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their mast-heads? Did not the Guerriere / submission; and, if our fleets and armies sail up and down the American coast, with should not finaily succeed in bringing a her name written on ber fag, challenging | Property Tax from America into his Mathose tir frigates? Diú not the wnole na- jesty's Ixchequer, the far greater part of tion, with one voice, exclaim, at the afur the people will be most grievously disapof the Little Bil,“ only lit ROGERS pointed. So that this contempt of the come within reach of one of : frigtes?" Yankees have given your Lordship and II, then, such was the opinion of the whole your colleagucs a good deal to do, in order nation ; of all men of all parties; with to satisfy the hopes and expectations which what justice is the Board of Adcialty have been cxcited, and which, I assure blamed for not thinking otherwise; for you, ire confidentis entertained. not sending out the means of combatting Of the ellicis of this contempt I know an extraordinary sort of foe; for not nobody, however, who have so much reason issuing a privilege to our frigates to run to repent as the officers of his Majesty's aray from one of those fir-built things with nary. If they had triumphed, it would a bit of riped bunting at its mast-head? only have been over half a dozen of fir fri

li has always been the misfortune of gates, with bits of bunting at their mustEngland, that her rulers and her people have heals. They were sure to gain 0 reputaspoken and have thought contemptuously tion in the contest; and, if they were deof the Americus. Your Lordship and I feated, what was their lot? The worst of were bor3, and, indeed, not born, or, at it is, ther themselves did, in some mcaleast, I was not, when our King first was sure, contribute to their own ill-fate ; for, involved in a quarrel with the Americans. of all men living, none spoke of “ poor But almosi as long as I can remember any “ Jonathan" with so much contempt. To thing, I can rom

member, that this contempt read their letters, or the letters which our was expressed in the songs and sayings of newspaper people pretended to have rethe clod-loppers, amongst whom I wasceived from them, at the out-set of the war, bond and bred; in doing which we con- one would have thought, that they would ducied down to the easil that we delved hardly have condescended to return a shot the sentiments of the 'Syuires and Lords. from a bunting ship. And now, to see The result of the former war, while it en- that bit of bunting flying so often over the lightened nobody, added to the vindictive. British Flag! OL! it is stinging beyond ness of hundreds of thousands ; so that we expression! The people in the country have entered into this war with all our old cannot think how it is. There are some stock of contempi, and a vastly increased people, who are for taking the American stock of rancour. To think that the Ame- Commodores at their word, and ascribing can Republic is to be a great power is in their victories to the immediate intervensupportable. Some men, in order to keep tion of Providence. Both Perry and her down in their language, and, at the AI'Donough begin their dispatches by same time, not use harsh expressions, ob- saying: Almighty God has given us 2 serve, that she is only another pirt of our- victory." Some of their clergy, upon selves. They wish her to be thonght, if this ground alone, call them Christian henot dependent upon us, still to be a sort of roes, and compare them to Joshua, who, by younger child of our family, coming in after the bye, was a Jew. I observe, that, when, Ireland, Jamaica, &c. I met a very any of them get beaten, they say nothing worthy Scots gentleman, a month or two about any supernatural agency; yet

, there ago, who wished that some man of ability is still a victory, on one side or the other ; would propose a scheme that he had, and and, if they ascribe their victories to such without which, he said, ve nerer skoulil agency, why not ascribe our victories, and have peace again. “ Well, Sir," said I, of course, their own defeats, to this same "and, pray, what is your scheme ?"- over-ruling cause? If Mr. Madison had “ Why,' saille, “it is very simple. It told the Congress, that “ " is to form an UNION with the Ameri- “ had been pleased to enable the enemy to can States."

It was raining, and I burn their Capitol,” how they would have wanted to get on; so that I had not time stared at bim! Yet, surely, he might have to certain what sori of Union he meant. said that with as much reason as CommoTigentlem 212, bowever, was remarkably dore M'Donough ascribed his victory to nvierate in his views. The far greater such interposition. If Commodore Perry, part of the nittion expect absolute Colonial who captured our fleet on Lake Erie, had

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Almighty God


been met at New York with looks of per- to examine. But the gallantry displayed fect indiference, instead of being feasted by the Republicans, in particular cunts, and toasted as he was, and had been told, I appears to surpass any thing on record in that the cause of this was, that he had the history of markind, if the accounts gained no victory, cren according to his can be relied on. General Drummond's orn official report ; bow silly he would report of his action with their land forcos have looked! And yet, be could have had cannot be questioned, and the resolute onno reason to complain. I perceive a'so, set, on that occasion, cannot be read withmany other instances of this aping propen- out a shivering kind of astonishment, sity in the Americans. It is the Ho- which leaves little power of analysing the “ nourable Wm. Jones, Secretary of the feelings of the mind, struck, ayhast, trans“ Navy;" the honourable the Mayor of fixed, and recoiling. But the account “ New York ;” “his Honour the Chief which you gave of the raval action, at Justice," and, even the Members of Fayal, exceeds that and every thing which Congress call one another “honourable man has ever heard of; and I ani,

1 own, “ gentlemen,” and their honourable led to doubt the correctness of the state. friends;" I was not, 'till of late, aware, ment. Whether our force was emploved that this sickly taste was become so preva- regularly or not, must be left to future lent in America. This is, indeed, con- elucidation. I believe, from the character temptible ; and England will have, in a few of our naval officers, it will be found that vears, a much better ground of reliance for no impeachment of them will, finally, we success, in this change of the national cha- proved. But taking the account which racter in America, than in the force of our you have published to be, in other respects, arms. When once the bankering after exact, I must confess that no parallel titles becomes general in that country; transaction has ever come to my knowledge. when once riches shall have produced that What to admire most, the deliberate coneffect, the country will become an easy duct, or the desperate valour, of these men, prey to an old, compact, and easily-wielded becomes a question of difficulty. Government like ours. When men find, commander first makes inquiry of the Porthat they cannot obtain titles under the tuguese authorities as to his safety. He form of Government now existing, they then abstains from hostility till he is actuwill, as soon as they have the opportunity, ally attacked, and the aggression becomes sell the country itself to any Sovereign, undoubted. Now, having repulsed the who will gratify their base ambition. This assailants, he rows his tiny vessel under is the slow poison that is at work on the the neutral fort, that his station nay be American Constitution. It will proceed, problem. When called upon there to act, unless speedily checked, to the utter de he and his brave crew, seemingly well prestruction of that which it has assailed.-- pared for the worst, deal destruction on the Our best way is to make peace with them enemy, with almost supernatural good fornow; and leave this poison to work. By tune and success. As long as resistance the time that they get to “Right Horour- could be made, with hope of glory, for ables,” we shall be ready to receive their there could have been none of final safety, allegiance. When the bit of bunting comes they remain at their post, to encounter, to be exchanged for some sort of armorial after every struggle, a ship of superior thing, the fellows, who now " fight like force, which could not want a superabun“ blood-thirsty savages," as our papers say, dance of hands for offence and defince, and will become as tame and as timid as sheep. beat her off. Not seeing any gned from I am, &c. &c. WM. COBBETT. prolonging a contest, in which they de

stroy more than twice their own number,

they render their cock-bont unserviccable, AMERICAN BRAVERY.

and retire. Yet pursued and demandede Sir, As the American contest is he-they resolve, with their small numbers, to come remarkable, and begins to excite brave danger to the last, and occupy a po. considerable interest, allow me to make sition on land, determined to render as some desultory remarks upon it, which may dear as possible their eventual fall before bave a beneficial influence on some, at such superior force. This last determinaleast, of your readers.-Whether the ad. tion is the essence of heroism; it drives vantage is or is not in our favour, at this one wild with admiration. stage of the contest, it is not my purpose But the features of the contest, miske

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throw the most brilliant lustre on it, are their having their full share of it; yet, it the imposing force the surrounded the un- is not always right to blazon, to our forces, duunted Republicans, and the high quali- how much we rate the skill and courage of ties of the enemy whom thy hul to en. our antagonists, though it is both cowardly counter. A privateer, Sir; yes; a priva- and ill policy to deny that be possessts teer, of 7 or of 1+ yuos, no matter which, them, after meeting us in a way to content sees, at anchor by its side, an English 7+, the most ambitious of fame.

But I am an English frigate, and an English bris tired of these inconsistencies and contraof war, and even the last of superior force; dictions, and shall go on with my remarks. and yet it resists! Would any man have – The inequality of force that we have expected that they would not have scuttled sometimes seen on the side of the Americ thcir cange; on the slightest appear:ucc of|cans, and their extraordinary efforts at all hostiity, tıken to their boats, and made times, new to war themselves and opposed the best of their way to laund, which they to the English, and to the English inured would have been fully justified in doing to warfare for twenty years by land and Tell me, when the English bave ever niet sea, lead us to inquire into the cause of a with an enemy such as the Americans had phenomenon, that is, to say the least, rare to tug with in thein.

Wien, where ! and singular. I am apt to think that someunless in this war; and the Republicans thing must be attributed to corporeal force. are, at last, allowed to be antagonists The Yankees are, surely, possessed of worthy of 113. But an observation forces more bodily power, more muscular stiength, itself on me at this place, and I do not firmer stamina, stemer nerves, than the stusly method. How inconsistent with the English. It is probable that there may be pational honour, and how contradictory in something in this. Food, in America, is them. Ives, are our words and actions with at the command of every human being, in respect to the Americans ! At one moment superabundant quantity, from his youth. it would seem that they are cowardly, base, Ilas not this a tendency to bring man up and cruel; but even our great men, at with that force of limb which gives bin the same moment, speak of their humanity the pre-eminence in manhood over such as as so extraordinary, as to indicate a secret have not the same advantage? In this inclination to place themselves under our country, food has been, to the poor, a protection ; while our prints, with the sil- scarce commodity for many years. May liest reluctance, are forced to give such not this circumstance cause a degree of accounts of their noble daring, as alone nervelessness and impotence, which cannot can justify our forces when worsted by be removed by the abundant fare supplied them. This reluctance I call silly, be when they enter into his Majesty's sercause it is even more silly than it is en-vice? --And, by the bye, if this be admisvious and grudging : for unless they admit sible, may not an argument be deduced the superior gallantry of the victor, what hence against Corn Laws, if their effect is the conquered, in the name of British be to render food dearer, for that would renown? And yet I cannot think it less render our defenders feebler, which is by silly to give such unequivocal marks of no means a desirable result? Besides, on acknowledgment of the gailantry of our account of the pressure for men in our foe, as we have done, in the waywardness late extensive warfare, many of the feeblest of the mixed admiration and ecofing with of the English population have been adwhich we have loaded him. Such a con- mitted into our naval and military service, duct may have an ill ellect on the morals of and the hardships of our manufacturers our gallant scamen und solliers, and make drove them to seek that or any mode of them suspect that success is equivocal, keeping body and soul together. These may than which nothing can be more injuri- he considered as the puniest of our people. ous to it. Therefore, I cannot say that I Whereas, the Americans have men who think Captain Broke should have been have spent their lives in plenty, and free made a Baronet, or that he should have from excessive labour in the country, os accepted the distinction, for it is proclaiin- in all the abundance which their flourishing ing, that to capture an American ship of commerce supplied. But as the above equal, or nearly equal, force, is some great cause may be disputable, and can, but in achievement. Perhaps the eneny may part only, account for the fact, if it be s bare merited this compliment; for, surely, fact, that the Republicans are stronger it is no compliment to any one else without men than our brave defenders, I will

state what appears a more unequivocal rea- on a llonument smilinçi! Grif, it is daily son for the superiority which they have seen, sitting on certain benches, not merely sometimes shewn, and the efforts which, smiling, but eren léirighing loui at the imthough raw and new, they have, at all prtence of its - accusers. But the publia times, made. The history of the world, having accused it, let it be fairly placed at from the creation, to say nothing of the nathe bäi, and allowed counsel. First, then, ture of the thing, shews that tkere is some- it must be granted, that a nans given thing in Republicanism that gives extraor- does not make any alteration in the thing dinary energy to those who possess it, whe. itself; for example, all is not charity or ther a Republic be a good or a bad insti- patriotism that pass under those clenominatution. We will not go to ancient times, tions ; corruption may designate pory, and because it is sufficient to appeal to the pay is an act of the strictest justice; just last American war, and to the war of the :9 a ROTTEN OLIO* is the besi di h in Spille French Revolution, to prove the point. nish cookery, and no one refuses to regale The Americans were successful to the end, binuself therewith on account merely of the and it will not be denied that they conti- disgustful name. Nearly the same may be nued Republicans. The French Republi said of corruption : it may possibly be the cans were also always successful. Indeed, most savoury dish at a Minister's talle. such a career of success scarcely ever fell Which of the well-bred guests, then, would to the lot of any other people. We well shew bimself so fastidious as to refuse tastrecollect the events of that day. No man, ing it, solely because of its name ? Next, that has memory, can forget the universal your Reformers clamour about paying their impression, that it was Republican energy Representatives. Is it not tantamount if that crowned that nation, every where, corruption is employed to pay such Reprewith victory, over all Europe armed against sentatives? Were the public actually to it. The conclusion of the Continental war pay their Representatives, it must go adds all its force to this observation. through some regular channel, and be perWhen the sublimation, the soul, which formed by some regular officer, appointed strung up Republican Frenchmen to deeds for the purpose. Now the Kingly authoof imperishable renown, ceased to animate rity we tern the Executive, and Ministers the French, though they had the memory derive their power from the King. Who of their triumphs as a temporary stimulus, then, can have so great a right to pay the yet they were conquered, conquered by a people's Representatives ? Ilcrc arrain is force fur less than had been repeatedly another argument in favour of corruption : brought against them in the days of their were it to employ its own money, nothing Commonwealth. If there is any thing in could be said in its defence ; but it this, let it arise itself from what cause it is not yet so void of principle: it dratrs may, I will venture to say that the Ame- from the public purse, and no one will ricans possess it, in its fullest measure ; presume to deny that the contents of that for no nation on earth ever existed more purse are drawn from the pockets of the thoroughly Republican than the people of people.The people, therefore, may be the United States. If you like the above, justly said to pay their Ropresentatives ! it is at your service and that of your What would Reformiers desire more.--I acreaders ; but I must now take my

lease. knowledge they complain that they are not HORTATOR. fairly represented ; that the majority of the

nation have no yotes, &c. Here let nie DEFENCE OF CORRUPTION.

ask, in what does the majority of the nation MR. COBBETT,It surely is neither consist? Is it composed of virtues or of generous nor fair for the multitude to run vices? Let the public look around. Each down an individual, although a supposed will find that, excepting with himself, and enemy ; neither is the accused to be pro- a very few of his acquaintances, virtue and nounced guilty without having been heard honesty do not exist; but that all the vices in his own defence, by himself or his coun- reign triumphant, and overspread the land. sel. Much has been said against corrup-Each having made this remark, will tion, yet its defence has never been pro- draw the natural conclusion, that the Naperly attended to. Accusations from all tional Representation is complete, and quarters have been poured in, yet, con- while he circumscribes honesty and virtue scious of its integrity, it has maintained a dignified silence; and, like Patience sitting

* Oila pod ida,

within the rery parrow circle of bimself is often as cruel as an innate malevolence, and friends, he will take comfort in knowing for it is frequently productive of the same that so comparatively small a portion of effects. When a gownsman bas been national honour and virtuc is represented found in any of these houses, the proctor in Parliament by at least an adequate num-/ has been known to have ordered the Marber of Members. Aw:v, then, with all un-shal to take the woman away in the middle founded plaint and prejudicc. Dcem it no of the night! ---However we may, as molonger corruption, buit pay-and honestly ralists, deplore the fact, it is to be feared acknowledge the nation to be fully and that the existence of common prostitutes fairly represented, although no way flat- must be acknowledged to be a necessary evil, tered in the picture.

and one that can never be eradicated. As AN ANTI-REFORMER. an immorality it is not to be defended; bat,

perhaps, it has the effect of preventing the UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD.

commission of greater ones ; among which, Sir,- A few months ago, some letters and particularly in such a place as Oxford, appeared in your paper relative to the great may be reckoned the habits of intrigue, and a'luses which prevailed in the exercise of the arts of seduction. If this be the case, the procuratorial power at Oxford. I am and experience seems to confirm it, it is now happy to state, and for the credit of cruel to punish an unhappy woman for the University it should be niade public, exercising an occupation, that generally that, in consequence of a change of officers, brings its own punishment with it; an or a very material alteration has taken place cupation which, most probably, were it in With respect to the domiciliary visits, her power, she would be happy to relin(which subject formed a great part of the quish; and which from necessity should be above-mentioned letters), it gives me plea- connived at, if carried on with an attention sure to say, that the present proctors, as

to public decency. Instances have occurred far as I have been able to learn, have never in Oxford of women of this description havput them into practice. Indeed, these ing been imprisoned, merely for having been visits are of so tyrannical a nature, and so

30 unfortunate as to be found by the proccontrary to the common law of the land, tors with gownsmen at their own houses, that unless in cases of riot, or any other when there has been no noise or riot, for å breach of the peace that would authorize longer time than persons who have been a similar exertion of power


convicted of theft at the quarter sessions! other

any place, they should never be put in execution. Imprisonment for a month in the city The act of searching the lodgings of un- prison is a very common, but a most severe fortunate females, and (which has fre- punishment. In damp weather, the stone quently been done) making them leave walls of the cells in which they sleep, litetheir beds in the night to open the doors of rally run down with water. There is no their apartments, and examining every glass in the windows, and only a sliding corner of their rooms, is surely a degrada- board to exclude the air.- The writer of tion of the procuratorial cftice. It must this letter is aware that it will expose him be observed, too, that the description of the to the censure of all those whose hypocrisy scenes which sometimes take place on these is greater than their humanity. He can occasions, as related by the proctors them- only say, that the consure of such men is, selves, and the consequent merriment in in his estimátion, of little importance; and conversation to which such searches give that with every attention to a rational and rise, have frequently inclined us to attri- well-regulated discipline in the University, bute these domiciliary and nocturnal visits and a proper and becoining respect to his to motives less


than those of the dis- superiors, he never has, and never will, be charge of an official duty. And all this deterred from noticing acts of cruelty and has been sometimes done by men who are oppression, by the frown of pedantry or generally considered as good-natured. The the threats of self-assumed authority. fact is, a prying and unmanly curiosity

0.xford, Dec. 1814.

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