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same, obtained from the County Court a certificate that there was good and sufficient cause for the failure to give such notice, and that the occupier has not been prejudiced thereby. (7) Rules under this Act may regulate the procedure practice and costs under this Act in County Courts, and may direct what service shall be good service for the purposes of this Act on the owner or occupier of any lands or the owner of any tithe rentcharge, and may provide that, if the owner of any lands is not known, any proceeding under this Act may be taken against the owner of the lands without naming the person who is the owner. (8) The fees payable on the proceedings under this section shall not exceed those set forth in the schedule to this Act, and the fees, charges, and expenses in or incidental to any distress under this Act shall be the same as are for the time being payable under the Law of Distress Amendment Act, 1888. (9) Nothing in this Act shall impose or constitute any personal liability upon any occupier or owner of lands for the payment of any tithe rentcharge, or any other sum recoverable or payable under this Act, and the Court shall not, by virtue of this Act, or of the County Courts Act, 1888, have any power to imprison any such occupier or owner by reason only of the nonpayment of such tithe rentcharge or other sum, and shall in any other case have no other or greater powers of fine or imprisonment than are conferred by the County Courts Act, 1888." (Sect. 2.)

Not more than two years' arrears can be recovered (c).

Where the lands are occupied by the owner, the old procedure may, as above mentioned, be resorted to. But as tithes are not a charge on the inheritance of the lands, a sale cannot be claimed in order to recover arrears (d), but, if there is not sufficient distress, possession may be taken under a writ of habere facias possessionem (e), and the lands may be let for any period not exceeding one year in possession (f).

(c) 6 & 7 Will. 4, c. 71, s. 81.
(d) Bailey v. Badham, ubi supra.

(e) 6 & 7 Will. 4, c. 71, s. 82; T. A. 1891, s. 2 (2).

(f) 5 & 6 Vict. c. 54, s. 12.

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“Where a receiver appointed under this Act of the rents and profits of any lands satisfies the County Court that the lands are let on such terms as not to reserve a rent sufficient to enable the receiver to recover from the owner thereof the sum ordered to be recovered, the Court, after such service on the owner and occupier of the lands as may be prescribed, and after hearing such owner and occupier if they appear and desire to be heard, may direct that the order for such recovery shall be executed as if the occupier were the owner of the lands: Provided that any such occupier shall be entitled in addition to any other remedy, unless he would have been liable to pay the tithe rentcharge under any contract made before the passing of the Act, to deduct from any sums at any time becoming due from him to the landlord under whom he holds, any amount which shall have been recovered from him under this section in respect of tithe rentcharge or costs, with interest thereon at the rate of four per centum per annum: Provided further, that such occupier shall be entitled, notwithstanding anything in this Act, to recover from such landlord by action at law any such amount which shall have been recovered from him under this section as aforesaid as money paid on the account of such landlord.” (Sect. 4.)

(1) An application to a County Court for an order under this Act may be made on behalf of the tithe owner by his agent, although not a solicitor. (2) On any application to a

. ( County Court for an order under this Act, no costs either of a solicitor or a witness shall be allowed in any case where the amount claimed is paid without further proceedings, nor where notice of intention to apply for time to pay the tithe owner's claim has been given (except in cases where costs could be allowed by the Court on a judgment summons), and when notice of opposition has been given within the prescribed time, the costs of a solicitor shall only be allowed for work done subsequent to the notice." (Sect. 5.)

“ (1.) This Act shall extend to every sum on account of tithe rentcharge which first becomes payable on or after the half

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yearly day of payment of such tithe rentcharge which occurs next after the passing of this Act, whether such sum accrued before or after that day, and shall not extend to sums due on account of tithe rentcharge which were in arrear before the passing of this Act, nor, except so far as relates to the assessment and recovery of rates, shall it extend to tithe rentcharge issuing out of the lands of a railway company. (2.) A sum

) on account of tithe rentcharge shall not be recoverable under this Act unless proceedings for such recovery have been commenced before the expiration of two years from the date at which it became payable. (3.) Nothing in this Act shall alter the priority of any tithe rentcharge in relation to any other charge or incumbrance upon any lands. (4.) Any enactment in the Tithe Acts or in the Extraordinary Tithe Redemption Act, 1886, directing any expenses, rentcharge, or other sums to be recovered as tithe rentcharge, shall, as respects any sum becoming due after the passing of this Act, be construed to refer to the recovery of tithe rentcharge under this Act, save that the owner of the lands shall not be entitled to obtain any remission under this Act." (Sect. 10.)

There is an appeal from the County Court to the High Court (Sect. 7.)

Fees. The following fees under sect. 2 are fixed by the Act: Where the sum claimed does not exceed five pounds : For notice of application to the Court

One shilling. For making the order

One shilling and sixpence. Where the sum claimed exceeds five pounds:

One shilling for every five pounds and For notice of application

fraction above five pounds or any to the Court

multiple of five pounds of the sum

claimed. One shilling and sixpence for every

five pounds and fraction above five For making the order

pounds or any multiple of five

pounds of the sum claimed. But the total fee in any one case shall not exceedFor notice of the application

Ten shillings. For making the order

Fifteen shillings.

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Remission. By the Tithe Act, 1891, " (1) Where a sum is claimed on account of tithe rentcharge issuing out of any lands, and the County Court is satisfied that, if the sum claimed is paid, the total amount paid on account of the tithe rentcharge for the period of twelve months next preceding the day on which the sum claimed became payable, will exceed two-thirds of the annual value of the lands as ascertained and entered in the assessment for the purpose of Schedule B. to the Income Tax Act, 1853, or as certified as hereinafter mentioned, the Court shall order the remission of so much, whether the whole or part of the sum claimed, as is equal to the excess, and the amount so ordered to be remitted shall not be recoverable; and if the Court is satisfied that neither such remission, nor the liability thereto, has been taken into account in estimating the rateable value of the tithe rentcharge, the Court may remit such amount of any then current rate assessed on the owner of the tithe rentcharge as appears to the Court to be proportionate to the amount of the remission of tithe rentcharge. (2) Where the lands out of which any tithe rentcharge issues are assessed for the purposes of the said Schedule B. together with other lands, the surveyor of taxes for the parish in which the lands are so assessed, on the application of the owner or occupier of the lands, shall divide the annual value in such assessment between the lands out of which any tithe rentcharge issues and the other lands, and give notice of the annual value of the lands as determined on such division to the applicant and to the owner of the tithe rentcharge; and if either of them is dissatisfied with the annual value so determined, he may appeal to the general commissioners of income tax for the division in which the lands are assessed, and those commissioners, after due notice to and hearing the parties or their agents if any of them wishes to be so heard, shall finally determine the proper division of the annual value; and the annual value of lands so determined as aforesaid shall, for the purposes of this section, be the annual value of the lands as ascertained for the purpose of the said Schedule B. (3) For the purposes of this section the owner of tithe rentcharge shall have the same right of appeal as the owner of lands, whether under the enactments relating to the said assessment or under this section. (4) If in any case the annual value of any lands is not ascertained and entered in the assessment for the purpose of the said Schedule B., the general commissioners of income tax for the division in which the lands are situate shall, on the application of the owner or occupier of the lands, ascertain the annual value of the lands for the purpose of the said Schedule B., and inform the applicant of the same. (5) The commissioners of taxes shall on demand and payment of one shilling give a certificate of the amount of the annual value of any lands under this section. (6) Where it appears from any award that a special apportionment has been made in pursuance of section fiftyeight of the Tithe Act, 1836, whereby tithe rentcharge has been charged specially upon certain closes of land in different proportions, and to the exclusion of certain of them, the Court shall not grant a remission under this section unless satisfied that the applicant would have been entitled to such remission if no such special apportionment had been made. (7) Where two or more tithe rentcharges issue out of the same lands, and a remission of tithe rentcharge has been made by a county court under this section, the amount paid by the owner of the lands on account of tithe rentcharge shall be divided between the owners of such tithe rentcharges in proportion to the amount thereof as fixed by the apportionment or any altered apportionment. (8) This section shall not apply to any lands other than those used solely for agricultural or pastoral purposes or for the growth of timber or underwood." (Sect. 8.)

TITLE TO ORDERS. A person wishing to be ordained deacon or priest must have “some certain place where he may use his function.” Therefore, unless a fellow or chaplain elect in some college in Oxford or Cambridge, he must, for deacon's orders, have a nomination to a curacy, and for

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