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see and pursue their prey during the tate alike the human spieces, have night; the cry of all of them is rough, the same manners, and the same has sharp, and frightful; their colours bits. The long-tailed perroquets are even are analogous, being black spots the apes of the old continent; the upon a ground of an earthy or yel. long and short-tailed perroquets are lowish shade. Vultures are heavy like the sapajous and the sagouins of and dirty, like badgers, &c.; like the new world. The lory perroquets them too they are cowardly, and live represent the makis, &c. These com. upon carrion or coarse flesh. Who parisons extend even to peculiarities, cannot discover an analogy between so much does nature seem to have ruminating animals and the birds of followed a road parallel to what she the hen species. In both, are there had traced in the formation of quadnot found many stomachs? The one rupeds. Thus the perroquets use ruminates their food, the other com- their long tails to climb more easily minutes it in their gizzard: the spurs on the trees, like the sapajous, who of the one represent the horns of the twine theirs round the branches. other. They are both polygamists, And if we consider these two families and both present a flesh grateful and of animals, always united under the nutritious to man. If the cow gives same heavens, always congregated inmilk, the hen lays eggs. The cock to society, disputing among each is the bull, as the capon is the ox. other for the same food, establishing The camel may be retraced in the a sort of communication of thoughts Ostrich; both live in the same cli- and manners, contracting a sort of mates; both have analogous man- intimacy by vicinity, and by the siminers. Rats and mice, which infest larity of their enotions, we cannot our houses, bave many points of re- fail, in comparing them accurately, to semblance with the sparrow and other observe how completely parrots are small birds that commit a thousand the apes of birds, and apes the parrots depredations in our fields and orchards. of quadrupeds. Besides, they are The sparrow, the swallow, nest under both equally worthy of occupying the our roofs, like mice and rats : the te- attention of the man who seeks only cundity is alike, and the colour eren for amusement, and of the philosoof each approaches by similar shades: pher who delights in observation. their instinct is the same. There are for example, the same species of apes emigratious of rats, &c. from one and parrots live together, and do not country to another, as among birds, intermix with other species of the whom winter and summer, plenty same genus. Each species of perroand want, hunt away and recal in quets, like each species of nionker, certain countries All gnawing quad- keeps to one country, without disrupeds have the greatest attinities persing among other races. They are with small granivirous and insecti- separate natives, each of which has vorous birds. Hogs, which wallow its customs and almost its governe in the mud, resemble geese and mal- ment. lärds, which delight in marshy places; These considerations are sufficientboth the one and the other become ly important to merit a detailed comvery tat; and they are both stupid parison in many particulars. It will and insensible. And in this manner be found, for exainple, that all those the analogies might be traced in the species of parrots which belong to different species, through the whole the ancient continent are never found creation.
in the new world, which is the same But, striking as these affinities are, with regard 10 apes. It may also be they are still more confirmed by observed that these two extensive and those which are observed between beautiful races live only in the hottest apes and parrots. These two fa- climates of the earth, and form, as it milies inhabit almost exclusively, thie were, a living circle round the globe; tropical regions of the old and new for these species of animals are found world; they go, equally, in troops, even in the most distant islands in the live on the saine fruits, keep upon the midst of the Atlantic Ocean and of same trees, make their nests and the Pacific Sea, the frigid zones ex• places of abode in the same spots, imi- cepted.
It will be remaked that if there are larged, her extremities fall and defifty or sixty different species of apes cay ; the wave of life succeeds the upon the earth, there are four or five wave of life, and every one finally times more of parrots; and nearly disappears in the ocean of eternity: the same proportion is observed bea Nlustrious Buffon! thou hast tallen tween the other analogous species of also! Nature, which thou knewest birds and quadrupeds The more one so well how to paint with so much of these families is numerous in the magnificence and majesty, has been one, the more it will also be in the equally inexorable towards thee, as others, because there are six or eight towards the blossom of spring, and times more birds than quadrupeds. the other species of animals; and we Thus the larger species are in gene- also must one day descend into the ral fewer than the smaller, for nature cold and sullen sepulchre. Buffon, multiplies them less in proportion as the great high priest of nature, has their size is greater. Of the elephant, fallen beneath her laws; who therefor example, there are not more than fore shall hope to elude them? If two or ihrce species, as also of the she had ever made an exception, that ostrich and cassowary; but rats and exception must have been in favour small birds are alınost innumerable. of Bution. He has tallen; but his It we find a family of birds in one writings remain : they are an eternal country, we are almost certain to finda foundation of his renown. The dust correspondent one of quadrupeds ; for, of the body vanishes atier a few years, like thie parrots and the apes, who but the genius that once inhabited it inhabit warm countries, so the ostrich remains ; it flows into the capacious and the cainel are found in the arid river of human generations. The sands of Lybia, the penguins and the tomb of the eloquent man remains albatross on the shores of the frozen not mute in the midst of men. seas, and the sea bears and the manati. The senseless stone which covers his The thread of analogy ought there- bones speaks loudly to the human fore to be followed in all its ramifica- heart. Such then is the resting place tions; and there is little reason to alike of the common man and of the doubt, that the time may yet come man of genius! Six feet of the vilest when the same analogies, or at least earth are the boundaries of human some shades of resemblance, may be grandeur! discovered between various classes of Thus individuals disappear and animals and plants; for already affi- science remains. It is not in ournities have been detected, and who selves, but in nature, whose immorcan pronounce where their similari- tal productions she unveils. We do ties inay end? Nature makes po vio- not create the sciences; we only dislent transition in organized bodies. cover them: they have existed in all Every thing emanates from one ge- ages, though they have not, in every neral stem, of which the different age, been cultivated. It is a rich and branches form the classes and the va- goodly mine, which we throw to the tural families; its boughs are the earth without knowing its value. species; its leaves represent the indi. The most certain method of ascertainviduals, which, like their archetype, ing its yet undiscovered veins, is to decay and renew perpetually. Lost follow the thread of analogy, because in the crowd of animated beings, we every thing is connected in the unicannot discover the primitive root of verse; noihing is isolated; nothing this ancient and eternal tree of life. can have an existence independantly Thus the leat withers on the tree, of a whole. Nature is an inmense without our knowing whence it draws sphere, of which each part becomes its origin, or what power formed it. the centre of the whole, and the limits It falls, and in the process of destruc- of which are lost in infinity. tion, furnishes food for the production of other living beings. Nature is young On the PRONUNCIATION of the LATIN in the enjoyment of eternal youth: she
LANGUAGE. wreck of matter ; in proportion as she I OBSERVE, Sir, the letter of F. R.
concerning my remarks on the developes herself and becomes en pronunciation of the learned languages; and it becomes requisite to not required. Had it been necessary, inform him that he has not only mis- he could scarcely overlook the author understood me, but considerably wan- who gave rise to the commentary; as dered beyond his own depth. His in Iliad 16, 698, where the repetiassertion that g &c. were uttered with tion, applied to Sarpedon, is produce a hard sound before e and i, is incor- tive of a melancholy grandeur, in rect; for there is good reason to be- communicating to our thoughts the lieve that the modern Italians coin- mental perspective of a hero's post. cide with the ancient Romans in allot. humous fame. Were Pope's annoting a soft sound to those letters, tation critically correct, in reference when thus situated. In Gruteri Vet. to Homer, thé imitation of Virgil or Inscript, we find that the sculptor fre- other poets could not operate in their quently engraved leciones for legiones, acquittal, since they are but his sucmacesterium for magesterium, cres- cessors, in regard to time; and truth, scentsianus in lieu of crescentianus, whether of moral or of critical senti. urbitcius for urbicius, &c. which are ment, is in all ages immutable. The certainly strong arguments, I might controversial virulence of Milton's almost say, direct proof, that the idea temper, and “pity 'tis 'tis true," has already stated is correct. He affirms perhaps rendered' Dr. Johnson and that the long sound of the vowels in others, but too willing to substitue, fixit, nupsit, and other words, is of in the conclusions of microscopic anasmall importance, because they are lysis, the irritability for the acuteness long by position ; but as my observa- of perception, and to extract a setions were directed to a ready acquisi, pulsive deformity trom the most ge. tion of prosody, without so much of nuine graces of organized nature. the present tedious process of scrib- June 7, 1808.
Σημα. . bling nonsense-verses, a very slight degree of reflection might have shown The Evils of SUSPICION; 2 Nar. him that in the etymons, figo and nubo,
rative. 1 and u are not long by position, al Seriorates the noblest
. It though they are so in fact. It follows, that in these words, and many degrades him who feels it, and it disthat might be added, a tyro cannot honours him who is unjustly its object. ascertain the quantity without a re. It is a characteristic of this passion too, ference to his gradus : for although that it is combined with sullenness, in these instances the pronunciation which fosters the former without is long, it will prove no guide to him, offering any opportunity for its rebecause the case is the same in a con- moval or decay. The mind of the siderable number, as licet, tumeu, suspicious man is closed against the which are in reality short. If how- rays of truth ; it dwells in voluntary ever, in the various inflexions he had and gloomy darkness; it feeds upon been universally accustomed to hear black and frightful images, and repels them uttered with the proper sound, the power that would turn it from its as in the etymon, much trouble would own abhorred repast. It is a willing of course be spared in a numerous slave to baseness: nor does it stop in class of vocables. Indeed, no rational its ignoble career, till it is awakened cause can be assigned for giving the i to truth and remorse by the shock of in figo the proper lengthened sound some necessary, but unexpected evil. of the same vowel in fines, and de- SUSPICOsus was married in early viating from the correct delivery in life to MARIA, and had found in marthe preterperfect, fixit, and the other riage such happiness as marriage was tenses. I'conclude with F.R. likely to give." MARIA had been care
P.S. Your Tower-Hill correspon- fully educated, and she possessed a dent, no doubt, feels a proper consi- fund of native good sense, joined to deration for the polite note of X. Y. a warm and feeling heart. She was from Warrington ; but, as his object elegant in her person, refined in her was merely to controvert the princi- manners, and frank in her disposition. ple on which Pope grounded his cen- She loved reading, and she had what sure of Milton, he might have conse- is a common consequence of reading, quently thought that quotation was a slight enthusiasm of character. She
was attentive in the exercise of her And spoil, like bales unopen'd to the san. domestic duties, and suffered nothing Had thought been all, sweet speech bad to impede the execution of what she
been denied ; considered as the peculiar functions of Speech! thoughli's canal: speech! thought's a wife. SuspICOSUS was the object
criterion 100. of ber choice, and marriage, when it It is a natural step from reading to had subdued the fervor of love, left composition. Perhaps no person who in ber bosom a lasting and sincere reads much has ever totally refrained affection.
from the attempt to commit his SUSPicosus had an unfeigned re- thoughts to paper. In the absence of gard for Maria; but it was a regard a friend, the power of composition that had its principle basis upon ex- relieves the mind from grief, and parternal recommendations. He was takes with it of joy; 'and Maria was not insensible of the virtues of her accustomed to employ this vehicle for lieart, but he had no high and gene, the alleviation of those feelings which rous feeling of them. He was some- are so common to sensible minds. times gratified by their consequences, But nothing could more deeply offend but he krew nor how to honour them Suspicosus than any sort of literary for themselves. He was fully alive, coinposition; he thought it an avehowever, to her personal attractions, pue to corruption: nay, in the narrow and listened with rapture to the ap- bigotry and ignorance of his mind, he plauses of his friends, as they com- thought it a degradation. Whenmended the dignity of her deport- ever, therefore, Maria indulged this ment or the beauty of her counte- solitary solace, she was compelled to nance. He was happy in the posses- destroy or conceal whatever she sion of a handsome wife, without re- wrote. flecting that the pleasure arising from It happened that one morning she the possession of beauty is the pleasure had translated from Rousseau's Heof a child over a gilded toy.
loise one of the most impassioned The mind of SUSPicosus was not letters from Julia to St. Preux. It enlarged, and he therefore partici- was done merely as an exercise, with pated but little in those mental plea
view to ascertain her accuracy, in sures which formed so considerable a the language she was then studying. part of the delights of Maria. He She had caught all the vivid glow of did not, however, forbid her to pur- the original: she was pleased with it; sue them, though he never omitted and instead of destroying it immediany opportunity of ridiculing the ately, as was her usual custom, she warmth of her expressions when she kept it to read a second time. spoke of any favorite author. He By some accident this translation always treated with sarcastic petu. fell from her pocket, and was picked lance her knowledge; affected to dis- up by Suspicosus. He knew his believe her progress in French and wife's hand, and read the letter with Italian, when she was learning those trembling and astonishment. What languages, and rudely suppressed her could it mean? To whom could it discourse when it rose above the level be addressed? Was she false and inof ordinary conversation. Maria pa- famous? Was she carrying on an tiently submitted to what she wisely intrigue even in the very house and considered as a small evil in the ac- under his very eye, with some aban. count of life; and willingly strove to doned seducer?'. Yes, she was; for be the companion of her husband, he held the evidence in his own when her husband was present. In hands. But still, he thought it imhis absence, could she find a friend possible, for the tenderness of her that would partake of her mental de- affection, the purity of her principles, lights, she was happy. She often re- and the little cause he had given for peated with warmth and feeling the such a deviation, were strong against lines of Young:
the presumption. Hast thou no friend to set thy mind abroach SUSPICOSUS wanted liberality of Good sense will stagnate. Thoughts, shut character; he was proud and reserved up, want air,
where he but thought an injury, and instead of coming forward in an open her paramour; if pensive, he had manly way to state the grievance come too soon, and disappointed her which he telt, he sinothered the real of an interview with him; if she smiled or fancied wrong within his bosom, at bis departure, it was from expecand it was only in bis dark and sullen tation; if she was sad, it was hypolook, in his cold and altered conduct, crisy. If she went abroad, it was to that you could read his displeasure. see him, or to receive letters; if she He kept the letter, but never ques- staid at home, the servant had been tioned Maria respecting its import bribed to bring them. Every thing or its destination.
she did or said was perverted, and Maria had missed the paper, but this constant irritation of mind reninnocence knows no fears. She rea- dered him at length habitually peevish, dily imagined that it might fall into cold, and sullen. the hands of SUSPICOSUS; but if it MARIA observed this fatal change did, she also thought that he must at in her husband, and sought in vain to once know trom its nature, from the tai hom the cause of it. Her heart acmanner in which it was written, that quitted her of any crime towards him, it could be nothing but what it was. and she felt that her love for him was
When they met at dinner, Suspi- still unabated. That love, however, cosus was silent and gioomy; and he was no longer amiable in his eyes, and retired to his own rooin inmediately its manifestation was repulsed with the meal was over. MARIA was disgust. Her hours of solitude were alarmed and hurt at this appearance, now no longer devoted to the pleasa but endeavoured to suppress any rising ing task of instruction, but to the fears, by attributing it to some chagrin corroding inroad of grief and sorrow: of mind arising froin causes in which she sought her chamber to weep unshe had no concern. At the tea table, disturbed, and she issued from it with however, Suspicosus was still the a countenance falsely dressed in desame, and when Maria attempted lusive smiles. to introduce any topic of discourse, The delicate frame of MARIA sunk he either made no answer, or replied under the poignancy of this conflict. with Jaconic sullenness. It was in The roses withered from her cheek; vain she urged him to disclose any the sparkling of lier eye was quenched. cause of sorrow or vexation that op- A slow and wasting disease brought pressed him: it was in vain she strove her to the bed of death; and, as she by every kind and gentle blandish- lay there, her husband first felt the ment, by every token of affection she iniquity of his conduct.
He now could employ, to induce him to re- thought her innocent and virtuous, veal the secret uneasiness he felt. In when her innocence and virtue could the apprehension of greater evils, she no longer adorn the ranks of society. forgot topics of meaver inport; the He saw her pallid countenance, her translated letter now no longer occu- sunken cheek, her withered form; and pied her mind; it was a trifle that belield them with agony. could find no place in her recollec- One morning, the last that ever tion. But her silence on this subject dawned upon the mortal sight of only served to aggravate the suspicion Maria, be approached her bed side of her husband: he thought it proceed with trembling; he threw himself ed from callous indifference, or else, upon his knees, and, in a faultering that the paper he had was but a rough voice, he questioned her about the let. sketch, how of no value, as the per- ter. The thought that now flashed fect copy had been dispatched to its across Maria's mind was electrical; object. Thus doubt increased doubt, she raised herself from her pillow; and each doubt created fresh anxiety, she explained the whole; in the tears His mind and feelings became warp- of her husband.she read his contried; he saw every action of Maria tion; she felt that she was again inthrough a new medium ; be heard nocent in his eyes, and with ihe ferevery word she uttered with a new vid glow of that consciousness upon sense. If she was gay at his return ber cheek, she expired! home, she had just been quitted by June 11, 1608.