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UNIVERSAL MAGAZINE.

For APRIL, 1808.

(New Series.

N. LIII.- VOL.IX.]

“We shall never envy the honours which wit and learning ob'ain in any w her carise, if we can ho muniberad among the writers who have given ardour to virtue, and confidence to truth."-DR. JOHNSON.

.

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES.
LORD LAKE.

gradations of army rank, he was apIn :

racters, which have ornamented of foot, and afterwards obtained the the biographical part of our Maga- situation of commander in-chief on žive, we thought ihat the portrait of the Bengal establishinent. It was in Lord Lake might appear with advan- India that he signalized himself in tage: and with an eagerness that often such a manner, during the Mahratta defeats itself, we caused the plate to war, as to be thought deserving of a be engraven before we had well peerage, which was conferred upon weighed the probabilities of success him on the 1st of September, 1904. in obtaining biographical materials. He was also a general in the army, Upon exanination,' we were asto- governor of Plymouth, and treasurer nished to tind how little has been said, of the Duchy of Cornwall. in any shape, of a man distinguished

In 1804, he received the thanks of enough to be the object of his coun- both houses of parliament for bis distry's notice, (politically speaking, a6 tinguished conduct in India : a conwe are taught to believe the parlia- duet by which, it has been thought ment only the echo of the vox populi) by some, the destruction of the French and celebrated enough to be worthy influence upon the confines of that of the proposal of a monument to his country is to be attributed. It is cermemory, as a testimony of national tain that his services were important; gratitude. Of whatever. cannot be and it is equally certain that they met obtained, however, we must of course with a suitable reward. endure the privation; and without the power of doing all we wish, con

His death took place on the 21st of tent ourselves with doing all we can.

last February; but previously to that We shall therefore communicate ali event (which was somewhat sudden), we ourselves know of the object of he took an affectionate leave of the the present memoir, ad express a

Prince of Wales, and some other perable to supply our deficiencies by tial assembled to try Mr. Whitehope that some of our readers inay be sons of distinction that were dear to

him. He was one of the court marcommunications, which, it authentic,

locke. will be gladly attended to,

The Right Hon. Gerard Lake, Ba- After his death his Majesty recom. ron Lake of Delhi and Laswary, and mended it to the parliament to make of Aston Clinton, was born July 27, a provision for his heirs. This mea1744. His lordship's father was sure provoked much discussion both Launcelot-Charles Lake, Esq. whose in and out of parliament: of the latter great grandfather was Sir Thomas was a letter addressed by the late Mr. Lake, of Cannons, in the county of Paull to the electors of Westminster. Middlesex, Knt. secretary of state to He there takes a view of the propriety James I. In July 1770, he married of granting any provision, upon the the only daughter of Edward Barker, grounds that Lord Lake had opportu. of St. Julian's, in Hertfordshire, Esq. nities of realising a sufficiently adeby whom he had three sons and five quate fortune during his command in daughters.

India, added to his other lucrative Having passed through the regular situations. l'XIVERSAL MAG, VOL. IX.

2 M

The following paragraph exhibits of the House of Commons, he states, this part of his argumenti

Two tumbrils billed with treasure " I stated, and tron the act of par. at Allighur," "Two more at Delhi, liament, that Lord Lake received and i wenty-four lacs of rupees at 16,0001. per annum, paid monthly, Agraha,' making forty-two lacs, or as commander-in-chief, and as senior 5,025,0001. Lord Lake's eighth of member of !he council of Bengal, ex. which sum was, as I stated, 05,000), clusive of his regiment, which is in sterling. That sum, with bis avowed India, and as paid there, worth up allowances, amount to upwards of wards of 16001. per annum, and ex- 200,000l. sterling in six years, exclu. clusive of the government of Phy. sive of any interest, and exclusive of mouth. I have since consulted off. the enormous amount that he received cial documents, and find that instead from the sales of the depôts of the of 16,000), as fixed by the act of par- French General Perron; and of the liament, Lord Lake received per-an- elephants, camels, horses, grain, catnum, paid monthly, one lac seventy- tle, and the wbole camp equipage four thousand five hundred and five taken at Coil, Delhi, Agrah, and succa rupees, which, at 25. 6d. the ru- Lastarée, belonging to an army of pee, the actual current value, the ac- 1,030,000 men ; together with the tual rare at which the company bor- proceeds of the whole property of the row and repay, both here and in In. Rajahs of Sasanee, Bidjeghur, and dia, (and the exchange from indivi- Cutchurah, who carried with them duals is 8 per cent. still more favor, only their lives and their honour. able) make 31,8:8). pounds sterling The value of such property is well per annum. He drew likewise siäknown to every person who has been teen hundred pounds per annum for in India. The compassion of Parliahouse rent. These two items make ment has been appealed to, by exag. (exclusive of his regiment and the gerated statements of the inadequate Plymouth government) 23,400l. per provision of the surviving relatives of annum. Lord Lake was exactly 'six Lord Lake. On this topic I shall deyears in India; so that he drew, of cline eatering, as I ain unwilling to avowed allowances, paid monthly, hurt the feelings of any person. I one hundred and forty thousand four must however add, that there is no hundred pounds sterling-that is, up- question of the 60,00)). received by wards of forty-five thousand pounds Lieutenant Colonel Lake.

It is also sterling above the sum stated 'by me undeniable, that Lord Lake appointed in my former letter.

his son-in-law, Mr. Brookes, who is « It has been said, in the discus- now in India, and who was then a sions that have arisen on this subject, very young lieutenant in the Com, that i!ie expences of a commander-in- pany's service, to the lucrative and chief in India are considerable. I ap- highly important situation of deputy peal again to those who have filled quarter-master-general to the Bengal that high situation, and I assert, with- army, which, exclusive of great emoout the possibility of contradiction, lument, confers the rank of major in that no commander-in-chief, that has the army." been in Bengal for twenty years (and

The rest of this letter is written no officers lived more respectably, with the factious vulgarity that seeins nay splendidly, tban did Sir Robert to be the invariable characteristic of 3 Abercromby and Sir Alured Clarke) party. ever expended, a larger sum than The speech with which Lord Cas. 5000 rupees per month, or about tlereagh opened the business will tend 7000 pounds sterling, per annum ; to throw some light upon the nature leaving a clear surplus of nearly of Lord Lake's services. His lord. 17,000 pounds a year, paid mouibly, ship stated, that in calling the attedin a country where the legal interest tion of the committee to this message, is twelve per cent,

he should feel it unnecessary to say "The amount that Lord Lake re- much as to the circumstances under ceived in prize-money has also been which his Majesty thought himself disputed. I shall only restate, that in called upon to make this application his own official letters, in the Dial- to the house, 10 reward the eminent ratta papers, printed for the members services of Lord Lake in India. He thought, however, that it might be have been attempting to break ground right to call to the attention of the in the more remote dominions, they committee the reasons why this ap- would have been endeavouring to plication was not made sooner, or reach more rapidly the Jumna and nearer to the period when those ser- the Ganges. The circumstance of vices were actually performed. He that noble lord's death having taken knew, from his personal know- place so soon after his return from ledge, that the great distance of the India to this country, where he explace where Lord Lake's services pected to enjoy the beneficence of were performed, that noble lord being his sovereign, rendered the situation in the pay of government, and his of his family doubly interesting. The Majesty not being aware of the real great and signal exploits so rendered extent of those services, and the ac- bad led him (Lord Castlereagh) to tual necessity of such an application give potice, that it was his intention to Parliament, all operated as causes to propose the erection of a monufor that delay. He trusted, however, ment to that noble loid's memory, that the claim not being put in sooner after the same manner that the late would not tend less to recommend Lord Howe's name had been recorded that distinguished character to the in the military annals of the country. known liberality of the public. From This he should do after the present the calamity of his death, he was motion, as to the pension stated in sorry to acquaint the committee, that his Majesty message, had been agreed it appeared Lord Lake had taken but to. There was only one other obsertoo sanguine a view of his circum- vation he thought it necessary to state, stances, which did not at all leave any and that was, that it had always been of the branches of his family in a sí- the custom of Parliament to make its tuation corresponding to his worth. liberality take its commencement In calling this claiın to the attention froin the date of the splendid achieveof the committee, he trusted they ments to be rewarded, and certainly would, with him, be of opinion, that the interval being longer than usual it was made for services of the first ought not to operate against that rule, order, and of a continued series. In which so naturally arose, being obthe latter part of Lord Lake's life, he served upon the present occasion, the had, in an especial manner, signalized more especially as it was evidently the British arms, by having gained, owing to the noble lord's own modeat the battle of Lincelles, one of the ration. In the case of the services of most splendid victories. There was Sir Sidney Smith, be believed that something in the course of his actions two years expired before any applicawhich always brought the success of tion was inade 10 Parliament, and the day home to the exertions of that therefore he trusted that ihe commit. noble lord. There never was a man tee would see no objection to allow that presented himselt more conspicu- the annuity of 2000). mentioned in ously to his troops in the hour ot dan- his Majesty's nessage, to con mence ger, nor better calculated to animate from the date of the signal victory them to great exertions that led chem obtained by the gallant Viscount at on to victory. In short he invitated Delhi, upon the i lth of September, that which, perhaps more than any 1803. - Lord Castlereagh ben cons thing else, contributed to the success cluded with moving, “That there be of the French arms, a total careless- a resolution of this committee, that Dess of his own valuable person, the annual sum of 20001. be granted Whatever may be the opinion of some out of the consolidated fund to the as to the civil policy of India, every present Lord Lake, and the next heir one must own, that the most impor- inale bearing the titles of that family, tant advantages bad resulted from the to commence from the 11th of Sepsolid and substantial services of that tember, 1803.” gallant and lamented oficer, in de This motion was variously objected stroying the influence of French to. Those who were disposed to allow power upon the confines of that coun- the propriety of providing for the try, Had it not been owing to his heirs of Lord Lake, denied i hat of the exertions, the French would not now grant baving a retrospective effect.

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