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trust in God, to accept the battle for the defence of the fatherland

31 July, 1870 He leaves Berlin for the army, 1 Aug., and announces that “all Germany stands united in arms"

3 Aug The French government announce that * they

make war, not against Germany, but against Prussia, or rather against the policy of count Bismarck

2 Aug. The French under Frossari bombard and take Saar

bruck in the presence of the emperor and his son ; the Prussians, dislodged, retire with little

loss The duc de Grammont, Frenen foreign minister, pub

lishes a circular replying to Bismarck's charges against France

3 Aug. The crown prince crosses the Lauter, the boundary of France, and defeats the French under Frossard,

storming the lines of Wisembourg and Geisberg; Battle of Woerth : in a desperate, long-continued battle the crown prince defeats marshal Mac Mahon and the army of the Rhine ; they retire to Saverne to cover Nancy.

6 Aug Battle of Forbach: Saarbruck recaptured, and For

bach (in France) taken by generals Von Geben and Von Steinmetz, after a fierce contest; all the French retreat

6 Aug. General Turr publishes, in a letter, statements of

proposals by Bismarck for the annexation of Luxembourg and Belgium by France, in 1866 and 1867

6 Aug The emperor, reporting these defeats, says, " Tout

peut se rétablir" The Germans occupy Forbach, Haguenau, and Sanrguemines

7 Aug Marshal Bazaine appointed to the chief command

of the French army at Metz (about 130,000); MacMahon has about 50.000 near Saverne; Canrobert about 50,000 near Nancy

8 Aug. Nine French iron-clads pass Dover for the Baltic,

9 Aug. St. Avold occupied by the Germans Marshal Bazaine takes command of the army at

9 Aug. Metz

9 Aug. Phalsburg invested Treaty with Great Britain guaranteeing the neu

9 Aug. trality of Belgium, signed on behalf of Prussia, 9 Aug ; of France

11 Aug. Forced resignation of the Ollivier ministry, Aug. New ministry constituted under general Cousin Montauban, comte de Palikao, war minister,

10 Aug. Strasburg invested by the Germans . το Aur. The king of Prussia, at Saarbruck, proclaims that

"he makes war against soldiers, not against French citizens"

10 Aug. Lichtenburg capitulates to the Germans

10 Aug. MacMahon's army retreating upon the Moselle,

11 Aug. The little fortress, "La Petite Pierre," evacuated,

11 Aug Communication with Strasburg cut off 11 Aug Nancy occupied by the Germans without resistance,

12 Aug. The Bavarians pass the Vosges

. 12 Aug. The king at St. Avold forbids conscription for the French army in territories held by Germans,

13 Aug Marshal Bazaine made commander of the army of the Rhine

13 Aug. Bombardment of Strasburg begun

14 Ang. The French government declare that “there can

be, for a moment, no question of negotiation of peace" Blockade of the German ports on the Baltic, from

14 Aug. 15 Aug., announced by the French admiral,

14 Aug. Many French volunteer sharp-shooters (francs

tireurs) take the field (not recognised as soldiers

by the Germans) Toul refuses to surrender

gained by Von Steinmetz and the ist army,

14 Aug, 1870 2. Battle of Vionville or Mars-la-Tour, gained

by prince Frederick Charles and the and army

16 Aug. 3. Battles of Gravelotte and Rezonville, gained

by the combined arinies commanded by the king

18 Aug French sortie from Strasburg repulsed; German attack on Phalsburg repulsed

16 Aug. MacMahon reaches Châlons, 16 Aug ; joined by the emperor; his army between 130,000 and 150,000

20 Aug. , The king appoints governors-general of Alsace and Lorraine

17 Aug. Energetic fortification of Paris by gencral Trochu, the governor, and the “defence committee"

18 Aug. Estimated German losses: killed, wounded, and

missing, 2088 officers, 46,480 men; up to 18 Aug. Severe bombardment of Strasburg MacMahon's army of the Rhine retreats as the

Prussians under the king and crown prince advance; prince Frederick Charles opposed to Bazaine at Metz;[German armies in France about 500,000; the French arinies about 300,000; communications between marshals Bazaine and MacMahon very difficult]

about 20 Aug Lieut. Harthi, a Prussian spy, tried and shot at Paris

20 Aug MacMahon raises his camp at Châlons

20 Aug. The troops extended along the line of the Marne,

21 Aug. Exportation of food prohibited . Bazuine at Metz said to be completely isolated,

22 Aug. MacMahon at Rheims with his army, including the

remains of the corps of Failly and Caurobert; he marches in hope of joining Bazaine, 23 Aug; the crown-prince and prince of Saxony start in pur

suit, 23 Aug. ; march upon Châlons 24 Aug. Prussian royal head-quarters removed from Pont a Mousson to Bar-le-Duc (125 miles from Paris)

24 Aug The alleged violation of the neutrality of Belgium denied by its government

25 Aug. The Germans enter the arrondissement of Vassy,

25 Aug. Germans repulsed in an attack on Verdun, 25 Aug. 800 French national guards captured at St. Menehould

25 Aug. Châlons occupied by the Gennan's

25 Aug Capitulation of Vitry, a small fortress

. 25 Aug Formation of three German armies of reserve in

Germany, and a fourth army in the field, under the crown-prince of Saxouy, to co-operate with

the crown-prince of Prussia against Paris, 26 Aug. Strasburg suffering much by bombardment,

23-26 Aug Powerful sortie of Bazaine from Metz repulsed,

26 Aug Phalsburg heroically resisting

26 Aug. Thionville invested by the Germans

27 Aug Engagement at Busancy, between Vouziers and

Stenay: a regiment of French chasseurs nearly annihilated

27 Aug. Two German armies (220,000) marching on Paris,

28 Aug Continued retreat of MacMahon's army; severe fighting at Dun, Stenay, and Mouzon

28 Aug. Nicholas Schull, a Gerinan spy, shot at Metz, 28 Aug. Vrizy, between Vouziers and Attigny, stormed by

the Germans Municipal meetings at Berlin, Königsberg, and

other German cities, protest against foreign intervention for peace

30, 31 Aug. MacMahon's army,

about 150,000, accompanied by the emperor, retreating northwards; part of it, under De Failly, surprised and defeated near Beauinont, between Mouzon and Moulins; several other engagements, unfavourable to the French, oc

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14 Aug. The emperor retires to Verdun

14 Aug. Marshal Bazaine's army defeated in several long

continued sanguinary battles before Metz (see Mct2):-

1. Battle of Courcelles (Pange or Longeville)

curred during the day. Count Bismarck-Bohlen installed governor of Alsace at Haguenau

30 Aug. The Germans enter Carignan; attack the French i

the plain of Douzy; the French, at first successful, are defeated, and retreat to Sedan

31 Aug

30 Aug

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23 Sept.

A French army of old soldiers, about 100,000, are said to be forming near Lyons

· 31 Aug. 1870 Bazaine defeated in his endeavour to escape from Metz; after a fierce struggle, retreats into Metz,

31 Aug. 1 Sept. Battle round Sedan: begun at 4 a. m. between

Sedan and Douzy; the French at first successful; after a severe struggle and dreadful carnage, the Germans victorious ; MacMahon wounded, 5.30 p.m. ; general de Wimpffen refuses to accept the

terms offered by the king of Prussia 1 Sept. Capitulation of Sedan and the remainder of Mac

Mahon's anny: the emperor surrenders to the king (see Sedan)

2 Sept. Vigorons artillery action at Strasburg; a sortie repulsed

2 Sept. Revolution at Paris after the declaration of the

capture of MacMahon's army: proclamation of a republic (see France)

4 Sept. Rheims occupied by the Germans and the king,

5 Sept. Jules Fayre, the French foreign minister, in a

circular to the French diplomatic representatives, says, “We will not cede either an inch of our territories or a stone of our fortresses"

6 Sept. General Vinoy and a corps sent too late to aid

MacMahon; retreat and arrive in Paris, 6, 7 Sept. St. Dizier occupied by the Germans 7 Sept. Strasburg invested by 60,000 men

8 Sept. Verslun vigorongly resisting .

8 Sept. The German army, in five corps, advancing on Paris,

9 Sept. Leon surrendered to save the town from destruc

tion; by the accidental or treacherous explosion of a magazine some of the German staff and many French perish

9 Sept. Metz, Strasburg, Thionville, Phalsburg.' Toul, Bitsche, and other fortified places holding out,

10 Sept. Messages between belligerents transmitted by lord

Lyons (at Paris) and count Bernstorff (Prussian minister) in London

9-10 Sept. German attack on Toul repulsed

10 Sept. Bridge at Creil over the Oise blown up 12 Sept. Seven German corps (about 300,000 men) approach

ing Paris, which is said to contain 300,000 com

batants M. Thiers arrives in London on a mission from the government

13 Sept. Colmar occupied by the Germans 14 Sept. General Trochu reviews the troops in Paris, 13 Sept. ;

delivers a stirring address; the daily guard oriered to be 70,000

14 Sept. Estimated German loss: 60,000 killed and wounded;

between 20,000 and 30,000 sick; about 1000 prisoners

15 Sept. French prisoners in Germany: 62 generals, 4800 officers, 140,000 privates, about

15 Sept. Correspondence between count Bernstorff and earl

Granville respecting neutrality, said to have

been broken; denied by the earl 1-15 Sept. Sirge of Paris begun; ingress and egress prohibited

without a permit Blockade of the Elbe and Weser non-effective,

15 Sept.

attributed to the disorder of the Zouaves; the national guard behave well

19 Sept. 1870 Count Bismarck consents to receive Jules Favre

(about 16 Sept.); they meet at Château de la Haute Maison, 19 Sept. ; and at the king's headquarters, Ferrières, near Lagny

20 Sept. Jules Favre reports to the government the result

of his interviews with count Bismarck: Prussia demands the cession of the departments of the Upper and Lower Rhine and part of that of Moselle, with Metz, Château Salins and Soissons, and would agree to an armnistice in order that a French constituent assembly might meet; the French to surrender Strasburg, Toul and Verdun (or Phalsburg according to Favre), and Mont Valérien, if the assembly meet at Paris; these terms are positively rejected by the French government

21 Sept. Versailles and the troops there surrender, 19 Sept. ;

entered by the crown prince of Prussia 20 Sept. A lunette captured at Strasburg

20 Sept. General von Steinmetz sent to Posen as governor

general: prince Frederick Charles sole commander before Metz

. 21 Sept. Sèvres surrenders

22 Sept. The blockadle of German ports raised; officially announced in London

• 22 The French government issue a circular expressin:

readiness to consent to an equitable peace, but refusing “to cede an inch of our territory or a Three conflicts before Paris : at Drinev, Pierrefitte,

23 Sept. and Villejuif; the two last reported favourable to the French

23 Sept. Toul surrenders after a most vigorous resistance,

23 Sept. Lerée en masse of men under 25 ordered by the

French government Germans repulsed in conflicts before Paris ; said by them to be unimportant

23 Sept. Verdun invested by the Germans

25 Sept. Desperate inetfective sallies from Metz,

23, 24, 27 Sept. All the departments of the Seine and Mame occu

pied by Germans The iron cross given by the crown prince of Prussia

to above 30 soldiers beneath the statue of Louis XIV. at Versailles.

26 Sept. Circular of Von Thile, Prussian foreign minister,

stating that as the ruling powers in France decline an armistice, and as no recognised government exists in Paris (the government de facto being removed to Tours), all communications with and from Paris can only be carried on so far as the military events inay permit,

27 Sept. Clermont occupied by the Germans after a brief vigorous resistance, overcome by artillery,

27 Sept. Commencement of attack on Soissons 28 Sept. Capitulation of Strasburg, 27 Sept. ; formally surrendered

28 Sept. Sortie of general Vinoy's army (at Paris); repulsed,

after two hours' fighting, crown prince present ; above 200 prisoners taken; general Giulham killed

30 Sept. Above 375,000 national guards said to be in Paris,

30 Sept. Conflict near Rouen; at first favourable to the

French ; their loss 1200 killed and wounded : 300 prisoners.

30 Sept. Beauvais captured by the Germans

30 Sept. Mantes occupied by the Germans

26 Sept.

99

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15 Sept. Important circular of M, Favre, condemning the war and recognising the obligations of the country,

17 Sept. Circular letters of count Bismarck, recounting the

history of French aggressions on Germany, and asserting the necessity of obtaining material guarantees for the future safety of Germany, and removing the frontiers and point of attack further west

13, 16 Sept. Prussian head-quarters at Meux (20 miles from Paris)

18 Sept. 32

German merchant ships reported to have been captured by the French fleet up to 18 Sept. Vessels sunk in the Seine and Marne, and other

vigorous defensive measures adopted, 18, 19 Sept. Paris said to be completely invested; the fortifica

tions reconnoitred by the king, who has fixed his head-quarters at Baron Rothschild's château at Ferrieres, near Lagny

19 Sept. Three French divisions under general Vinoy attack

the Germans on the heights of Sceaux; repulsed with loss of 7 guns and 2500 prisoners: the defeat

1 Oct. Circular from count Bismarek, disclaiming any intention of reducing France to a second-rate power,

1 Oct. The American general Burnside visits M. Favre,

i Oct. Surgeon-major Wyatt writes that Paris is well

provisioned, and nearly inexpugnable 1 Oct. M. Thiers' fruitless visit to Vienna, 23 Sept. ; to St. Petersburg, 27 Sept. ; dined with the czar,

2 Oct. The grand duke of Mecklenburg at Rheims ap

pointed governor of the country conquered in addition to Alsace and Lorraine

2 Oct. M. Favre, in the name of the diplomatic body,

requests count Bismarck to give notice before

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bombarding Paris, and to allow a weekly courier ; Gen, Bourbaki accepts the command at Tours ; the count declines both requests, but permits the gen. La Motte Rouge superseded in the command

passage of open letters : reported . 3 Oct. 1870 of the army of the Loire by gen. D'Aurelle de Count Bismarck in a circular corrects Favre's re

Paladines

12 Oct. 1870 port of the negotiations, and accuses the French Battalions of Amazons said to be forming in Paris, government of keeping up the difficulties opposed

12 Oct. to a conclusion of peace; reported

3 Oct.

Favourable intelligence from Paris by balloons reEpernon and La Ferto occupied by the Germans

ceived after an engagement

Garibaldi appointed commander of the French The king's head-quarters removed to Versailles; irregulars.

12 Oct. arrival of the king, Bismarck, Moltke, and others, Epinal captured by the Germans

12 Oct. 5 Oet.

M. Arlès Dufour of Lyons appeals to the people of The Germans victors in several small engagements,

Great Britain for active sympathy in endeavouring 2-6 Oct. to obtain peace.

12 Oct. General Treskow, in command of a German army, Breteuil occupied by the Germans after a sharp to advance into Southern France

resistance

12 Oct. Colmar occupied by the Prussians for an hour, Slight engagements (termed victories by the French)

5 Oct.

before Paris Battle at Thoury ; General Reyan, with the ad All the Vosges vistrict in arms; no regular army; vanced guard of the army of the Loire under

the defiles occupied by the francs-tireurs, 13 Oct. general La Motte Rouge, defeats the Germans Reported successful sorties; Neu Breisach combetweel Chaussy and Thoury, and captures some pletely invested prisoners and cattle

Reported French success at Bagneux, near Paris-Fictitious inanifesto of the emperor Napoleon III., the Prussians surprised

13 Oct. entitled “les Idées de l'Empereur, advocating St. Cloud tired on by the French and burnt, peace on moderate terins, dated 26 Sept., pub

13, 14 Oct. lished in the imperialist journal in London, La Frequent sorties from Metz

about 14 Oct. Situntion, and in Daily News, 4 Oct. ; disclaimed Sharp tight at Ecouis ; the French escape from by the emperor

6 Oct.

being surrounded M. Thiers' mission to foreign courts reported to be Gambetta amounces that the Germans are disquite abortive

6 Oct.

lodyed from their innermost belt round Paris, Part of the army of Lyons, under general Dupré,

defeated by the Badenese under general Von M. Thiers arrives at Florence ; Garibaldi at BesanGegenfeld, near St. Rémy; French loss, about

CON 1500, and 660 prisoners ; German loss, about 430, Gen. Boyer, aide-le-camp to marshal Bazaine, ar

6 Oct.

rives at Versailles and meets count Bisinarck, General Burnside leaves Paris in order to meet count Bismarck

Gen. Trochu's letter to the mayors of Paris, on reGreat sortie from Netz; the Germans surprised; organising the national guari and repressing the 40,000 French engaged ; repulsed after severe con

ardent desire for immediate action ficts; French loss, about 2000; German, about Soissons surrenders after three weeks' investment 600

and four days' bombardment.

16 Oct. Estimated number of French prisoners in Germany, French successes before Paris denied by the Prus3577 officers, and 123,700 men

8 Oct.

sians, who hold the same position as on 19 Sept. Neu Breisach bombarded 8 Oct.

16 Oct. Breton volunteers organising by M. Cathelineau : M. Gambetta proceeds to the army of the Vosges ; volunteers in the west organising by general

gen. Bourbaki appointer cominander of the army Charette (from Rome)

8 Oct.

of the north ; gen. Mazière appointed to a comGerman attack on St. Quintin vigorously repulsed, mand in the army of the Loire

8 Oct.

Montdidier attacked by the Germans : 150 mobile Long despatch from count Bernstorff to earl Gran

guards captured ville, complaining of the British supplying arms The emperor Napoleon declares that “there can be to France,

8 Oct.

no prospect of peace, near or remote, on the basis M. Thiers again at Vienna

8 Oct.

of ceding to Prussia a single foot of French Garibaldi arrives at Tours ; enthusiastically re territory; and no government in France can ceived; reviews the national guard at Tours,

attach its signature to such a treaty and remain

in power a single day" Direct mediation declined by Russia, Great Britain, 4000 French attacked and defeated near Châteaudun and Spain

10 Oct.

after ten hours' fighting and the barricaded towni Prussian circular to the European powers, regret

stormed

18 Oct. ting the obstinate resistance of the French govern Circular of Jules Favre, asserting that Prussia ment to peace, and foretelling the consequences

coldly and systematically pursues her task of --social disorganisation and much starvation,

annihilating us. France has now no illusions

10 Oct. ',, left. For lier it is now a question of existence. Ablis, near Paris, burnt for alleged treachery

We prefer our present sufferings, our perils, (killing sleeping soldiers).

Io Oet.

and our sacrifices to the consequences of the M. Gambetta escapes from Paris by a balloon, 7 inflexible and cruel ambition of our enemy. Oct. ; in his proclamation at Tours, states that

France needed, perhaps, to pass through a Paris possesses 560,000 troops ; that cannon are

supreme trial-she will issue from it transfigured," cast daily, and that women are making cartridges ;

18 Oct. he urges unanimous devoted co-operation in Asserted repulse of the Germans at Fort Issy before carrying on the war

10 Oct.
Paris.

18 Oct. Part of the army of the Loire defeated at Arthenay, Despatch from carl Granville to count Bismarck near Orleans, by Bavarians under Von der Tann ;

urging the negotiations for peace on terms lenient about 2000 prisoners taken

10 Oct.
to the French

20 Oct Prussian attack on Cherizy repulsed 10 Oct. Conclusive reply of earl Granville to count BernFrench reply to Bismarck's circular on the negotia

storff's charge of breach of neutrality

• 21 Oet. tions.

10 Oct. Vigorous sortie from Mont Valérien against VerAbout 20 villages burnt, and 150 peasants shot for sailles ; an engagement at Malmaison ; the French illicit warfare

up to ni Oct.

retire after three hours' lighting, losing about The french fleet appears off Heligoland.

11 Oct.

400 killed and wounded and 100 prisoners ; Ger3000 national guard mobilised at Rouen

11 Oct.

man loss about 230 killed and wounded, 21 Oct. Three first shots fired against Paris.

II Oct.

Chartres occupied by the Germans under Wittich, Orleans captured by gen. Von der Tann after nine

21 Oct. hours' fighting: the army of the Loire defeated Intervention of the British government (supported retires behind the Loire

· 11 Oct.

by the neutral powers) to obtain an armistice for Stenay captured by a sortie from the French garri

the election of a national assembly

21 Oct. sou of jon Induy .

11 Oct.
Vesoul occupied by the Germans .

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Many deserters from Metz

204-22 Oct. 1870 Failure of the negotiation, as count Bismarck will. Schelestadt bombarded vigorously

22 Oct.

not perinit food to enter Paris during the armisEngagement near Evreux.

22 Oct.

tice without any military equivalent ; M. Thiers 11870 Fighting at Vouray, Cussey, &c., in the Vosges ; ordered to break off negotiation

6 Nov. French "army of the east" defeated

Châteaudun recaptured by the French 6 Nov. German attack on Châtillon le Duc repulsed by gen. The Prussian semi-official journal says, “ The Carubriels

22 Oct.

French government having refused to listen to M. de Kératry assumes command of the army in

reason the cannon will be resorted to for giving Brittany

them a lesson" St. Quentin taken by the Germans after half an Bombardment of Thionville

7 Nov. hour's cannonading, 21 Oct. ; evacuated by them, Circulars on the arinistice negotiations-of M.

Favre, 7 Nov. ; of Count Bismarck 8 Nov. Reported failure of the suggestions concerning an The king's permission for the election of a French armistice, through Prussia demanding that

national asseinbly declined by the French governFrance should consent to a cession of territory,

Orders that no one shall enter or quit Paris, Nov. Gambetta informs the mayors of towns that "re- A Prussian column repulsed in an attack on the sistance is more than ever the order of the day,"

army of the Loire at Marchenoir Capitulation of Verslun

8 Nov. Reported negotiations for the surrender of Metz, Seven persons, captured in balloons from Paris, sent

to German fortresses to be tried by court martial, Thiers undertakes the mission to obtain an armistice,

8 Nov. about 24 Oct. The French fleet off Heligoland

8 Nov. Capitulation of Schelestadt (2400 prisoners and 120 German corps, under Manteuffel, advancing on guns taken).

Amiens and Rouen

8 Nov. A girl calling herself a successor of Jeanne d'Arc at Firm circular from M. Favre to French diplomatic Tours

representatives, about.

8 Nov. Marslial Bazaine surrenders Metz and his army, The Germans enter Montbeliarit (Doubs)

9 NoY. ** conquered by famine" (see Metz)

The Germans, under gen. Von der Tann, defeated The French defeated near Gray (Haute Saône) by

between Coulmiers and Baccon, near Orleans, von Werler

retire to Thoury About 2000 sick and wounded of both nations in M. Thiers' report of the unsuccessful negotiations Versailles

for an armistice

dated 9 Nov. Le Bourget, near Paris, recaptured by the French, Reported naval victory of the Prussian steamer

28 Oct.

Meteor over the French steamer Doucet off A safe conduct given to M. Thiers to enter Paris for

Havannah negotiation

28 Oct. Continued fighting; orleans retaken by general Despatch from count Bismarck to earl Granville,

D'Aurelle de Palarlines; French losses, 2000; expressing desire for the meeting of a French

Germans about 700, and 2000 prisoners

10 Nov. national assembly to consider terms of peace; but Capitulation of Neu Breisach, 5000 prisoners and stating that overtures must come from the French,

100 guns taken

Io Nov. 28 Oct. The French repulsed near Montbeliard on the Swiss Badenese troops defeated near Besançon; Prus

frontier

10 Nov. sian attack on Formerie on the Oise repulsed,

Von der Tann's ariny reinforced by 30,000, now 28 Oct.

70,000, the grand duke of Mecklenburg comGen. Von Moltke created a count on his 70th birth

mander; the Loire army about 150,000, but only day.

28 Oct.
12,000 regulars.

12 Nov. Vigorous proclamation of Bourbaki to the French Bankers at Berlin and Frankfort arrested for dealarmy of the north

29 Oct.
ing in French war loan.

about 12 Nov. The crown prince and prince Frederick Charles Dóle, near Dijon, occupied by the Germans,

created field-marshals . Dijon captured after bombardinent

Calm, truthful proclamation of gen. Trochu, at The franes-tireurs defeated by the Würtembergers

Paris. between Montereau and Nangis .

The armies in central France have been placed Estimated : 856,000 Germans in France; French under prince Frederick Charles and the grand prisoners in Germany, 223,000

duke of Mecklenburg Le Bourret retaken by the Germans ; heavy losses on Eleven French towns, 3653 guns, 155 mitrailleuses,

both sides ; about 1200 French prisoners, 30 Oct. nearly 500,000 chassepots, about go cagles and Proclamation of Gambetta, accusing Bazaine of standaris, and nearly 4,000,000l. in money, taken trason ; the war to go on .

by the Germans

up to 14 Nov. M. Thiers enters Paris

Montmédy completely invested

15 Nov. Garibaldi defending Dóle (Jura) with about 7500 French sorties from Mézières repulsed, 15 Nov.;

31 Oct,
from Belfort repulseil

16 Nov. M. Thiers receives powers from the French defence The grand Juke of Mecklenburg repulses the army government to treat for an armistice, and has in

of the Loire near Dreux, which is captured by terviews with count Bismarck, 31 Oct. and 1 Nov.

Von Treskow Gen. Bourbaki attempting to form an army of the

Successful French sortie from Mézières, 500 Ger. north, near Lille

Oct. Nov.

mans said to be killed Thionville invested

I Nov. Germans victorious in an engagement near ChaThe franes-tireurs dispersed in several slight en

teaudun; French claim the success 18 Nov. gagements between Colmar and Belfort, 2, 3 Nov. Ricciotti Garibaldi said to have beaten 700 or 800 Letter from marshal Bazaine repelling the charge

men at Châtillon of treason

2 Nov.

The national guard at Evreux repulse à German Count Bismarck offers an armistice of 25 days

attack.

19 Nov. for the election of a French national assembly, The German army under prince Frederick Charles

and the grand duke of Mecklenburg (135,000) Defeat of an attempted revolution in Paris : see

said to be retreating towards Paris France

3 Vor.

Paris engiruled with a second line of investment, M. Fuvre declares to the national giard that the

20 Noy. government has sworn not to yield an inch of French attempt to release La Fère repulsed with territory, and will remain faithful to this engage

heavy loss

· 20 Nov. ment

3 Nov.

Several balloons from Paris captured about 20 Nov. Proclamation of Garibaldi to the army of the French mobile guard defeated at Bretoncelles, Vosges, and appealiug to other nations,

21 Nov. about 3 Nov. Bombardment of Thionville begun. Campune de 1870 : par un Oficier attaché à l'état Hain occupied by the Prussians.

· 22 Nov. major-général" (a painphlet ascribed to the em- Prince Frederick Charles takes up a position near peror), appears in the Daily Telegraph, 4 Nov.

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Thionville, in flames, capitulates, with about 2000 prisoners

24 Nov, 1870 The Germans repulsed near Amiens and near Stagil, La Fère surrenders, after two days' bombardment,

with about 70 giuns and 2000 men The Garibaldians defeated near Pasques (Côte d'Or) by Von Werder

27 Nov. The French army of the north defeated by Man

teuffel between Villers Bretonneux and Soleur,

near Amiens Amiens occupied by Von Goeben after a severe engagement

28 Noy. Severe engagement near Beaune la Rolande (Loiret) between part of the army of the Loire under D'Aurelle de Paladines and the Germans under Voigts Rhetz; prince Frederick Charles arrives and turns the day; the French retire ; heavy loss on both sides

28 Nov. M. de Kératry resigns his command, accusing M. Gambetta of misconduct, 28 Nov.; Bourbaki ap

pointed to command an army corps Fruitless endeavours of the army in Paris and the army of the Loire to unite

29 Nov - 4 Dec. Sorties from various parts of Paris repulsed with

loss Great sortie of 120,000, 'under generals Trochn and

Ducrot, who cross the Marne; severest contlict between Champigny-sur-Marne, Brie-sur-Marne, and Villiers-sur-Marne; the French retain the taken possessions, but their advance is checked; great loss on both sides (chiefly Saxons and Wiir

tembergers engaged) The contest resumes at Avron; the Germans retake

Champigny and Brie; the French retreat 2 Dec, Ducrot bivouacks in the woods of Vincennes,

3 Dec. : he issues a final order of the day, referring to two days' glorious battles

4

Dec. The arny of the Loire: Chanzy defeated by the

grand duke of Mecklenburg at Bazoche des Hautes, 2 Dec, ; near Chevilly (the French report

these engagements indecisive). Prince Frederick Charles dislodges an encampment

in the forest of Orleans. General D'Aurelle de Paladines entrenched before

Orleans; proposes to retreat; the government opposes him, but yields; he deterinines to await the attack; part of his army defeated by prince Frederick Charles, and the grand duke of Mecklenburg: he retreats with alout 100,000 men: Orleans threatened with bombarlment; surrenders

at midnight The Germans said to be in pursuit of D'Aurelle de

Paladines (superseded) 10,000 prisoners, 77 guns, and 4 gun-boats cap

tured at Orleans Rouen occupied by Manteuffel

6 Dec, General order of the king of Prussia, “We enter

on a new phase of the war ... Every attempt to break through the investinent or relieve Paris has failed "

6 Dec. The grand duke of Mecklenburg attacks gen.

Chanzy and the army of the Loire near Beaugency; indecisive, 7 Dec.; the Germans victo. rious, taking about 1100 prisoners and six guns, and occupying Beaugency (severe loss to Germans),

8 Dec. Gen. Manteuffel's army in two parts, one occupies

Evreux, and marching to Cherbourg; the other marching to Havre

8 Dec. Continued severe engagements between the Ger

mans and the army of the Loire; the defeated

French retreat (7 battles in 9 days)
Vigorous siege of Belfort; obstinately defended,
Pamphlet (attributed to the emperor Napoleon)

published under the name of his friend, the mar-
quis de Gricourt, throwing the blame of the war
upon the French nation

early in Dec. Fighting along the whole line of the army of the

Loire, under general Chanzy and others; it retreats, but obstinately resists

5-10 Dec. Brilliant action by De Chanzy

11 Dec The delegate government transferred from Tours to

Bordeaux; Gambetta reinains with the army of

the Loire Dieppe occupied by the Germans

3 Dec,

La Fére threatened by Faidherbe, commander of the arıny of the north

12 Dec. 1870 Phalsburg surrenders, subdued by famine; com

mencement of bombardment of Montmely,
Evreux and Blois occupied by the Germans, 13 Dec.
Montmédy surrenders
Sharp engagement at Fréteval; which is taken and

abandoned by the Germans
Nuits near Dijon captured by the Badenese under

Von Werder, after a severe conflict 18 Dec. The French government issue a circular against the

propagation of false news. Contlict at Monnaie: about 6000 French gardes mobiles driven back to Tours

20 Dec. Vigorous sortie froin Paris repulsed—an artillery action.

21 Dec. Tours partially shelled; submits, but not occupied by Germans

21 Dec. Chanzy and part of the army of the Loire said to have reached Le Mans and joined the Bretons, about

21 Dec, Seven hours' battle at Pont à Noyelles between

Manteuffel and the army of the north under Faidherbe: both claim the victory; Faidherbe re

treats Six English colliers, said to have hai Prussian per

mits, after delivering coal at Rouen, are sunk in the Scine at Duclair near Havre by the Prussians for strategic reasons

21 Dec. Explanation given by Bismarck and compensation promised .

26 Dee. Chanzy, in a letter to the German commandant at

Vendôme, accuses the Germans of cruelly pillaging St. Calais, and, denying his defeat, says, “We have fought you and held you in check since 4 Dec.”

26 Dec. Trochu said to be making Mont Valérien a vast

citadel. Mont Avron, an outlying fort near Paris, after a

day's bombardment, abandoned and occupied by

the Germans Alleged defeat of the Germans by detachment of

Chanzy's army near Montoire Several small engagements in Normandy-reported successful to the French

28-31 Dec. Capitulation of Mézières with 2000 men and 106

1, 2 Jan. 1871 Severe battles near Bapaume between the army of

the North under Faidherbe and the Germans under Manteuffel and Von Geben; victory claimed by

both, the French retreat Indecisive conflict near Dijon le Mans: between general Chauzy and prince Frederick Charles,

6 Jan. Daujoutin, S. of Belfort, stormed by Germans, 6 Jan. Bombardment of eastern front of Paris, and of the

southern forts, 4 Jan. ; forts of Issy and Vanvres
silenced

6 Jan.
Fortress of Rocroy taken by the Germans, 5, 6 Jan.
General Roy defeated near Jumieges
Von Goeben in the north, Manteuffel sent to the east

about 7 Jan. Conflicts (in the east) between Von Werder and

Bourbaki at Villarais, south of Vesoul 9, 10 Jan. Bombardment of Paris, many buildings injured,

and people killed : the French government appeal

to foreign powers Capitulation of Péronne with garrison Chanzy retreating : defeated near Le Mans by prince

Frederick Charles and the grand duke of Mecklenburg

II Jan. Prince Frederick Charles enters Le Mans; after 6

days' tighting, (about 20,000 French prisoners made ; German loss about 3400)

12 Jan. Vigorous sorties from Paris repulsed 13 Jan. Chanzy retreating, 14 Jan. ; defeated near Vosges,

15, 16 Jan. Indecisive conflicts between Bourbaki and Von Werder, near Belfort

15, 16 Jan. St. Quentin recaptured by Isnard under Faidherbe,

27 Der.

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11 Dec

12 Dec,

16 Jan. Bourbaki defeated near Belfort after three days'

fighting, 15-17 Jan. ; retreats south 18 Jan, The grand duke of Mecklenburg enters Alençon, Bombardment of Longwy begun

17 Jan' 17 Jan.

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