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For MAY, 1808.


"We shall never envy the honours which wit and learning obtain in any other cause, if we can be numbered among the writers who have given ardour to virtue, and confidence to truth."DR. JOHNSON.


IKE many other great men, Mr.

engaged; and as he had resolved to settle in England, he returned for

the rancour of political enmity and This formed the first epoch in his cabal this was made a subject of re- public life; from hence his parliaproach; but had he shone in litera- mentary history commences, and here ture or the arts it would have been a he may be allowed to speak for himboast. His father was a tailor in a self. In the letter which he addressed considerable line of business at Perth, to Lord Folkstone, in October 1800, who, after bestowing a liberal educa- just after the dissolution of parlia tion upon six sons, has long since re- ment, he asserts, that having, during tired from business. His second son, several years residence in India, been James, was sent from the grammar an eye-witness of many of those acts school at Perth to finish his education of Lord Wellesley, which had recentat the college of St. Andrews, and was afterwards articled to one of the most respectable attornies in Perth, whence he went to Edinburgh to


ly been developed to the nation; hav ing formed a resolution to make them the subject of legal investigation, and knowing that for such an investiga tion the House of Commons was the His father afterwards procured for only place that afforded a rational him a situation as a writer in the East hope of success; "I did," says he, India Company's service: he was at "upon my return to England, in the this time about twenty years of age; latter part of 1804, take measures for and on leaving his country, he left obtaining a seat in that assembly; an also those levities of youth which a object which was accomplished in the volatile disposition and want of expe- ensuing June, on the 8th of which rience too often produce. From this month I took my seat in the House period assiduity and integrity marked as one of the members for Newtown, his career. He had scarcely been in the Isle of Wight.

two years in India, before he remitted "In a very few days after I had enough to remunerate the expenses taken my seat, I moved, as your lordof his equipment. He also requited ship will recollect, for the production his mother's partiality, by a small an- of those papers, which, for the prenuity which he increased with the in- tended reasons so well exposed by crease of his finances. yourself, were not produced until the After about fourteen years absence, month of February last. My motions, he returned to Perth, and evinced by upon that occasion, were seconded by his conduct that prosperity had not al- that great and upright statesman, Mr. tered him; he was grateful and kind Windham; and many days had not to his parents, and he invited all his subsequently elapsed, when the Prince old friends and acquaintance to a of Wales, at a visit made at Carleton public entertainment and dance in the House, took occasion to express his, town-hall of Perth, the use of which entire satisfaction at my conduct, and he obtained for that purpose. He in a manner which, as your lordship returned to India in 1802, to make will perceive by a detailed relation of arrangements in some extensive com- it, was eminently calculated to add to mercial concerns with which he was my zeal and perseverance in the UNIVERSAL MAG, Vol. IX. . 2 Z

mighty task, which seeing no other early in January last, the same assur

man willing to undertake, I had ventured to impose upon myself.


ance was not only repeated, but a particular borough in Cornwall, was named by Colonel M Mahon, who added, that the Prince of Wales, with his own hand, had inserted my name,

"You have,' said his Royal Highness to me, opened a battery against the Marquis. A powerful one,' said Colonel M Mahon, who, with a few evenings before, together with Mr. Day, were present at the conver- those of the Hon. Mr. Lamb, Sir sation. His conduct in Oude,' ad- John Shelly, and others as intended ded the Prince, has been truly shock- to be returned for the favoured boing. I have had much conversation roughs.' with my young friend Treves on the "It was not, however, until the subject, who gave me the poor Na- 27th of January, that I received a full bob's picture. I trust the battery will demonstration of the effects of the not be silenced next session, as some changes then actually taking place. Indian batteries have been." His On that day, when I had, agreeably Royal Highness also stated, that a few to notice, several motions to make days before, at Sir John Throckmor- in the House of Commons, relative ton's, he had conversed fully on the to Lord Wellesley, I was requested subject, with Mr. Windham, and con- by Colonel M Mahon in writing, and, gratulated me, and the cause I had as he stated, by command of the espoused, on the aid of a gentleman Prince of Wales, to attend at Carlton of such inflexible integrity and un- House,between two and three o'clock. bounded talents, on whom I might On my arrival, I found the Duke of confidently rely. Delighted with sen- Bedford in audience with the Prince, timents so patriotic and just, and with and the Duke of Norfolk waiting for expressions of such warm approbation the same purpose; and, as I was I assured his Royal Highness, that obliged to be in the House by four he might safely rely on my perse- o'clock, Colonel McMahon commuverance, and that he would have nicated to me the wishes of the Prince, only to regret, that my talents were which were (for I immediately made altogether unequal to my zeal. a minute of the conversation), that "This conversation took place in the new ministry being almost formJuly 1905, just after the prorogation ed, Lord Grenville had been at Carl. of Parliament. On the 17th of the en- ton House, and had spoken particusuin; month of September, when a ge- larly upon the subject of Lord Wel nal expectation of an immediate dis- lesley; that the Prince, in consequence, solution of Parliament was entertain- wished me to give up all further preed, Colonel M Mahon requested me, ceedings against him; that he had and as he informed me, at the particu- seen with particular regret the notices lar instance of the Prince, to endea- which I had given for that day; that. vour to ascertain upon what ground I at all events, it would be prudent for myself should, in case of a dissolu- myself, and pleasing to the Prince, tion, stand with regard to my then and the greater part of the new miniseat in Parliament, as it was by all stry, for me to lay upon my oars, at means desirable to secure for the present, as Mr. Francis, Mr. Sheriparty as many seats as possible. I re- dan, and others, had done.' My anported, on the 20th of the same swer was, that it gave me exquisite month, an unfavourable answer; and pain to act contrary to the wishes et in consequence, thereof, Colonel the Prince of Wales, but that, seeing, McMahon, on the 24th, explicitly to obey those wishes, as thus commuassured me, in the name of the Prince, nicated to me, would be to abandon that, if a dissolution should take place the cause of justice, and to ruin my then, or at any period before the na- own character for ever in the eyes of tural demise of the Parliament, I all honest and honourable men, I was should be so placed as to a seat, as to compelled to pursue the line of conleave me no reason to regret that I duct which I had traced out for myself; had, without attending to personal and, accordingly, I proceeded to the considerations, entered Parliament at House of Commons, where I made a most critical epoch. The rumour my promised motions, which you, of a dissolution being again current my Lord, did me the honour to se

cond, and for which support I have only to hope, that, sooner or later, your country will feel as deep a sense of gratitude as that which will ever remain in my own breast.


Mr. Fox did attend, but Lord Folkstone only and a few friends gave Mr. Paull any assistance; and it is well known, that the dissolution that followed put an end to any further proThe next day, having in the secution on the part of Mr. Paull. mean while received an expression of However, it appeared that this letter regret through Colonel M'Mahon, I to Lord Folkstone very strongly rewrote to Mr. Fox, fully describing commended Mr Paul to the notice the path from which I was resolved of Sir Francis Burdett.. never to depart; I depicted the mea- In the session of 1806, Mr. Paull sures and the conduct of Lord Wel- first distinguished himself by the lesley; I reminded him of the prin, charges which he preferred against ciples which I had imbibed from him; the Marquis of Wellesley. One of self; and I besought him in a tone the charges imputed to him the wanthe most urgent, and yet the most re- ton and profuse expenditure of the spectful, to spare me the sorrow, and Company's money for his own indiall his admirers the mortification of vidual luxury and vanity, particularly being compelled, by any connivance in the article of lamps for his own reof his at an attempt to screen Lord sidence. Another charge, respecting Wellesley, to think differently of him, his conduct towards the Nabob of. who had ever been the object of my Oude, criminated him for exacting esteen and yeneration. In answer immense sums from this prince, with to this letter, I received a note refer- out any provocation, and in opposiring the matter to a personal inter- tion to express orders from the Comview; which interview, after a sub- pany at home, and contrary also to sequent appointment, took place in existing treaties. He charged the February, when he, with his usual Marquis also, with demanding from frankness, told me, that, As Mr. this Nabob, the surrender of terSheridan had given up the prosecution ritories guaranteed by positive comof the conduct of Lord Wellesley pact with urging the disbanding of in the Carnatic, and as Mr. Francis his armies, and with treatment of dishad, in like manner, given up his respect and severity; and such degra proposed inquiry into the affairs of dation in the eyes of his subjects, the Mahrattahs, he had much wished, whom the Marquis was stated to have on account of Lord Grenville, who perpetually inflamed to disaffection had resolved to stand by Lord Wel- and rebellion, as were calculated to lesley, that further proceedings, on produce his resignation. my part also, could have been given These charges were brought for up with honour: that my letter, ward on Tuesday, April 22, 1800; however, had destroyed all hope of but whether they were deemed illthat sort; that, such being the case, supported by the majority of the and knowing, as he did, of the in- House, or whether the Marquis's tended Dispatch of the Court of Di- connection with the then existing mirectors, he would countenance a fair nistry afforded him any protection on investigation, but would, however, this occasion, more natural than just, pledge himself to no specific step to no resolution of impeachment was be taken therein; that, though he adopted. On the other hand, the would attend in his place, he would testimony of persons of great respecnot sound a trumpet in any interme- tability and information was brought diate stage of the discussions, but forward to prove, that the Marquis that, when the question was fairly possessed the complete confidence of brought before the House, he would the Marquis Cornwallis and of Lord conscientiously do his duty. It has, Teignmouth, and in every affair of added he, been suggested to us,' confidence, of his own council also; (the ministers) to withdraw, or to and that he had so conciliated the uakeep away, when the discussions upon tives of Oude, that after the beneficial this subject are to come on; and some treatment they had received from of us have been inclined to do so; him, they could never hear of his bat for my part, I cannot and will not being accused, or of his return to England, but with marked surprise

do that.


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