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be our main care that these gra- be judged according to the deeds cious designs of God may be done in the body, nor fall under gained upon us by all his chastise the sentence of the second death, ments? In proportion as these which is pronounced only upon effects are produced, a sweet and personal wicked deeds; but beplacid serenity overspreads the ing redeemed by the blood of soul; it recurs to God himself as Christ, and written in the Lamb's its chief happiness, and finds rest book of life, they shall be raised in him as its portion and satisfy up from the first death, which ing good. How blessed in such came by Adam, to the enjoyment

case is the man whom the of eternal life, in the heavenly Lord chasteneth!

kingdom. This consideration When our minds are overcome should dry up your tears. Your with an affecting loss, we are apt child is now with God, infinitely to forget our remaining mercies. more happy than


could have But are there not always great made her on earth ; infinitely grounds for thankfulness, amidst more happy than you can con. all our sorrow ?. Has God taken ceive; and, if you are a follower from us one dear child, and has of them, who, by faith and pahe not left us another? Nay, has tience, inherit the promises, and he not left us a husband or wife, of Jesus Christ, the author and the affectionate partners of our finisher of faith, you shall one joys and griefs? And though he day meet with her amidst the rehad bereft us of all at once, does deemed company, where

you not he himself stand instead of all shall never more part; and, where relations ? and is he not infinitely “ there shall be no more death, better than sons or daughters ? neither sorrow, nor crying, neither We ought, therefore, to reflect shall there be any more pain: for upon the grounds of gratitude and the former things are passed thankfulness he affords us, amidst away." Rev. xxi. 4. That this all our afflictions.

may be the happy issue of all our You have reason, dear Madam, present afflictions, is the sincere to believe that your child is happy. prayer of, The scripture gives us a favoura

DEAR MADAM, ble view of the state of all infants Your sincere and sympathizing dying in infancy. Our Lord says,

Friend, “Suffer the little children to come

ARCHIBALD M‘LEAN. unto me, and forbid them not, for of such is the kingdom of God." A great part of mankind die in infancy

REPLY before they have done any good or TO DR. WILLIAM BROWN, evil; and our Lord declares, that

, of such little children the kingdom of God is made up; and, as Tothe Editors of the Baptist Magazine. a token of this, he took the little I AM indebted to a friend for children that were brought him, pointing me to an article in the up in his arms, and blessed them, last Number of your Magazine, Mark, x. They die, by virtue of entitled, “ Vindication of Dr. their connection with Adam, in Robert Walker,” signed WM. his first transgression; but, bav- BROWN, and dated, Edinburgh, ing done neither good nor evil

, in 46, Hanover-street, 20th May, their own persons, they will not 1818.


It is very true that I received « his talents were very respectthree letters, at different times, able, and his literary and profesfrom Doctor Brown, intimating a sional acquirements very consicomplaint of sometlıing which derable.” he had found prejudicial to the Against the character of Dr. character of Dr. Walker, in my Walker I can have no personal Memoir of the late Mr. M‘Lean, animosity. I know him only by to whom Dr. Walker for some his writings, and the report of time stood in the relation of col- others; but if Dr. Brown be league in the pastoral office. But really the conservator of his rethe only thing that Dr. Brown putation, I must beg leave to tell condescends to specify, as the him, that he is acting very indisground of complaint, is the fol- creetly in provoking discussions lowing line: “The production on that topic, on such flimsy preof his opponent shrunk into con- texts. What Dr. Walker's literary tempt under his hand.” Memoir, and professional aequirements p. lvii.

were, may be partly learned from Of Dr. Brown I know nothing, the review of his greatest work, except from the three communi- viz. a Treatise on the Small-por, cations with which he has fa- in the MONTHLY REVIEW, Vol. voured me, and which have been IV. New Series, 1791. p. 273— entirely confined to this single 283 * And should you, or any ground of complaint. It seems of your readers, be disposed to marvellous to him, that I should think that I have exceeded the return no reply to any of his let-truth in what I have said of his ters, especially, I suppose, as he Theological production, and will had been so particular in giving take the trouble to read it with me to understand, that he is a Mr. M‘Lean’s review of it, I am Doctor, but whether in divinity quite content to submit the ques. or medicine, he omitted to inform tion to that impartial tribunal, me, and I am, to this moment, and to abide its decision. I apignorant! But really, I found peal, therefore, from the incomnothing in any of his letters to petent judgment of Dr. Brown,

He may, for aught Ito a higher tribunal, and dismiss know, possess a prescriptive right the subject for the present with to defend the reputation of Dr. saying, Quod scripsi, scripsi! Walker, which he thinks I have assailed; but I think your readers must be aware, that if such be

Yours respectfully, his object, he proceeds very

WILLIAM JONES, awkwardly about his work. He

London, July 20, 1818. is pleased to say, that, because I have said, Dr. Walker's defence of the doctrine of Eternal generation “ shrunk into contempt

* “We cannot applaud the fallacious

reasoning, and the unfounded assertions, under the hand of his opponent,” wlich fill so large a portion of this book ; my readers must look on that and by which the author has plunged us gentleman as a very weak man, into theories that we hoped were for. and uncandid man ; where gotten; and has obscured the science

which he professed to elucidate!!! as he affirms, that he was neither

See Monthly Review, ut supra, p. 283. the one nor the other, --for, that


I am,

a very

Juvenile Department,*

66 the


farmer, I said, “ Can you tell me OLDCASTLE,

where it was the mansion of Sir IN MONMOUTHSHIRE.

John Oldcastle formerly stood ?" “ This is the very place—this is

Oldcastle Court !" I felt as if Being a few months since in standing on consecrated ground. South Wales, and hearing that the “ From this spot,” said. 1, place where the justly-famed an- light of truth emanated more than cient Briton, Sir John Oldcastle, 400 years since: that light which is formerly resided, was but eight now covering the whole earth.” I miles from Abergavenny, I went, could easily account for the spirit accompanied by a friend, to the vil- which impelled superstitious persons lage, which is still known by the to undertake pilgrimages to places name of that distinguished servant considered sacred; and though not of the Lord Jesus Christ; who, conscious of any feeling of a supernearly one hundred years before the stitious kind, I was delighted to rise of Luther, risisted the encroach- have the privilege of being where ments, and exposed the unscriptural the Lord's hidden ones had been pretensions, of the Bishop of Rome. employed in carrying on the holy

As we approached this sequester- war against the Prince of Darkness, ed village, situate under the Black by the suord of the Spirit, the word Mountain, and rendered very diffi- of God. cult of access by the lanes having The mansion, I understood, had become almost impassable, I felt an been taken down about forty years, unusual gratification from the recol- but the site was still visible, and lection of what had en there ac- part of the moat, by which it was complished, for the furtherance of surrounded, still remaining. It is the cause of pure and undefiled re- conjectured, too, by Mr. Griffiths, ligion, by the excellent men whom that the present farm-house is built Sir John Oldcastle employed as upon part of the former walls. The transcribers of Wickliffe's Transla- church is very small, and the eastern tions of the Bible, when almost all wall, gone to decay, is falling down. the world were wandering after the The oldest inscription I could find, Beast, and were exclaiming, “ Who was not more than 200 years past; is like unto the Beast ?"

but every thing indicates that it Looking around the adjacent coun- stood long before the period of Sir try, called up to my recollection the John's death, and was doubtless used circumstance of Sir John being se- by him, his family, and domestics, for creted and secured for four years, by the worship of God. This is one of his tenantry, after he escaped from the sacred buildings where God was the 'Tower, in 1413. I felt indignant worshipped in spirit and in truth, that any base wretches should, for when all others of our parish the sake of money, enable Lord churches, (excepting those where Powys, a bigotted Papist, to appre- Wickliffe's sentiments were prohend, and give up to the cruelty of fessed,) were desecrated by abomihis persecutors, a nobleman who nable idolatries. Its present meanhad deserved so well from his coun- ness is almost indescribable: it is try, and who was so useful in the scarcely decent. The seats would church of Christ.

probably hold twenty persons, and We at length entered the farm- the whole church may be able to yard adjoining the parish church of contain one hundred; but it is not Oldcastle. On the appearing of the often there are enough present to

* We are disappointed in our regular Article for the Juvenile Department this month.


fill even the seats. I understood is the same stream from which Sir that this was by no means a solitary John drank, and his numerous fainstance of the parish churches be- mily: bnt it is flowing still, and as ing forsaken: the great bulk of the plentifully as it did then. So the people, who publicly worship God grace of Christ is a fulness of mercy in Wales, do so among the dissen- still, and will continue to supply all ters; and there are not wanting his people, to give them strength to instances where the clergyman re- live by, and to die by. It was this turns without performing duty, be- grace that gave Sir John strength to cause there are none at church but die a martyr, by being hung and himself and the clerk.

Toasted at Tyburn; and that will be On entering the farmer's house, I sufficient for all who trust in his was pleased to observe the pa- righteousness, and hope in his triarchal simplicity, and the old mercy.” I told the little children English hospitality, which prevailed. not to forget what I had said of the The venerable couple, with their good nobleman who used to inhabit children and grand-children, were a Oldcastle; and, after we had confamily of seventeen persons; and cluded by singing and prayer, the though, I suppose, but in humble old grandmother, (who had been circu...stances; they pressed us to converted many years since in Lonparlake of whatever the house would don, by the ministry of the Rev. afford, remarking, “ There are none Mr. Romaine,) said, “ Hear, sir, who call here, whether rich or poor, what one of the little ones is sayiny:: but what they have victuals and -she

says, • Mother, we must never drink, if they will accept of it." forget what the gentleman has been

Finding that Mr. and Mrs. Grif- saying.” The energy with which fiths were religious persons, I asked this old pilgrim expressed herself, them, if they would object to my indicated the desires she felt for the preaching in their house to their salvation of her descendants, that family and neighbours. They in- | they also might receive from the stantly signified their approbation ; fulness of Christ, and grace for grace. and the farmer, addressing one of May the whole of this hospitable his sons, said, “ Go into the field, family “ find mercy of the Lord in and tell them to leave off ploughing; that day!” and may succeeding geand go round the village, and ask nerations inbabit Oldcastle Court, all you can find to come in, and who shall be like its former illustrihear a sermon." We soon had a ous inhabitant, “shining as lights in congregation, and, after singing and a dark place,” and be indeed “thé prayer, I addressed them from John, salt of the earth." i. 16, And of his fulness have all we

IOTA. received, and grace for grace. The sentiment which John the Baptist applied to himself, and all the ser

AMERICAN LIBERALITY, vants of God, who lived before the coming of Christ, I endeavoured to improve, in reference to Sir John Our readers will recollect, that in Oldcastle, and the disciples of the month of November last, the Wickliffe, who, four centuries be- town of St. John's, Newfoundland, fore, bad received abundance of was nearly destroyed by two dreadgrace from the fulness of Christ, to ful fires, which occurred in quick enable them to labour, to suffer, and succession. The property consumed to die in his cause; and that we, who was estimated at 900,000l. sterling ; were believers now, were receiving and as this great calamity took place from the same fulness still.-I shall just at the coinmencement of winter, not soon forget how the good old during which season, the harbours of people looked when I said, “ That the island are frozen up, there seembrook of water that is running ed too much reason to fear that the through your grounds, and which wretched inhabitants would have to supplies your family every day with endure all the horrors of famine, in the means of purity and refreshment, addition to the loss of their property, D..

and the usual rigours of the season. | following casc possesses sufficient From this dreadful prospect, how importance and novelty to interest ever, they were relieved by the your readers, by giving it an early prompt and generous kindness of the admission into your Magazine, you citizens of Boston. As soon as the will oblige news of their distress reached that

Yours, very respectfully, city, a liberal subscription was set

Joseph FREESTONE. on foot, a quantity of provisions pur- Hinckley, July, 1818. chased, and a vessel freighted to convey it, as speedily as possible, to

“The opposition, (says Mr. Newfoundland. Such was the ala- Richards,) to the practice of immercrity displayed, by all ranks, in this sion, is, in a great measure, grounded munificent undertaking, that the vessel was loaded in about twelve upon two objections :--1. That it is

indecent; but this is mere pretence hours; and the very labourers, who and cant. Immersion is certainly, were employed, refused any com

in itself, no less decent than sprinkpensation for their trouble. The ling; nor is it conducted, among the vessel performed the passage, al-Baptists, with less decency than the ready become dangerous, with ex

other rite is among the Indepenpedition and safety; and so ample dents, and other sprinklers. It must was the supply,

generously fur-

be, surely, very odd, that the wonvished, that it was expected each derfully delicate patrons of this obfamily, among the numerous suf

jection, should never find any fault ferers, would receive from four to with the Jewish bathings, and cirfive cwt. for its own share.

cumcision. The other objection I referred to, is,-2. That immersion is dangerous to health, especially in cold

climates: but this contradicts the IMMERSION

express declarations of the most emiNot Dangerous to Health. nent physicians, as well as universal

experience. Is not immersion commonly practised throughout the vast

Russian empire, which comprehends To the Editors of the Baptist Magazine.

some of the coldest climates in the The “remarkable appearance of world?and is it not practised there too, • Providence, at Baptism," in the case in the coldest season of the year, and of Mrs. Dechamp's, communicated that without any bad consequence at by Mr. Ivimey, and inserted in your all to the health of the subjects ? Jast Number, brought to my recol. In this country also, (which, though lection another case, equally remarkable. It is related by my old and Baptism, betwixt Mr. Richards and Mr. respected friend, the Rev. Mr. Rich- Carter, an Independent minister. The ards, of Lynn, and may be met with latter published a piece, on Infant Bap. in liis third Reply to Mr. Carter, on tism. Mr. Richards published a “Re. the subject of Baptism, entitled, view"of it, in three Letters to a friend. The History of Antichrist ; or, Free Mr. Carter replied to that “Review,” in Thoughts on the Corruptions of Chris- a pamphlet, entitled “The Reviewer Re. tianity, &c.-Letter 5th, p. 99 to viewed." Mr. Richards then published 102. I know of none who have

a second piece, entitled, “Observations written more ably on the subject of &c." in a series of Letters to the author.

on Infant Sprinkling; or, an Answer, Adult Baptism, than my friend has ; This was afterwards succeeded by a third, and, of course, I hold his treatises entitled, “ The History of Antichrist, &c, on that subject in high estimation, in a Series of Letters, to the Author of and deem them worthy the perusal the Reviewer Reviewed, and other late of such of your readers as have not Publications.” Here, I believe, the conmet with them.* If you think the troversy terminated. Mr. Richards has

published other pieces on Baptism, both in

Welsh and English ; one, on the “Na. * About the year 1780, or 1781, a con- ture and Design of Christian Baptism," troversy commenced, on the subject of in English, is particularly valuable.

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