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whole country would have dared to think " Scotia's Loasted fame," they would not of such an act.-I, by my resolution, saved have appeared in the business ; for where the remainder of my property:- -If the is a man to look for protectors, when asfire had happened at some farm-houses, sailed by the rude hand of adversity, but to the thieving would bave been nearly as the land that gave him birth ? It was in destructive as the firc.-If facts like Scotland that thousands of tongues ought to these are a disgrace to the nation, the have proclaimed his Lordship's innocence, nation has to thank the proprietor or editor and shielded bim from the calumnies of his of the Times newspaper for the publicity, persecutors. It seemis, however, to have which they will receive through my chan- been reserved to the native land of bis nel.He would do better to employ his Lordship, to strike the last blow of columns in clearing himself of the charge perfidy, and to give the finishing touch of having been so eminently instrumental to a nation's ingratitude. My limits in causing the war, which has led to the will not admit of my saying all upon battles on and near Lake Champlain, where this subject that I could wish. But as something much more dangerous than tur- the Gentlemen who have come forward nips have been flung at the heads of our in this very honourable business, appear to unfortunate sailors. As to the proprie- have been hurried too far by an inconsidetor of the “ Hampshire paper," whence the rate zeal, I shall state to them the chanTimes says it derived its information, I nel through which the Address reached me, dare say that he is some wretch too con- in the hope that, after using a little more temptille for notice.

diligence, after being somewhat more

active in their inquiries than they have KIRKCALDY ADDRESS. - The cor- hitherto been, they may sce cause to reruptionists of this rotten Borough, alarmed tract the most essential parts of their statelest the loyalty of their “ good town” ment. The Address in question was handed should be suspected, have been at great to me by Samuel Brooks, Esq. Chairman pains to make it

appear, in their favourite of the Westminster Committee. It was journal the Courier, that the Address sent transmitted to that Gentleman by Sir from that place to the Electors of West- Francis Burdett, who received it, in the minster, congratulating them on the inde regular course of post, alor.g with the folpendent manner in which they had acted lowing letter :- Kirkcaldy, sih Sept. in the case of Lord Cochrane, was a fabri- "1814.-Honourable Sir ---Permit me,

in' cation ; that no such Mecting as that at name, and by order of this Meeting, to which it is said to have been voted took “ request you to present the inclosed Adplace; and that “ William Davidson,” « dress to the Electors of Westminster, as whose name appears as Chairman of " a small token of our respect, and the the Meeting, is not a resident in Kirk-" high sense we entertain of the laudable caldy. In this very praise-worthy, and steps they have taken in the re-election loyal attempt, the Chief Magistrate, the “ of the Right Hon. Lord Cochrane, and Post-master, and the keeper of the Wel“ of his Lordship's innocence of the late lington Inn, seem to have taken the most “ hoax, falsely laid to his charge. Should active part.. After what has happened in “ you, or the Electors of Westminster, this corner of the island, I am not sur- o think this in any way worthy your noprised that Scotland, which is but one close “ tice, we shall be happy to see it inserted rotten burgh, should readily stoop to the “ in Mr. COBBETT's Register, of which performance of any diriy work that may be we are constant readers. If otherwise, well pleasing to their Southern friends, “ we hope that neither you nor they will who have it so much in their power to re- “ take offence at this measure, as we have ward them. But when I recollect that " no sinister motive, but regard for virtne Lord Cochrane was a native of Scotland, I" and innocence.--I am,” &c.---(signed) could not help thinking it strange, that his “ WILLIAM JOHNSON, SECRETARY OF own countrymen should bave lent them." MEETING." The Chief Magisselves to a transaction which in no view trate says, that the " Address occasioned appears creditable, and which, considering “ considerable surprise at Kirkcaldy, as the clear proofs now before the public of “ po one had heard of any such Nieeting, Lord Coclirane's ENTIRE INNOCENCE, was or knew any person of the name of ungracious in the extreme. Had these William Davidson.' The Post-master parties entertained a proper sense of.I says, that he and his letter carriers used


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all diligence to discover this person, but formal opening of the Congress will therefore be that they could not find him. Here, then, adjourned to the 1st of November, and the I have furnished them with the name of said Plenipotentiaries datter theins”lves that the another party concerned, the Secretary to abours to which the intervening period shall be the Merting Let them use the same devoted, by fixing ideas and cenciliating opi

diligence" as to him, and I dare say nionis, will es entially advance the great work they will soon be able to discover the parties which is the object of their commun mission. who have given them so much uneasiness Vienna, Oct. 8, 1814. those miscreants who had the presumption The above Declaration, by explaining the mo. to hold a Meeting, either public or private, lives which have ocrasioned the postponement in belalf of“ virtue and innocence," with of the Congress of Vienna, is the first pledge of out first obtaining the permission of the the spirit of wisdom which will guide the labours Chief Magistrate!!!-When the result of of the assemblea Plenipotentiaries. It is indeed this inquiry is made as public as the by the maturity of Councils--it is anidst the former, I shall

, perhaps, pay my respects calin of the passions, that the tutelary authoagain to this worthy Magistrate, and his rity of the principles of public lnu, invoked particular friends the Post-master and thc and recognised in the late Treaty of_Paris, ought Publicain.

to be re-established.-- Tous the just object of

contemporaries will be fulfilled, and in the apTHE CONGRESS.-Notwithstanding the proaching negociations, a result will be obtained circumstantial, and, as it was said, highly conformable to what the law of nations, and uni. interesting details of the proceedings of versal law of justice, prescribe to nations in their Congress, with which our newspapers have, coocerns with each other. At the epoch when for so:ne weeks back, been satiating the the great Powers are leagued to re-introduce stomach of John Bull, it appears, from the inin the mutual relations of States, the respect of following licial document, that that As- property and the security o'thrones, no political sembly is not to meet till the 1st of Nove!?)- transactions, except such as are invested with ber. The observations, from the Bloniteur, that equitable character, are to be expected.on this Declaration, are important in many Irrape already accepts this happy augury, and respects, but chicly because they distinct- France, who is not jealous of any advantages for ly shew, that the interests and influence of which ihe States may reasonably bope, aspires France will be more predominant at the to nothing more than a just equilibrium. Posses, ensuing meeting, than our corrupt press is sing within herself all the clements of strength willing to allow :

and propority, she seeks not for them beyond DECLARATION.

her limits: she will not listen to any insinuations The Plenipotensiaries of the Courts who signed tending t9 establish systems of mere couvethe Treaty of Peace at Paris, of the 3045 of nience ; but, resurning the character which the May, 1811, have taken into consideration the csteem and the gratitude of Nations beretofore 324 article of that treaty, which declares that all entitled her, she will desire no other glory than the Powers engaged on both sides in the latestiat of which the guarantees rest on the alliance

shall send Plenipotentiaries to Vienna, in of poker wiil: moderation and jostice. It is her order to regulate in a General Congress, the ar

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wish to re-become the prop of the weak and the tangements necessary for coo:pleting the enaci- defender of the oppressed.-- France, in this disa menis of the said treaty; and after liaving ma- position, will concur in the arrangements tendturely reflected on the situation in which they ing to consolidale a general peace, and those Soare placed, and on the duties ira posed upon them, vereigos who have so nobly proclaimed the same whey have agreed thatchey could not better fuel principles, will consecrate with her this durable them, than hy establishing, in the Aret instance, compact, which is to ensure the repose of the free and conidential communications between world.-( Moniteur.) the Pjenipotentiaries of all the Powers. But they are, at the saine (inne, convinced, that it is AMERICAN OFFICIAL ACCOUNT the interest of all parties concerned to postpone Oy TAE BATTLE ON LAKE CHAMPLAIN, AND TIE the general assembly of their Penipotentiaries, RETREAT OF SIR GEORGE PREVOST. till the period when the questions on which it GENERAL ORDERS.--Head Quarters. Platswill be their duty to pronounce, shall have at. burgh, Sepz, 14, 1814.–The Governor General of tained such a degree of maturity, as wiat the re- the Canadas, and Commander in Chief of the sult may correspond to the principles of public British forces in North America, having invaded Jaw, the stipulations of the treaty of peace, and the territories of the United States, with the the just expectations of coutemporaries. The lavopred purpose of conquering the country as far


as (rown Point and Ticonderoga, there to win. I retreated with his whole army towards Cannda, ter his forces with a view to further conquest, leaving liis wounded on the field, and a vast quanbrought with him a powerful army and flotilla. tity of bread, flour, and heef, whird he had not An army announting to 11,000 men, completely | tine to destroy, besides a quantity of boml. equipped, and accompanied by a numerous train shells, shot, flints, and ammunition of all kinds, of artillery, and all the engines of war-men who which remained it ihe balleries, and lay conhad conquered in France, Spain, Poringal, the cealed in the ponds and rivers. As soon as it is Indies, and in other parts of the Globe, and led retreat was discovered, the light trops, volunby the most distingushed Generals in the British teers, and militia, were ordered in pursuii, and army. A fotilla also superios to our's in vessels, followed as far as Chazy, capturing several drameo, and guns, had determined at once to crush goons and soldiers, besiiles covering the escape us, boia by land and water. The Governor-Ge of bundreds of deserters, who still coulinue to be neral after boasting of what he would do, and coming to. A violent storm, and continued fall endeavouring to dissuade the loyal inhabitants of of raio, prevented the brave volunteers and ini. the United States from their allegiance, by threats litia froin further pursuit. Thus have the aland promises, as set forth in his proclamation and tempts of the invader been frustrated hy a regu. order, fixed his head-quarters at the village of lar force of only fifteen hundred men; a brave Champlain, to organise his army, and to settle and active body of militia of the State of New the government of his intended conquest. On York, under General Mooers, and volunteers of the second day of the month, he marched from the respectable aud patriotic citizens of Vero Champlain; and on the 5th appeared before the mont, led by General Strong, and other Gentlevillage of Plattsburgh with his whole army ; and men of disiinction; the whole not exceeding on the 11th, the day fixed for the general attack, 2,500 men. The British forces being now either the flotilla arrived. The enemy's fotilla at eight expelled or captured, the services of the voluar in the morning passed Cumberland Head, and at reers and militia may be dispensed with. Gengnine engaged our fotilla at anchor in the hay of ral Macombe cannot, however, permit the milithe town, fully confident of crushing in an instant tia of New York and the volunteers of Vermont the whole of our naval force ; but the gallant to depart without carrying with them the high

kense he entertains for their merits. The Zriu) Cominodore Macdonough, in the short space of with which they came forward in the defence of (10 bours, obliged the large vessels to strike thrir country, when the signal of danger was their colours, whilst the gallies saved themselves given by the General, refects the highest lustre

on their patriotism and spirit; their conduct in dy flight. This glorious achievement was in full the field has corresponded with the landahie moview of the several forts, and the American forces tives which led thein into it. They have deserved

the esteem of their fellow-citizens, and the waria had the satisfaction of witnessing the victory approbation of their commanders. They have The British army was also so posted on the sur- exemplified how speedily American citizens caa Founding heights, that it could not hul behold the

he prepared to meet the enemies of their country

Io ie-lifying his sense of the merits of the tranps, interesting struggle for dominion on the Lake. At the General cannot but express his sorrow and the same hout the fileets engaged, the enemy regret for the loss of some brave and virtuous ciopened his batteries on our forts, throwing hun. The loss, no doubt, will be keenly felt by their

tizens, and for those who have been wounded. dreds of shells, balls, and rockets, and attempted friends and countrymen, but at ihe same time at the same time to cross the Saranae at three will be borne with that fortitude and resignaling

which become good citizens and good christians. different points to assault the works. At the The affection of the General will accompany his upper fort he was met by the militia and volun. brave associates in arms, wheresoever they go ; teers, and after repeated attempts was driven portunities of testifying to them individually hig

nor will any thing give more pleasure than op back with considerable loss in killed, wounded, actions as words, the high regard he cherishes for and prisoners. At the bridge, near the village, them. The General, in the name of the United

States, thanks the volunteers and the militia forhe was repulsed by the picquets and brave rifle their distinguished servires, and wishes them men änder, Captain Grovenor, and Lieutenants bappy return to their families and friends. Hamilton and Riley, and at the bridge in town


Alex. MACOMBE, he was foiled by the guards, block-houses, and COPY OF A LETTER FROM VICE-ADMIRAL COCH: the artillery of the forts. The enemy's fire was

RANE TO ME. * * * :.. returned with effect from our batteries, and by

His Majesty's ship the Tonnant, in the

Patuxeni River, Angust 18, 1814. sun-set we had the satisfaction to silence seven SIR-Having been called upon by the Gover batteries which he had erected, and to see his por-General of the Canadas to aid bim in carry columos retiring to their camp beyond the reaching into effect measures of retaliation against the

inhabitants of the United States, for the wanton of our guns. Thas beaten by land and water, the destruction committed by their army in Upper Governor-General withdrew his artillery and

Canada, it has becomc imperiously my duty, raised the siege. At nine at night, sent off his General's application, to issue to the naval force

conformably with the nature of the Governors heavy baggags, 24.mader cover of the darkness I under my coinmund, an order to destroy and lay

Waste such towns and districts upon the coast, I led to their perpetration. The late destruction as may be found assailable....I had hoped of the houses of Government in this City is anothat this contest would have terminated, with-ther act which coines necessarily into view. in out my being obliged to resort to severities the wars of modern Europe, no examples of the which are contrary to the usages of civilized kind, even among nations the most hostile to warfare, and as it has been with extreme re-each other, can be traced. In the course of ten luctance and concern that I have found my years past, ibe capitals of the principal Powers self compelled to adopt this system of devasta- of the Continent of Europe have been conquer. tion, I shall be equally gratified if the conducted, and occupied alternately by the victorious of the Executive of the United States will illle armies of each other, and no instance of sach thorise my staying such proceedings, by making wanton and unjustitiable destruction has been reparation to the suffering inhabitants of Upper seen. We must go back to distant and barbaCanada; thereby manifesting, that if the ite- rous ages, to find a parallel for the acts of which structive measures pursued by their army were I complain. ever sanctioned, they will no longer be permit- Although these acts of desolation invited, if ted by the Government.--I have the honour to they did not impose on the Government, the be, Sir, with much consideration, your most necessity of retaliation, yet in no instauce has it obcdient humble servant,

been authorised. The burning of the village of (Signed) ALEX. COCHRANE. Newark, in Upper Canada, posterior to the Vice-Admiral and Commander in Chief uf early outrages above enumerated, was not exe.

his Britannic Majesty's ships and vesselscuted on that principle. The village of Newark

upon the North American Station. adjoined Fort George, and its destruction was The Bloni. Jawes Monroe, Secretary

justified by the officer who ordered it, on the" of State, &c. &c. Washington.

ground that it became necessary in the inilitary

operations there. The act, however, was disaCOPY OF A LETTER FROUL MR. MONROE, to sie vowed by the Government. The burning which ALEXANDER COCHRANE, VICE-ADMIRAL, &c.

took place at Long Point was unauthorised by

the Government, and the conduct of the officer Department of State, Sept. 6, 1814. subjected to the investigation of a military triSIR-I have had the honour to receive your bunal. For the burning of St. David's, coinmitletter of the 18th of August, istating, that, having ted by stragglers, the officer who counnamed in been called on hy the Governor-General of the that quarter was dismissed without a trial for not, Canadas to aid hiin in carrying into effect mea-preventing it. sures of retaliation against the United States, I am courmanded by the President distinctly for the winton desolation committed by their to state, that it as little coinports with any arıny in Upper Canada, it has becoine your orders which have been issued to the military duty, conformably with the nature of the Go- and naval commanders of the United States, as vernor-General's application, to issue to the it does with the established and known hinnanaval force under your command, an order to nity of the American nation, to pursue a system destroy and lay wasie such towns and districts which it appears you have adopted. The upon the coast as may be found assailable. Government owe it to itself, to the principles li is seen with the greatest surprise that this which it has ever heid sacred, to disavow, as system of deva itation, which has been practised justij chargeable to it, any such wanton, cruel, by the British forces, so manifestly, contrary to and injustifiable warfare. the usage of civilizer warfare, is placed by you Whatever unauthorised irregularity may have on the ground of retaliation. No sooner were been committed by any of its roops, it would the United States compelled to resort to war have been ready, acting on these principles of against Great Britain, than they resolved to sacred and eternil obligation, to disavow, and wage is in a nannes most consonant to the prin- as far as might be practicable, to repair. But ciples of humanity, and to those friendly rela in the plan of desolating warfare, woich your tions which it was desirable to preserve between letter so explicitly makes known, and which is the two nations, after the restoration of peace. attempted to be excused on a plea so utterly They perceived, however, with the deepest re- groundless, the President perceives a spirit of grer, that a spirit alike just and humane was derp-rooted hostility, which, without the exis neither cherished nor acted on by your Govern-dence of such facts he could not hav; believed ment. Such an assertion would not be hazard- exisied, or would have been carried to such air ed, if it was not supported by facts, the proof of extremity. which has already carried the same conviction For the reparation of injuries, of whatever to other nations that it has to the people of those nature they may be, not sanctioned by the law States. Without dwelling on the deplorable of nations, which the naval or military forces of cruelties committed by the Savages in the British either power may have committed against the ranks, and in British pay, on American prisoners, other, this Government will always be ready to at the River Raisin, which to this day have never enter into reciprocal arrangements. It is preu been disavowed or atoned, I refer, as more im- sumed that your Goveroment will neither exmediately connected with the subject of your pect or propose any which are not reciprocal.-. letter, to the wanton desolation that was com- Should your Government adhere to a sustain mitted at Havre-de-Grace and at George Town, of desolation, so contrary to the views and prac. carly in the Spring, 1813. These villayes were tice of the United States, so revolting to huma. burnt and ravaged by the vaval forces of Greatnity, and repugnant to the sentiments and usages Britain, to the ruin of their unarmed inhabitants, of the civilised world, whilst it will be seer who saw with astonishment that they derived no with the deepest regret, it must and will be met protection to their property from the laws of with a determination and constancy becoming a war. During the same season, scenes of inva free people, contending in a just cause for their sion and pillage, carried on uuder the same essential rights and their dearest interests. authority, were witnessed all along the waters I have the honour to be, with great consideras of the Chesapeake, lo an extent inflicting the t1on, Sir, your most obedient bumble servant, 3host serious private distress, and under circum

(Signed) JAMES MONROE stances that justified the suspicion, that revenge Vice Admiral Sir Alexander Cochrane, and cupidity, rather than the manly motives that Commander-in-Chief of his Britannic sliould 'dictate the hostility of a high-minded foe, Majesty's ships and vessels, fc.

Prialed and publisbed by J. MORTON, 94, Strand.


Vol. XXVI. No. 19.] LONDON, SATURDAY, NOV. 5, 1914. [Price 1s.,

other pur


[578 SUMMARY OF POLITICS. cording to these people, a war to prevent

infamy sticking to us.--I shall endeaAMERICAN WAR.--My office, as to vour to shew, that a continuation of the this war, is now changed. Instead of war is not necessary for this purpose, as I endeavours to convince my countrymen, have, for years, been shewing, that the that the Americans are not that contemp- war was not necessary for any tible nation which they were said to be ; pose. But I must first lay before the instead of endeavours to convince them, reader the proof of the truth of my statethat we have, in this new enemy, a more ment as to the existence of these new formidable one than in any that we have grounds of the war, or, rather, of its before combatted ; instead of endeavours continuance.-----By looking back into the to guard them against disappointment from last REGISTER, the reader will see, what their sanguine expectations and almost in- was, a few days ago, the language of the solent predictions, I now find it necessary Times newspaper, which paper, let it be to endeavour to convince them, that we observed, has, all along, been the great may now make peace with America, with- trumpet of the war.--Now I have beout the loss of any thing necessary to the fore me another article from that paper, real honour and the happiness of the peo- pretending to be written from Paris, under ple of England. It is wondrous strange, the date of the 22d of October. I say, that those writers, who, ouly a few days pretending ; but it is no matter whence it back, would not bear of any thing but our came. The object in the publication of it valour and the cowardice of the Americans ; is the sane.--I beg the reader to go who anticipated nothing short of the de- over it very attentively. It is of great posing of Mr. Madison in a few months ; importance, because the reader may be who were only in doubt about what sort of assured, that it is intended to convey the Government our Ministry might intend to sentiments of the war-party in England, establish in the United States ; and who which, I am sorry to say, is composed of hectored in a style far surpassing that of almost the whole nation.

* The news Bobadil. It is wondrous strange, that " received of our disasters ly sea and land. these same writers are now insisting on the" on the side of Canada, has produced at necessity of continuing the war, not for “ Paris a very deep impression. It is not the sake of our gaining by it; not for the" at Court, or amongst the King's friends, sake of an extension of dominion ; not for “ that there appears any rejoicing at the the purpose of " chastising the Ameri-“ endless humiliations to which the British cans ; " not for the purpose of giving the “ Navy has been fated in this extraordi" Yankees a drubbing, not even for the nary contest, with a people just entered purpose of obtining an acknowledgment “ the lists of maritime war, and having no of our right to ransack American ships, other title but their victories over us, to and impress men from on board them on " be considered as a formidable naval the bigh seas ; but for the purpose of


powerBut it is not in the nature of WHAT, think you? Why, for the pur things that all the enemies of England, pose OF SAVING OURSELVES, OUR " that is to say, nineteen-twentieths of the NAVAL FAME, OUR WEIGHT AND " French nation, should not exult in those INFLUENCE IN THE WORLD,“ misfortunes by which they hold us to be FROM UTTER DESTRUCTION!" not only injured, but disgraced. At the This is, indeed, a change pot less striking" Palais Royal, accordingly, the intellithan the new language is humiliating to

ģence was soon spread amongst the our country. The for ner objects of the groups of politicians and other idlers, war are now all lost sight of. It is now a " and in every group, and at each recital, war, bet for gain or for fume ; but, ac- " met with repeated cheers. In every


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