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prisit as one which they were particularly part, in informing the Britih Commissioners, desirous of cavcu sig; but that as it had oc. thai we were not instrucUd on the subjacts cu, icd so prominent plare in the disputes of l: dian pacification or boundary, and of beiween the tuo countries, ir nereasarily at- fisheries; vor did it seem probable, alihough tracted notice, and was considered as a suli neither of these points had been staled with ject which would coine uoder discussion. sufficient precision in that first verbal confer.
“ 2. The Indian Allies of Great Britain to be ence, that they could be adınilled in any in.lu leci in the primario, and a definite shape. We did not wishi, however, to pre. buundla'y i be sealed for their territory. judge the result, or by any hasty proceeding
“ The British Commissioners stated, thar abruptly to break off the negociation. It an arrangement upon this point was a sire was not impossible that, on the subject of the qua mon; that they were not authorised to Indians, the British Government had received conculo a treaty of force which did not erroneous impressions from the traders einbrace ile India is a 'Aves of his Britan- in Canada, which our representations might nic Maje-ly: and that the establishment of reinove ; and it appeared, at all events, ima a defie boundary of the Dudian territory portant to ascertain distinctly the precise ivWas necessary to secure a permanent peace, tentions of Great Britain on both posis. We dol only wil the Indians, but also between therefore thought il advisable to invite the the United States and Great Britain.
British Commissioners to a general conversi. “3. A revision of the braadisy line between tion on all the points: stating to them, at the the L'uited States and the adjacent British Co
same time, our want of instructivos on 190 loies.
of them, alid holding out no expectation of “ Wilh respect to this point, they ex
the probability of our agreeing to any article pressly disclaiined any interion on the part respecting them. At our meeting on the enof their Goveruneut' to acquire an increase suing day we informed the British Commisof terril.rs, and represented the proposed sioners, that upon the first and third points revision as intended merely for the purpose proposed by them we were provided with inof preventing uncertainty and dispute. structions, and we presented as further sub
Aller having staled these three points, jects considered by our Government as suil. as subjects of discussion, the British Com able for discussion. missiwners added, that before they desired
“ Įst. A definition of blockasle; and as far as any answer from is, they felt it incumbent might be mutually agreed, of other neutral aud
belligerent rights. upon them to declare, that the British Go
“ 2d. Claims of indempity in certain cases of verament did not deny the right of the Aine- capture and seizure. ricans to the fisheries generally, or in the We then sialed that the two subjects, Ist open seas; but that the privileges, formerly of Indian pacification, and boundaryand, gianli-di isy treaty to the United Stales, of | 2d, of fisheries, were not embraced by our infishing within the limits of the British juris- structions. --We okserved, that as these points diction, and of lading and drying fish on had not been hereto'ore the grounds of any the shores of the writish territories, would controversy between the Government of not be renewed without an "quivalent. The Great Britain and that of the United States, exlent of what was considered by them as and had not been alluded to by Lord Castlewaters peculiarly British, was not stated. reagh, in his letter proposing the negociation, From ihe manner in which they brought this it could not be expected that they should subject into view, they served to wish us to bave been anticipated, and made the subject understand that they were not anxious that of instruc?ions by our Goveroment: that it it should be discussed, and that they only in was natural to he supposed that our instructended to give us notice that these privileges lions were confined to those subjects upon had ceascito exist, and would noi be gain which differences between the two countries granted without an equivalent, nor unless were known to exist ; and that the proposi. we thought proper to provide expressly in tion to define, in a treaty between the United the tre:ily of peace for their renewal. States and Great Britain, the boundary of
"The British Commissio/sers having slated, the Indian possessions within our territories that these were all the subjecis which they was new and without example. No such intended to bring forward or to suggest, re provisions had been inserted in the Treaty of quested to be informel, whether we were in Peace in 1783, nor in any other treaty bestructed to enter into negociation on these 'ween the two countries----no such provision several points ? and wheiher there was my had, to our knowledge, ever been inserted in a:hougsi these which we inhi it unneces. Pryti caty made by Great Britain or any other sary to bring into the negociation and they European power in relation to the same des desired us to state, on our part, such other scription of people, existing under like cir. subojos ts as we might intend to propose for rumstances. We would say, bowever, tha! disciunion in the coolerse of the negociation. It would not be duubted, that peace with the The meeting was then adjourned to ihe nexi India's would certainly follow a peace with day, in order to affir! us the opportunity of Great Butain – that we had information that consultation ainusgui ourselves before we Coninissioners had already been appointed gave an answer. In the course of the even. to treat with theru; that a realy to that efing of the same dru, ve received your leid lect might, perhaps, have been already conters of the 25th anni 27.01 June.
Iclodel--and that the Chiled States having " There could be wo hesitation, on our no interesi, oor any molive, lu continue :
separate war against the lodians, there could, more iberal and humave towards the Indians never be a moment when our Government than that pursued by the United States; that would vot make peace with them.
our olijeci bad been, by all practicable nitans, “We then expressed our wish to receive to introduce civilization amongst thee; that from the British Commissioners a statement their possessions were secured to them by of the views and objects of Great Britain well-defined boundaries ; that their pers. spis, upon all the points, and our willingness to laurds, and other property, were now more discuss them all, in order that, even if no cflectually protreted against rivierce or arrangement should be agreed on, upon the frames froin any quarter, than they had been points not included in our instructions, the under any former Governmeni; that even Governinent of the United States mignie he our citizens were not allowed to purchase possessed of the entire and precise intentions their lands; that when they gave up the ir, of that of Great Britain respecting these lule to any portion of their country to the points, and that the British Government United Siales, it was by voluntary treats might be fully informed of the objectio:s on with our Government, who gave them a sa-. the part of the United States to any such ar- tisfactory equivalent; and that through thes, rangement. In auswer to our remark, lhal means the United Stales had succeeded in these points had not been aluded tu hy Lord preserving, since the Treaty of Grensile, of, Castlereagh, in his letter proposing the nego 1793, an uninterrupted peace of 16 yorrs ciation, it was said that it could not be ex. with all the Indian tribes-a period of trna. pected that in a letter, merely intended to quillity much longer than they were known invite a negociation, he should enumerate to have enjoyed heretofore. the topics of discussion, or state the preten. “It was then expressly stated on our part, sions of his Government, since these would that the propositions resp cting te ladians depend upon ulterior events, and might was not distinctly understood. We asked, arise out of a subsequent state of things. "In whether the pacification, and the settlement reply to our observation, that the proposed of a boundary for them were both made a stipolation of an Indian boundary was with sine qua non? Which was answered in the out example in the practice of European na afirmative. The question was then asked tions, it was asserted, that the Indians must the British Commissioners, whether the proq iu some sort be considered as an independent posed Indian boundary was itended to prepeople, since treaties were made with them, clude the United States from the right of both by Great Britain and by the Uniled purchasing by treaty from the India's, with States, upon which we pointed out the ob- out the consent of Great Britaia, lands lying vious and important difference between the beyond that boundary? And as a restriction treaties we might make with the lucians, upon the indians froin selling, by amicabie living in our wrritory, and such a treaty as treaties, lands to the United Staies, its bid, was proposed to be made, respecting them, been hitherto practised?--To this question, with a foreign power, who had solemily ac- it was first answered by one of the Connise knowledged the territory on which they re- sioners, that the indiaus would not be res., sided to be part of the United States. iricied from selling their lands, but that the
“ We were then asked by the British Com- United Stales wo:ld be restricied fruin pur. missioners whether, in case they should enter chasing thein; and on rejection, another of farther upon the discussion of the several | the Commissioners stared that it was ille points which had been stated, we could expect lended that the Indian arritorie, should be that it would terminate by some provisional a barrier between the British dominions and arrangement on the points on which we had no those of the United States ; that both Great instructions, particularly on that respecting Britain and the United States should be rethe Indians, which arrangement would be sub- stricted from purchasing their lands; but ject to the ratification of our Government that the lodians might sell them to a third We answered, that before the subjects were parly:- The proposition respecting Indian distinctly understood, and the objects in boundary, thus explained and conuected view more precisely disclosed, we could not with the right of sovereignty ascribed to the. decide whether it would be possible to form Indians over the country, announted to any satisfactory article on ihe subject; nor nothing less than a derrand of the absolute pledge ourselves as to the exercise of a dis- cession of the rights both of sovereignty and cretion under our powers, even with respect of soil. We cannot abstain from renazhing to a provisional agreement. We added, that to you, that the suject (of Indiau boundary) as we should deeply deplore a rupture of the was indistinctiy stated, when first proposed, negociation on any point, it was our anxious and that the explanations were at first obdesire to employ all possible means to avert scure, and always given with reluctance. -an event so serious in its consequences; and And it was declared from the first moment that we had not beco without hopes that a to be a sine qua non, rendering any dis. discussion might correct the effect of any cussion unprofitable, until it was admitted erroneous information which the British Giin as a basis. Knowing that we had no power verament might have received on the sub-to cede to the Indians any part of our terriject, which they had proposed as a prelimi- tory, we thought it unnecessary to ask, nary basis. We took this opportunity to whai probably would not har remark, that no mation observed a policy'swered till the principle was
the line of demarkation of the Indian counthe United States, and exposed to invasion, try was proposed to be established. The it was necessary, for its security, that Great British Cominissioners after having repeated Britain should require that the United States that their instructions on the suloyect of the should bereafter keep no armed naval force Indians were peremptory, siated, that unless ou the Western Lakes, from Lake Ootario io we could give some assurance, that our Lake Superiur, both inclusive : that they puters wou.d allow us to make at least a should not erert any fortified or military provisi inal arrangement on the subject, post or establishinone on the shores of these any further discussion would be fruitless, Lakes; and that they should not maintain and that they inust consult thrir own Gothose which were already existing. This vernment on this siale of things. They pro- must, they said, be considered as a inoderale prised accordigly a suspension of the con- Veinand, since Great Britain, if she had not fcresces, until they should have received an disclaimed the intention of any increase of answer, it being unders (od that each party territory, inight, with propriety, have asked a night call a meeting wherever i hey had apy cession of the adjacent Anierican shores, proposition to submit. They dispatched a The commercial navigation and intercourse special messenger the same evening, and we would be left on the same footing as hereare now waiting for the result.
tofore. It was expressly stated (in auswer to " Before the proposed adjournment took a question we asked), that Great Britain was place, it was agreed that there should be a to retain the right of having an armed oaval protocol of the conferences: that a state-force on those Lakes, and of holding military ment should for that purpose be drawn up by posts and establishments on their shores. each party, and that we should meet the “ 2. The boundary line west of Lake Synext day to compare the staterneuts. We perior, and thence in the Mississippi, to be accordingly met again on Wednesday the revised ; and the Treaty right of Great Bric 10th instant, and ultimately agreed upon tain to the navigation of the Mississippi to what should constitute the protocol of the be continued. When asked, whether they conferences. A copy of this instrument we did not mean the line from the Like of the have the honour to transinit with this dis- Wood; to the Mississippi, the British Compatch : and we also enclose a copy of the missioners repeated that they meant the live staternent originally drawn up on our part, from Lake Superior lo that river, for the purpose of making known to you the “ 3. A direct communiration from Halipassages to which the British Cornmissioners fax and the province of New Brunswick to objected. Their objection to some of the Queber, to be secured to Great Britain. passages was, that they appeared to be argu- In answer to our question, in what manner mentative, and that the object of the protocol this was to be effecied, we are told, that it was to contain a mere statement of facts. must be done by a cession to Great Britain of They, however, objected to the insertion of that portion of the district of Maine (in the the answer which they had given to our stale of Massachusetts, which intervenes bequestion respecting the effect of the pro- (ween New Bruoswick and Quebec, and preposed Indian boundary ; but they agreed to vents that direct communication. au alteration of their original proposition “ We asked whether the stateincat made, on that subject, which renvers it much more respecting the proposed revision of the explicit than as stated, either in the first boundary line between the United States and conference, or in the proposed draught of the dominions of Great Britain, einbraced all the protocol. They also objected to the in the objects she meant to bring forward for sertion of the fact, that they had proposed discussion, and what were particularly ber to adjourn the conferences until they cruldviews with respect to Moose Island, and such obtain further instructions from their Go. Other Islands in the Bay of Passamaquoddy, vernment. The return of their messcoger as had been in our possession till the present may, perhaps, disclose the motive of their war, but bad been lately ciptures? We reluctance in that respect. We have the ho. were answered, that those Islands, belonging nour to be, very respectfully, Sir, your of right to Great Britain (as inuch so, one of humble and obedient servants,
the Commissioners said, as Northamplon(signed)
John Quincy ADAMS, J. A. shire,) they would certainly be kept by her, BAYARD, H. Clay, JONA RUSSELL." and were not even supposed to be an object In a 'letter from Messrs. Adam, Bayard, Clay, of discussion.
Russel, tad Galatia, Jated from Ghent, on the “We need hardly say that the demands 19th August, 1814, the British Commisioners, of Great Britain will receive from is an una. in a conference on that day, explain the views oinons and decided uegative. We do vot of the Britih Gover uneni as follows:
“ 1st. Experience had proved that the deem it necessary to detain the John Adamus joint possession of the Lakes, and a right for tbe purpose of transmitting to you the commoa to both nativ s, to keep up a baval olicial notes which may pass on the subject force on thein, urressarily produced co' and close the pegociation. And we have sions, and rendered peace insecure. As
felt it our duty immediately to apprise you, Great Britain could noi he suppo ed to ex-by this busty but correct sketch of our last pect to 'svake conquests in that quarter, and I conference, ihere is not, al present, any hope as that province was essentially weaker than
(Signed as above.)
Printed and Published by J. MORTON, 94, Strand.
COBBETT'S WEEKLY POLITICAL REGISTER.
Vol. XXVI. No. 23.) LONDON, SATURDAY, DEC. 3, 1814. [Price 1s.
[706 LETTER II.
(where the war was most opposed) for the
defence of the sea-coast. At Boston, even TO THE EARL OF LIVERPOOL, (the seat of the Cossack Priesthood) every ON THE AMERICAN WAR.
preparation was made for defence; and the Botley, 27th Nov. 1814.
Bostonia Cossack newspapers announce, MY LORD,-In my last, I gave you
that they bid defiance to any force that my reasons for believing, that we ought, may be brought against that city, or the
State of Massachusetts. in this contest, to place no reliance on the expected Separation of the States of the
Sept. 26. At Baltimore grand funeral American Republic. "The recent intelli- processions at the interment of certain gence from that country tends strongly to lunteers, who, it is said, lost their lives confirm this opinion. But, before I come
“ in defence of the city and of their counto speak more particularly upon this point,
“try's rights." I think it may be useful to state the sub- Sept. 28. The citizens of New York stance of the most interesting parts of this continued their daily labours on the fortirecent intelligence, in the order in which fications for the defence of that important that intelligence presents itself. For, as place. --Same date, the following article to the partial and garbled extracts, pub- from Boston :- “ THE STRANGER.-Of lished by the London newspapers, they are
“this valuable prize, a letter from Salem only calculated, and, indeed, only intended," adds -A passenger in the Stranger to cheat this nation. It must be observed, states, that she was one of four shiis however, that none but papers on the
“ ladened with ordnance stores, wbich Federal, or Noblesse, side appear, since the
" sailed from England, under convoy of a commencement of the war, to reach this“ frigate; that on the Banks of Newfoundcountry; which is not at all wonderful, it “ land they were separated in a gale and we consider, that the channels are all now “ iwo of them foundered, and the crews elosed, except to the English Government,“ were taken off by the Stranger and the or the English merchants. Halifax is the “ other ship, which two afterwards sepagreat channel; our ships of war and “rated : that the Stranger bas on board packets are the bearers. It is to be ex-" sixty-six 24-pounders, with carriages, pected, therefore, that we shall never, ex-" and apparatus complete, expressly intendo cept by mere accident, see a newspaper
“ed for Sir James Yeo's new ship building hostile to our views. Your Lordsbip will “ at Kingston ; and a great quantity of bear in mind, that the expedition to the blankets, soldiers clothing, shot, shells, City of Washington destroyed, very com- “ Congreve rockets, blue lights, muskets, pletely, the printing presses and types of " and a variety of other articles, for the Messrs. Gales and Seaton, who were
use of the army in Canada. The charged with hostility to our cause. How “Stranger commenced unlading vesterday, far this was consistent with the usages of “ and ro doubt by this time every article var songst civilized nations I know not; “ of her important cargo is safely deposited but, if our officers were so attentive to the “ in a place of security. The loss of the press in this instance, it is not to be
Stranger, and the two ships foundered, posed, that thry would be negligent in
“ will be a very serious one to ile enemy, other instances; it is not to be supposed, " and which cannot very well be remedied that they would be the bearers, or suffer" till the sprinn." any body else to be the bearer, of Repabii- Sent, 29.--The Governor of Vermont can newspapers. The summary of intelli-(. Ferlerelist), issues a proclamation, in gence is as follows:
which is the following pa9s le
While Sept. 21. Troops were pouring in from
inlich the back parts of the Eustern States country is unfortunately cord, l.
“sumed an entirely different character, “ 3. The President of the United States. “ since its first commencement, and has “ 4. The Congress of the United States-May “ become almost exclusively defensive, and “they possess the wisdom to discern, and the * is prosecuted by the enemy with a spirit, energy to pursue, the true and permanent in
unexampled during pending negociations "terests of their country. “ for peace, which leaves no prospect of “ 5. Our Commissioners at Ghent-May they “ safety but in a manly and united deter- "return freighted with the blessings of peace. “ mination to meet invasion at every point, “6. The memory of Washington. " and expel the invader.-And, whereas, “ 7. The heroes and statesmen of the Rerola“notwithstanding the signal and glorious “tion - May our gratitude for their services be “ naral victory lately achieved by our gal- " as inmortal as their fame. “ lant Commodore M.Donough and bis “8. Our Navy-Both hemispheres have been “ brave officers and seamen, over a superior “illuminated with its ascending glory. " British naval force, on Lake Champlain; “ 9. The Governor of the State of New York.
and a like discomfiture of the enemy's “ 10. Party-spirit-May it be banished frem “ wholu land force, concentrated at Platts-“our Land- We have now but two parties, our “burg, by General Macomu's small but country, and its invading enemies, “ valiant band of regular troops, aided and “ 11. Our brave army on the Niagara frontier
powerfully supported by our patriotic, “- It has covered itself with glory - It has the “ virtuous, and orave volunteers, who few “ rich merit of having redeemed our national
to meet the invader with an alertness and character. “ spirit, unexampled in this or any other “ 12. Commodore M‘Donough— The ever me6 country, it is made known to me, that the “ morable and glorious victory of the 11th Sep “ British army is still on the frontier of our “tember, achieved by his squadron overa sa“ sister State, collecting and concentrating perior British force in men and guns, has im.
a powerful force, indicating further opera- “ mortalised him and his brave inen- The State “tons of aggression.--And, whereas, the “ of New York owes him peculiar gratitude, he " conllict his become a compon, and not “ has saved our northern frontier from pillage a party concern, the time has now ar.
“ and devastation. “ rived when all degrading party distinc
** 13. Major-General Brown-His military “ tions and animosities, however we pay "skill and valour entitles him to the plaudits of “ have differed respecting the policy of de his country. " claring, or the mode of prosecuting the
“ 14. Major-General Porter --The gallant war, ought to be laid aside; that every
“ leader of the New York State Volunteers., "heait may be stimulated, and every arm
“ 15. Those lieroes who have fallen in battle nerved, for the protection of our common
“ in defending our rights-they have sealed with country, our liberty, our altars, and our
"their blood their devotion to their country“ firesides; in defence of which we may,
" their memories are enshrined in our heart, " with a humble confidence, look to Hea
“ 16. The memory of George Clinton. ven for assistance and protection."
“ 17. The memory of Alexander Hamilton. Same Date. Account of a dinner at Al
“ The following volunteer toasts were given: bany. These are the signs of the feelings
“ By Major-General Scoti-- The City of of the people of America. They are more
- Albany, in munificence and public spirit, worthy of attention than 50,000 empty s worthy to be the metropolis of the first State in harangues on either side :-“On Monday
is the Union. " the 19th inst. a Public Dinner was
By Major-General Gaines—The People of “ given by tie citizens of this city to Ma
" America, united, will defy the strength and “ jors General Scott and Gaines, and their
« ************ of Kings. respective suites. The company was
“ After Generals Scott and Gaines withdrew, very numerous, and consisted of the most
" the following toasts were given : respectable citizens of this place, without
“ Major-General Scost, the pride of his cour“ distinction of party.-The Hon. John
try--the Battles of Chippawa and Bridge« Taylor, Lt. Gov. Presided--and the
waler, have consecrated his genius and “ Hón. P. S. Van Rensselaer, the Mayor, “ valour. “ was Vice President.---The following
“ Major-General Gaines, the Hero of Fort " Toasts were drank on the occasion :
“ Eric, - honour to him who does honour to his its defense every good and
"country.” hrarem leitergies,
I bare put stars in the place of a word expressive of great irreverence towards
“). Our soil Dine