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hardly think we should look to putting in the Foss & Pevey cards of the pattern that we have.

I understand that the card has lately been reconstructed and improved greatly, and promises to enter the market as a rival to the larger card, the stripping arrangement being very much improved; and there are to be more tops with clothing extending the whole surface of the same, making a much superior card of its class than has heretofore been built.

I do not know that I have anything further to say on this subject, except that on one of these cards we have lately applied a method of clothing on the tops, and are to-day running that card at 125 pounds a day, very successfully. The cylinder has been increased to 180 turns a minute. It is fitted

It is fitted up with steel clothing throughout, and gives very satisfactory results.

The nominating committee being ready to report, Mr. PRATT presented their report as follows:

President, ROBERT MCARTHUR of Biddeford, Me.

Vice-Presidents, SIMEON B. Chase of Fall River, Mass. ; E. W. THOMAS of Lowell, Mass.

Directors, WILLIAM H. Wutin of Whitinsville, Mass. ; ALFRED M. GOODALE of Waltham, Mass. ; WILLIAM J. KENT of New Bedford, Mass.; HERMAN F. Shaw of Manchester, N. H.; Fred. C. McDuffie of Lawrence, Mass.; GEORGE W. Bean of Lewiston, Me.

On motion, the foregoing report was accepted, and the gentlemen named were declared elected to the respective offices for which they had been nominated; the Secretary having been directed to cast one ballot in behalf of the Association,

President PARKER. In retiring from the chair I wish to thank the members for their uniform courtesy and kindness to me since I have occupied it, and I am very glad that the Association will be in so good hands for the coming year. Will Mr. MCARTHUR take the chair?

President MCARTHUR. Gentlemen, I thank you for the honor you have conferred upon me. I know that our committee could easily have selected one better qualified to preside over an Association like this. However, I accept your kind favor, and will serve you the best I can.

We will now proceed with the business that we have in hand. The first business will be the discussion of the paper that was just read by Mr. THOMAS. I hope the members will enter into the discussion and make it as interesting as possible. This is a very important subject to manufacturers who are now introducing the shell-feed to the card.

A MEMBER. Mr. President, I would like to inquire of Mr. THOMAS, what proportion of the whole amount he could account for in running through ; in running 22,000 pounds of cotton, how much did he get in cotton, and how much did he get in waste and shell-feed and stuff in the card; and how much was there that could not be accounted for, if he took the pains.

Mr. THOMAS. Mr. President, no account was taken of that. . What we did was simply done to find out what could be accomplished by putting the shell-feed in, and saving the actual fly from the cylinder.

Mr. HERVEY KENT. Mr. President, I would like to inquire of Mr. Thomas how much of his success in getting the results which he did depended upon the use of shell-feed.

Mr. THOMAS. I can answer that question only by concrete figures, — that we made a saving of one and one-half per cent. of waste, which is a very material thing for us; and later trials within two or three weeks have substantiated that fact.

Mr. HERVEY KENT. The point I had in my mind was, how much the production would be increased by using the shell-feed over the ordinary form of rolls.

Mr. THOMAS. I have stated that we increased the production virtually from 65 to 85 pounds a day per card.

Mr. SOUTHWORTH. Mr. President, I would like to ask Mr. Thomas to say something about the quality of the yarn. Taking out but one and one-half per cent. of waste, and putting up the production from 65 to 85 pounds per day, was the yarn quite as satisfactory?

Mr. THOMAS. I will state in answer to that, Mr. President, that on No. 29 yarn, practically 30 yarn, we increased the strength about five pounds, and by adopting double roving on spinning we increased it more ; so we feel fully justified in using this method in trying to get all out of the card we could.

A MEMBER. Mr. President, I would like to inquire of Mr. Thomas if he thinks there is anything else that contributed toward the results that he obtained besides the shell-feed.

Mr. THOMAS. One of the elements entering into the case was the adopting of the Connelly method of feeding laps in with fillet clothing on the cylinder. There is no question that these laps make better work and stronger yarn. We find now no droppings of cotton at the end of the doffers; and in cleaning out the inside of the cylinder we have only about one-quarter of the waste we formerly had. The room had 280 cards, and it was one of the dirtiest rooms to visit; but is to-day one of the cleanest I was ever in.

A MEMBER. I would like to inquire if this was single carding.

Mr. THOMAS. It was all single carding; yes, sir.

Mr. E. A. LEIGH. Mr. President, I think I can explain the difference there is by using the shell-feed from the old system of double-fluted rollers. The nip of the rollers was so far from the face of the taker-in that it drew the cotton in lumps, together with the dirt and short fibre, and gave the card wire a great deal more work to do. The introduction of the shell-feed was not quite successful at first, until they introduced the bevel to the feed plate to bring it down to the taker-in; and by that means they are able to comb the cotton and disentangle the fibres. Where two rollers are used, you will find if you turn back the lap from under the feed rollers that it is very ragged at the edges, and comes through in lumps. By using the shell-feed it opens the cotton, and gets a great deal of the dirt out before it gets on to the wire; and consequently it does better work, and you can do more of it.

Mr. John KILBURN. Mr. President, I would like to ask if I have been correctly informed by Mr. Thomas' statement that he doubled his roving at the same time he put on the shell-feed.

Mr. THOMAS. It was done some three months after.

Mr. KILBURN. Were these results obtained afterwards or before ?

Mr. THOMAS. They were before.

Mr. A. M. GOODALE. Mr. President, I do not understand from Mr. THOMAS whether the shell-feed was applied at the time the clothing was changed, or at a different time.

Mr. THOMAS. It was put on at the same time; the changes were all made at once.

Mr. F. M. MESSENGER. Mr. President, I would like to ask Mr. Thomas if, on the fine yarns where the shell-feed carding is used, he would recommend applying the licker-in and shellfeed to the breaker cards, — if he thinks it would pay to do so.

Mr. THOMAS. In regard to that question, Mr. President, I should say that it would pay. I should not think it would pay to substitute the double roll on fine yarn ; but for putting the cards in better shape, and keeping the stuff off from the breaker cylinder, I should think it is a very good thing. It has been adopted in some mills with very good results. I did not know but we should get some testimony here to-day to substantiate that.

Mr. WILLIAM J. KENT. Mr. President, I should like to ask Mr. Thomas one question. I was not quite satisfied with the answer he gave Mr. SOUTHWORTH in regard to the quality of yarn, with the shell-feed. There is something more than the strength of the yarn to be considered.

Mr. THOMAS. I would say that our yarn appears stronger than it was before. We want no better evidence. The work is much cleaner than it was before, and we are now using a lower grade of cotton than we used to.

A MEMBER. I would like to ask Mr. THOMAS in regard to the condition of these cards and clothing before they were changed.

Mr. THOMAS. I will state, Mr. President, that these card


have been in and running from six to ten years; and the clothing now of a great many of them is in very good condition. In some others it is rather poor; but we are making a clean sweep, and put on the best clothing we can buy to-day, and are putting it on the cylinder.

The PRESIDENT. I infer that you did not make the change at the same time you put in the shell-feed.

Mr. Thomas. Yes, sir.

The PRESIDENT. You did make the change in the clothing?

Mr. THOMAS. Yes, sir.

Mr. HERVEY KENT. Mr. President, I was in Mr. THOMAS' mill not many weeks ago; and I saw a card which they told me was running at 150 pounds a day. It looked remarkably well. Mr. THOMAS was doing a great deal more than his paper has shown.

Mr. THOMAS. The card that Mr. Kent refers to is the one I speak of as having the tops all covered with wire ; being tested by a gentleman in Lowell to see what can be done. That card is now running at 125 pounds per day, that one card, with very satisfactory results.

Mr. John K. RUSSELL. I would like to ask Mr. THOMAS how much of this gain in product he attributes to the extra carding surface obtained, through covering his cylinders with fillet in place of sheet clothing; as I understand him they were ormerly covered with sheet clothing.

Mr. Thomas. I will state that our success in working that room to-day is due to the fillet clothing and shell-feed. We took off the old clothing and put on new fillet clothing, knowing that it was a step in the right direction to increase the speed of the cylinder. I will state, Mr. President, that we made this move because, having these cards on hand, we considered them too good to throw away. We have in one of our mills 180 revolving top cards, from which we are getting most excellent results. We thought we could use the Foss & Pevey cards five or six years by improving them; and the result seems to show it was a proper thing for us to do. We did it, and

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