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Duress

by the widow of a decedent that she will take his body to a

certain place for burial, unless his mother assigns

a policy on decedent's lise to her, is not such duress as will vitiate the assignment: Jewelers' League of City of New York v. Dc Forest, 30 N. Y. Suppl. 88.

The Supremo Judicial Court of Massachusetts has lately ruled, that when one conveys to a railroad company a right of Essements, way through his land, so as to cut off access Ways of to a part thercof, he has a righi of way of necesNecessity

sity over the land conveyed : N. Y. & N. E. R. Co. v. Board of R. R. Comrs., 38 N. E. Rep. 27; but the Supreme Judicial Court of Maine has held, that no right of way from necessity exists across the remaining land of a grantor, when the land to which such right of way is claimed is surrounded on threc sides by the sea : Kingsley v. Goulds. borough Land Imp. Co., 29 Atl. Rep. 1074. The same has been held in the case of a grant of an island: Lawion v. Rivers, 2 McCord (S. C.), 445 : Turnbull v. Rirvers, 3 McCord (S. C.), 131.

Evidence,

The Supreme Court of Alabama, in Johnson v. State, 16 So. Rep. 99, reasserts the principle of evidence, abundantly

supported by the caces cited, that when a declaraDylag

tion of the deceased, made when he is not in fear Declarations of immcdiate death, is subsequently reaffirmed by him when he believes death to be imminent, or “ in the consciousness of impending dissolution," it is admissiblc as a dying declaration, though not re-read to him at the time of rcaffirm.

The same doctrine was held in Pev. v. Creus, (Cal.). 36 Pac. Rcp. 367. Of course, if the declaration is read over to the deceased before its reaffirmance, there is no doubt as to its admissibility: Million v. Com., (Ky.). 25 S.W. Rep. 1059.

The Suprenie Judicial Court of Massachusetts has recently decided, that photographs, taken three hours after the com

mission of a homicide, showing the condition of the Photographs

premises on the discovery of the crime, and satisfactorily verificd, are admissible, though the killing be admitted,

ancc.

as they may naturally be expected to aid the jury in understanding the situation of affairs at the time and place of the commission of the crime: Com. v. Robertson, 38 N. E. Rep. 25.

Extradition

The Supreme Court of New York, following the Rauscher Cası, 119 U. S. 407, holds that under the extradition treaty

between the United States and Great Britain, a

person extradited from England for assault with intent to murder, cannot be convicted of assault with intent to do great bodily harm. The judge who delivered the opinion (on habeas corpus, at special term) expressly declined to pass upon the question as to the effect of a conviction of a less crime involved in that upon the accusation of which extradition was had, on the ground that under the New York statute the latter crime was not included in the fornier, and that, therefore, that question did not enter into the case. Hc dcclined to discharge the prisoner, howcver, and remanded him to await the decision of the general term on the legality of the conviction: Pco. v. Hannan, 30 N. Y. Suppl. 370. It is to be hoped that that decision will be against the prisoner, in order that the questionable decision in the Rauscher case may have a thorough re-examination, and, if possible, a reversal. See remarks upon this case in an article entitled, " The Right to Try an Extradited Criminal for an Offence other than that Specified in the Extradition Proccedings," in 28 Am. L. Rev. 568.

Judge Morrow, of the District Court for the Northern District of California, has recently held, in the case of the Salva

Political dorian fugitives, in re Eseta, &c., 62 Fed. Rep.

Oftences 964, that the jurisdiction of a judge, sitting as a comnitting magistrate in a case in which fugitives are charged with extraditable crimes, is in no way affected by, and he will not inquire into, the manner in which the persons so charged camc or were brought into the United States; and in In re Escta, &c., 62 Fed. Rep. 972, that the committing magistrate has jurisdiction, and it is his duty, to determine whether the offence charged is political, and not subject to extradition ; that offences committed by officers of the party in possession of

the government, during the progress of an attempted revolution, and the existence of active hostilities between the contending parties, are political, and not extraditable; and that offences within the jurisdiction of military law, which for the time being supersedes the common law, are not extraditable.

Fraud, Rencisalon

The Court of Civil Appeals of Texas has ruled in Simmang v. Harris, 27 S. W. Rep. 786, that a sale of land will not be

rescinded on the ground of fraud merely because

the grantor, in the abstract of title furnished the vendee before the sale, omitted a portion of a will, which is claimed to restrict the title of the grantor to a lise estate, when the will is on record, and the construction of the part omitted involves a technical knowledge of the law.

Game

The Supreme Court of Minnesota has ranged itself on the side of those who claim that the laws forbidding the posses

sion of game out of scason apply to game killed

lawfully, either in the state of sale, and kept in storage, or imported from a state having a different close scason: State v. Rodman, 59 N. W. Rep. 1098. The cases on this subject are collected in i Am. L. REG. & Rev. (N. S.) 751.

The Supreme Court of Alabama has very properly decided in a recent case, that when a police officer illegally arrests a

person, and takes possession of his money and Caralshment

effects, these are not subject to garnishment in the hands of such officer by a creditor of the person arrested, there being no contractual relation between the officer and such person: Cunningham v. Baker, 16 So. Rep. 68; and the Supreme Court of Georgia has ruled, that a "commercial traveller," whose business it is to travel and sell goods for his employer, though employed and paid for his services by the day, is not a “day laborer," and his wages are not therefore exempt from garnishment under Ga. Code, $ 3554

In the opinion of the Supreme Court of lowa, when two

persons are charged in the same indictment with murder in

the first degree, the conviction of one of murder Homicide

in the second degrec will not prevent the trial of the other for thc crime as charged in the indictment: State v. Lor, 60 N. W. Rep. 119.

Insurance

In the opinion of the Supremic Court of Missouri, as expressed in Havens v. Germania Fire Ins. Co., 27 S. W

Rep. 718, the words " wholly destroyed," used in

reference to a building, in cither a statute or an insurance policy, must be taken to mean that the building is totally destroyed, as such, though there is not an absolute extinction of all its parts, and that a building is none the less “ wholly destroyed " because part of the machinery had been removed therefrom pending repairs, and stored in another building, not exposed to the fire.

There is a very valuable articlc on the cffect of these words, in relation to insurance, by M. C. Phillips, Esq., in 33 Cent. L. J. 319.

The Supremc Court of Alabama, following the decision of the Supreme Court of the United States in Lascelles v. Georgia, Interstate

148 U. S. 537; S. C., 13 Sup. Ct. Rep. 687, has

lately reaffirmed the rule that a person extradited from another state of the Union may be tricd on a charge otlier than that on which he was extradited, without first being tried on the latter, or given a chance to return to the state which surrendered hini : Carr v. Stati, 16 So. Rep. 150, 155. Onc would have thought that the decision of the Supreme Court would have settled this question finally, cspecially as it was so thoroughly consonant with principle and with the weight of prior authority. But it seems to be a stock subject of exception in all cascs to which it applics, something like the general exception in civil cascs, “because the judge failed to charge in favor of the defendant."

The general rule has also been upheld recently in State v. Kealy. (Iowa). 56 N. W. Rep. 283. on the authority of State v. Ross, 21 Iowa, 467, a case of kidnapping; a conviction of

Rendition

petit larceny has been held valid where the defendant was surrendered on a charge of grand larceny: State v. Il'alker, (Mo.). 24 S. W. Rep. 1011; and a similar conviction for a less crime was held legal in Comm. v. Johnston. (Pa.), 2 D. R. 673; S. C., 12 Pa. C. C. 263. It has been ruled, in Minnesota, that the mere fact of interstate rendition will not exempt the defendant from civil prosecution while detained under such proceedings, though, of course, it would be different if the rendition process were a mere contrivance to bring the defendant within the reach of civil process; and that the principle of public policy which exempts a witness or party appearing voluntarily from the service of civil process in such cases, in order to further the ends of justice by encouraging such appearance, does not apply when the presence of the party is compulsory: Reid v. Ham, 56 N. W. Rep. 35; S. C., 54 Minn. 305. The cases on the subject will be found collected in an article on this and kindred subjects, in 28 Am. L. Rev. 568.

tlon

Both the Supreme Court of Texas and the Court of Civil Appcals of the same state agree, that a judge is not disquali

fied from hearing a case, merely because his Judge, Disqualificar brother, who is attorney for one of the parties,

has a contingent interest in the result of the suit, due to his having agreed with his client for a contingent fee: M'inston v. Masterson, 27 S. W. Rep. 691, 768. This is a very sensible view of the matter, much more reasonable than the decision in Howell v. Budil, 91 Cal. 342; S. C., 27 Pac. Rep. 747, where it was held that the sons of a judge, who agree to try a case for a contingent fee, are parties within the meaning of the statute, sufficient to disqualify their father from trying the case.

There is no affinity between the blood relations of the hus. band and the blood relations of the wife; and hence the brother of the husband may lawfully preside at the trial of the wise's brother for the commission of a crime: Exp. Harris, 26 Fla. 77. A judge, the brother-in-law of a stockholder of a corporation, who is also its president, is not disqualified by that relation to try a suit to which the corporation is a party:

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