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ship has left no male issue; in which case his title descends to his brother

FOREIGN EVENTS.

AMERICA.

Gerard Lake, Esq. The deceased Mr. RANDOLPH & Gen. WILKINSON.

WASHINGTON, DEC. 31. This morning the town was alarmed

was a General in the Army, Colonel of the 30th Foot, Governor of Plymouth, and Treasurer of the Duchy of Cornwall. He was a Mem- by bills, stuck up at every Tavern, ber of the Court Martial now sitting is a copy, as near as I can recollect:— corners of Streets, &c. The following

on the Trial of General Whitelocke. A further account of his Lordship will be given in our next.

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HECTOR UNMASKED!

"In justice to my character, I denounce to the world, JOHN RANDOLPH, Member of Congress, a prevaricating, base, calumniating Scoundrel, poltroon and coward,

The Earl of Craufurd and Lindsay. -The title of Viscount Garnock, of Kilberney, descends to Sir Robert Craufurd, Bart; the 2d son of John, then Earl of Craufurd and Lindsay having married the 2d daughter of Sir John Craufurd, of Kilberney, who was created Viscount of Garnock by SIR, Washington, Dec. 21, 1807. Queen Anne in 1703, on whom, and I understand several expressions her heirs male, the said Sir John set- have escaped you, in their nature tled his estate by entail, 31st July, personal, and highly injurious to my 1662, upon condition of every heir reputation. The exceptionable lan carrying the surname and arms of guage imputed to yon, may be briefly Craufurd, and Sir Robert Craufurd and substantially compassed in the being lineally descended, and being following statement. That you have the representative of the Craufurds, of Jordanhill and Kilberney, of course that title returns whence it came, there being no male heirs of the late Earl of Craufurd.

"JAS. WILKINSON." CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN RAN

DOLPH AND WILKINSON.

At Tunbridge Wells, John Wiggin, Esq. of Craven Hill, Middlesex, eminent as an iron merchant in Thames street, but still more eminent for his most excellent character through life.

avowed your opinion I was a roguethat you have ascribed to me the infernal disposition to commit murder, to prevent the exposition of my sinister designs, and through me have stigmatised those Citizen Soldiers who compose the meritorious military Corps of our Country.

No person can be more sensible of the pernicious tendency of such cruel and undeserved reflections, in their IRELAND. The linen trade of Ire- application to public men or private land is likely to suffer much by the individuals, than yourself; nor is any suspension of the accustomed supply man more competent to determine of flax-seed. The importation of the just reparation to which they estaflax-seed, on an average of 10 years, blish a fair claim. Under these imwas about 42,000 hogsheads annually. A hogshead sowed about one acre 3 roods Irish measure, and produced on an average 84 stone of rough flax, fit for the hatchel, which at a moderate price would sell for about forty guineas. A large portion of the imported seed, both flax and hemp, (as well as red and white clover) came from Holland and the Baltic, the rest from America; and these sources being for the present closed, so great an advance in price is expected, that it is hoped the Legislature will adopt some means to encourage an extensive cultivation of the crops in our own country the ensuing season.

pressions, I can have no hesitation to appeal to your justice, your magnanimity, and your gallantry, to prescribe the manner and the measures of redress, being persuaded your decision will comport with the feelings of a man of honour, and that you will be found equally prompt to assert a right or repair a wrong.

I transmit this letter through the post-office, and shall expect your answer, by such channel as you may deem most proper.

I have the honour co be, Sir, your obedient servant, (Signed) JAS. WILKINSON, The Hon. John Randolph..

SIR.-Several months ago I was informed of your having said, that you were acquainted with what had passed in the grand jury room at Richmond, last spring, and that you had declared a determination to challenge me. I am to consider your letter of last night, by mail, as the execution of this avowed purpose, and, through the same channel, return you my answer. Whatever may have been the expressions used by me, in relation to your character, they were the result of deliberate opinion, founded upon the most authentic evidence, the greater part of which my country imposed upon me the painful duty to weigh and decide upon; they were such as to my knowledge and to your's, have been delivered by hundreds of the first men in the Union, and probably by a full moiety of the American people. In you, Sir, I can recognize no right to hold me accountable for my public or private opinion of your character, that would not subject me to an equal claim from Colonel Burr, or Serjeant Dunbaugh. I cannot descend to your level. This is my final answer.

(Signed) JOHN RANDOLPH. Brigadier-General Wilkinson.

letter, was the chastisement of my cane, from which the sacred respect I owe to the station you occupy in the Councils of the Nation, has alone protected you; and to the consequent conflict of feeling and duty must be asscribed the delay of this note. JAMES WILKINSON.

John Randolph, Esq.

General Wilkinson has applied for a Court of Inquiry.

FRANCE.

The Tribunal of Alencon has lately decided a very singular cause. The Assistant of the Commune of Radon, the Mayor of which was dead, performed the functions of Mayor. Determining to marry, and consulting nobody, he decided that he could be at one and the same time the public officer and the contracting party. Thus, after having published to himself alone the banns prescribed by the law, he put to himself as public officer the following question whether he would be the husband of the lady he married? he replied himself in the character of contracting party, that he would-he then pronounced the two parties man and wife.

Had the circumstance not been of an important nature, it would have been a very laughable one; but the Attorney General coming to the knowledge of it, instituted an action. The marriage was declared null and void, being a private act, and contrary to the Code Napoleon; but the parties were declared to be at liberty to contract a legal and serious marriage, conformably to the formalities prescribed by the laws.

HOLLAND.

Washington, Dec. 23. SIR,- have received your letter of the 25th instant, by mail, in which you violate truth and honour, to indulge the inherent malignity and rancour of your soul. On what level,' pray Sir, shall we find the wretch, who, to masque his cowardice, fabricates falsehoods, and heaps unprovoked insults upon unmerited injuries? You, John Randolph are this man, and your own breast can best solve the proposition. You cannot descend to ROYAL DECREE. my level; vain equivocal thing! Louis Napoleon, &c.-Considering And do you believe this dastardly that every European nation ought to subterfuge will avail you, or that your co-operate with all its might to the lion's skin will longer conceal your triumph of the cause of the Continent, true character; embrace the alterna- in a contest which will not be of long tive still within your reach, and ascend duration, and whose result is not to the level of a gentleman, if pos- doubtful-considering that our parsible; act like a man, if you can, and ticular duty, as well as the dearest inspare me the pain of publishing you terests of our people, commands us to to the world, for an insolent, slander- accede in all points to the desires of ous prevaricating poltroon. his Majesty the Emperor of the French, our illustrious Brother, and even to surpass his hopes-considering that the indemnity and relief which our kingdom has a right to de

JAMES WILKINSON.

John Randolph, Esq

N. B. The first idea suggested by the indecency of your response to my

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mand and expect depend entirely

PRUSSIA.

ENGLAND.

upon the powerful intervention of DECLARATION of PRUSSIA against France-cousidering, in fine, that however great the sacrifices hitherto "The King being obliged, by the made by this country may be, and 27th Article of the Treaty of the Peace however painful its situation, both of Tilsit, concluded on the 9th July, under the relations of commerce and 1807, to shut, without exception, the those of finance, it is of much greater Prussian ports and states against the interest to dissipate all the doubts trade and navigation of England, as that might exist with respect to our long as the present war lasted between intentions, and to prove to Europe, in England and France, his Majesty has the most signal manner, our attach- hot hesitated to take progressively the ment, and that of our people, to the most appropriate measures fo fulfil common cause, have decreed, and do his engagemnts. decree as follows;

"In directing these measures, his Art. 1. From the publication of the Majesty did not dissemble the preju present decree, all the ports of our dice and loss which would result to kingdom shall be shut against all the commerce of his dominions in ships, whatever be their denomina- general and that of his subjects, who, tion. Those only are excepted from by a long series of misfortunes, have this disposition (and provisionally till acquired new rights to his paternal a new Order), of which mention is solicitude and benevolence; but his made in the 2d Article. Majesty yielded to the consolatory hope, that the mediation offered by Russia to England, by accelerating the return of a definitive Peace been Great Britain and France, would soon bring about an order of things more congenial to the particular interests of each Power.

2. Armed ships of our Allies are not included in the exclusion directed by the preceding article. They may enter and quit our ports, and bring in their prizes by conforming to the Ordinances issued relative to the entrance and departure of ships of war.

S. Ships of the Allies of Nuetral "The King has been deceived in Powers, which may enter our ports, his just expectation; the events that to avoid the danger of the sea, shall have taken place since, and which are have no communication with the in- too well known to render it necessary terior of the kingdom. They shall be to recapitulate them, far from bringsubjected to quarantine, and be under ing the so much desired period of gethe most severe superintendance.-neral peace nearer, have only placed it The Commandant of the Port shall at a greater distance.

make them put to sea as soon as the "All communication is broken off weather shall permit.

between Russia and England. The 4 Fishing-boats are under the di- declaration of his Majesty the Em rect superintendance of the Civil and peror of all the Russias, published the Military Authorities upon the coast. 26th October, proves that there is no -These Authorities shall take care, longer any relation between those on their responsibility, that no con- two Powers. His Prussian Majesty, munication take place, by means of intimately connected by all his relathe fishermen, with the enemy's ships tions with the cause and system of the and other ships. To that end, there continental neighbouring and friendshall be placed as a sentinel, a soldier ly Powers, has no other rules of conon board each fishing boat. On the duct than his duties founded upon the return of the boat, the sentinel shall interest of his States, and the obliga make his report of what has passed tion cotracted by a solemn Treaty. during the fishery, contrary to the Conformably to these principles, dispositions of the present decree, his Majesty, setting aside those conand the owner of the boat and crew siderations which he had hitherto shall be prosecuted with all the rigour of the laws.

Given at Utrecht, Jan. 28.
(Signed)

UNIVERSAL MAG. VOL. IX.

Louis

respected, in the vain hope of a speedy general pacification; and having refused, since the mission of Lord Hutchinson, to receive at his Court any Y

English Diplomatic Agent, has just heaped upon us, in the midst of our ordered his Legation at London to tribulations; let them bless God in quit England and return to the Con- all things; let them adore with an humble and contrite heart the im

tinent.

"His Majesty the King of Prussia, mutable decrees of Providence, and in making known the resolution which let them be grateful for the innumehis engagements and the interest of rable benefits we have received from his Monarchy impose upon him as a his all powerful hand.-Let us reckon duty, declares by these presents, that, amongst those signal benefits, the till the restoration of a Definitive peace and good order which have and Peace between the two Belligerent do reign in this kingdom since a great Powers, there shall be no relation be- army has come to our succour. tween Prussia and England. are certain of our happiness if we know how to profit by it--we enjoy equal security both in our houses and

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"FREDERICK WILLIAM."

Memel, Dec. 1, 1807."

We

PORTUGAL.

PROCLAMATION.

out.

"Let us not forget that we owe these advantages to the zeal and acDon Joseph Maria de Melio, Titular tivity of the General in Chief who Bishop of Algalva, Inquisitor Ge, commands us, and whose virtues we neral of this Kingdom, Member of have long known; that the army her Majesty's Council, and her which is in the midst of us is that of Confessor.

To all the faithful of the Holy Church, health, peace, and the grace of our Lord Jesus Christ, our Saviour

and God.

his Majesty the Emperor of the French and King of Italy, Napoleon the Great; that that Monarch has been sent by God to protect religion, and render people happy; that he will "The place of Inquisitor General pour upon us the blessing of peace, if of this Kingdom which we occupy, we love each other with fraternal chaunworthy of it as we are; the holy rity-that by that means religion and espicopal character with which we are its Ministers will always be respected, invested; the exemplary zeal with and that in fine we shall enjoy all sorts which the most eminent and venerable of happiness, if we shew ourselves Cardinal Patriarch of Lisbon has just worthy of such great protection. It is recommended, with so teaching an thus that we ought to conduct ourunction, in his last pastoral Letter, selves to accomplish faithfully the the preservation of tranquillity, peace, precepts of the Lord, who commands and Christian union, necessary in all us to obey power, not through fear, times, and above all in the present, all but through a duty of conscience. these considerations impose upon us Let us incessantly have before our the duty of concurring on our side; eyes the touching exhortations which and, as far as we can, in a salutary ob- the venerable pastor of this City and ject, and without which we cannot Diocese has addressed to his flock, to hope for any happiness either upon unite them in Christan charity, and earth, or, which ought more to con- to obtain peace and repose, of which cern us, in the life to come. We ad- we have so much need; and because dress them to all the faithful of the that object is of the greatest impor Holy Church, to the inhabitants of tance, even for the preservation of the this city and kingdom, we conjure purity of our faith, we conjure all the them to be attentive and docile to the wise and pacific instructions of their venerable father and pastor, in a circumstance which concerns their present fate and their eternal happiness. We can do nothing better than to recall to them the paternal advice of that great prelate. Let them consider the situation in which we are, the fayours which the Divine goodness has

Deputies of the Council General of Inquisition and other Ministers of the Holy Office, to unite their zeal to ours to maintain and consolidate the public tranquillity. We recommend it espe cially to all the regulars in general, and to each in particular, to give, in all circumstances, the example of per fect submission, as it becomes the Ministers of a God of Peace, who offer

daily the sacrifice of propitiation, and gun-shot, hoisted French colours, and who ought to be models of evangeli- began her fire, which was returned cal perfection to the people. We ex- from the stern-chase guns; this was conhort them to recall without ceasing to tinued until she came near, when we the faithful their duties; and above were hailed in very opprobrious terms, all, to impress them with this truth, and desired to strike the colours. On that there never can be too much refusing to do so, she ran alongside, peace and union. And, in order that grappled the packet, and attempted our letter may reach all the tribunals to board, which we repulsed by the of inquisition in the kingdom, we have pikes, with the loss of eight or ten caused it to be stuck up and pub- men on the part of the enemy, when lished in the churches of our district the schooner attempted to get clear in the accustomed form.

"Given at Lisbon, under the seal of the Holy Office, Dec. 22."

GAZETTE LETTERS.

Gallant Actions.

To the Honourable W. W. Pole.

SIR,

Belleisle, Tortola Roads, Not. 7, 1807. The inclosed letter, which I have just received from Mr. Rogers, the master of the Windsor Castle packet, gives an account of the capture of French privateer.

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by cutting the grapplings, but the main-yard being locked in her rigging she was prevented. Great exertions were continued on both sides: and I had occasion to station a part of the crew in charge of the mails, to shift them as circumstances required, or to cut them away in case of our failure. About three, we got one of our sixpounder carronades to bear upon the 'schooner, loaded with double grape cannister, and one hundred musketballs, which was fired at the moment the enemy was making a second des perate attempt to board, and killed It is such an instance of bravery and wounded a great number. Soon and persevering courage, combined after this I embraced the opportunity with great presence of mind, as was of boarding, in turn, with five men, scarcely ever exceeded. He has shewn and succeeding in driving the enemy such ability in defending one of his from his quarters, and about four Majesty's packets, that I hope it will o'clock the schooner was completely secure him the command of the first in our possession. She is named the that is vacant. Jeune Richard, mounting six sixpounders and one long eighteenPounder, having on board, at the commencement of the action, ninety-two Windsor Castle Packet, Carlisle men, of whom twenty-one were found SIR, Bay, Ed Oct 1807. dead on her decks, and thirty-three Having, on my passage from Eng- wounded. From the very superior land in the Windsor Castle packet, numbers of the enemy still remaining, with the mails for Barbadoes and the it was necessary to use every precauLeeward Islands, been attacked by a tion in securing the prisoners. I was French privateer within the limits of obliged to order them up from below your station, I take the liberty of ac- one by one, and place them in their quainting you, that we were fortunate own irons as they came up, as three of enough to capture her after a severe our little crew were killed, and ten action, and arrived with her safe in severely wounded, the mizen-mast and this bay. She was seen on the morn- main-yard carried away, and the riging of the 1st of October, in latitude ging, fore-and-aft, much damaged. 13 53 N. and longitude 58° 1 W.; It is my duty to mention to you, Sir, and about half-past eight made all sail that the crew of the packet, amountin chase of the packet, when every ex- ing at first to only to twenty-eight, ertion was made to get away from her; men and boys, supported me with the but finding it impossible, preparations greatest gallantry during the whole of were made to make the best resistance this arduous contest. we could, and arrangements to sink the mails, if necessary.

I have the honour to be, &c.
(Signed) ALEX. COCHRANE.

At noon the schooner got within

I have the honour to be, &c. (Signed) W.ROGERS, acting captain. To Admiral Cochrane.

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