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WHEN Mr. Joseph Haydn first published this work (in 1841), it was well received, as supplying a public want; and six editions had been sold, in 1855, when I was earnestly requested by Mr. Edward Moxon to superintend the printing of a new edition. This led eventually to my undertaking its thorough renovation, which has been effected by long continued labour in revision and in selection from an abundance of valuable materials; and now little of the original work remains, although the present edition contains fully one-third more matter than the sixth, published in 1853, at the same price. The new features include Chronological Tables at the beginning of the volume, innumerable literary, scientific, topographical, and geographical facts inserted in the body of the work, and a Dated Index. To make room for these additions the size of the page has been greatly enlarged, many articles have been condensed or printed in smaller type, and much useless matter has been expunged.

Encouraged by success, I hope still to maintain the reputation which this work has attained, by sedulously endeavouring to make it, not a mere Dictionary of Dates, but a dated Cyclopædia, a digested summary of every department of human history, brought down to the eve of publication. I have endeavoured to act under the influence of the old maxims : " Homo sum ; humani nihil a me alienum puto," and "Nulla dies sine lineâ ;” and gratefully acknowledge the kindness of those friends who have pointed out some of the errors and omissions, which are almost unavoidable in a work of such scope and magnitude.

The more important events that have occurred during the printing of this edition are noticed in the Addenda.

BENJAMIN VINCENT.

ROYAL INSTITUTION, Aug., 1873.

PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION.

THE design of the Author has been to attempt the compression of the greatest body of general information that has ever appeared in a single volume, and to produce a Book of Reference whose extensive usefulness may render its possession material to every individual—in the same manner that a London Directory is indispensable, on business affairs, to a London merchant.

The Compiler persuades himself that the DICTIONARY OF DATES will be received as a useful companion to all Biographical works, relating, as it does, to things as those do to persons, and affording information not included in the range or design of such publications.

JOSEPH HAYDN.

LONDON, May, 1841.

(Died Jan. 17, 1856.)

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CASTILE AND

LEOX.

ARRAGON.

PORTUGAL.

1066. Will. I. 1057. Malc. 3. 1060. Philip I.

1066. Sancho II. 1065. Sancho. 1093. Donald

1065. Sancho of 1056. Hen. 4, 1064. Solom.

Castile. 1087. Will. II. 1094. Dunc.

emperor.
1094. Donald
1072. Alfonso VI.

1072. Alfonso VI.

1075. Geisa. again.

1076. Lad. 1. 1098. Edgar.

1094. Peter.
1093. Henry,

1098. Colocount.

man, 1100. Hen. I. 1107. Alex.I. 1108. Louis VI.

1109. Urraca and 1104. Alfonso I.
Alfonso VII.

1112. Alfonso, as 1106. Hen.5. 1114. Step. 2. 1124. Dav. I.

count.

1126. Alfon. VII. 1135. Steph. 1137. Louis VII.

1125. Loth.2. 1131. Bela 2.

1134. Ramiro. 1154. Hen. 2. 1153. Mal.IV.

1137. Petronella

1139

Alfonso I., 1138. Conr.3. 1141. Geisa 3. 1157. Sancho III.

and Raymond as king.
1165. Will.
1158. Alfon. VIII.

1152. Fred. 1.

1161. Step.3. 1172. (Ireld.

1163. Alfonso II. onnered.)

1180. Philip II. 1189. Rich.Í.

1188. Alfon. IX.
(Leon.)

1173
Bela

3. 1199. John.

1185. Sancho I. 1190. Hen. 6. 1196. Peter II.

1198. Philip. 1196. Emeric 1214. Alex.2. 1216. Hen. 3.

1214. Henry I.

1213. James I.
1223
Louis VIII.

1212. Alfonso II. 1208. Otho 4 1204. Ladis

las II. 1217. Ferdin. III. 1226. Louis IX. (Castile.)

1215. Fred. 2. 1205. An1223. Sancho II.

drew II. 1230. (Leon.)

1235. Bola

4. 1249. Alex. 3. 1252. Alfonso X.

1248. Alfon. III. 1250. Con. 4.

1254. Will.

1257. Rich. 1272. Ed. I. 1270. Philip III.

1276. Peter III. 1282. (Wales Interregnum.

1270. Ste. 4.

1279. Dionysius 1273. Ro- 1272, Lad. 3. annexed.) 1285. Philip IV. 1284. Sancho IV. 1285. Alfons. III.

or Denis. dolph.
1292. John
Baliol.
1295. Ferdin. IV.

1292. Adolp.
1291.
James II.

1298. Alb. 1. 1290. And. 3. 1307. Ed. II. 1306. Robert (Bruce) I. 1314. Louis X.

1308. Hen. 7. 1301. Charo1312, Alfonso XI. 1316. John II.

1314. Lou. 5.

bert. 1327. Ed.III. 1329. Dav.II. Phil. V.

1327. Alfonso IV. 1325. Alfonso IV.
1332. Ed. Bal. 1321. Chas. IV.
1342. Dav. II. 1328. Phil. VI.
again.
1336. Peter IV.

1342. Louis. 1350. Peter.

1347. Chas.4. 1364. Chas. V.

1357. Peter.

1369. Henry. 1377. Rich.2. 1371. Rob.II.

1367. Ferdinand. (Stuart).

1379. John I. 1380. Chas. VI.

1378. Wen1390. Rob.3.

1383. John I. ceslas. 1382. Mary.

1390. Henry II. 1387. John I. 1399. Hen. 4.

1387. Mary & 1395. Martin.

1400. Rupert Sigismund. 1406. Jas. I. 1413. Hen. 5.

1406. John II.
1422, Chas. VII.
1410. Interregnm.

1410. Sigismund. 1422. Hen...

1412. Ferdinand 1437. Jas. II.

of Sicily.

1416. Alfonso V. 1433. Edward.
1460.Jas. III.
1454. Henry IV.

1438. Alfonso V.

1438. Albert. 1461. Ed.IV. 1461. Louis XI.

1458. John II. 1474. Isabella.

1440. Fred. 3./1440. Lad.

4. 1479. Ferdin. II.

1445. Lad. 5. 1481. John II.

1458. Mat1483. Ed. V.

Spain. 1483. Chas. VIIJ.

thias. 1485. Hen.7. 1488. Jas. IV.

1479. Ferdinand and Isabella.

1495. Emanuel. 1493. Max. 1. 1490. Lad. 6. 1498. Louis XII.

1499. Switz.

independ.

1350. John.

Rich. 3.

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1066. Halstan. 1069. Olaf.
1047. Sweyu II. 1058. Boles- 1068. Rom. 4

1061. Alex. II.
1076. Harold. las.
1080. Canute IV. 1082. Ladis- 1071. Mich.7. 1073. Greg. VII.
1086. Olaus IV. las.

1078. Nicep. 3 1086. Victor III. 1ogo. Ingo. 11093. Magnus.

1081. Alexius 1088. Urban II. 1095. Eric I.

1099. l'ascal II. 1112. Philip 1103. Sigurd I., 1105. Eric II. 1102. Boles, 31118. John 1118. Ingo II, and others,

118. Gelas. II.

Comnenus. 1119. Calixt. II. 1129. Swerker. 1122, Sigurd I. 1130. MagnusIV.

1124. Honor. II.
and others.

1130. Innoc, II.
1137. Eric III.
1138. Lad. 2. 1143. Manuel 1143. Celest. II.

1131. Roger I.

Comnenus. 1144. Lucius II.

1147. Sweyn III. 1145. Boles.4 1155. Eric I.

1145. Eugen. III. Canute V.

1153. Anasta. IV. 1154. William I. 1157. Waldemar. 1161. Char. VII. Civil aar and

1154. Adrian IV. 1167. Canute. anarchy.

1159. Alex. III. 1166. William II. 1173. Miecis- 1180. Alex.2. 181. Lucius III.

las III. 1183. Andro- 185. Urban III. 1178. Ca

nicus C. simir II.

1187. Greg. VIII.

1185. Isaac 2. 1136. Swcrro.

Clem. III. 1189. Tancred. 1182. Canute VI.

1195. Alex. 3. 1191. Celest. III.'1194. William III. 1199. Swerk, II.

1194. Lesk.5.

1198. Innoc. III. |1197. Fred. Il. of Germany. 1210. Eric II. 1202, Hako III. 1202. Walde. II. 1200. Miec. 3. 1 204. Theodo. 1216. Honor. III. 11216. John I. and others.

1202. Lad. 3.1222. Job 1222. Eric III. 1207. Hako IV.

1227. Greg. IX. 1227.Boles.5. Ducas.

1241. Celest. IV. 1241. Eric IV.

1243. Innoc. IV. 1250, Conrad. 1250. Abel.

1255. Theo.2. 1254. Alex. IV. 1252. Christoph.

1254. Conradin.

1258. John 1250. Birger Jarl

1261. Urban IV. 1258. Manfred. 1259. Eric V.

Lascaris.

1265. Clem. IV. 1266. Charles of Anjou, 1263. Magnus VI.

1259. Mich.8. 1268-9. Vacant. 1266. Waldemar,

1271. Gregory X.
1276. Innoc. V.

Adrian V. 1275. Magnus I.

1276. John XXI. 1279. Lesk.6.

Sicily. 1280. Eric.

1277. Nichol. III,
1281. Martin IV.

1282. Peter
1285. Honor. IV.
1289. Anarch. 1282. Andro- 1288. Nich. IV.

of Arragon. 1290. Birger II.

1285. Chas.2, 1285. James, 1290. Premis

nicus II.

1292-3. Vacant. 1299. Hako V.

1294. Celest. V. 1296. Ladis. 4

Bonif.VIII.

1295. Fred.2.

las.

1300. Win

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1320. Christo

1303. Bened. XI. 1309. Robt.
ceslas.
pher II.

1305. Clement V.

(Avigmon). 1334. Interregnm. 1333. Cas. 3. 1332. And. 3. 1316.John XXII.

:314-15. Vacani. 1340. Wald. III.

1334. Bene. XII.

1337. Peter 2. 1341. John5. 1342. Clem. VI. 1343. Joan 2, 1342. Louis, 1352. Innoc. VI.

& Andrew 1355. Fred. 3. 1375. Interregim. 1370. Louis.

1362. Urban V.

of Hung. 1376. Olaus V.

(Rome). 1382. Mary.

1376. Maria 1387. Margaret. 1384. Hedw. 1391. Man

1370. Greg. XI.

& Martin, 1378. Urban VI. 1381. Chas. 3. 1396. Lad. 5. uel VI.

1389. Bonif. IX. 1385. Ladislas.

1349. Louis

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1404. Innoc. VII. 1425. John 6. 1406. Greg. XII.

1402. Mart. 1. 1434. Lad. 6. 1448. Con

1409. Mart. 2. 1409. Alex. V. 1414. Joan 2. stant. 13. 1410. John 23.

(United 10

Arragom.) 1445. Casi.4. 1417. Martin V.

1410. Ferd. í. 1448. Christian I.

1431. Engen. IV.

1416. Alto, 1. Turkey. 1447. Nicholas V. 1455. Cillix. JII.

1435. Alfonso I. 1433. Ma.

1458. Pius II. 1458. Ferd. 1. 1458. John.

homet II. 1464. Paul II. 1481. John.

1481. Bajaz. 2 1471. Sixtus IV. '1494. Alfo,2, 1479. Ferd. 1492. Albert

1484. Inno. VIII. 1495. Ferd.2.
1492, Alex. VI.

1496. Fred. 2.

1457. Christian I.

1483. John of Denmark,

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