that the hero whom they hold forth ports last night of nur having attacked and with just pride to the admiration of Europe, "taken new London, and destroyed the made war in Portugal, in Spain; in France “ city of Baltimore.” The work of des- The English have often preiched up excel.,

lent principles of morals and huinanits i. truction, therefore, it would appear from they have often and justly reproached their this, is to be persisted in during the conti- enemies with violating those principles : but nuance of the war with America. The let thein beware-their edifying serinons and following article, extracted froin the Paris their severe reproaches will lose much of Papers, will shew what opinion the people their force, if they themselves comunit those of France entertain of this predatory mode excesses of which they accuse others. Their

chemies assert, that it is rather their own isof warfare :

terest than that of humanity which in general ** PARIS, Ist Otober. It is assuredly governs their morality and their 'conduct; not without the most painful feelings that that at this moment, for instance, when they our readers have perused the details we have are so zealously pleading the cause of the given them, respecting the capture and de- Negroes, it is lesy out of love for the Afrię struction of the capital of the United Siates cans than from jealousy of the French coloof America. Thus, then, the war is prose ties :--we indeed believe no such thing; culed in the New World with the same cha- lut we must confess that frequent examples, racter of fury as for so long a period spread such as that which they have just exhibited desolation over the Old. It there exhibits at Washington, would grievously embarrass the same spectacle of devastation and horror, I their friends."

Print: d 14 published by J. ORTOY, 94, Strand.


Vol. XXVI. No. 16.) LONDON, SATURDAY, OCT. 15, 1814. [Price 1s.



[482 SUMMARY OF POLITICS. by a new loan. The measure of bonding

“ was adopted for the purpose of making WAYS AND MEANS.-In my last, 1" this country a depot for the products of noticed the circumstance of Ministers“ different climes-that they might be supbaving been so hard pressed for money, to "plied as the demand arcse for them ; carry on the war with America, that they " and it was an admirable contrivance to had actually found it necessary to apply to secure to the country the carrying trade, the East India Company for an advance“ as well as to ease the merchant when of duties on goods not yet imported; or, if the markets of the Continent were shut brought to this country, not liable to pay- up against us. These goods have accument of duty for several months to come; “mulated in the warehouses for five years, and for the sum thus obtained, amounting," and the amount of duties upon them is as I am informed, to one million two hun-" said to be four millions sterling. Now, dred thousand pounds, a discount was al-“ to force these goods out upon the market lowed, though I have not heard to what “ all at once, without regard to the deextent. But this is not the only circum-" mand or price, is a measure of such stance which shews that Ministers cannot severity as was never attempted before. go on without money, and that they have " Many of the original owners are gone. adopted the resolution of raising it, at least " They disposed of their property, and it for the present, by other methods than that may have passed through several bands. of loans. Besides the demand upon “In many cases sums have been lent upon the East India Company, which, for ob- “ the security of those bonded goods and vious reasons, they very quietre submitted“ if they are to be brought forth and expoto, a requisition has been made upon the "sed to sale, they must fall to a price other merchants in London, and, I dare“ ruinous to all the parties. We supposa Sty, elsewhere, to pay up their arrears off“ that a very strong representation of all duties on bonded goods, which had not, “ the faets will be made to the Treasury for some time, been levied, in consequence against the measure, as they are ordered of the general stagnation of commerce. to clear them out and pay the duties on These gentry, however, do not seem so hefore Sunday the 20th instant. We disposed as the East India Company are," suppose the Chancellor of the Exchequer to comply with the demands of Govern- " considered that the better dun--the ment, and have called a public meeting, for * better deed.?-If he shall not succeed in the purpose

of taking into consideration “ procuring this seasonable supply, will this ," the very alarming situation in which“ be an apology for 'requiring a loan, or " they are likely to be placed by the recent " the funding of Exchequer Bills after “ determination of the Lords of the Trea- “ all?"_Those who have been accustoned

sury;" and the Morning Chronick, to consider the writer of this journal the which is always very sympathetic when enemy of corruption, will be able to appreany thing occurs to indulge its splenetic hu- ciate, by the above article, his pretensions mour against Ministers, has shown its fu-to that character. When the unexpected bw feeling for these merchants, on this event of the overthrow of Napoleon elecvery trying, very clerming, occasion, ly trified, as it were, the good people of this the following sorrowful lamentation : country, and almost rendered them frantic" The scarcity of money, which has forced with joy, did not the Burning Chronicle

; “the Chancellor of the Exchequer to the on that occasion, vie with the prostituted " harsh nwasure of furcing payment of the and lireling journals, in abusing the fullen "duties on all goods that have heen bonded Emperor; in stigmatizing him a tyrant, a “ubove a twelve month, will occasion dis despot, and an usurper; and in giving Wi

tress, and inconvenience in the city, much nisters credit, nay lou. mora grievolut1120 would have becu felt praise, for the puble afint: ile dnade





m with

to rid the earth of such a monsteri_Was provided for. Can this be done without Bot this a direct approval of every warlike money, or even with a little money? No, measure of Ministers? Was it not a tacit surely; the war with America, like every acknowledyment, that every sixpence of other war, can only be supported with money they had lerjed, had been pro- money; and where are Ministers to look perly done, and met with their entire for it, but into the pockets of those me* approbation ? But what is more: who called for the war, and who promised Has not this organ of a faction, while them their tvarınest support, it they would canting and whinning about the miseries only give Jonathan a drubbing; who assured and calamities of war, given its hearty Ministers that they would consider no sacriconcurrence to the prosecution of the fice too great to obtain this desirable object. war with America, and applauded every What right, then, have these men to comostep taken by Government to recolonize forward, now that the American war has the United States?--Even the most servile began in real carnest, and complain of the of all the crew of corruptionists, has not hardship of nraking them fulfil their ene. been able to excel this contemptible writer gagements? Or where is the consistency, in the manner be has exulted over the re- the respect for principle, so much talked of verses of the Americans. Either the by the Ilorning Chronicle, when it tells Editor of the Morning Chronicle is sincere us that it would be harsh, distressing, inin wishing the Yankees a drubbing, or he convenient, grievous, severe, ruinınıs, and is not sincere. If the latter, then does he the Lord knows what, to force these men Jabour in vain to appcar consistent, by pro- to keep their promises? Is it because fessions of regard for pcace, and absor- they are alarmed, becanse they begin to rence of war, while he acquiesces in, and ap- feel the consequences of their folly, that plauds, the hostile mcamures pursued against they deserve compassion ? For my part, America:--But if this new war is not alto- it gives me real satisfaction to find these gether displeasing to the organ of tire bawlers for war beginning at last to feel Whigs; if he and his party have resolved | uneasy for their situation. I wish sincereto allow Ministers to prosecute it in their ly they had begun to be alarmed somewhat own way, without any molestation from sooner. It would have been for the intes them; how comes it that they are endea- rest of all Europe ; I may say, it would vouring, as is evident from the above ar- have been for the interest of the wbole ticle, to paralize the hands of Ministers? human race, if these alarmists had, twenty If the war with France required money io years ago, instead of raising a clamour carry it on; if we could not put down Na- against liberty; if they had then felt some poleon, without increasing the National of those compunctions they now feel, about Debt from two hundred and fijiy-nine ani!- the cost of the war into which they plunged lions to NINE HUNDRED AND SEVENTY; if 19.-As it is, however, no real friend of the deliverance of Europe could not be ef his country wil regret their present fected until the country was burdened with alarms. Long, too long has the majority, an almost incalculable load of taxes ; by the most deserving class of the community, what nans is it that we are to reconeier suffered inconvenience and distress. Harsh, America, and to compel upwards of eight grievous, severe, and ruinous, to thousands, millions of people, who have shown no have been the measures pursued under the liking for oor Gorersmeni, to submit to tedious and lengthened reign of corruption. ito sway, and to relinquisir all the blessings It is high time, therefore, that the authors of independence?:-Is there any other way of these calamities should themselves have of doing this hy money? Tosay nothing a little experience of the benefits resulting of their par, can the men we are every day from the pernicious system to which they sending across the Atlantic, to humble the have so long given countenance and supYankees, be convived thither without port. My only fear is, that they do not money? They must have foodi 29 kcl as ferd enough; that they are not sufficiently chos thing. The seamen also most liere ularned about their situation, and that, food who navigate the vessels, and this not notwithstanding all that their sympathetic for the engage merely, but for the whole brother of the Joining Chronicle has so time, it is calculated we are to take in con- dolefully said in their Lebalf, they will yet. quering the Americans. Then there is the be induced-to part with their money, and paper quantity of naval and military to go on believing all that our lying press

sary for such an army, to be I tells them, about our successes over the

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Yankees, and the great commercial ad- the Morning Chronicle has misconceived vantages which these must shortly produce. the object of the intended meeting, and The Chancellor of the Exchequer, in the thus incautiously rendered its own princimeanwhile, cannot but feel limself placed ples suspected, and exposed its dearest in a very awkward situation, by the restive friends to the danger of being ranked spirit displayed by John Bull'on this occa- amongst the disaffected, the jacobins, and sion, and perhaps is now regreting, that he the levellers, who neither delight in war, so easily departed from the usual, and nor sigh for a participation of the publis more palatable way of raising money, by plunder. I shall not, however, lose sight sonuity. He was driven to this, I have of the subject ; for those who have been no doubt, on account of the recent uncom- the most active in promoting war, and who pion fall in the stocks, occasioned by the have derived the greatest benefit from it, anticipation, in the money market, of a are among the last who ought to be alnew loan. It was very natural, in these lowed to escape without

paying their share circumstances, to turn his attention else- of the expence necessary to carry it on.where ; and where could he turn it, with The Courier, in noticing that part of the greater propriety, than to a quarter where statement of the Morning Chronicle which the war had always been most popular, and respects the supposed hardship of levying to a fund which, in truth, belonged to the the arrears of duties on bonded goods, says Gountry. The money had, in advance, of “the goods have been bonded three, four, the East India Company, cair scarcely be " or five years—at last Government des Bonsidered in that light; but, in the case “mands the duty upon them. Is it not the now before us, it is admitted, that there is same as if Government had given a mag in the bands of the London Merchants, no permission to defer the payment of his less a sum than FOUR MILLIONS sterling “income tax for three years, and then rebelonging to the public, that has been ac- quired it to be paid ? It must be paid as cumulating for five years, during which“ last."--From this it appears, that it is that same public have been submitting to seriously intended to put the loyalty of our great privations, in order to make up the London Merchants to the test. I hope nodeficiencies this occasioned. Had the thing will occur to induce Ministers to Morning Chronicle been properly alive to abandon this intention. As to what the the interests of the country, it would have Chronicle says about a loan, or funding called for the immediate application of this Eschequer Bills, the Courier replies, that money to the necessities of the State, in nothing of the kind is in contemplation ; stead of advocating the cause of a set of the truth being, “ that the Ways and men who have enriched themselves by the “ Means already provided, are sufficient to war, and who, even had they been losers“ meet the expenditure to be incurred unby it, have no right to complain; becanse, “til some time after Christmas, probably had it not been for the support they have the spring; and the Parliament, at its all along given to war, the nation would

next mecting, will only be called upon to never have been in its present calamitous “ extend the appropriation of them.”-10 state. These loyalty men too; these might be supposed from this light way of Church and State men; these haters of treating the subject, that the money raised jacobins and levellers-What new proof is and expended since the abdication of Nathis they are giving of their patriotism? poleon, had been of a very trifling nature. Do they wish the country, for whom, only | But the fact is, independent of all the a few years ago, they offered to sacrifice taxes levied previous to that event being their lives and fortunes; do they wish us still in existence, no less than fifty one Dow to believe, that there was no sincerity millions sterling was borrowed subsein these professions ? Were they loyal quent to the year 1812 ; and if to this is only so long as they were relieved from the added the advanced duties, paid by the burdens of the war?-Do they regard it East India Company, and what is about to 23 no longer deserving their support than be raised of arrears on bonded goods, our it enables them, by a vast accumulating of national expenditure, in the short period of foreign products, to keep up the price of two years, will be found to be equal, if not thasc articles, and thus render war advan-grcater, than what it was during the most tageons only to themselves ?.~But let me expensive period of the war with France. not be accused of ascribing improper mo- | The sun borrowed si ce 1812 is, in tiros to these Gulleges. It may be that truth, only two millions shurt of the

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whole National Debt at the death of |“ still further to elucidate the subject. He George I. and more than a third of its “ hoped, however, that in whatever obseramount at the end of the seven years war,

“ vations might be made, the subject would in 1762. These facts will appear obvious “ be considered coolly, and that'no extraorfrom the annexed table, and, I think, must dinary warmth might be introduced into render it sufficiently « leir, that means have

" the discussion. They lrad only onc ob. not been wanting hitherto, whatever they “ject--the benefit of the trade'; and almay be at present, to give energy to the

“though they might differ from the Lords established system.

“ of the Treasury on this point, yet so far King William, of glorious memory, was

"from making any

severe observations the father of our National Debt. At his

upon bis Majesty's Government, he bedeath in

“ lieved that it is the wish of cvery ene

MILLIONS. 1702, it extended to....

present to support it. It was, thank Jill Deail of Queens jone.

God, the best Government now existings - fieorgel. 1762 ind of seven years war.


“ in the world. The resolations agreed 1782 American war

to by the Committee were then proposed, * 1792 Beginning of French war.


..510 1812 Midule of ditto.

" and unanimously adopted. A Comn.it1 13 Month of July. .£973,253,139 tee was then appointed to wait upon

tho Of this last um here has been

“ Lords of :he Treasury, and point out to redeemed, log the Sinkings


" them the ruinous consequences both to Leaving of unrederaed capital £719,621,927 " trade, and to the individual merchants, But as there is interes' payable on the

" from acting upon the notification that money borrorood to form the Sinking Fund, the redeemed capital cinnot

" had been given."-_I am glad it be deducier, with propriety, from the is thus established beyond Lispute, that antoint of the deli, until the annuitants of tre Sinkiny Fund are paid

the merchants of London really feel the the principal and interest of the sums

ruinous effects of the measures which they tirey advanced.

have so long and so strenuously supported. I observe, since the above remarks were The extraordinary war mih, the sucre 05sent to pross, that the Niceting of the Lonservations, of which che Chairman was don Merchants has taken place. The chair afraid, clearly indicates, tbat the minds of was filled by that disinterested and staunch the trading interest begin to be seriously bojalist Sir Charles Price, who, poor man, alarmed. Had these alarm3 been occahas more occasion to regret the termina- sioned by any other cause than individual tion of the war than all the other Govern- interest; had they arisen from a proper ment Contractors put together. Whether conviction of the impolicy of public the knight and his brethren had taken the measures ; had the ruined state of the alarm that their loyalty was in danger of country, the rapid and enormous increase of being suspected, if they went the lengih the our National Debt, the pernicious effects Journing Chronicle had done; or whether of our paper currency, and the insups Sir Charles had agreed to take the chair, portable burden of taxes. Had causes and as a matter of policy, to keep down turbu- considerations like these given birth to dent spirits, who might, on this occasion, be these fears and apprehensions, my satisface disposed to be clamorous, it is certain the tion would have been greater still. But Dieeting was conducted in a mere peaceable no :-it is sell, mere self

, that occasions and orderly manner than there was reason, these alarms. Not an atom of patriotisma on the first blush of the business, to expect influences them; these terrors result only The Courier report of the proceedings from the dread of being compelled to disa makes the loyal Baroulet say, that lie gorge a part of the inoney, which the « did not think it necessary for him to bonding monopoly has enabled them to

make many observations, as he conceived amass at the exnence of public industry. that every Centleman present MUST FEEL. They would willingly appis a remedy to how ruinous it would be to the tradle of the disease, but then it must cost them

london, and what scruel hardship it nothing. They have been bandling, for " would be to many individuals, to have more than twenty years, about the best Gan tree dries strictly levied on so early a vernment in the world. This only required “ dar as the 30th. The Committee had a stock of impudence and good lungs. cane to certain resolutions which woulel Give them reason to hope, that another he sulmited to there, but he ghoulil he twenty years of clamour ssill be als produce

bear any Gertiemia 20 Tised tace as the last, and they will immediate!!

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