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than 115 students at one time. This is a deplorable state of affairs. Its library is the heart of a university. As was pointed out in our last report, 'very little of modern university or college work is done through textbooks. It is conducted by lectures, reference works in the library, and investigations of all sorts in the library and in the laboratories. The library is to the whole university what the laboratories are to particular science schools.""

"But serious as is cramped space, a more serious condition should receive your attention. The Library, valued at over two hundred thousand dollars, and containing works, many of which could only be duplicated at very great expense, and some of which could not be duplicated at all, is housed in a part of the Main Building which is not, in any respect, fireproof. If a fire were to break out it is difficult to see what could prevent the Library from being totally burned, or ruined by water. This danger is not imaginary or remote. Within the last few months fire visited the Johns Hopkins Library, and, but for the alert and competent fire department of Baltimore, it would have been destroyed; at is was, books of unique value were burned. Within the last few years the libraries of McGill University, Vanderbilt University, and of the Universities of Missouri and Virginia have been destroyed by fire. Were such a calamity to visit our Library, to its loss would have to be added the paralysis of instruction which would obtain until a new library and a new stock of books could be provided."

The heating and power plant will cost about $80,000. The Library building will cost about $250,000, but part of the building could be erected now and the other part later.

Of the laboratory building for the Department of Medicine the Report says:

"The Regents have several times represented to the Governor and the Legislature the necessity for a laboratory building for the medical work. The last Legislature conceded the necessity for this building, and made an appropriation for it, but the appropriation did not stand in the bill. The Regents again present the urgent need for this building, and trust that the Legislature may find a way to appropriate a sufficient amount of money to put up and equip a good building. We recommend that

$50,000 be appropriated for 1909-1910 for the laboratory building." The Report proper ends with the following estimated budget:

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Among the exhibits of general interest, other than Exhibit D, already mentioned, are A, a list of positions held by the graduates and students of the University; C, a list of the members of the Board of Regents from the beginning, with date of appointment, date of resignation or death, and name of the Governor making the appointment; G. a report of the University Library, showing the number of volumes to be 58,759, and recording many gifts; and K, the report of the University land agent.

P. L. W.


The thirtieth meeting of the Texas State Teachers' Association convened in the University buildings December 29, 30, and 31, 1908. It was largely The Meeting of the attended and much excellent work was done. This Texas State Teachers' Associa- meeting especially stressed the section meetings. Several new sections were organized, including, among others, the Mathematical section and the History section. The Mathematical section was organized largely through the efforts of Dr. H. Y. Benedict, who had been working on the matter for more than One year ago Dr. Benedict went to Houston for the purpose of effecting an organization of the Mathematics teachers of the State; but, because of crowded programs and the fact that the teachers had not

a year.

been notified in advance of the meeting, the attendance was small, and the organization was not made. Some weeks previous to the last meeting, about two hundred invitations were sent to the teachers of Mathematics in the State. A large number of replies were received, and, at the hour appointed, more than sixty teachers were present. Professor T. U. Taylor was elected chairman of the section and Miss Mattie Watson, of the Mexia High School, was elected secretary. The Mathematical section will become a component part of the State Teachers' Association, and will provide a suitable program for the next meeting, which will be held in Dallas, in December, 1909.

The Historical section was organized through the efforts of Dr. George P. Garrison, Professor of History. Sometime before the meeting, notices were sent to History teachers throughout the State, requesting them to be present and participate in the organization of a History section. Although the time for the meeting was set for ten o'clock in the morning, while the general association was conducting a program, about seventyfive teachers met for the purpose of organization. A short program had been prepared. After adequate reasons had been set forth for the organization, the meeting elected Dr. Garrison chairman and Professor Moore, of Southwestern University, secretary.

Two of the sections, best attended, during the sessions of the Association, were the English section and the Classical section. These sections had been organized at previous meetings of the Association.

Dr. Morgan Callaway, Jr., the chairman of the English section, deliv ered an address on "The Incidental Teaching of English," which will be found elsewhere in this number of The Record. Among the papers read was one by Dr. Constance Pessels, formerly of the University, on "The Standardization of the English Course in the High Schools." This paper was discussed by Professor Anderson.

Dr. D. A. Penick was secretary of the Classical section, and, owing to the illness of Dr. S. J. Jones, also acted as chairman.

The University was represented on the general program by President S. E. Mezes and Dr. F. E. Farrington. Dr. Mezes spoke at the opening meeting on "Different Fundamental Principles Now Active in Evolving Our Educational System." Dr. Farrington spoke, on the morning of the last day, on "Lessons for Americans to Learn from a Study of the School System of France." Dr. Farrington has spent two years in studying the French school system. He has already published a volume on the Primary Schools of France, and now has in press a volume on the Secondary Schools of France.

In addition to those named, other members of the Faculty took part in the work of the Association. Dr. W. S. Sutton discussed the question: "Are the School Authorities Securing Adequate Provisions for the Physical Education of Children in Cities and Towns of Texas?" Dr. W. J. Battle gave an illustrated lecture, before the Classical section, on "The Performance of the Agamemnon at Harvard University in 1906.”

J. L. H.

That the Co-Op. continues to flourish is shown by the following financial exhibit for 1907-08. This exhibit needs but a few words of comment. In the first place, the Co-Op. is making a little too The University Co- much money. As shown below, the pross profits are Operative Society a little less than 17 per cent of total sales, the expenses of maintenance about 9 per cent, rebates to members a little under 1 per cent, leaving about 6 per cent as addition to assets. This 6 per cent of total sales is about one-fifth of the assets of the Society in August, 1907, and represents too large an increment. Steps will be taken, with due deliberation, to reduce prices so that additions to assets will not amount to more than 3 or 4 per cent of the total sales.

In the second place, not enough students are members of the society. The membership fees have, of course, long ceased to be of any financial service to the Co-Op. The assets are now sufficient for the business to be run on a cash basis, and the fees are merely held in trust by the society. A larger membership, one including the majority of the students, would enable the society to distribute more of the profits in the form of rebates. Under present conditions it does not seem fair to return a larger rebate to the members, who are now at 5 per cent getting about 75 cents plus the $1.00 membership fee.

The salary item shows a percentage of increase about equal to that of total sales, notwithstanding the fact that the Co-Op. has kept open more hours. Next year the hours will be from 8 a. m. to 6 p. m.

The assets this year involve more cash and less stock than last year. This is due to the fact that last year a large order of fall stationery arrived before the inventory was taken. The general condition of the society is, barring the increase in the assets, very nearly the same as last year.

The expense item is this year increased by the trip of the manager, Mr. R. A. Richey, to the Eastern markets and to the larger Co-Ops. of the country. It is pleasant to reflect that our own Co-Op. occupies a creditable position beside its brethren, considering total sales and economy of maintenance.

The night mail, paid for by the Co-Op. at the persistent request of Dr. Battle, has proved such a great success and convenience that a larger box will have to be installed.

It is to be feared that during last year several classes suffered unduly from the failure of the Co-Op. to provide necessary books. Perhaps the fear of the dead-book shelf is too much before the unfortunate management. Better arrangements, however, in regard to the return of books to the publishers have recently been made, and the Co-Op. will strive more earnestly to promote the work of the University on the one hand and to avoid bankruptcy on the other.

In conclusion, the management of the Co-Op. most earnestly requests communications in writing from all persons who have suggestions to make concerning the future conduct of the society, or who have complaints to

make in regard to its management in the past. The written word remains long after the spoken word has escaped the memory.

The following is a statement of the accounts of the society for the session of 1907-1908:

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