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at the contempt I had for those outward forms which the world call graces, but which are too often the masks of deceit.

against which the most consummate the assembly, called the National Conprudence could be of no avail. vention, to be examined, he was madę The king was particularly pleased to wait three-and-twenty minutes in a hall leading to the bar of the assembly. His majesty walked backwards and for wards: M. Tronchet and M. de Sèze, "M. de Malesherbes," said as well as myself, kept at a little dis hé to me, 66 you and I are ridiculed tance from the king. As he spoke to here for adhering to the manners of me at times, in my answers I made use old times; but are not they better than of the words, Sire, Your Majesty. the present fine airs? There are often Treilhard, one of the deputies, came vile things under their varnish." The suddenly in, and, enraged on hearing king was not ignorant of the jokes the expressions I used in speaking to which the youth at the court took the the king, put himse f between his maliberty of casting on his manners; but jesty and me: "And what makes you he despised their opinion. so hardy," said he to me, "as to utter, “While I was in the ministry, I in this place, words proscribed by the never knew him order or approve any convention?"-"Contempt for you," superfluous expense. He used to say replied, "and a contempt of death." to his ministers: "Let us be frugal "I, at first, thought, that the national dispensers of the public treasure. It convention, not daring to pronounce a is the product of the sweat, and some sentence of death upon the king, would tines of the tears, of the people. - banish him. On that supposition, I Unfortunately, all his ministers were asked him what country he would prenot of that opinion. fer for his residence. Switzerland,' replied he: "what history reports of the lot of fugitive kings...."-" But, Sire," said I, "if the French people, coming to themselves, should recall you, would your majesty return"


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Not to please myself; but as a duty,

"The first time that, as his counsel, I was admitted into the tower of the temple, the king no sooner saw me, than he came up to me, and, without giving me time to finish my bow, took me into his arms: "Ah! is it you, my friend?" said he, with the tears in his I would. In that case, however, I You see to what the excess of should stipulate for two conditions on, my love for the people, and that self- my return: the one, that the Apostolic renunciation which induced me to and Roman Catholic religion should, consent to the removal of the troops continue to be the religion of the intended for the defence of my power state, not excluding, however, other and person against the enterprises of modes of worship; the other, that if a a factious assembly, have brought me national bankruptcy were inevitable,' to. You are coine to assist me with it should be declared by the usurping. your advice; you are not afraid of ex- power; for that power having made it posing your life to save mine; but it necessary, should bear the shame will be all in vain !"-" No, Sire," re- of it." plied I; "I do not expose my life; and leven hope that your majesty's is in upon the no danger: your cause is so just, and vention: the means of your defence so clear!" the king, No; they will put me to death. purchased." But no matter; it will be gaining my have been your reason for not doing. cause to leave a spotless name. Let it? were the means wanting?"-"No; occupy ourselves on my means of I had the means; the money was lent defence." The king afterwards spoke me; but it must, one day, have been to me about M. Tronchet and M. de repaid from the public stock. I could Sèze, my coadjutors. The former, not prevail upon myself to use it for having been a member and president corruption. The funds of the civil of the constituent assembly, was known list, being the substitute for the funds to bim. He asked me for some account from my own domains, left me, perof M. de Sèze, whom he knew only as haps, more at liberty; but the irregu a celebrated lawyer. larity of the payments, and my neces sary expenses, would not allow of it."

"When the king was taken before UNIVERSAL MAG. VOL. IX.

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"One day, the conversation turning different parties in the con Most of the deputies," said “might have been easily "What, Sire, could

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Another day, the king mentioned to gion comforts in a very different me the total want of money in which manner from philosophy."-" Sire" he had been kept since his imprison, replied I, "this commission is not so ment. "Your two colleagues," said pressing."-"For me, nothing is more he," have devoted themselves entirely pressing," said he. Some days after, to my defence. They give me all their the king showed me his will and a cotime and attention, and, in the situ- dicil, both written by his own hand. ation in which I am, I have not the His majesty allowed me to take a copy, means to remunerate them. I thought on which there are some corrections of leaving them a legacy; but would in his own writing. I took these pait be paid ""It is paid, Sire....!" pers away with me, and sent them out By choosing them for your defenders, of France, and I have heard of their you have immortalized their names." safe arrival. "Finding, in this conversation, that "From the first of my going to the the king was very much affected at not temple, the king had expressed a wish having it in his power to bestow the to read some journals. I took the slightest bounty on any person what earliest opportunity to gratify his de ever, I went to the temple, the next sire. I often witnessed the coolness day, with a purse full of gold. "Sire," with which he read the motions that said I, presenting it to him, "permit were made against him in the tribune. a family, whose riches are partly ow- However, among the many epithets ing to the bounty of yourself and of bestowed upon him, that of tyrant your ancestors, to lay this offering at always hurt him. "I a tyrant!" said your feet." The king, at first, refused he. "The whole concern of a tyrant it; but yielded to my entreaties. I is for himself. Has not my concern bave since learned that, after his death, been always for my people?__Do they the purse was found unopened among or I hate tyranny most? They call his effects. He had taken the pre- me tyrant; yet know as well as you caution to affix to it a label, on which was written, in his own hand, "Money to be returned to M. de Malesherbes." A notice that was not attended to,

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"One day, when I went to the temple, after having passed, with scarce any intermission, six and-thirty hours in several committees of the convention, the king reproved me. My friend," said he,, "why exhaust yourself thus? Even were this labour sure to gain my cause, I would forbid it, though you would not obey me. But when I am convinced that it is unavailing, I beg you to be more prudent, The sacrifice of my life is doomed, preserve yours for a family that love you."


The king was so persuaded that he was to die, that, on the very first day I was admitted to him, he took me aside, and said: "My sister has given me the name and place of abode of a non-juring priest, whom I wish to assist me in my last moments. Go and see him for me, and persuade him to give me his assistance. This is a strange commission for a philosopher: but were you in my situation, how should I wish you to think like me! I repeât it to jou, my friend, that reli

what I am." I likewise carried him a copy of the ballad composed at that time and sung in every part of Paris. It was called: Louis XVI to the French; and was a parody of the passage in Jeremiah, beginning, Popule meus! quid feci tibi....? O my people! what have I done to you....? In the perusal of it, the king experienced some mo ments of consolation.

"One morning, as I was waiting in the council-room till I could be admitted into the tower, I looked over some periodical papers; on which, a municipal, addressing himself to me, said: "How can you, a friend of Louis, think of showing him papers in which he is always so ill treated?""Louis XVI," I replied, "is not a man like many others." This municipal had been a gentleman.

"The king saw, with a mixture of surprise and pain, persons of noble descent meanly serving the enemies of the throne and of the nobility."That men," said he to me, "who are born in an obscure condition, that even they who were nobly descended, but who had never had an opportunity of knowing me, should have trusted and blindly followed the enemies of my authority, does not astonish me.

But that men placed about my per- conduct, during our misfortunes, has son, and loaded with my favours,should fully justified that choice. The coun-have increased the number of my per- tess Jules de Polignac pleased her; secutors, is what I cannot comprehend. she made her also her friend. At the God is my witness, that I cherish no request of the queen, I bestowed upon hatred towards them, and even, that the countess, since duchess of Polig. if it were in my power to do them any pac, and her family, favours that exgood, I still would." cited envy. The queen and her friend "I have not yet spoken to you," became the objects of the most unjust said M. de Malesherbes," upon a cruel censure. subject, which went to the king's heart; "There was nothing," added the the injustice of the French towards king, "not even her affection for the the queen. "Did they know her va- emperor Joseph II, her brother, that lue," has he often repeated to me, calumny did not attack. At first, it "did they know to what perfection was whispered, then printed in several she has exalted herself since our mis- journals, and, at last, confidently as fortunes, they would revere, they serted in the tribune of the national would cherish her; but, even be assembly, that the queen had sent to fore the period of our adversity, Vienna, and given to the emperor, her enemies and mine had the art, innumerable millions. An atrocious by sowing calumnies among the assertion, which the Abbé Maury people, to change to hatred that love clearly refuted. of which she was so long the object." The factious," continued the Then entering into a detail of the king, "are thus inveterate in decrythings that were imputed to her, he ing and blackening the queen, only to defended the queen. prepare the people to see her perish. "You saw her," said he to me, “ar- Her death is determined. They fear rive at court. She was little more than that, if she lives, she will vindicate a child. My mother and grandmother me. Unfortunate princess! my mar were both dead: she had, indeed, my riage promised her a throne; now, aunts; but their rights over her were what a prospect does it offer her?". not of the same nature. Placed amidst Saying these words, the king pressed a brilliant court, and having before my hand, and shed tears. her eyes a woman maintained there by intrigue, the queen, then dauphiness, was the daily witness of her pomp and prodigality. What must not she, who united in her own person so many advantages, have conceived of her own power and rights!"


"The day before this, the king asked me, if I had met the white woman in the temple. "No Sire," answered I.-"What," replied he, smiling, "do not you know that, according to vulgar tradition, when any prince of my house is going to die, a woman, dressed in white, wanders about the palace?"


"To have associated with the favourite, would have been unworthy of the dauphiness. Compelled to enter into When, in spite of the exertions a kind of retirement, she adopted a of my colleagues and myself, the fatal mode of life exempt from ceremony sentence was pronounced, they enand constraint, and continued in the treated me to take upon me the mournhabit of it after she came to the throne. ful commission of breaking it to the Those manners, new at court, were too king. I see him still; his back was suitable to my own taste to be opposed turned to the door, his elbows rested by me. I was not, at that time, aware on a table, and his face was covered how dangerous it is for sovereigns to with his hand. At the noise I made allow themselves to be seen too nearly, in entering, his majesty rose. "For Familiarity banishes the respect which two hours," said he, looking stedfastly is necessary to those who govern. At at me, I have been endeavouring to first, the public applauded the drop recollect if, in the course of my reign, ping of the old customs, and after. I have willingly given my subjects wards made it a crime. any just cause of complaint against It was natural for the queen to me: and I protest to you, from the wish to have friends. She distinguished bottom of my heart, that I do not dethe Princess de Lamballe most. Her serve any reproach from the French.

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I never had a wish but for their happi- that they must repress it. Any at; tempt would expose their lives, with "I then disclosed to the king the out saving mine. When the use of sentence passed by the Convention; force might hace preserved my throne and, repressing the grief with which I and life, I refused to resort to it; and was penetrated:"One hope," said shall I now cause French blood to be I to him, "yet remains an appeal to shed 2 the nation.", A, motion of his head "After this painful interview, I expressed to me, that he expected no had the honour of one more conver; thing from that. His resignation and sation with the king. In taking leave his courage made a very strong im of him, I could not restrain my tears, pression upon me. The king per "Tender-hearted pld man," said his reived it."The queen and my sis- majesty, pressing my hand, “do not ter," said he to me, "will not show weep. We shall meet in a better less fortitude and resignation than I world. I grieve to part with such a do. Death is preferable to their lot." friend as you. Adieu! When you In spite of the king's opinion, leave my room, restrain your feelings; continued M. de Malesherbes, "I you must. Consider that you will had still some hope in an appeal to be observed.——Adieu !————Ãdieu!” the nation; but his majesty knew his "I left the temple with a broken implacable enemies better than I did. heart. An Englishman of my ac I depended likewise upon some fa- quaintance, meeting me the day be vourable commotion. In returning fore the sentence was passed by the with my colleagues from the assem- convention, said to me: "Good citi bly, where we had been to give notice zens have yet some hope, as the most of the king's appeal, several persons, unfortunate of kings has a defender in with whom I was acquainted, sur- the most virtuons of men."—"If Louis rounded me in the lobby of the hall, XVI. falls," I replied, "the defender and assured me, that some faithful of the most virtuous of kings will be subjects would rescue the king from the most unhappy of men." My rehis executioners, or perish with him. ply has been realized." "Do you know them?" said be.- The translation is not well execut "No, sire; but I may meet them ed. There are many errors of gramagain."-"Do endeavour to find them mar and inelegancies, such as justest, out; and tell them, that I thank them p. 25, and "had broke up" for brok for the zeal they show for me, but eù, p. 62.

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You weep, kind Lady! yet awhile attend,
And hear the sad recital of my tale,
How injur'd Innocence deserves a friend,
Since man is treacherous and woman frail.

For, oh! that spotless Innocence was mine,
As unsuspecting as devoid of art;

Till spoiler man approach'd with curs'd

And stole the precious jewel from my

Among the youths whom Emulation fir'd,
To court the favour of my envied hand,
Lorenzo first a mutual flame inspir'd

With charms no female bosom could

The precious offspring of a doting sire,
The sole supporter of a noble race;
His soul seem'd fill'd with honour's purest


Ilis form adorn'd with dignity and grace. But envious Fortune, scorning every prayer, Frown'd unpropitious on my hapless


The haughty father bade his son forbear

To stain the lustre of his ancient name. Yet still he vow'd "a parent's frown was vain,"

He vow'd so sweetly, I believed him true; He swore he ever would "but mine remain,"

I little thought he swore but to undo:

Nor mourn," he cried, "the stern decree of fate,

That soon shall all our fondest hopes fulfill,

A day will come, nor distant far the date, That gives the sanction of a father's will."

No more in doubt, my soul with passion

In easy faith beheld the presage nigh;
I granted all his treacherous heart desired-
For what could love, such love as mine,

O sad delusion of a heated mind!

O fatal source of all my after woes! Who, with a fiend-like perfidy designed A snare, to blacken all my life's repose.

Eight transient months in rapture roll'd away,

Each anxious thought on present joy forgot:

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My falt'ring steps, scarce aided by control,
To dear Lorenzo's habitation sped:
But, gracious God! what horror rent my

·To hear the faithless reprobate had filed!
Thus the fair prospect of my life revers'd,
From virtuous joys to ignominy hurl'd;
Spurn'd by a lover, by a parent curs'd,

Lorenzo lov'd, but yet, from day to day,
Deferr'd the tying of the nuptial knot.
My watchful father, with conviction wild,
Too soon perceiv'd the burden that I

With indignation curs'd his injur'd child,
And bade me never seek his presence


I sought protection from a pitying world. But there, how vain the story of my grief, For with my honor every friend had fled; No hand was found to minister relief,

No sheltering roof to rest my weary head.

Thus scorn'd of all, of every hope bereft,

Save what resulted from my honor's fall; No means of life, but prostitution left, Indignant Virtue sunk at Nature's call.

Then Lady turn, and grant a suppliant's prayer;

'Twas man first led my easy faith astray; Man born to cherish with a guardian's care, Those tender bosoms that his arts betray.

Ah! now I see my errors are forgiven;

The hand but executes the heart's de cree:

O thus, when kneeling at the throne of

May heaven behold forgive-and pity
H. R. W.

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