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ARTICLE 1.

The Siamese government transfers to the British government all rights of suzerainty, protection, administration, and control whatsoever which they possess over the states of Kelantan, Tringganu, Kedah, Perlis, and adjacent islands. The frontiers of these territories are defined by the boundary protocol annexed hereto.

ARTICLE 2.

The transfer provided for in the preceding article shall take place within thirty days after the ratification of this treaty.

ARTICLE 3.

A mixed commission, composed of Siamese and British officials and officers, shall be appointed within six months after the date of ratification of this treaty, and shall be charged with the delimitation of the new frontier. The work of the commission shall be commenced as soon as the season permits, and shall be carried out in accordance with the boundary protocol annexed hereto.

Subjects of his majesty the king of Siam residing within the territory described in article 1 who desire to preserve their Siamese nationality will, during the period of six months after the ratification of the present treaty, be allowed to do so if they become domiciled in the Siamese dominions. His Britannic majesty's government undertake that they shall be at liberty to retain their immovable property within the territory described in article 1.

It is understood that in accordance with the usual custom where a change of suzerainty takes place, any concessions within the territories. described in article 1 hereof to individuals or companies, granted by or with the approval of the Siamese government, and recognized by them as still in force on the date of the signature of the treaty, will be recognized by the government of his Britannic majesty.

ARTICLE 4.

His Britannic majesty's government undertake that the government of the Federated Malay States shall assume the indebtedness to the Siamese government of the territories described in article 1.

ARTICLE 5.

The jurisdiction of the Siamese International Courts, established by article 8 of the treaty of the 3rd September, 1883, shall, under the con

ditions defined in the jurisdiction protocol annexed hereto, be extended to all British subjects in Siam registered at the British consulates before the date of the present treaty.

This system shall come to an end, and the jurisdiction of the International Courts shall be transferred to the ordinary Siamese courts after the promulgation and the coming into force of the Siamese codes, namely, the penal code, the civil and commercial codes, the codes of procedure, and the law for organization of courts.

All other British subjects in Siam shall be subject to the jurisdiction of the ordinary Siamese courts under the conditions defined in the jurisdiction protocol.

ARTICLE 6.

British subjects shall enjoy throughout the whole extent of Siam the rights and privileges enjoyed by the natives of the country, notably the right of property, the right of residence and travel.

They and their property shall be subject to all taxes and services, but these shall not be other or higher than the taxes and services which are or may be imposed by law on Siamese subjects. It is particularly understood that the limitation in the agreement of the 20th September, 1900, by which the taxation of land shall not exceed that on similar land in Lower Burmah, is hereby removed.

British subjects in Siam shall be exempt from all military service, either in the army or navy, and from all forced loans or military exactions or contributions.

ARTICLE 7.

The provisions of all treaties, agreements, and conventions between Great Britain and Siam, not modified by the present treaty remain in full force.

ARTICLE 8.

The present treaty shall be ratified within four months from its date. In witness whereof the respective plenipotentiaries have signed the present treaty and affixed their seals.

Done at Bangkok, in duplicate, the 10th day of March, in the year 1909.

[Signed]

RALPH PAGET.

[Signed]

[SEAL]

[SEAL]

DEVAWONGSE VAROPRAKAR.

Boundary protocol annexed to the treaty dated March 10, 1909.

The frontiers between the territories of his majesty the king of Siam and the territory over which his suzerain rights have by the present treaty been transferred to his majesty the king of Great Britain and Ireland are as follows:

Commencing from the most seaward point of the northern bank of the estuary of the Perlis River and thence north to the range of hills which is the watershed between the Perlis River on the one side and the Pujoh River on the other; then following the watershed formed by the said range of hills until it reaches the main watershed or dividing line between those rivers which flow into the Gulf of Siam on the one side and into the Indian Ocean on the other; following this main watershed. so as to pass the sources of the Sungei Patani, Sungei Telubin, and Sungei Perak, to a point which is the source of the Sungei Pergau; then leaving the main watershed and going along the watershed separating the waters of the Sungei Pergau from the Sungei Telubin, to the hill called Bukit Jeli or the source of the main stream of the Sungei Golok. Thence the frontier follows the thalweg of the main stream of the Sungei Golok to the sea at a place called Kuala Tabar.

This line will leave the valleys of the Sungei Patani, Sungei Telubin, and Sungei Tanjung Mas and the valley on the left or west bank of the Golok to Siam and the whole valley of the Perak River and the valley on the right or east bank of the Golok to Great Britain.

Subjects of each of the parties may navigate the whole of the waters of the Sungei Golok and its affluents.

The island known as Pulo Langkawi, together with all the islets south of mid-channel between Terutau and Langkawi and all the islands south of Langkawi shall become British. Terutau and the islets to the north of mid-channel shall remain to Siam.

With regard to the islands close to the west coast, those lying to the north of the parallel of latitude where the most seaward point of the north bank of the estuary of the Perlis River touches the sea shall remain to Siam, and those lying to the south of that parallel shall become British.

All islands adjacent to the eastern states of Kelantan and Tringganu, south of a parallel of latitude drawn from the point where the Sungei Golok reaches the coast at a place called Kuala Tabar shall be transferred to Great Britain, and all islands to the north of that parallel shall remain to Siam.

A rough sketch of the boundary herein described is annexed hereto.2 2. The above-described boundary shall be regarded as final, both by the government of his Britannic majesty and that of Siam, and they mutually undertake that, so far as the boundary effects any alteration of the existing boundaries of any state or province, no claim for compensation on the ground of such alteration made by any state or province so affected shall be entertained or supported by either.

3. It shall be the duty of the boundary commission, provided for in article 3 of the treaty of this date, to determine and eventually mark out the frontier above described.

If during the operations of delimitation it should appear desirable to depart from the frontier as laid down herein, such rectification shall not under any circumstances be made to the prejudice of the Siamese govern

ment.

In witness whereof the respective plenipotentiaries have signed the present protocol and affixed their seals.

Done at Bangkok, in duplicate, the 10th day of March, 1909.*

[Signed]

RALPH PAGET.

[Signed]

[SEAL]

[SEAL]

DEVAWONGSE VAROPRAKAR.

2 Not printed here; for map see document cited in note 1.

3 In connection with the above treaty the following notes, exchanged on the day of the signature of the treaty, should be read:

MR. PAGET TO PRINCE DEVAWONGSE.

March 10, 1909.

M. LE MINISTRE,

In view of the position of British possessions in the Malay Peninsula and of the contiguity of the Siamese Malay provinces with British-protected territory, his majesty's government are desirous of receiving an assurance that the Siamese government will not permit any danger to arise to British interests through the use of any portion of the Siamese dominions in the peninsula for military or naval purposes by foreign powers.

His majesty's government would therefore request that the Siamese government shall not cede or lease, directly or indirectly, to any foreign government any territory situated in the Malay peninsula south of the southern boundary of the Monthon Rajaburi, or in any of the islands adjacent to the said territory; also that within the limits above mentioned a right to establish or lease any coaling station, to build or own any construction or repairing docks, or to occupy exclusively any harbors, the occupation of which would be likely to be

Protocol concerning the jurisdiction applicable in the Kingdom of Siam to British subjects and annexed to the treaty dated March 10, 1909.

SECTION 1. International Courts shall be established at such places as may seem desirable in the interests of the good administration of justice; the selection of these places shall form the subject of an understanding between the British minister at Bangkok and the Siamese minister for foreign affairs.

SECTION 2. The jurisdiction of the International Courts shall extend

1. In civil matters: to all civil and commercial matters to which British subjects shall be parties.

2. In penal matters: to breaches of law of every kind whether committed by British subjects or to their injury.

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prejudicial to British interests from a strategic point of view, shall not be granted to any foreign government or company.

Since this assurance is desired as a matter of political expediency only, the phrase "coaling station" would not be held to include such small deposits of coal as may be required for the purposes of the ordinary shipping engaged in the Malay Peninsula coasting trade.

[Signed]

PRINCE DEVAWONGSE TO MR. PAGET.

[Signed]

RALPH PAGET.

Foreign Office, Bangkok, March 10, 1909.

M. LE MINISTRE,

I have the honor to acknowledge receipt of your note of this date, in which you express the desire of your government that the Siamese government shall not cede or lease, directly or indirectly, to any foreign government any territory situated in the Malay Peninsula south of the southern boundary of the Monthon of Rajaburi or in any of the islands adjacent to the said territory; also that within the limits above mentioned a right to establish or lease any coaling station, to build or own any construction or repairing docks, or to occupy exclusively any harbors, the occupation of which would be likely to be prejudicial to British interests from a strategic point of view, shall not be granted to any foreign government or company.

In reply, I beg to say that the Siamese government gives its assurance to the above effect, taking note that the phrase "coaling station" shall not include such small deposits of coal as may be required for the purposes of the ordinary shipping engaged in the Malay Peninsula coasting trade.

I avail, etc.,

DEVAWONGSE,

Minister for Foreign Affairs.

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