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to vindicate that patronage: amid various fluctuations we have still preserved its general character.

With the commencement of the volume just concluded, new arrangements were adopted, which were thought likely to ensure and extend the reputation possessed by the Universal Magazine. With little hesitation we can bid our subscribers and the public look back upon the last volume as a pledge of what our future exertions will be. We have established a correspondence with eminent scholars in different parts of the kingdom; and with their aid, united to that of our voluntary contributors, we feel confident that the Universal Magazine will become distinguished for its learning, wit, amusement, and information.

The “ Theatrical Recorder," which under its present form, is entirely a new feature in our work, has been honoured with an approbation that sufficiently convinces us of its interest and utility. In our Criticisms we confine ourselves to such works as may offer something advantageous in the way of selection, instead of heaping together an undistinguished mass of titles and cursory strictures. To our correspondents we beg leave finally to observe, that their contributions will be judged with every possible candour: to insert then, is our pleasure; to be compelled to reject then, our pain.

January 13th, 180s.

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UNIVERSAL MAGAZINE,

NL-VOL. IX.]

For JANUARY, 1808.

(New SERIES.

* We shall never envy the honours which wit and learning obtain in any uther calise, if we can be numbered among the writers who have given ardour to villue, and condence to truth."-DR. JUUNSON.

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES.
EARL MOIRA.

him. The probability of this receives FROM the sterility of patrician vir- an additional claim to belief from the

tue eminent a character as Earl Moira; a in Weaver's Funeral Monuments : Dobleman no less conspicuous for what 1 Wyllyam Kyng the thurd yere of my belongs to his rank, than for a rare

reigne assemblage of every manly and inter- Give to thee Paulyn Roydon Hope and esting virtue. Bírth, wealth, and Hopetowne, titles, too often obtain the homage With al the landes up and downe, which should be paid only to desert, From heven to yerth from yerth to hel at least in a certain way, and from a

For the and thynether to dwel. certain class of men : but the voice As truly as thys kyng ryght is mine

For a cross bow and an arrow of praise, when unanimous, who when I sal come to hunt on Yarrow; shall turn a deaf ear to ? and where And in token that thys thynge is sovihe is he who has thought to fix a stigma 1 bit the whyt wax with my sonth upon the name of Moira? Proud dis- Before Meg, Maud, and Margery tinction! and more truly noble than And my thurd son Henry. any honor which royal munificence, Sir Marmaduke Rawdon, Knight, stretched to its utmost, could bestow. was a staunch loyalist, and a most Strings and garters, ribbons and stars, active and intrepid commander in the are but

gewgaws in the eye of reason unfortunate reign of Charles I. Sir and philosophy; the courtly parasite George Rawdon also, the first baroobtains them, and the powerful fa- net, was fainous for his loyalty and Fourite; they decorate vice or reward eminent services in Ireland during insincerity: but the homage of a na- the great rebellion. As a mark of tion, its consentaneous avowal of ex- the royal favour, he was, in 1665, alted virtue, is a never-fading wreath created baronet of Moira in the of glory that blossoms on the brow county of Down. Sir John Rawdon, of him who acquires it, and descends in March 1717, married Dorothy, with untarnished lustre to his poste- daughter of Sir Richard Leringe, rity: and as the preservation of a pre- Speaker of the Irish House of Coins cious jewel in the midst of robbers mous, and afterwards Chief Justice of enhances the merit of the action, so the Common Pleas of that kingdom. to remain unsmirched in the miry He was succeeded by his son John, roads of courts supposes a singular who was created Lord Rawdon in degree of caution, steadiness, and 1750, and Earl Moira in 1761. The principle.

present Earl was born Dec. 7, 1754. The house of Rawdon is of consi- The early life of Lord Moira was derable antiquity, though it is not not without some indications of his ascertained whether it was settled in future character. At the age of ten England before the conquest. There years he received a wound in his ley, is a tradition, however, preserved in by the bursting of a brass gun belongthe family, and which is corroborated ing to a little battery with which lie by their coat-armour, that seems to wis attacking a ponderons folio voimply the first of the name in England lume. [liseilucation wasliberal, and came over with the Norman, and he exhibited, while at school, the commanded a band of archers kilder natural boot of his mind, above all, he expressed in various ways, that American war Lord Rawdon was haughty and inflexible firmness which conspicuous; and his continued exerhas ever belonged to him.

tions at length produced a serious in· On quitting school, he made a short disposition. He embarked for Eng. tour on the Continent: but the war Jard, but on his passage the vessel with America breaking out, his lord- was captured by the Glorieuse and ship immediately einbraced the op- carried into Brest. Shortly after, he portunity of indulging his passion for recovered his liberty and landed in a military lite, and embarked for that England, where, in acknowledgecountry. He was lieutenant in the ment of his meritorious services, he fifth company of grenadiers, at the was created a British peer and apmemorable battle of Bunker's Hill, pointed aid-de-camp to the king. wliere he received two shots in his On the death of his uncle, the cap, and was one out of seven only Earl of Huntingdon, he succeeded to of that company who escaped unhurt. the estates of that ancient and noble The conduct of our young hero on family, and by permission of the king that occasion was so conspicuous, as he assumed the name and arms of that to make a strong impression upon the house. By the death of bis father, mind of General Burgoyne, who, in June 20, 1793, his lordship succeed. his dispatches to the British govern- ed to the title of Earl Moira. ment observed, “ Lord Raudon has About this time he was appointed this day stamped his fame for life.” commanding ofhcer of a body of He was afterwards present at the troops encamped near Southampton. storming of Fort Clinton. In 1778 These troops were originally intended he was advanced to the rank of Lieu- to assist the royalists in Britanny; tenant Colonel in the army, and Ge- but the situation of the allied forces neral Howe having resigned, he was in Flanders rendered it necessary to appointed adjutant-general' to the send a reinforceruent thither. This British forces commanded by Sir was an enterprize of considerable Henry Clinton. In this capacity he hazard, for the whole country was in proved himself not only brave, but possession of the French. His lordactive and judicious; and rendered ship, however, landed at Ostend, and, nost essential service in the hazardous in the very face of a formidable foe, retreat of the British army through succeeded in effecting a junction with the Jerseys from Philadelphia to New the Duke of York. Had it not been York. He afterwards embarked with for the error in which the enemy rehis troops for Charlestown, and served mained for some time, respecting the during ine siege of that place. On strength and number of his troops, this occasion he conducted himself and the celerity and dextrous address with so much judgment, and exhibited with which all his movements were so many proofs of distinguished ra- conducted, the French must easily lour, that notwithstanding bis want of have overpowered him. He joined years, and consequently his presumed the Duke of York at Malines, near want of experience, he was appointed Antwerp, and was received by his to the command of a separate corps in royal highness with every mark of the province of South Carolina. "The cordiality and friendship. American General Gates had invaded He soon after returned to Engthe province, and Lord Rawdon's land, and was again consigned to object was to maintain his position a state of inactivity. It was a rethere till the arrival of Lord Corn. proach to the ministers that such a wallis, in which he completely suc- man as' Lord Moira should remain ceeded.

unemployed, at a time when vigorous Such premature judgment, skill, measures, cool judgment, and deand bravery, would justity every con- cided courige, were so necessary to tidence and every reward: and though the kingdoin. But the mean jeait does not usually happen that reward lousy of talents which so invariably or confidence is the result of desert, characterised the mind of Pitt, was yet in the case of his lordship equity the reason why this distinguished seemed for a moment to resume her nobleman remained in privacy. A seat. In the whole couse of the nominal command at Southampton,

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